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from tlie burthen of the flesh, are in joy and felicity; We give thee hearty thanks, for that it hath pleased thee to deliver this our brother out of the miseries of this finful world; beseeching thee that it may please thee of thy gracious goodness, shortly to accomplish the number of thine ele&t, and to haften thy kingdom; that we, with all those that are departed in the true faith of thy holy Name, may have our perfect consummation and bliss, both in body and soul, in thy eternal and everlasting glory, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

The Collect.
Merciful God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,

who is the resurrection and the life; in whom whosoever believeth fhall live, though he die; and whosoever liveth, and believeth in him, shall not die eternally; who also hath caught us (by his holy Apostle St. Paul) not to be sorry as men without hope, for them that sleep in him; We meekly beseech thee, O Father, to raise us from the death of fin unto the life of righteousness; that when we shall depart this life, we may rest in him, as our hope is this our brother doth; and that at the general resurrection in the last day we may be found acceptable in thy light, and receive that blessing which thy well-beloved Son shall then pronounce to all that love and fear thee, saying, Come, ye blessed children of my Father, receive the kingdom prepared for you from the beginning of the world. Grant this, we beseech thee, O merciful Father, through Jesus Christ our Mediator and Redeemer. Amen,

The Colle£?] I have observed in the Introduction, that Queen Elizabeth either permitted some popish practices which had fubfiited in her lifter Mary's reign, to continue for some time during her own, or revived others that had become obsolete, in order to reconcile the Catholics, and thus promote the peace of the church. Amongst these compliances to her Catholic subjects the restored, in some cases, the ceremony of the communion at funerals, (which had been abolished at Edward the VIth’s review;) and by an express proclamation declared, that “ some things peculiar at the funerals of Christians, she had added, and commanded to be used, the Act of Uniformity set forth in the first year of her reign to the contrary notwithstanding.". In addition to this, a Larin prayer-book was printed in the 2d year of her reign, which contained the communion service attached to the burial one. But it is to be observed, this Latin service was intended for the use only of the two Universities, and the colleges of Winchelter and Eton.

"HE grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of

God, and the fellowship of the Holy Ghost, be with us all evermore. Amen.

THE

THE THANKSGIVING of WOMEN after CHILD-BIRTH,

COMMONLY CALLED

The Churching of Women. The Woman, at the usual time after her delivery, shall come into the Church decently apparelled, and there shall kneel down in some convenient place, as hath becn accustomed, or as ihe Ordinary shall direct: And then the Friest shall say unto her, "ORASMUCH as it hath pleased Almighty God of

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preserved you in the great danger of child-birth; you fall therefore give hearty thanks unto God, and say,

The grace, &c.] This blessing was added to the service at the last review. By the LVIIth canon it is enjoined, that the ceremony of burial fhall conclude with a short peal, to notify that the last duties had been paid to the departed. The fame canon ordains, “that when any one is palling out of life a be!l shall be tolled;” and another peal used after the party's death. The palling bell is however now obsolete; and the custom of the nolling or knell alone observed.

Churching of women] The birth of man is little less than a miracle; and left the frequency should diminish our sense of it, the woman who hath received this wonderful mercy is ordered to come to church and offer up her publick praites: the original of which is from the law of Moses, (Levit. xii.) which commands all women after they had borne a child, to come to the house of God within a certain number of days, and with a facrifice to praise God for this great mercy. And though nothing but fin makes any person unclean under the gospel, and to the ceremonial reason be ceased; yet the obligation to make a publick acknowledgment of fo eminent a favour remains still. And therefore the blessed Virgin (who was not defiled by Christ's birth) observed this holy rite, and in all ages Christian mothers have followed her example; yea in the Eastern church they bring their child in their arms, as she did, to present it to God, and there they do this after forty days: But in the Western church there is no time set down by any law, only the mother is to come as soon as she is able, and the accustomed time is after one month; necessity and modesty oblige them to stay fo long at least, and if they be not recovered then, they must forbear longer, since they cannot praise God for a mercy before they have received it. The place to do this in is the church, and thence

Then shall the Priest say,

Pfalm çxvi. Dilexi quoniam. AM well pleased : that the Lord hath heard the voice of my prayer; That he hath inclined his ear unto me: therefore will I call upon him as long as I live.

The snares of death compassed me round about: and the pains of hell gat hold upon me.

I found trouble and heaviness; and I called upon the Name of the Lord: OLord, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.

Gracious is the Lord, and righteous: yea, our God is merciful.

The Lord preserveth the simple: I was in misery, and he helped me.

Turn again then unto thy rest, O my soul: for the Lord hath rewarded thee.

And why? thou hast delivered my soul from death: mine eyes from tears, and my feet from falling:

I will walk before the Lord: in the land of the living.

I believed, and therefore will I speak; but I was sore troubled: I said in my hafte, All men are lyarş.

it is called Churching of IVomen, and it must be done so publickly, first, for God's honour, whole work of creation and his preserving the poor wcman ought to be publickly owned. Secondly, to fatisfy the woman's duty, who is bound to let God's goodness bc shewed forth, that others may learn to trust in him. Thirdly, and by this means many are brought to join in God's praises for fo public a mercy, which all men and women are concerned to own with gratitude, and therefore to do this in a private house is absurd and contrary to the main end of the office.-Conber. The title in Edw. VIth's first book is, “ The order of the Purification of Women.” At the first review it received its present form : in the first rubrie the form fan, “ Convenient place nigh unto the quire door, and the priest standing by her,” &c. This was altered in 1551. to “convenient place, nigh unto the place where the table Itandeth.” In 1662 it was arranged as we now see it.

Decentlį apparelled i. e. as the custom and order was anciently, with a white covering or veil; and we find that as late as the reign of James Ist, an order was made by the Chancellor of Norwich, that every woman who came to be churched should come thus apparelled: an order, it seems, lo well founded upon the practice of the church, that a woman refuting to conform with it was excommunicated for contempt.-Wheatly.

Pfalm] Till the last review the cxxist pfalm alone was directed to de ufed.

What reward shall I give unto the Lord: for all the benefits he hath done unto me?

I will receive the cup of salvation: and call upon the Name of the Lord.

I will pay my vows now in the presence of all his people: in the courts of the Lord's house, even in the midst of thee, O Jerusalem. Praise the Lord.

Glory be to the Father, &c.
As it was in the begining, &c.

Or, Psalm cxxvii. Nisi Dominus.
E
XCEPT the Lord build the house: their labour is

but lost that build it. Except the Lord keep the city: the watchmen waketh but in vain.

It is but loft labour that ye haste to rise up early, and so late take rest, and eat the bread of carefulness : for so he giveth his beloved sleep.

Lo, children and the fruit of the womb: are an heritage and gift, that cometh of the Lord.

Like as the arrows in the hand of the giant: even so are the young

children. Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them: they shall not be ashamed, when they speak with their enemies

in the gate.

· Glory be to the Father, &c. As it was in the beginning, &c.

Then shall the Priest say,

Let us pray.
Lord, have mercy upon us.
Christ, have mercy upon us.

Lord, have mercy upon us.
UR Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy

Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, As it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, As we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation; But deliver us from cvil. Amen.

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Minister. O Lord, save this woman thy servant;
Answer. Who putteth her trust in thee.
Minister. Be thou to her a strong tower;
Answ. From she face of her enemy.
Minisler. Lord, hear our prayer.
Answ. And let our cry come unto thee.

Minister. Let us pray.
ALMIGHTY God, we give thee humble thanks

for that thou hast vouchsafed to deliver this woman thy servant from the great pain and peril' of child-birth; Grant, wé beseech thee, most merciful Father, that fhe, through thy help, may both faithfully live, and walk according to thy will in this life present; and also may be partaker of everlasting glory in the life to come, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. f The Woman that cometh to give her thanks must offer

accustomed Offerings; and if there be a Communion, it is convenient that he receive the holy Communion. O Lord, &c.] This I observe, because it seems to be the remain of a very ancient custom ; for Euf. in Hift. I. ii. c. 17, tells us, that the primilive Chriftians in the singing of their hymns, had this use; that one began and fung in rhyme, the rest hearing with filence, only the first part, or 0.25 STIEUTHX, the ends of the pfalm or hymn, all the rest joined in a long together with him. Agreeable to this, says Clem. Conft. I. ii. c. 57, was the usage in his time and before. After the readings of the Old Testament, lays he, let another fing the plalms of David, and let the people answer ta zxçısıx:2, the extremes or ends of the verses. What the reason of this ancient custom was, I will not peremptorily determine; whether it were only for variety, which much pleases and delights, and is a great help against weariness; which those primitive Chriftians, (who continued in facred exercises from morning to night) had need of. For which cause; fays Eufeb. in the place above cited, they used all decent and grave variety of rhymes and metres in their hymns and pfalms. Or whether it were to avoid the inconvenience of indecorum and confufion, which the people (usually not very observant of decency) were guilty of in their joint linging: and yet to reserve them apart in these offices; that it was so appointed, that they should only fing the extremes or ends of the verses. Or what tlfe was the cause, I leave it to others to judge.

O Almighty God, &c.] The commencement of this prayer, till the last review 1662, was

O Almighty God, which haft delivered this woman thy servant from the great,” &c.

The woman, &c.] The rubric in Edward the Vith's first book ran thus : “The woman that is purified muft offer her crifome, (or white vesture put upon the child at baptism) and other accustomed," &c. This was omitted at the first review of Edward's prayer-book.

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