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far when the linen burst into flames, and con- she hurt at seeing her husband in srh a vinced the astonished knight that he had sin. piteous plight: but great as was the shoc ned grievously by his behavior to the holy it did noi prevent her asking the question man, whose prayers in behalf of his sinful nearest her heart : “Well, my dear, what self, and his wife, he, after much entreaty, have you done about the money.”—“For succeeded in obtaining for “a certain con- God's sake!' said the poor man, remembersideration."

ing what he had undergonem" say not After sundry cheats and contrivances of word about it; for if you do you will be set a similar nature, Pfaff Amis returned 10 down for as mad as I am, and treated after England, and, as might be expected on his the same fashion.” The physician, who arrival, in what Napoleon was pleased 10 now saw clearly how matiers stood, took term the “Nation of Shopkeepers," he great credit to himself for the wondrous turned merchant; and, having arrayed cure he had effected, and generously offer. himself sumptuously, as merchants in those ed to release his patient, upon his paying days were wont to do, took his departure him the thirty marks which Amis had profor Constantinople, whence, alter playing mised him that very morning-an offer, sundry pranks, one of which, at least, de- which, as he who made it was the physician serves to be recorded, he returned to his to the court, the well-fleeced merchani deemnative home.

ed it prudent to accept. It chanced, when on the look out for On his arrival in England, Amis appears merchandize, or perhaps, to speak more to have repented him of his misdeeds, and correctly, for prey, that Amis encountered to have returned ouce more to the good!y a jeweller who had a stock of gems to dis- life he had been wont to lead. He retired pose of, for which he asked a thousanu to a monastery, where his conduct was so marks. After much debating, a bargain exemplary that, on the death of the reigning was eventually struck between the parties abbot, he was chosen his successor, and fillfor six hundred; and they sealed the com- ed the duties of the office in a manner most pact-with sundry libations of good wine. worthy of the imitation of the brotherhood, Amis took this opportunity to order his ser- and most serviceable to his own salvation. vants to remove the jewels, but the mer. Such is a "picture in litle" of the life chant was not so far overpowered by the and adventures of Pfuff Amis, respecting good liqunr as to give them up without re- which Gervinus says, "He can be but ceiving payment for them. After some little capable of distinguishing between joy. time, however, he consented to do so, upon ousness and a malicious delight in the misAmis promising to take him to a friend, fortunes of others, who regards all these who would be security for the money. In tricks as strokes of humor. But we see the evening, Amis called on a physician, from the old Reynardine stories, that, among and offered him sixiy marks to cure his a rude people, a jest, however cruel, is look“poor father," whom he described as being ed upon as a jest still; and it has been remad; the evidence of it being his charging peatedly noticed by travellers, that wild and Amis with owing him money. The phy- savage nations find a childish pleasure in sician proinised a speedy and effectual cure; practising deceptions, especially upon stranwhereupon Amis went for the merchant, gers;"— hard words, but justly applicable to who in ihe belief that he was going to the many portions of the story of Amis, of whom party who would be answerable for Amis's be it remembered, that he was but one of payments, readily accompanied him to the three such priestly Scapins, whose adven. house of the physician.' His conduct in tures have been handed down to us. He is demanding the money due to him corrobo- the first only of that triad, of which the Parrated Amis's statement so perfecıly, that son of Calemberg and Peter Lew are no the doctor instanıly shaved his head, and unimportant nembers. adopted the most vigorous measures to cure It may surprise the reader, to find so many him of his supposed madness; while Amis, of the inferior members of the religious comhaving promised the doctor thirty marks munities of the times taking upon themselves on the following morning, left the house, characers so uiterly at variance with their and, embarking on board ship, zailed in- sacred calling. But so far is this conduct stantly for England.

from being unfrequent or extraordinary, Amis not appearing on the following that the practice obtained formerly to such morning, according to promise, the doctor an extent as to call the attention of the church was led a suspect that he had been deceiv. to the best means of remedying it; as is ed. At the request therefore of the mer. proved by the fact that one of the statutes chant, his wife was sent for. Much was of the church of Cahors expressly forbids

22

VOL XY.

all ecclesiastics to become jesters, goliards, market, and seeing a crowd of people gaor buffoons.

thered round an enormous fish, for which Whether such a person as Amis ever ex. the fisherman asked more than any of them isted is doubtful. For though there is rea- was disposed to give, bethought him, son to believe that the Stricker, in recording his history, has done little more than put “I'll buy that fish, if I am able, into verse the stories that were current at For well 'twould grace a prince's table"the time, still no historical evidence of his and immediately solicited from his master existence has yet been discovered.

the loan of a sum sufficient to enable him Such is not the case with the worthy,

to buy the fish, and which the worthy bur whose story we now propose to examinethe Parson of Calemberg.

gher lent readily, on hearing what he in

tended to do with his purchase. History is so far from passing over in silence the name of Weigand von Theben- "I'll please myself—for that's my motto; to give this facetious son of Holy Church And faith I'll ġive it to duke Olio.” his proper title—that the chronicles contain frequent allusion to him, and to the mad This was, however, more easily said than pranks with which he was wont to delight done. On his going to the residence of the his great patron, Duke Oito the Cheerful. duke, he could not obtain admission until he Not only do Bebelius, Manlius, Rauscher, had promised the door.keeper,an equal share and Dionysius Melander refer to him, but of whatsoever present he might receive from he is also, in conjunction with Eulenspiegel, the duke in return. This Weigand readily mentioned in Luther's Commentary on assented to, and when Otto desired him to “Ecclesiasticus." While Fugger again say what reward he should bestow on him, in his Ehrenspiegel des Erzhauses Oester- he begged that he might be ordered a hear: reich, haring mentioned the celebrated Nied- ty scourging: With this strange request hart Fuchs, as one of the two merry coun. Otto complied unhesitatingly, as soon as be sellors of the jovial duke, proceeds to say learned the cause which induced our hero -" The other was Weigand von Theben to make it. The porter was soundly drubcommonly called the Parson of Calemberg bed, and so was Weigand; the latter receive whose tricks filled a little book, which was ing ample amends in the promise of a living formerly very much read, but is now no -a promise which was no sooner made longer to be me! with. The best story than fulfilled : the death of the old parson among them is, that he once took a basket of Calemberg taking place at the very time, full of skulls to the top of a mountain, and and Weigand being immediately appointed emptying it there, exclaimed, as he saw his successor. Weigand's first act, on takthen roll down, each pursuing a different ing possession of his living, was of a piece course, "So many heads so many opinions! with all that followed it, and well calculaIf they do thus when they are dead, what ted to astonish the natives of Calemberg. would they have done had they been alive!” In consequence of the dilapidated state of Many editions of the little book here refer- the roof, the rain poured inio every part of red to are now known to have existed; two the church. Our parson, having exhorted of them it is said, being in prose—but not his congregation to contribute towards its one of those which have been preserved restoration, offered them their choice as to contains the anecdote just related. An which portion of the roof they would repair edition in verse, of the year 1620, is the --that over the altar, or that over the chanone which von der Hagen has reprinted in cel. " Over the altar,” said they, laughing the curious collection, the title of which is to themselves, “it is a very small part; let prefixed to the present article, and from the parson roof in the chancel !” But, the which the following particulars have been parson, when he found he could stand at i he derived.

altar, and perform the service under shelter, A burgher of Vienna, holding a seat in troubled his head no more about the matter; the council

, had a student named Weigand while bis congregation, who wished to keep von Theben, a shrewd and ready witted as dry as their priest, found that they had knave, who, following his master one day to no other alternative than to repair the rest

of the roof. * "Item præcipimus, quod Clerici non sint We pass over the next and following adJoculatores, Goliardi, seu Bufones, declarantes, venture, that we may give a story from a quod si per annum artem illam defamatoriam quaint old English translation of " The exercuerint, omni privilegio ecclesiastico sun! Parson of Kalenborow," of which a blacknudati, et etiam temporaliter graviori, si moniti non destiterint."-Statuta Eccl.Cadurc. apud Mar

letter fragment is preserved in the curious ien. Tom. iv. Anecd. Col. 727.

library of the late Mr. Douce; and which

affords direct proof of that "intimate connex. cannot particularize, but which proved ion between the vernacular writers of Ger- upon trial to have an effect the very reverse many and England” at an early period, of what the poor old inan had anticipated. which has been before alluded to in the pa- 'This was, of course, but little pleasing to ges of this Review.*

him, and still less so were the circumstan

ces under which our waggish priest disco. "The parson of Kalenborow had wine in vered his episcopal lord in an intrigue with his cellar which was marred, and because he

his cellar-woman. His conduct in this would have no loss by it, he practised a while to be rid of it; and caused it to be published affair made the bishop so indignant, that he in many parishes thereabouts, that the parson commanded him to put away his young of Kalenborow, at a day assigned, would lly housekeeper, and supply her place with over the river of Tonowa from the steeple of one forty years old, -an injunction with his own church, and thiş he proclaimed in which be complied, if not to the spirit, at his own parish also; and then he caused two least to the letter, by taking two who were wings of peacock's feathers to be made, and

each also he caused his naughty wines to be brought

twenty, which he pronounced to be under the church-steeple, whereon he should just the same thing, but far more agreeable. stand for to flee over the river. And he gave

The foregoing specimens of the life and the clerk charge of his wine, because he should adventures of this frolicksome parson will sell it well, and dear to the most profit. And furnish a tolerable accurate notion of the when the day was come that the parson should work, and of the humor with which it is fly, , many one came thither to sce the marvel written.

The parts we have given have from far countries : and then the parson went not been selected as the best, but as the upon the steeple, arrayed like an angel ready foremost, portion of the book; and, had our for to fly, and there he flickered oftentimes limits allowed, other stories not less droll,-his wings, but he stood still. In the mean. while that the people stood so to behold him, such

as the parson's being discovered by the sun shone hot, and they had great thirst, the Princess Elizabeth of Bavaria, the wife for the priest did not fly. And he saw that, of his patron Otto, standing beside a brook, and beckoned to them, saying, 'Ye good peo. in puris naturalibus, washing his linen,ple, my time is not yet come for to fly, but his reception of that princess when she tarry a while and ye shall see what I shall do.' visited him,-his converting the twelve And then the people went and drank apace of wooden images of the apostles into firewood, this that they saw there for to sell; and they &c. &c. might have been selected for the wine for money, and cried out for drink, and reader's amusement. But, we have other made great PREASE. And within a little while works to treat of, and must hasten to their after, the clerk came to the parson, and said, consideration. “Sir, your wine is all sold and well paid for, Our notice of the stories of " Pfaff Amis" though there had been more. The parson, and “Der Pfarherr vom Kalemberg” has being very glad of these tidings, began to been extended to a length which, while, on flicker with his wings again, and called with a loud voice unto the people, saying, · Hark! the one hand, it precludes us from particu. Hark! Hark! is there any among you all larizing with equal folness the shifts and that ever saw a man have wings or fly? Then contrivances of their rival,“ Peter Lew," or, stepped one forth, and said, • Nay, sir, nay.'" Der Andere Kalemberger, as he is The parson answered again, and said, "Nor styled by his biographer, -on the other, never shall, by my lay; therefore go your renders it unnecessary for us to do so, ways home, every one, and say that ye have seeing that the tricks, jests

, and rogueries of drank up the parson of Kalenborow's evil wines, and paid for it well; and truly more

this sportive trio bear so strong a than ever it cost him! Then were the vis semblance to each other. laynes or paysannes, marvelously angry, and

Peter Lew was born at Hall, and was of in their language cursed the parson perilous such extraordinary strength as to be ena. ly, some with a mischief and vengeance; and bled to lift from the floor, with ontstretched some said, 'God give him an hundred DROUSE, arm, a man in full armor standing in his for he hath made among us many a fool and hand, and to place him on the table,-a seat toting ape.' But the parson cared not for all by which he acquired his name of Lew, or their curses. And this subtle deed was spread

Lion. all the country about."

After sundry endeavors to earn a living, This and other tricks having come to the now as a tanner's servant, now as an artilears of his superior, the Bishop of Passau, leryman in the war against the Armagnacs, he was summoned before him. The bishop Peier resolved to turn priest, and at thirty was nearly blind, and our parson suggested years of age entered the school at Hall to

him a remedy, the nature of which we learn the very rudiments of education. * See Foreign Quarterly Review, Vol. XIV. After studying four years, he was made the No. XXVIII.

priest of Reiden. Here he fared very badly;

re

but being appointed assistant to the parson On the third evening after this, while the vilof Western, he contrived, by the exercise of lagers were assembled in the spinning house, a liitle ingenuity, to live iolerably well, and amusing each other by ihe recital of much against his patron's intention.

tales of'. Berchiold' and the : Wild Host,' our

For when Prter took' his meals at home, the mounted on a horse of the same color, rode

roguish priest, dressed in a white sheet, and cook had directions to supply the table with swiftly past the house, blowing loudly on a very meagre fare; but to furnish it with horn.

The company looked out, and saw ever thing of the best, when he was at the nothing but his shadow: bath, or in the city. No sooner did Peter

"After a while, his horn again make this discovery, than he revenged him.

Was heard ; the villagers in vain self by drowning the parson's fowls in the To see him tried.

Until once more, brook, and when they were found, and about Blowing still louder than before, to be thrown away, begging the cook 10

He rode ihat house so slowly by, dress them, or him. But better still, he won

As to be seen by every eye.

The sexion's wife was struck aghast the affections of the cook, who rewarded

As the pale spectre glided past, him after the fashion most grateful to a man

And to her spouse cried-dreading evilof bis gastronomical abilities.

• Oh, Lorenz love ! sure its the D-1.'" We pass over the stories of Peter's hanging the peasant's ass for grazing in the

The poor woman lell ill in consequence; churchyard, and of his finding a hot cake and Peter turned her alarm to his advan under the cloth of the altar, &c. that we tage, by saying that, had her son followed may tell how he frightened his parishioners his advice, she would not have been laid in the garb of a spirit.

upon a bed of sickness; and cautioning her,

if she did not want to be honored with " It was St. Martin's day, when the peasants another visitation from the spirit, that she are wont to hold their feast of geese, that the would do wisely to pay

him to say masses sexton's son came to Peter, saying, · My father for its repuse-á hini which, as it may be is sending me into the city to purchase bread supposed, was very readily acted upon. and wine; will you go with me, or can I pur. chase any thing for you! Peter answering

Ii forms no part of our present purpose both these questions in the negative, the youth to compare these points of German humor set forth alone; aud before he had completed with similar works, the production of our his purchases, ihe sun had sunk to resi. Peter, fatherland, -10 wit, " The King and the who had determined to possess himself by Abhot of Canterbury," printed by Percy, stratagem of the good things purchased for and others of a like character. We shall the sexton, betook himself to the stump of an therefore proceed to another division of old oak tree, standing on a little billock just these romances, and, quilling the considerawithout the village, and which had been

tion of individual kuaves, turn our attencarved into the pedestal for an image; and, crouching down upon it, awaited the arrival tion to collective fools. of the lad. No sooner did the youth reach Every nation has its merry people, who the spot, than Peter stood up at his full height, form the butt and laughing.stock of their clasping his hands, gnashing his teeth, and countrymen. Greece had its Abdera, uttering the most frightful cries. As was to Hindostan its Sivri-Hissar: England be expected, the boy fled from the supposed laughs at its " Madmen of Gotham,''* and emissary of Beelzebub, and left his store of good ihings a prcy to the evil one.

As soon as Peter saw that the coast was clear, he car. ried home his booty, and, emptying the wine, in England is to be found in a manuscript of the

* One of the earliest collections of such stories returned with the empty Aasks, which he beginning of the thirteenth century, which is prescattered about the scene of his latc adven- served in the Public Library of Trinity College, ture. So that when the sexton, who accompan. Cambridge. It is a satirical Latin poem on the ied his son back to the dreaded spot, found people of Norfolk, to whom it attributes all sorts bread and wine boih missing, he supposed of stupid actions; as the following extract, for that the dogs had run away with the first, and which we are indeb.ed to our accomplished that the latter had been spilt in the confusion. friend, Mr. Thomas Wright, will sufficiently The sexton and his son now consulted Peter on

demonstrate : the subject, who, though he would not under " Ad foruin ambulant diebus singulis, take to speak positively till three days were Saccum de lolio portant in humeris; passed, yet declared his belief that the lad Jumentis, ne noceant bene fatnis, had seen a malignant spirit, who would do

Ut prælocutus sum, equantur bestiis, him some injury, if he did not avert the

Post furum protinus tabernam adeunt, threatened evil by a suitable offering made

Quod bene noscimus, bibunt et rebibunt; to his worshipful self. The sexton, who was

Postquam sunt ebrii, quod loqui nesciunt,

Jumenium scandere cadentes nequeunt. but little inclined to part with his money, Sta,' dicit Rusticus, ' Fauvel ut consula, laughed at the idea, and Peter, renewing his Paulisper sustine dum sursum fuero.' warning of impending danger, left him. 'Ad centum demones vade sontinuo,

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Germany at the wiseacres of Schilda. For which, on seating himself, he stuck in his hat. the Schildburghers are the Gothamites of Asier much discussion, one genius, brighter Germany, and their bistory is one of the than the rest, decided that they could not see most amusing, of the amusing class of books for want of daylight, and that they ought on to which i: belongs.

the morrow 10 carry in as much of it as pos. The history of the Schildburghers, or the sible. Accordingly the next day, when the “ Lalenbuch," for by both these names is sun shone, all the sacks, bags, boxes, baskets, the book called, contains a number of Tubs, pans, ect., of the village were filled with stories, which, after being current for years its beams, and then carried into the council. among the people, were collected towards house, and emptied there, but with no good the close of the sixteenth century-(the effect. After this they removed the roof by earliest known edition is that of 1597)--by ihe advice of a traveller, whom they reward. no unlevered hand into the present work, ed amply for the suggestion. This plan an. which has retained, ever since it first ap. swered famously during the summer, but peared, its original popularity. There when the rains of the winter fell, and they have, indeed, been few happier ideas, than were forced to replace the roof they found that of making these simpletons descend the house just as dark as ever. Again they from one of the wise men of Greece; and met, again stuck their torches in their hats, representing them as originally gifted with and again deliberated, but to no purpose ; such extraordinary talents, as to be called until, by chance, one of them was quitting to the councils of all the princes of the the house, and groping his way along the earth, to the great detriment of their circum- wall, when a ray of light sell through a cre. stances, and the still greater dissatisfaction of vice, and upon his beard; Whereupon he their wives; and then, upon their being suggested, what had never before occurred summoned home to arrange their disordered 10 any of them, that it was possible they affairs,determining in their wisdom to put on might get daylight in by making a window ! the garb of stupidity, and persevering so We will now give another specimen or two long and so steadfastly in their assumed of their peculiar talent : character, as to prove "plain fools at last.”

" The Boors of Schilda had built a mill, No way inferior is the end of this strange and with extraordinary labor they had quartale, which assumes even somewhat of se- ried a millstone for it, out of a quarry which rious interest, when the Schildburghers, lay on the summit of a high mountain ; and after performing every conceivable piece of when the stone was finished they carried it, foily, and receiving the especial privilege of with great labor and pain, down the bill. so doing under the

seal and signature of the When they had got to the bottom, it occurred ein peror, by the crowning act of their lives themselves the trouble of carrying it down, turn themselves out of house and home; by letting it roll down. Verily,' said he, whereby they are compelled, like the Jews, we are the stupidest of fools, to take these to become outcasts and wanderers over the extraordinary pains to do that which we face of the earth-by which means it has might have done with so little trouble. We arisen that there is no spot, however re- will carry it up, and then let it roll down the mote, on which some of their descendants, bill by itselt, as we did, before, with the trees who may be known by their characteristic which we felled for our council-house. This

counsel pleased them all, and with still greatstupidity, are not to be found.

er labor ihey carried the stone to the top of the It is impossible to detail a tenth part of the mountain and were about to roll it down, when acts of stupidity gravely attributed to these one of them said, • But how shall we know simpleions; whose first piece of folly was to where it runs to ? who will be able to tell us build a council house without windows.- aught about it?' “Why,' said the bailiff, who When the

entered it, and to use the words had advised the stone's being carried up of the nursery ballad, “ saw they couldn't again, this is very easily managed ; one of

us must stick in this hole, (for the millstone sce," they were greaily puzzled to account had of course a great hole in the middle,) for such a state of ihings, and having in vain and run down with it.' This was agreed to, gone outside, and examined the building to and one of them, having been chosen for the find why the inside was dark, 'hey determin- purpose, thrust his head through the hole and ed 10 hold a council upon the subject on the ran down the hill with the millstone. foilowing day. At the time appointed they

“ Now at the bottom of the mountain was a assembled, each bringing with him a torch, deep fish-pond, into which the stone rolled,

and the simple!on with it, so that the Schild. Atque ad domum ne redeas denuo.'

burghers lost boib stone and man, and not one In domo propria sedent ad prandium,

among them knew what had become of Et si quis veniens pulsat ad ostium,

them. And they felt sadly angered against 'Non sumus,' dicunt, nunc ad hospitium;

their old companion who had run down the Vade ad demones, veni eras iterum.' hill with the stone, for they considered that

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