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he left the paths of infamy in which his unnatural parents had forsaken him, and, under the kind hand of a protecting Father in heaven, he was trained to fill a sphere of distinction and usefulness to which few comparatively of the saints of God on earth are advanced. He was an able and faithful minister of the New Testament, whose profiting appeared unto all. His learning as well as his talents commanded the respect of the intelligent, and his unassuming and amiable piety secured the confidence of both the good and the bad. His very colour, which marks the neglect and servitude of his race in this country, associated, as it was in the subject of these remarks, with his high qualifications to entertain and instruct, became the means of increasing his celebrity and enlarging the sphere of his influence. Among strangers it attracted crowds to hear him, and even where his labours were statedly enjoyed, it secured the attention of some who were holden by curiosity, until conscience became permanently awakened, and they were bound by stronger and better ties to the privileges of the sanctuary. He was accordingly everywhere respected for his works' sake, and highly honoured by his brethren in the ministry. His memory is still precious to the several churches which he served during a period of nearly half a century, and few of the watchmen of Israel have been called from their stations on earth with better hopes of receiving "many souls in glory as the crowns of their rejoicing."


As the wish has been expressed by many that this work may contain as much of the writings of Mr. Haynes as practicable, the following selections from his printed sermons are appended, viz:—



The important concerns of ministers and the people of their charge at the day of judgment; illustrated in a sermon, delivered at Rutland, Orange Society, at the interment of the Rev. Abraham Carpenter, their worthy pastor.

1 Thess. ii., 19.—" For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming T

The second coming of Christ is a source of peculiar joy and consolation to the people of God; it is a day in which their hopes and expectations will be fully answered. Tribulation attends the good man while in this life; the scenes of divine Providence are mysterious, and many things unaccountable and insignificant without a day of judgment; they will then be explained and adjusted, to the joy and admiration of all who love Christ's appearing. Many of the events that take place in this life stand in a solemn relation to the judgment day, and none more so than the gospel ministry; hence it is that the attention of the true servants of Christ is so much taken up with a future state. St. Paul, being detained from the church of Thessalonica, sends this epistle as a token of his love and respect to them; in which he anticipates that blessed period when he should meet them at the bar of Christ, which would afford such joy and satisfaction as to more than compensate for all their sorrow, more especially for his being prevented a personal interview with those to whom he wrote. "For what is our fiope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing 1 Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?" We have two very important ideas suggested in the words. One is, that ministers and their people must meet each other at the day of judgment. The second is, that although ministers are often separated from their hearers in this life, yet the people of God among whom a pious preacher finishes his work will be a cause or crown of peculiar joy and satisfaction at the second coming of Christ.

With respect to the first point, we may observe, to give us a striking contrast between this and the coming world, we are in the present state subject to many vicissitudes.

What changes are taking place in empires, states, societies, and families! In nothing is this more observable than in matters relating to ministers and the people of their charge. A persecuting spirit, that prevailed in the apostolic age, was often a means of parting friends, and especially of driving preachers from churches. The same cause has had influence in every age of the church; but if religious societies are so hap

Eas to escape such a calamity, yet it pleases the Great ;ad of the church, in his sovereign wisdom, to separate ministers and their people by death; this gives feeling to a pious preacher, and in some degree has influence in every sermon he delivers. That all mankind will be collected before the bar of Christ, to see the great and intricate affairs of the universe adjusted, is a' plain dictate of reason and Scripture; but that many will meet there as having mutual concerns with each other, is evident. More especially ministers and the

people once committed to their charge doubtless will appear in some sense as distinct societies, as having particular and personal matters to attend to. This supposes that they will have a knowledge of each other; for without this, the purposes of their meeting in such a manner could not be answered. How far this will extend, or by what means it will be conveyed, is too curious to inquire. It seems, unless we are able by some means to distinguish those from others with whom we have been intimate in this life, the designs of a future judgment will in some measure be frustrated. The great end of that day is to illustrate divine truth, or make that appear conspicuous to created intelligence. To effect this, God will make use of mankind as instruments; this is the method he takes in this life, and doubtless it will be most eligible in the world to come. For our acquaintance to be summoned as witnesses for or against us at this court, will perhaps be the best means to administer conviction. In this way the great God can speak in language easy for finite creatures to understand. One design of the world being divided into distinct societies and communities, is doubtless to prepare matters for the day of judgment. The relation between ministers and people is such as renders them capable of saying much about each other; in this way the justice and mercy of God will be illustrated, Divine proceedings vindicated, and every mouth stopped. It is our conduct in this life that will direct Divine proceeding towards us at the final judgment; that the equity of God's administrations may appear, 'tis necessary that our characters be clearly investigated. The salvation and damnation of many souls will be through the instrumentality of faithful and unfaithful watchmen; this is an idea contained in the charge God gave to Ezekiel, 32d chapter. It will be necessary that the motives by which ministers have been influenced in their work be brought out to view; for without sincerity of heart they can never execute their office with any degree of true faithfulness, and are a high affront to God, and a vile imposition on the people.

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