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PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

IN this edition, the author has corrected those errors of the press, which in the former were very considerable. The Monthly Reviewers have founded a criticism entirely on one of them. The author had remarked, that infidelity was bred in the stagnant marshes of corrupted christianity. The printer having omitted the word corrupted, the reviewers remark that they never found in their map of christianity any stagnant marshes. Having mentioned the Monthly Reviewers, he must be permitted to notice a most singular error into which they have been betrayed; that of supposing the author had confounded Aristotle with Mrs. More. It is well known to every one who has the smallest tincture of learning, that the great critic of antiquity represents the design of tragedy to be that of purifying the heart by pity and terror. It appeared to the author that infidelity, by the crimes and disorders it has produced in society, was not incapable of answering a similar purpose. He accordingly availed himself of the comparison; but it having occurred to him afterwards that he had read a similar passage in Mrs. More, he thought it right to notice this circumstance in an

SENTIMENTS PROPER. To THE PRESENT CRISIS. 129

advertisement; in which he says, he apprehends the allusion to the tragic muse to belong to Mrs. More. It was not the opinion of its being the purpose of tragedy to purify the heart by pity and terror, that he ascribed to that celebrated female ; but solely the allusion to that opinion as illustrating the effect of infidelity. It is on this slender foundation, however, that the writer in the Monthly Review, with what design is best known to himself, has thought fit to represent him as ascribing to Mrs. More, as its author, a critical opinion which has been current for more than two thousand years. He is certain his words will not support any such construction, though he will not contend that he has expressed himself with all the clearness that might be wished. He is sorry to find some passages towards the close of the sermon have given offence to persons whom he highly esteems. It has been objected, that the author has admitted to heaven a crowd of legislators, patriots, and heroes, whose title to that honour, on christian principles, is very equivocal. In reply to which, he begs it to be remembered that the New Testament teaches, that God is no respecter of persons; that in every nation, he that feareth God and worketh righteousness, is accepted of him ; that we may be certain there will not be wanting in the innumerable assembly around the throne, some of the highest rank, and of the most illustrious talents; and that the writer has qualified the character of those legislators and patriots, WOL. I. K

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crimes and disorders it o w it incapable of ans. lingly availed of vino on . | lo * - propriety, when he had religious topics, to oppose to another. He who cononsiderations, violates the stian minister; he who , is wanting to the duties The writer has only to add he addresses on similar occaes, there is rarely a greater opics, or more reserve in aptives, than is found here ; so his error is countenanced by by inspired, authority. een censured for expressing, in is detestation of the character has been said, that however ion may be, it is losing sight of a national fast, which is to our own sins, instead of inhe sins of others. That this is public fast, the writer is conaccount he has expressly cauagainst placing reliance on their *- ity in virtue to their enemies. - *- ! of the character of Buonaparte *- ly different view; it is urged, not security, but as a motive to the "esistance. In this view, it is imbe too deeply impressed. When yer with invasion, will it be racter of the invader whom he has represented as being in heaven, with the epithet of virtuous; and this, after he had been at some pains to explain what he comprehended in his idea of virtue. He has been censured for attempting to animate the defenders of their country, by holding out the prospect of immortality, should they fall in the contest; and it has been asked why, instead of amusing them with this phantom, not endeavour to convince them of the necessity of religious preparation for death, when he must be aware it is very possible for men to die fighting in defence of their country, and yet fall short of future happiness. The writer is, indeed, fully persuaded, that in the concerns of salvation, no reliance ought to be placed on a detached instance of virtuous conduct; that a solid piety is indispensably necessary, and that without holiness no man can see the Lord. But, after having employed great part of the preceding discourse in urging the necessity of repentance, he may surely be allowed for a moment to take it for granted that his admoinitions have been attended to ; and, without treading over the same ground, in an address to men who are supposed to be just entering the field, to advert to topics more immediately connected 'with military prowess. It was never his intention to place worldly on a level with religious considerations, or to confound the sentiments of honour with the dictates of duty. But, as the fear of death, and the love of fame, are both natural, and both innocent within certain limits, he was not aware

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