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well as his public discourses were singularly felicitous and effective. The instructions which he gave to the diffident, the anxious, or the lingering inquirer, will long be remembered, not merely on account of their success, but as illustrations of the condition of the human heart, and of a happy method of assailing this citadel of hostility to God. Of these the following is related by a worthy correspondent.

"Mr. Haynes was once at my house in B at

the time of a revival of religion. He had inquired with deep interest of the progress of the work, and expressed his fervent prayer for its prosperity, when a young lady called, whom I waited on in an adjoining room. She was deeply convicted of sin, but saw rfo light in the gospel plan of salvation. She felt her need, but not her obligation, and was waiting for God to convert her by a miracle. I conversed and prayed with her, but no light arose to her mind. I then informed her that Father Haynes was in the house, and that, if she had any desire to receive instruction from the voice of age and experience in the Christian life, I would invite him in. She readily assented; and, after I had informed him of the state of her mind, he commenced the interview as follows :—

"Question. 'Young woman! do you expect to go home to-night?'

"Answer. 'Yes, sir.'

"Question. 'How do you expect to get there?'

"Answer. 'I expect to walk.'

"Question. 'How will you walk?'

"The young lady was embarrassed, and made no reply. 'Well,' said Mr. H., 'I can tell you how you'll walk. You'll put one foot before t'other—that's the way you'll get home, if the Lord pleases. And that's the way to get to heaven—you must put one foot before t'other, and the Lord will take care of you. It is He who is calling you by his spirit—and he calls you not to wait for him to carry you, but to follow him;— and then you have his promise that he will guide you by his counsels. But he will not carry you to heaven without your own walking, any more than he will carry you home to-night while you sit still here. You must put one foot before the other, and set out.'"

By this singular introduction he arrested the attention of the young lady to the very point of her difficulty. He then urged upon her with warmth and simplicity her obligation to immediate submission and unreserved obedience in faith and love. His words were attended with the power of the Holy Ghost; and that night, as the young lady walked towards her home, every step, as she put one foot before the other, was an admonition, in the light of the instruction she had just received, to commit her ways unto the Lord. She soon gave evidence of hopeful conversion—and adorned the doctrines of the gospel by her subsequent life— holding in the most grateful remembrance the instrumentality of Father Haynes in bringing her from darkness to light.

CHAPTER VII.

CONTROVERSY WITH HOSKA BALLOU.

In the year 1805 Mr. Haynes published his celebrated sermon, from the text, " Ye shall not surely die," in answer to Hosea Ballou, a distinguished preacher of the doctrine of universal salvation. This discourse has been printed and reprinted, both in America and in Great Britain, till no one pretends to give any account of the number of editions. It is stated by those that heard it, that, in the publication, not a few of the happiest illustrations are omitted. The circumstances in which it was preached are thus detailed in an extract of a letter from a respected correspondent, A. G. Dana, M. D. :—

'

"Pittaford (Vt.), July 13th, 1835.

"REV. And Dear Sir,

* * * "Several years since Mr. Haynes passed the Sabbath and preached where I then resided; and having tarried at my house during his stay, I took the opportunity to inquire of him as to the circumstances of his meeting with Mr. Ballou on the abovementioned occasion, when he related the following facts :— He had, on the preceding Sabbath, made an appointment to preach a lecture in a remote part of the parish, the same day in which Mr. Ballou preached in his pulpit. I think he informed me that he knew nothing of the appointment of Mr. Ballou till the day arrived. On the morning of the day some of his friends called on him and expressed their regret that his lecture was on that day, as Mr. Ballou was to preach there; and that, on his arrival the preceding evening, and learning that Mr. Haynes was to be absent, he had remarked, that 'the orthodox gentry generally scuff when he went into a place to preach. His brethren unanimously advised him to forego his own appointment, and go and hear Mr. Ballou. During the conversation, the man at whose house his own lecture was to be delivered happening to call, united with his friends in the same opinion. Accordingly Mr. Haynes came to the conclusion to attend the preaching of the universalist. On arriving at the meeting-house he was introduced to Mr. Ballou, who immediately invited him to take a part in the exercises, which he modestly declined, saying that he came merely as a hearer. But, on Mr. Ballou's repeating the request, adding that he thought it peculiarly proper that he should take some part in the exercises, as he was to occupy his pulpit, Mr. Haynes remarked that he might perhaps be willing to make some remarks after he had closed. Accordingly, Mr. Ballou, after concluding his discourse, turned to Mr. Haynes and said, 'There is opportunity for remarks, if you are disposed to make any;' when he arose and delivered the discourse in question.

"It is obvious from these facts, as well as from the discourse itself, that the subject was chosen, and the plan and arrangement of the discourse formed, while

listening to Mr. Ballou; who, with all his 'note

of preparation,' was so signally and triumphantly overthrown.

"I am, sir, very respectfully, your ob't serv't,

"A. G. Dana.

"Rev. Dr. Cooley."

I

Universal Salvation a very Ancient Doctrine, with some Account of the Life and Character of its Author: a Sermon delivered at Rutland, West Parish, Vermont, in the year 1805, by Lemuel Haynes, A. M. Seventh Edition. New York: printed for Cornelius Uavis. 1810.

[From the Panoplist.]

The following are some of the excellences of this sermon :—

1. The text is very aptly chosen.

2. It is a very impressive and convincing sermon. What could more strongly prove the falsehood of Universalism than to show from Scripture that the devil was its author and first preacher?

3. The satire which runs through the sermon is founded on truth and justice, and managed with Christian sobriety.

4. The sermon displays much originality.

5. It is a very popular sermon. Of this there is sufficient proof in the six editions of it which have been printed within two years.

6. It is a very useful sermon, especially to those who want leisure, ability, or patience to follow with advantage a long chain of reasoning.

PREFACE.

There is no greater folly than for men to express anger and resentment because their religious sentiments are attacked. If their characters are impeached by their own creed, they only are to blame. All that the antagonists can say cannot make falsehood truth nor truth falsehood.

The following discourse was delivered at Rutland, in June, 1805, immediately after hearing Mr. Ballou, a Universal preacher, zealously exhibit his sentiments. The author had been repeatedly solicited to hear and dispute with the above preacher; and had been charged with dishonesty and cowardice for refusing. He felt

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