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The Screech owl, startled at the morning light,
Poured streams of splendor in an ample tide. After describing the first appearance of the Sun, above our horizon, he proceeds to draw a lively picture of the various objects that presented themselves to his view. The whole poem is a series of landscapes, wherein is beautifully painted, first the dawning, then the sun-rising, after that a piece consisting of corn fields, meadows and groves; and lastly, a description of the effects of spring on the several orders of animals.
Having already given an example of his description of the dawn, we shall next subjoin a specimen of the other parts. And first of the sun-rising.
While shortly with the blazing torch of day
To purge the air, and gild the tender green. The resplendance of the sun's beams on the sea, and the sporting of the fish, are next described ; after which the landscape of meadows and corn-fields follows.
The fair creation fwell'd upon the eye ;
Like Paradise appear'd each blissful sceno
The effects of the Spring on Animals.
ART. XXXI. Reflexions on the expediency of a law for the
naturalization of Foreign Protestants, &c. Part II. By Josiah Tucker, M. A. . 8vo, I $. Trye.
Otice has already been taken of the first Part, nor
do we see any reason to deny the fame recommendation to Part the second, now under our consideration. It is written by way of queries, possibly in imitation of the Bishop of Cloyne's Queriffts between which and the present tract, there seems to be a very great correspondence, and that in regard to the matter as well as method.
In a prefatory discourse, the reverend author has fet forth the various hardships suffered by the protestants abroad, in a very concise, clear, and affecting manner the conclusion of which is in these words: “Let the candid and benevolent reader conceive himself in the situation of these unhappy fufferers, helpless and distressed, forced to abandon all his poffeffions, his deareft relations, and his native Country, and Aying from his persecutors into a land of strangers, where he only desires a secure retreat, with an exclusion from all public employments, and from parliament, and upon his giving the Itrongest assurances of fidelity to the government, to be received as a faithful subject; and may the Almighty direct him to form such a judgment concerning the treatment due to persons in these circumftances as becomes a christian and a protestant!'.
Though we have a strong desire to declare our sentiments on this subject, we choose rather to be filent, that the charitable may have the pleasure of determining for themselves. No arguments are necessary to convince them, that to do good and relieve the distressed are indispensible christian duties. It is the avaricious part of mankind, who stand in need of felf-interested motives to induce them to practise thofe virtues, which the truly benevolent exercise with pleasure, merely on account of their intrinsic excellence. Qur author, therefore, takes a good deal of pains to convince - the former, that the naturalization of foreign protestants, instead of being detrimental, would really be for the advantage, and true interest of Great Britain. As this is a matter of the greatest importance, the reader will no doubt
* See Review for December last, p. 523. + Review for March, 1750. p. 355.
be pleased to see it cleared up by the following queries, taken from page 31. feq.
1. Was there any clause ever offered in a naturalization bill to deprive the freemen of towns corporate of their rights and privileges ? And was it not always declared by the promoters of such bills, that freemen should preserve these (suppofed) privileges, as long as they themselves would chufe to keep them, and till they would petition to be released from them?
2. What are the privileges of freemen? are they real or imaginary? Would the inhabitants of Birmingham, Manchester, and Leeds, accept such privileges if they were offered them?
3. Are the tradesmen in Westminster the poorer for being without, or the tradesmen in London the richer for being within the liberties of the city?
4. If a tradesman sells the dearer by excluding those who are not free, doth he not buy the dearer of other tradesmen for the like reason ? If his intention is only to exclude rivals, do not the freemen of other trades exclude their rivals upon the fame motives? And when other tradesmen exclude their rivals, do not they in fact exclude such as might be his customers ?
5. Is not every tradesman willing to buy as cheap, and sell as much as may be? but how can he do either where trade is not free?
6. If there will and must be rivals either at home or abroad, which is the most detrimental to the kingdom?
To have competitors at home? or, to be out-rivalled abroad?
7. What is the public good? Is it not, for the most part, the result of emulation among the members of the fame fociety? And what would become of industry, temperance, frugality, and the desire of excelling, if there were
no emulation? 1: 8. Which is the best for the public? — to have emulations among tradesmen and manufacturers, or combinations? · And which of these hath the strongest tendency to heighten the price of exportable goods, and impoverish our coun
In answer to the objection, that foreigners would take the bread out of the mouths of the natives, he has the following queries, p. 34. 1. Which fort of foreigners are most to be dreaded, as
taking the bread out of the mouths of the natives? Those without the kingdom? or those within ?
2. If the good people of England could see through a telescope those merchants and manufacturers in the several parts of Europe, who out rival them, and prevent the sale of their manufactures, would they not rather say, these are the people who take the bread out of our moutbs ? But will the Tefusal of a naturalization bill be a means to cure this evil?
3. Who are those who have carried the mysteries of trade out of the kingdom? Foreigners or Englishmen? And whether there are not Englishmen fettled very lately in most kingdoms in Europe, who teach the natives of those countries the particular trades in which we most excell ? Whether also there are not undeniable proofs of their having solicited charters to exclude goods of the same kind coming from England ? * In order to expose the bad policy of denying foreigners the privilege of settling in this kingdom, he has, among others, the following queries, p. 36.
1. Whether the kingdom of Spain would have been depopulated by the Spanish settlements in America, if all the. manufactures sent to that country had been worked up in old Spain ?
2. As great multitudes of French, English, Dutch, Italians, and other nations, are now employed in the making of manufactures for the Spanish Weft-Indies, -- Would not old Spain be a very populous country, if these people, with their wives and children, were transplanted there?
3. Whether the Spainiards, from a sense of this truth, are not now inviting foreigners to settle among them? And do not the Engli seem inclined to run into the opposite error?
4. Whether it is not prudent to keep open two doors in a state, one for such persons to go out to our colonies, as may have their reasons for such departure, and the other to admit those persons in, as are inclined to live a
This specimen, we presume, will, not only justify the character already given, but likewise excite the reader's curiosity to peruse the piece itself.