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he had carried it off, for the purpose of dis- | understood him to say, Men and beasts, men posing of it.

So they published a notice in and beasts ;' therefore he returned homeward all the neighboring borougbs, towns, and vil. in great affliction, and said as much to his lages, calling on them, Itany one came there worthy masters. On learning this they became wiih a millstone round his neck, that they greatly alarmed, and said, "When it has no should treat bim as one who had stolen the more mice to eat, it will eat our cattle; and common goods, and give him to justice.' But when they are gone it will eat us. To think the poor devil lay in the pond, dead. Had he that we should lay out our good money in been able to speak, he would have been wil- buying such a thing! And they held coun. ling to tell them not to worry themselves on cil together, and resolved that the cat should his account, for he would give them their be killed ; but no one would venture to lay own again. But his load pressed so heavily hold of it for that purpose. Whereupon it upon him, and carried bim so deep in the was determined to burn the granary and the water, that he, after drinking water enough- cat in it, seeing that it was better they should more, indeed, than was good for him-died, suffer a common loss, than all lose their life and he is dead at the present day; and dead and limb. So they set fire to the granary. he will, shall, and must remain.”

“ But when the cat smelt the fire, it sprang

out of a window and fled to another house; One more specimen, and we have done ; and the granary was burned to the ground. and it shall be ihe 44th chapter, which tells Never was their sorrow greater than that of “ How the Schildburghers purchased a the Schildburghers, when they found that mouser, and with it their own ruin." they could not kill the cat. They counselled

with one another, and purchased the house to “Now it happened that there were no cats which the cat had fled, and burned that also. in Schilda, and so many mice, that nothing But the cat sprang out upon the roof and sate was safe, even in the bread-basket; for what there, washing itself, and putting its paws be. soever they put there, was sure to be gnawed hind its ears, after the manner of cais. And or eaten ; and this grieved them sorely. And the Schildburghers understood thereby, that upon a time there came a traveller into the the cat lifted up its hands and swore an oath, village, carrying a cat in bis arms, and he that it would not leave their treatment of it entered the hostel. The host asked him, unrevenged. Then one of them took a long what sort of a beast is that ?? Said he, 'It is pole and struck at the cat, but the cat caught a mouser. Now the mice at Schilda were hold of the pole and began to clamber down so quiet and so tame, that they never fled be- it; whereupon the people grew greatly alarm. fore the people,but ran about all day long with. ed and ran away, and left the tire to burn as out the slightest fear. So the traveller let the it might. And because no one regarded the cat run, who, in the sight of the host, soon fire, nor sought to put it out, the whole village caught numbers of mice.

was burnt to a house; and notwithstanding “ Now when the people were told this by that, the cat escaped. And the Schildburgh. the host, they asked the man whether the ers fird, with their wives and children, to a mouser was to be sold, for they would pay neighboring forest. And at this time was him well for it. He said, “It certainly was burned their chancery, and all the papers not to be sold, but seeing that it would be so therein ; which is the reason why their bis. useful to them, he would let them have it, if tory is not to be found described in a more they would pay him what was right;' and he regular manner.” asked a hundred florins for it. The boors Here would we willingly have quitted our were glad to find that he asked so little, and present subject, first thanking the accom. concluded a bargain with him, he agreeing to take half the money down, and to come aguin plished editor of the “ Narrenbuch,” for hav. in six months to fetch the rest. As soon as

ing collected, in that amusing volume, so the bargain Wits struck on both sides, they choice a collection of early German facetiæ ; gave the traveller the half of his money, and and which forms but one of his many claims carried the mouser into the granary where upon the gratitude of all lovers of the middle they kept their corn, for there were most age literature of his native land. But though mice there. The traveller went off with the we may pass over in silence the “ Jests of money at full speed, for he feared greatly lest Claus they should repent them of the bargain and Schimpf and Ernst,"and defer, till the publica.

Narr," leave untouched “Pouli's want their money back again ; and as he went along he kept looking behind him, to see that tion of Mr. Kemble's promised volume on no one was following him.

the subject of Marcolph," all notice of that “ Now the boors had forgotten to ask what mocking spirit, we cannot conclude an arti. the cat was to be fed upon; so they sent one cle on the comic romances of Germany, after him in haste, to ask him the question. without bestowing a few words on Germany's But when he with the gold saw that some one favorite droll— Tyll Eulenspiegel. It would was following him, he hastened so much the indeed be playing the tragedy of Hamlet, more, so that the boor could by no means and leaving out the character of the Prince overtake him; whereupon he called out to him from afar off

, • What does it eat? what of Denmark, to omit all mention of this most does it eat?' • What you please, what you prankish and mischievous Merry Andrew, pleuse,' quoth the traveller.' But the peasant whose memory still lives in the affections of

his countrymen. The house at Kneitlingen, its popularity to make it a party book : and in which he was born,* is standing at the pre- Germany was not only divided into Reformsent day, and his gravestone and monument ers and Anti-Reformers, but had a version of are still pointed out at Mollen; the inhabi. Eulenspiegel suited to the palates of both tants of which formerly used to keep a feast parties. in memory of him, and to show the apparel The edition now before us is a sadly mo. he was wont to wear.

dernized version ; but it contains some good His “ Life and Adventures,” which is said wood cuts. We shall, therefore, give a few to have been one of Fuseli's pet-books, is specimens of the work, which is far too unsupposed to have been originally written in connected to admit of a regular analysis, from Low German, and the well-known Francis. Master Coplard's version ; modernizing, in can Thomas Murnar has the credit of being a few instances, his orthography. The first ils translator into High German. The ear. extracts will show, that Owlglas' love of fun liest known edition, and which is in the lat- ard mischief was as strong in him when a ter dialect, is that of 1540, preserved in the child as when he grew to man's estale. Wolfenbüttel Library. But that there formerly " How that Howleglas, when that he was existed editions of far earlier date is proved a child, answered a man that asked the by the fact, that the first English translation way.” of it was made by old Copland; an imperfect copy of whose version,and we believe the only mother out, and left Howleglas within the

"Upon a time went Howleglas' father and one in existence, is to be found in the Garrick house. Then came there a mun riding half Collection in the British Museum. If trans. into the door, and asked, "Is there nobody lation be a fair test of the popularity of a within?' Then answered the child, "There book, few can adduce stronger claims to the is a man and half and a horse's head.' Then title of popular than Eulenspiegel; for upon

asked the man, Where is thy father; and few has that honor been more frequently ill making worse ; and my mother is gone for

the child answered and said, “My father is of bestowed. We have mentioned one English scathe or shame.? And the man said to the version ; another under the not inappropriate child, “How understandest thou that? And title of the “German Rogue,"'t appeared at the child said, “My father is making of ill the commencement of the last century. A worse, for he ploweth the field, and maketh translation into Latin verse, by Nen.ius, enti. great holes, that men should fall therein when iled "Triumphus Humanæ Stultitiæ vel Tylus they ride; and my mother is gone to borrow Saxo," was published in 1558; and another by bread—and when she giveth it again, and Periander, who states in the prefar e that it giveth less, it is shame, and when she giveth took him but six weeks to do, was pi blished in it, and giveth more, it is scathe.' Then an.

swered the man, . Which is the way to ride ? 1567. 'This latter, which its arthor calls And the child answered and said, “There, “ Noctuæ Speculum," contains 10 } very de. where the gecse go.' And then rode the mari licate wood cuts, by Jobsı Ammon. There his way to the geese, and they flew into the are no fewer than five editions of the French water. Then wist he not where to ride, but translation : and it has been twice translated turned again to the child and said, "The into Dutch, and also into Polish. And what geese be flown into the water, and thus wot I is still more curious, advantage was taken of not what to do, nor whether to ride ? Then

answered the child, . You must ride where as * The following passage from the Heltlingish. Then departed the man and rode his wuy,

the gcese go, and not where they swim.' Sassen Chronick (p. 185, in Caspar Adel's Sammlung) not only proves him to have existed, but and marvelled at the answer of the child." shows the date and manner of his death :

“ A. 1350.-Eyne Pestilencien was sere gru After sundry shifts and contrivances How. welich over de ganse werlde, dat yt wart geheten leglas was hired of a priest. de grote Dot, unde sterff so hefftigen, dat me in velen steden de Doden moste voren in andere

" As Howleglas came out of the castle, he stidden, ub andere Kirchhove, dat öre Kirchhove to lüttingk waren; to Brunswick sterff der Ber- came to a village that was called Buddest, in voten Kloster de Monicke all uth, up einen kley- the land of Brounswicke ; and there came a nen Monik na, de sterve wart so grot, dat me priest to Howleglas and hired him; but he lovede des hiligen Cruces dages Erhogingk to knew him not. And the priest said he pyren, do sul fest sterf Ulenspeygel to Mollen unde should have good days, and eat and drink de Gheyselen Broden kemen an.

the same that he himself and his woman did; + As we believe this work to be of the gieatest and all that should be done with half the lararity, its full title may be acceptable to some of bor.” And then said Huwleglas that thercour readers, “ The German Rogue, or the Life after would he do his diligence.' Then and Merry Adventures, Cheats, Stratagems, and dresses the pries!'s woman two chickens, and Contrivances of Tiel Eulespiegle. “ Let none Eulespiegle's artifices blame,

she bade Howleglas turn, and so he did. And For rogues of cvery country are the same.

he looked up and saw that she had but one "Made English from the hgih Dutch, London : eye; and when the chickens were done printed in the year MDCCIX." 8vo.

enough, then he brake one of the chickens

from the spit, and ate it without any bread. | leglas was parish clerk, at Easter They should And when it was dinner i me, came the wo-play the the resurreciion of our Lord. And man into the kitchen, where lovleylas turned, for because then the men were not learned, and thought to ake up the chickens; and nor could not read, ihe priesl look his lemun when she wns core, she found no more there and put her in the grave for an angel : und but one chicken. Then said she to Howle. This seeing, Howleglas took to him three of glas, Wheru is the other chicken—there the simplest persons that were in the town, were two chickens,' Then answered he tolbat played the three Parys: and the par. her, · Lift up your eye and then shall you see son played Christ, with a banner in his hand. the other chicken. Then was the woman Then said Howleglas 10 the simple persons, therewith angry, and knew well that Howles. When the angel asketh you whom you seek, glas mocked her; and then she ran to the you must say, "The parson's lenian with one priest, and told him how she had dressed two eye.' Then it fortuned that the time was chickens, and when she came to take them come that they must play; and th: angel up, she found hut one, and then he mocked asked them whom they sought; and then me because I had but one eye, Then went said they as Howleglas had showed and the priest to flowleglas, and said, Why learned them afore; and then answered thev, mock ye my woman: there were two chick. We seek the priest's leman with one eye. ens.' Then answered Howleglas, I said And then the priest might hear that he was that was truth. I have said to the woman mocked. And when the priest's leman heard that she should open her eyes, and she should that, she arose out of the grave, and woulil see well where that other chicken was be. have smitten with her fist Howleg as upon come.' Then laughed the priest and said, the check; but she misseil him and smote one •She cannot see, for she hath but one eye.' of the simple persons that played one of the Then said Howleglis to the priest, • The one three Marys; and he gave her another. And chicken I have eaten ; for ve said, I should then took she him by the ear; and that see. eat and drink as well as you and your wo. ing, his wife came running hastily to smite man; and the one I ate for you, and ihe other the priest's leman; and then the priest seeing I ate for your woman; for I was afraid that this, cast down his bai.ner and went to help you should have sioned, for the promise that his woman, so that the one gave the other ye promised me, and therefore I made me sore strokes, and made great noise in the sure. Then said the priest, 'I care not for church. And then Howleylas, seeing them the chickens, but I would have you please my lying together by the ears in the body of the woman, and do after her. Then said How. church, went his way out of the village, and leglas, I do your commandment.' And thit came no more there." the woman bade him do, he did but half. For she bade him fetch a bucket of water, And here we take our leave of Tyil Eu. and he we!it and brought it but half full of lenspiegel* and his associates; and should water; and when he should bring two logs, any of our readers be of opinion that we he brought but one; and when he should get have bestowed more time upon these mad. the beast two bottles of hay, he gave them but one; and when he should fetch a pot full wag knaves that they deserve, we will give of beer, he brought it half full; and so did them Old Copland's excuse for translating he of many things besides. Then complained the “ Merry Jest of a man that was called she to the priest of Howleglas again. Then Howleglas." “ Meihinke it is better to pass said the priest, 'I bade that you should do as the tyme wi'h such a merry Just, and laughe she bade you.' And Howleglas answered, 'I thereat, and doe no sin, than for to wepe and have done as ye bade me, for ye said to me do synne." that I should do all things with half labor; and your woman would fain sce with both eyes, but she seeth with but one eye, and so do I half the labor.' And then the priest laughed. And then said the woman, .Will your have ihis ungracious knave any longer; Art. IV.-1. Biographisch-historische Slu. then will I tarry no longer with you, but de. rt.' Then gave the priest Howleglas leave

dien. (Biographico-historical Studies.) to depart, for his woman's sake: but when

Von Ernst Münch, 2 Bände. 12mo, the parish clerk was dead of the village, then Stuttgart, 1836. sent the priest for Howleglas, and holpe him 2. Erinnerungen, Leb.nsbilder, und Slu. so much that he was made the parish clerk.'

While engaged in the capacity of parish * The adventures of this merry rogue have clerk of Buddenest, Master Howleglas es- been ilustrated with considerable humor by the pied a fair opportunity of being revenged of graver of Ramberg, in a series of 55 p ates, under the priest's " Jeman,” for getting him dis. the title of “ TyEulenspiegel, in 55 Blättern missed from his servitude, and as may be same artist we are a so indeb ed for a set of simi

gezeichnet und radirt.” Leipsic, 1820. To the supposed he was not slow to avail bimself ar illustrations to that other popular volume of of it.

the Germans-Reynard the Fox-whose history

was treated of in our pages very recently. See " And then in the mean season, while How. Foreign Quarterly Review, No. XXXIII.

dien, aus den, sieben und dreissig Jahren the seven Northern, and that of William I. eines Teutschen Gelehrten, mit Rückblic of the Netherlands—under whom, for the ken auf das öffentliche, politische, intellec- first time since the dark ages, they enjoyed tuelle, und siltliche Leben, von 1815 bis any thing like independence-by the latter; 1835, in der Schweitz, in Teutschland, a somewhat interesting account of the early und den Niederlanden. (Recollections, years of the said King William ; a fragment Sketches from the Life, and Studies, during of the life of Demosthenes; an account of a seven and thirty Years, of a German Man professor at the Frieburg University, of the of Letters, with Glances at public, politi- House of Hapsburg in remote ages, of the cal, intellectual, and moral Life, from 1815 rebellion of the pseudo-Rienzi, Porcaro, of to 1835, in Switzerland, Germany, and the unfortunate and perhaps guilty Vittoria the Netherlands.) Von Ernst Münch. Accoramboni ; some letters in old German, 8vo. Carlsruhe, 1836.

orthographically hard to decypher, relative

to Philip the Fair of Austria's little-interestTHESE volumes are genuine productions of ing visit to England, and a narrative of the the 19th century, the bold, careless, and un. fate of the Seigneur de Montigny in Spain. labored outpourings of a vigorous mind, which The second book, with the long-winded the author has not given himself the trouble title,is the commencement of the autobiograof digesting and working into a whole. phy of Ernst Münch, poet, historian, bioAuthors of olden times—we speak not of times grapher, magazine-writer, professor at the beyond the memory of man, but actually Freiburg University, and what r.ot ; a Swawithin our own- took not such liberties with bian, transformed diplomatically into a Swiss , the public, stood more in awe of criticism. which autobiography is intended to be enliven. Their works might be good or bad, and we ed and illustrated by recollections and sketchwill frankly acknowledge that the authors es of all the individuals with whom the writer who flourished in those happy days when we is

, or has ever been acquainted. Now, as ourselves were young and uncritical, might Münch appears to have seen much andknown frequently be inferior in power and origin. many persons of consideration, his autobiogra. ality to their successors; but, good or bad, phy and recollec:ions may become very interthey produced works, works of art, long and esting in the subsequent volumes; but he and maturely studied, made as perfect as their his friends of Rheinfeld, Aarau and Freitalents could make them; not a heterogene. burg, Professors, Burschen,* and Philistines ous mass of thoughts often original and bril. inclusive, the sole occupants of the present liant, as ofien or oftener crude and fraught volume, possess no such European reputa. with error, which an hour's labor in reading tion as can make a circumstantial exposior reflection would have corrected.

tion and development of all the thoughts, The books now before us are happy illus- feelings and pursuits of their childhood and trations of this class. The first consists of adolescence important in the eyes of English one real and good piece of biography; a life readers. Yet we must modify this asser: of Sir Walter lialeigh, and of a series of tion ; under one point of view they acquire sketches, biographico-historical certainly, but importance. Münch having attained to such biographico-historical fragments as manhood during the paroxysm of demo. might be dashed off at a heat for a magazine cratic reaction in Germany, consequent or annual, not works, nor portions of works, upon the disappointment of those political of biography or history, not works of art, in hopes which blossomed upon Napoleon's short. In the first volume these fragments overthrow the opinions and feelings here de relate to the loves of Leonora of Austria with tailed are ultra-republican, Anglice radical, a Count Palatine, those of the tyrannous and thus give weight to his subsequent bitter, Christiern II. of Denmark with his Dutch anti-democratic condemnation of the Belgian Dove, the vindication of the philosopher insurrection against King William, and to Vanini from the charges of immorality and his panegyric of that sovereign. In order atheism, and the Acqua Tofana, oddly called that this corroborative effect may be felt, we by one of the pretiy diminutives of Italian shall begin with offering an extractor endearment, the Acquella. In the second two from the autobiography. The account volume, we have a comparison between the modern Belgians and those of the sixteenth

* Need we here explain that Burschen, Bur. century; between the treatment by the for. iy boys and boyry-if such a word analogous to

schenschaft and Philister and Philisterei (literalmer of William the Taciturn, to whom the soldiery may be coined for the nonce -Philistine Southern provinces might have owed eman- and Philistinishness), are slang terms of the cipation from the Spanish yoke, had they young collegians, by the first of which they desupported his exertions in the cause of reli- signate themselves, by the second every thing

common-place ; everything that is not themselves gious liberty and national independence, as did I being included in the designation.

23

VOL. XX.

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he gives of the feelings, views-including a mind lasted for weeks. Meanwhile, rescheme for the emancipation of German ports came in from all quarters; our friends Catholicism from the Papal see—and or- imparted their own judgment and that of ganization of the Burschenschaft

, now das others upon Sand's action. Many of these

bore the same character of disapprobation Junge Deutschland, (Young Germany,) with and aversion as my own; others, on the its offsets and opposition branches, is not contrary, culogized the sentiments of the sufficiently explicit to be intelligible without murderer, envied his pre-eminence, and dwelt recurring to other sources of information ;- upon the necessity of an action calculated to.. in fact Münch, like others of his class, gene. spread terror amongst the enemies of freerally writes for those only who are familiar dom. Soon afterwards occurred Löhning's with his subject—and this is not the occa- unsuccessful attempt to murder the president sion for the requisite investigation of the Ibell

, the Jewish riot, &c.

"The Fresh Voices of Free Youth,' by Burschenschaft. But we will extract his

the Brothers Follenius, diligently and uni. feelings, and those of his brother enthusiasts versally circulated, contributed much by for Old-Germanism, respecting the murder their partlymystic, partly patriotico-political, of Kotzebue by the student Sand, (by the partly sentimental-elegiac, and always richly. way, has Madame Dudevant chosen her nom poetic style, to excite and strengthen such de guerre, George Sand, from the admiration passions. of this political auto-da ?) and the punish

“ Numbers of persons of every rank, age ment of the fanatic assassin.

and sex, took Sand's deed under their protec“ This calm, serene, and harmless state of tion. We saw tears shed by beautiful eyes playing with the new doctrines, although I over the unhappy youth ; flowers planted by myself had even then the most serious views, princesses on his grave. We heard men (he was then under twenty,) was essentially even of advanced age enthusiastically hachanged to Sand's deed.

rangue in his praise. • A letter of Consola" It was upon a Sunday, in March 1819, tion,' by de Wette, who had already, in his that, going from church to the inn where the pamphlet entitled 'The sin against ihe Holy notables were wont to assemble, I mechani. Ghost,' treated to some apocalyptic cally took up a newspaper, and, tolerably phrases, which we interpreted in the spirit indifferent as to politics, tossed over the of the day, removed many scruples, and thus leaves ; when the words • Kotzebue has been was the theory of the lawfulness of murder in murdered by a German student,' glared upon certain cases, when necessary for the good my sight. Horror-stricken, I devoured the of our country or to avenge virtue, deeply article and learned the dreadful fact. The studied by persons who had never, or very lines seemed blood-shot, and danced convul- differently, thought of it. For niyself, it sively before myseyes. The whole incalcula. cost me much trouble ere I gained ihe due ble train of consequences which this deed temper ; but there was a something narcotic must produce lay in gloomy anticipation be- in this tale of Sand, heightened by the eternal fore me. I hastened home to examine my singing of liberty songs, that none of us could papers. A part of the archives of our so- permanently resist.

We playciety was then in my hands; and all that ed with sanguinary phrases, because we saw could implicate either myself or others were that they gained listeners; and the apologies quickly destroyed, or sealed up and com- for Sand, with which we coquetted, filled our mitted by a fair friend to her wardrobe. souls with joy, from the terror they excited When I had taken these precautions, I medi- amongst the Philistins. Thus did I like many tated deeply upon the deed, its motives, pro- others, disown my innate humanity, merely bable connexion, &c. ; and examined, more to enjoy the sight of this or that respectable scrupulously than ever before, the worth ot man leaving the table, horror-stricken at the the exertions to which I had pledged myself levity of our language and the carelessness by joining the union.

of our looks, while discussing such a subject; My first expression of abhorrence Idepict- or we exaggerated our praises of Sand solely ed in a letter to Zschokke, then at Aarau, to enhance the anger, the horror, of the who fully concurred in that feeling, lament- anti-Germanismers. Under this aspect ing the folly, the insanity, of the murder. must much of what was then and subsequent. But I conceived that this would not be the ly done and written by young men be conend; from my knowledge of the disposition sidered. Had Sand been sent to a mad. of many individuals, I expected someihing in house as a maniac, and our proceedings been the style of Pelopidas ai Thebes, and that all treated as the extravagances and puerilities influential statesmen would according to the of school-boys, we should have been morally repeated advice of an energetic liberal, now slain, much gold and time would have been dead, be made avay with. Not only did I saved, and the German nation been spared consider the execution of such a scheme as the disgrace of being laid under a general premature, the nation as unripe for boldly political interdict on account of such follies. plunging into rebellion upon the impulse of But the course adopted justified us in con. a couple of daring examples, but I detested, sidering ourselves as the heroes of the day.” from the bottom of my heart, the horrid the. ory of assassination. This painful state of Many of these boy.Brutuses, in whose in

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