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den, and I will refresh you. St. Matthew xi. 28. So God loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son, to the end that all that believe in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. St. John iii. 16.
Hear also what Saint Paul faith. This is a true faying, and worthy of all men to be received, That Christ Jesus came into the world to fave finners. 1 Timothy i. 15.
Hear also what Saint John saith. If any man fin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and he is the propitiation for our fins.
i St. John ii. 1. 2.
After which the Priest shall proceed, saying, Lift up your hearts. Answer. We lift them up unto the Lord. Priest. Let us give thanks unto our Lord God. Answer. It is meet and right so to do. Then shall the Priest turn to the Lord's Table, and say, T is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we
thee, O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty Everlasting God. (Thefe words “ Holy Father” must be omitted on Trinity Sunday.]
Here shall follow the proper Preface, according to the time, if there be any specially appointed: or else immediately shall follow, "HEREFORE with Angels and Archangels, and with
Lift up, &c.] These four versicles are found in the Anaphora of St. Basil; the Liturgies of St. Chryfoftom; and St. Cyril Renaudot, tom. i. d. 13, 28, 40. Indeed the whole of what remains of the Communion Service (with little difference) is to be found in the Liturgy of St. Chrysostom; and the Catech. Myftag. of St. Cyril, s.
It is very meet, &c.] In Edward VIth's first book, these prefaces occurred before the invitation, “ Ye that do truly, &c.” the confession and abfolution. In his second prayer-book, they were placed as they now stand.
Therefore with Angels, &c.] This fublime form was borrowed from the Greek Liturgies. It is called the Trifagion, or Seraphic Hymo; the
thy glorious Name; evermore praising thee, and saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy glory: Glory be to thee, O Lord most High. Amen.
Son to be born as at this time for us; who, by the operation of the Holy Ghost, was made very man of the substance of the Virgin Mary his mother; and that without spot of fin, to make us clean from all fin. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Easter-Day, and seven days after.
rious Resurrection of thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord: for he is the very Pafchal Lamb, which was offered for us, and hath taken away the fin of the world; who by his death hath destroyed death, and by his rising to life again hath restored to us everlasting life. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Ascension-Day, and seven days after. HROUGH thy most dearly
Christ our Lord; who after his most glorious resurrection manifestly appeared to all his Apostles, and in their fight ascended up into heaven to prepare a place for us; that where he is, thither we might also ascend, and reign with him in glory. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon Whit-Sunday, and six days after. THROUGH Jesus Christ our Lord; according to
whose most true promise, the Holy Ghost came down as at this time from heaven with a sudden great sound, as it had been a mighty wind, in the likeness of fiery tongues, lighting upon the Apostles, to teach them, latter part of which, from “ Holy, &c.” was sung in full chorus by the Prieft and congregation. The prefaces were adopted from the Ronish Missal, in which there are ten for particular feasts.
and to lead them to all truth; giving them both the gift of divers languages, and allo boldness with fervent zeal conftantly to preach the Gospel unto all nations; whereby we have been brought out of darkness and error, into the clear light and true knowledge of thee, and of thy Son Jesus Christ. Therefore with Angels, &c.
Upon the Feast of Trinity only.
but three Persons in one Substance. For that which we believe of the glory of the Father, the same we believe of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, without any difference os inequality. Therefore with Angels, &c. | After each of which Prefaces fall immediately be
fung or said, "HEREFORE with Angels and Archangels, and with
all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify thy glorious Name; evermore praising thee, and saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of thy glory: Glory be to thee, O Lord most High. Amen. T Then shall the Priest, krecling down at the Lord's Ta
ble, firy in the name of all them that all receive the Communion, this Prayer following:
merciful Lord, trusting in our own righteousness, but in thy manifold and great mercies; we are not
Then shall the Priest, &c.] This rubric is the same in Edward Vith's first book, except that the word board occurs instead of table. The remainder of the fervice (which was arranged as it now stands in his second book) is to different, that the only way of pointing out its variations, without perplexity, will be to pretent the reader with a view of the whole from the beginning to the end. “ firit then come the Epistle; the Gospel; the Nicene Creed; then the Exhortation to be used at the Communion; and atihat stands the Exhortation to be ufed on some day before: then the Sentences, the Lauds, Anthen, and Prefaces; the Prayer for the whole jizz of Chrit's Church, with the Prayer of Confecration; the Prayer of Oblation (of which hercafter;) the Lord's Prayer, with this introduction, As our Saviour Chrijl hath commanded and taught us, we are bound to fint, Our father. After which the Priest was to say, 'The peace of the Lord be alezys aurth ysa: The Clerks, And with thy Spirit. Then she viett, Ciriji cur Pajital Lumb is egtered for us, orice for all, ruben he
WEndocinot prefume to come to this thy Table, o
worthy so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy Table. But thou art the same Lord, whose property is always to have mercy: Grant us therefore, gracious Lord, fo to eat the flesh of thy dear Son Jesus Chrift, and to drink his blood, that eur finful bodies may be made clean by his body, and our souls washed through his most precious blood, and that we may evermore dwell in him, and he in us. Amen.
When the Priest, Nanding before the Table, bath ro oro dered the Bread and Wine, that be may with the more readiness and decency break tlse Bread before the People, and take the Cup into his hands; he ball say the Prayer of Confecration, as followeth:
tender mercy didst give thine only Son Jesus Chrift to suffer death apon the cross for our redemption; who
bare our fins in his body on the Cros; for he is the very Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the world: wherefore bet us keep a joyful and bola feil avith ihe Lord. Then came the Invitation, the Confethon, the Ab folution, with the comfortable fentences out of Scripture : after those the Prayer of Address; immediately after which the Minister received, and distributed to the congregation. And during the Communion time, the Clerks were to fing, beginning as soon as the Prieit received, 0 Lamb of God, that taket awry the fins of the world, Have mercy uponas: 0 Lainb of God, that takejt a wis the fins of the world, Grant is thy peace. When the Communion was ended, the Clerks were to ling the Port-Communion, which consisted of the following fentences of Scripture, which were to be fuid er fung, every dry one, viz. Matt. xvi. 24. xxiv. 13. Luke i. 68, 74, 75. xii. 43, 46, 47. John iv. 23. V. 14. við. 31, 32. xii. 36. xiv. 21. $4.7. Rom. vii. 31, 32, 33, 34. xiii. 12. I Cor. i. 30, 31. 111. 16, 17, vi. 20. Ephef. v. 1, 2. This done, the Salutation paired between the Minifter and People, The Lord be quith you. And quith the fpirit. And then che Minister concluded the office with the fecond prayer in our prefent Post-Communion and the bleiling. How these feveral formas or the fubrics that belong to them differ from the forms that we use now, I must Thew as I am treating upon the several particulars: I only fet down the order of them here, to give the reader a general view of the whole.
Almighty God This form is composed from the Apyn TNS TEC SROES, or beginning of the oblation of St. Bafil, Alex. Rom. tom. i. 64 et intra. But in the ancient forms it was always preceded by an invocation or prayer for the defcent of the Holy Ghoit. This was continued in Edward Vith's first prayer-book; where we have the following forn. " Hear tas, O merciful Father, we beleech thce, and with thy holy spirit and word, Fonchlafe to bless and fanctify these thy gifts, and creatures of bread and wine, that they nay be unto us the body and blood of thy most dearly beloved Son Jefus Christ, who in the farne night that he was betrayed,
made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a tall, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and fatisfictior, for the tins of the whole world; and did institute, zichis bely Geipel command us to continue, a perpetual Entert at his precious death, until his coming again; Eres O merirul Father, we most humbly beseech se; adtart that we receiving these thy creatures of tienda vue, according to thy Son our Saviour Jesus
iser institution, in remembrance of his death n, may be partakers of his most blessed Body Bu who, in the same night that he was betray
ed, * took Bread; and, when he had given thanks,7 he brake it; and gave it to his
disciples, saying, Take, eat, I this is my da mt
. Body which is given for you: Do this in ** to var: remembrance of me. Likewise after Supper ses the Cup; and, when he had given thanks, be obov mis gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of this;
for this is my Blood of the New Testament, di Pilled. which is shed for you, and for many, for the romillion of sins: Do this, as oft as ye shall drink it, in nicmbrance of me. Amen. ¢ Ten Mall the Minister first receive the Communion in
Auth kinds himself, and then proceed to deliver the same w the Bishops, Priests, and Deacons in like manner, (if any be present;) and after that to the People also in order, into their hands, all meekly kneeling. And when be delivereth the Bread to any one, be shall say,
T'for thee, preferve thy body and soul unto everlasting
litc. Take and eat this in remembrance that Christ died ..." This form of prayer, however, and the crossings performed during inicpetition, were omitted on the review of Edward's-firft book, at the
ettion of Bucer, and the present consecration prayer adopted. Then hall the Minister, &c.] This rubric is nearly the fame in Edward Viili's lift book. That the Priest should first receive the elements himself, ordained by the Council of Toledo, 12, 5, in these words, “The Priest
, Whenever he offers up the facrifice, shall first receive himself.” The authonity for delivering the bread into the hands of the people, in opposition to the Romith custom of putting the wafer upon the tongue, is of great antiquity, St. Cyril, Mystag. 5, says, “ Let every person be careful to keep