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been transferred since his death by M. Köp During the last year an unusual number of pen to the Academy.
original novels have made their appearance;
among which may be mentioned “Brat Ve. Among the recent German works prohibit- icheslav,” “Helen Volkova," and a series of ed in Russia we observe, Wienbarg's “Æs- tales, in four volumes, all by Paolov, a writer thetische Feldzüge," Raumer's “ Historisches who has but lately come before the public, Taschenbuch," 8th year, Heine's “ Die ro- yet is already one of the most favorite authors mantische Schule,” “ Dic Waldenser,” by of the day, in Russia. Sophia Kutchko, or König; Address of the Polish Refugees in Love and Revenge, a romance of the twelfth France to the British House of Commons, century, in four volumes, is by Gribojedov, May 29, 1832, published at Zurich ; Menzel's another writer, who, we presume, has lately “Geist de Geschichte ;” Schlosser's “Ge- entered upon his career of authorship, as we schichte des 18ten Jahrhunderts," Venturini's have not met with his name before ; although "Pragmatische Geschichte unserer Zeit," new it is sufficiently familiar to us as that of the series, vol. 9; and in the class of those of which late author of the comedy Gore ot Um. The portions only are proscribed, are “Göthe's Fall of the Shuiskis, by Kislov; the FoundaBriefe, 1768 bis 1812," edited by Doring; and tion of Moscow, and Nicholas the Bear's paw, Pfizer's translation of Byron's Poems. or the contrabandist Heiman, by Zotvo, all
belong to the class of historical romances. Having seen in the preceding paragraph Among the other personages whom the lastthe anxiety of the Russian government to ex- mentioned work introduces to us are Fredeclude even foreign historical works from its rick William I. of Prussia, the Emperor dominions, we shall be at no loss to compre
Charles VI., Maria Theresa, and Elizabeth of hend the motive of its solicitude that any do. Russia. Masalsky's “Borodolinbie" (The cuments relative to transactions in which Beard Partisans) consists of historical scenes Russia has been implicated should be taken from the reign of Peter the Great, in 1720– the greatest care of. In the French papers 21. And Veltman, who has likewise publishwe find the following extract of a letter from ed a fresh volume of tales, gives the public St. Petersburg, dated October 28:-" There another historical sketch, taken from their has been discovered at Jampol on the Dnies. national annals, under the title of an “Epi. ter, in Podolia, in the cellars of a house for- sode from Biron's Administration." Bul. merly inhabited by Ladislas Zagoroski, and gorin, on the contrary, has paused from novel. at present by an assessor of the government, writin; his last production being a view of a numerous collection of manuscripts in the
Russia, hisiorical, statistical, geographical, Latin, French, Polish, Russian, and Turkish and literary,” in four volumes. languages, concerning the first partition of Poland. It is said to comprehend autograph letters of the Empress Caiherine, King Fre. Respecting the general class of productions derick II., of Prussia, the Duke de Choiseul, that aspire 10 the character of novels and ro. minister of Louis XV., Sultan Mustapha, the mances, a Russian critic makes the following Khan of the Tartars, and other personages remarks in one of the native periodical works: who acted a part at that time. The local au. “Our department of the belles lettres,” says thority having communicated this discovery he, “ possesses an important advantage, to the minister of public instruction, Count which the literature of all other countries Quvaroff, and the latter to the emperor, his may envy it. Our novels have such a slenmajesty immediately ordered the MSS. in der figure, that all their foreign compeers question to be forwarded to the imperial must sink ashamed before them. Twenty or archives at Petersburg. The order directs thirty pages are sufficient to constitute a nothe utmost care to be taken on the road for vel, and 150 pages are divided into three porthe preservation of these valuable documents tions, and published as a novel in three vo. for the history of Poland."
lumes. At the same time, it must be consi
dered that the number of pages alone cannot Russian literature has sustained, in the
furnish any correct notion of the brevity of course of this year, a second important loss
our novels, and the scantiness of our inventby the death of Bestucheff, eminent as a no being equivalent 10 that number of English
Our 150 pages are far from His reputation as a prose writer was not in. words are mostly yard-long, of seven, ciglif
or French pages of the same form. Our ferior to that of Puschkin, as a poet.
and ten syllables; their's of one or two syl
lables. Their letters occupy very little space In the first half of the year 1837, according our's are extremely broad: place 28 Russian to the report of the minisiry of public instruc. letters under 28 Frencil, and the latter line tion, 486 books were published in Russia. In will be one-fifih longer than the former. Ja the preceding year the number was much this manner, 150 Russian printed pages would smaller. The prose works, devoted 10 light not make more than 60 10 80 French or Eng. reading, form the most numerous class. "In lish. What a poverty of ideas results from comparison with 1836, fewer works of in such a comparison !" struction have appeared, but quite as many learned works.
INDEX TO VOLUME XX,
Bolgarü, notice of, 230.
Bonaparte, his correspondence with pope Pius
unineral riches of, 237-238; hot springs in, 238. ter to the pope atier the battle of Austerliız, 37;
government to which it gave rise, 198, 199. 39; orders the pope to be seized and carried to
Bolli, Carlo, biographical particulars of, 121,
into ltaiy, 152; his account of ihe principles on Boyer, succeeds Pelion as president of the south-
ern division of Hayti, 51 ; becomes president of
sical instruments, 60; chanting derived from 52; his character, ib.
bis, 189; engaged on a series of historical sub-
for music and their proficiency in it, 61.
Burckhardt, Dr., Der dreizehnte Artikel der
che Verfassungsfrage, 214.
his having borrowed from Sir John Hawkins,
cretius, and remarks on it, 145, 146.
Calemberg, the parson of, life and adventures of,
Canova, the sculptor, anecdote of him, 33, 34; his
Cape Hayli, state and population of, 44; burned
liar interest when treated by a native, 13; his. Catherine II. of Russia, description of her per-
China, ancient religious dance in, 61.
Freire, Don Ramon, his expedition from Lima Christianity, mankind indebted to it for individual! against the government of Chile, 89, 90. liberty, 73.
Fresnel, F., Lettres sur l'Histoire des Arabes Christian II. of Denmark, extraordinary influ avant l'Islaimisme, 76; extracts from the work,
ence acquired over him by an old Dutchwo 78-87. man, 181-183. Christophe, emperor of Hayti, and his family,
G. account of, 44, 45; assumes the title of king, 50; his negociations with agents of Louis XVI11.,50, Gamut, its notes compared to different colors, 64, 51; conspiracy formed against him, 51; he puts an end to his life, 52.
German literature, neglect of it by foreigners, 68; Cordova, General, memoir addressed to his fel its antiquily, 71; the Minnesanger, ib; the first
low-citizens, 240; remarks on his personal cha essays of the epic mase, 71, 72; the Meistersänracter and military lalenis, 243, 244,
ger, 72; popular songs and ballads, ib; satirical Creech, passage from his translation of Lucre
compositions, ib; influence of Luther_upon lius, and remarks on it, 145, 146.
German literature, 73, 74; influence of French Crishnu, ihe Hindoo deity, intluence of his pipe, taste upon it in the 18 h century, 74 ; opponents 64.
of that influence, 75 ; writers of the 19 h centu. Cuneiform Inscriptions, ancient Persian, attempts ry, 75, 76; carly comic Romances of, 165; story
to decipher them, 105, 106 ; countries in which of the Plaff Amis, 166-169; Weigand von Thethey are found, 106; Lassen's system of ex ben, the parson of Calemberg, 170, 171 ; Peter plaining thein, and remarks on it, 107, 109 ; Lew, 171, 172; the Scbildburghers, 173, 174; specimens of them, 109, 110; reasons for con Tyll Eulenspiegel, 174-176, cluding the language of them to be Median, and Gerinany, literary notices from, 119-121-251not Old Persian, 111-114.
253. Czech, the patriarch of the Bohemians, legend of, Gheel, in Belgium, treatmert of the insane at, 29 14.
Görres, picture of him and his family, 179.
Gö he, his opinion on the excellence of the GerD.
man language as a translaubg medium, 141,
112, note. Dances, religious, of the Hebrews and o her na. Great Britain, Journal of an Hungarian traveller tions, 61.
in, 100-105 De la Hale, Adam, collections of songs and other Gryphius, a German dramatist of the 17th cen
pieces by him, 59; the author of ihe most ancient comic opera known to exist, ib.
Guthrie, M , his account of Russian musical inDelille, Jacques, sketch of the character of, 11, struments and music, 65, 66.
12. Denmark, literary notice from, 253.
H. Dessalines, expels the French from Hayli, and assumes the title of emperor, 49; his death, ib.
Hagen, F. H. vin der, Narrenbuch, herausgegeDobrowsky, Abbe, his works on the Slavonic lan
ben durch, 165. guag«, 12, 13. Drummond, passage from his translation of Lu. Hanover, on the constitution of, and the royal pa
Hamilton, Sir William, anecdote of, 8. cretius, and remarks on it, 145, 146 Düveke, the Dove, the mistress of Christiern II. Harrington, remarks on his theory of government,
tent of November, 1837, 214, 226. of Denmark, her sin ular history, 181, 182.
Hawkins, Sir John, example of his judgment in E.
musical mallers, 67. Education, popular, importance of, 147; system
Hayti, manners and culture of its inhabitants,
45-47; geographical and historical sketch of of, established in France, 148-150; in Lombar the island, 47 52; iis population, 52, 53; imdy, 150-152; infant schools in Italy, 153-158 ; elementary education in Tuscany, 158-160;
proved political and social state of ibe inhabitschools established at Leghorn, 160-165.
ants, 53; French expedition preparing against Ehrenberg, G., his Travels to the Ural, the Allai, Heeren, II. L, Ueber die Entstehung, die Aus
and the Caspian sea, 227-240. Esquirol, M., Statistique de la Maison royale de
bildung, und den piakiischen Einfluss der poli
tischen Theorien, review of, 193-209. Charenton, 22.30.
Heine, H., his literary character, 76. Eulenspiegel, der neue, wieder erstandene, 165; Heinroth, Professor, his notion of the essential
extraordinary popularity of this work, 175;
cause of insanity, 25. 176,
Hindous, peculiarities in iheir music, 61-65.
Hugel, Baron von, his botanicaltravels, 115. F.
Humboldi, A. von, his trvels in the Russian enFetis, M., Curiosites historiques de la Musique, pire, 227 240. 58.
Hüton, Ulrich von, his Letters of some Obscure Fischart, a German writer, character of his Men, 74, works, 74.
Hungarians, the, their invasions of Germany, Flemming, a German writer of the 17th century, France and Italy, 18, 19.
74. Foville, M , his notions of the material origin of
1. insanity, 25, France, number of insane persons in, 27; systein Insanity, former treatment of persons afflicted of elementary education in, 148. 150.
wi!h it, 22, 23; belongs almost exclusively to France, literary notices from, 118, 119, 249 251. Frederick II of Prussia, remarks on his charac
civilized nations, 23, 24; divided by modern ler, 130, 131, nole,
writers into four orders 24; incomprehensible effects of it on the ordinary sensibilities, ib;
feigned cases of, ib; singular illusions of the parative extracts from various translators, and insane, 25; ils origin ascribed by some to men remarks on it, 145, 146. tal, hy others to material, causes, 25, 26; influ- Luther, Martin, his character as a reformer, 73; ence of political misfortunes in producing it in influence of his works on the language and liFrance, 26; religion considered as a fruitful
terature of Germany, 73, 74. source of it, ib; believed to be on the increase in the British Islands, ib; dala on which that belief is founded, 26, 27 ; noi to be accounted
M. for by pathological appearances, 27, 28; ma- Manifiesto de las Razones que legitiman la Declanagement and treatment of, 29; the increase
racion de Guerra contra el Gobierno del Gene. in the disease rather apparent then real, 30. Intorno alla Fondazione, ed el Stala alluale
ral D. Andres Santa-Cruz, Presidente de la degli Asili di Carità per l'Infanzia, in Milano, Marc herti, passage from his tranlation of Lucre
Confederacion Peru. Boliviana, 87-99. 147. Irtish, river, Chinese forts on, 239, 240.
tius, and remarks on it, 145, 146, Italy, proportion of the insane in, 28.
Marie Antoinette, queen, her person, 3-4,
Martos, Professor Ivan P., projected publication Italy, literary notices from, 121. Ivanov. Alexander, a Russian painter, notice of, Meistersänger, the, of Germany, 72.
of his work, 191. 191.
Memoria justidcativa que dirige a sus ConciudaK.
danos et General Cordova, 240-215.
Menzel, Wolfgang, description of, 315-180. Katherinenburg, gold works near, 231.
Meyen, Dr. F.J. F., Grundriss der PflanzengeoKauhens, Arabian sovihsayers, account of, 84. Khudozhestvenaya Gazeta, Russian Gazette of Milan, state of infant schools in, 156; oppostiion
graphie, 114-117. the Fine Arts, 186; plan of the work, 187, made to their introduction there, ib. ; report of 188; extract from and remarks on it, 188-190.
the progress and management of those instituKiprensky, a Russian painter, notice ot, 188.
tions, 156-158. Knebel, Karl L. vor, litterarische Nachlass und Minnesänger, the, of Germany, character of their
Briefwechsel-Tiius Lucretius ühersellz von
compositions, 71-72. of bim, 130-134 ; character of his posthumous 197-198. works and coriespondence, with extracts, 134- Moravia, ancient kingdom of, 18; banesul con143; remarks on his translations of Lucretius,
sequences of its dissolution, 18-19. 143-145; comparative extracts from it, 145.
Münch, Ernst, Biographisch-historische Studien, Krok, Bohemia, historical legend of, 14.
Erinnerungen, Lebensbilder, urd Studien Kukolnik, N., Editor of the Russian Gazette of
eines Teutschen Gelehrten, 176; characier of the Fine Arts, 186.
these works, 177-178 ; analysis of and extracts
from them, 178-186. L.
Murner, Thomas, character of his works, 74. Lambruschini, Raffaello, Guida dell' Educatore, Music, its effects on the insane, 29; curiosities 147.
in, 58-59 ; music of the Arabs, 59-61 ; of the Lasen, Dr. C., Die Alt Persischen Keil-Inschril Hindoos, 61-65; in Russia, 65-67.
len von Persepolis, 105 114. Lebrun, Madame, Souvenirs de, 1-12; charac
N. ter of the work, 1 ; early life of the author, 2; Netherlands, number of the insane in, 28; reshe adopts the profession of painter, ib; her
marks on the separation of Belgium from, marriage, 3; her early works, 3, 4; she is
184-186. admitted a member of the Academy of Paint Netherlands, literary notices from, 251. ing, 4; her soirees, ib; her Greek supper, 5, Nischne Tagilsk, mineral wealth of, 231. 6; she leaves Paris in disguise at the com- Norway, proportion of the insane in, 28. mencement of the Revolution, 6; her residence at Rome, 7; she removes 10 Naples, ib; her
0. portrait of Lady Hamilton as a Sibyl, 8; visits Vienna, 8, 9; her interview with the empress Opiz, a German poet of the 17th century, 74. Catharine, 9; returns to Paris and visits Eng.
P. land, 9, 10; seliles in the vicinity of Paris, ll; her account of Delille. the poet, 11, 12
Paine, Thomas, remarks on his theory of goLeghorn,school for training boys as monitors, ac vernment, 202-203.
cont of its regulations and management, 160- Palaczky, Franz, Geschichte von Böhmen, 12; 162; commercial school at, 163, 164; infant his claims to be the historian of his native coun
school for children of the higher classes, 165. try, 13; character of his work, 20; points in Lew, Peter, adventures cf, 171, 172
Bohemian history recommended to his attenLibusa, Bohemian historical legend of, 14, 15. tion, 20-21. Liichtenberg, bis literary characier, 75.
Paley, Archdeacon, his objections to Locke's theLiterary Notices, miscellaneous, 118-122–249-254. ory of civil government, 201-202. Locke, remarks on his theory of yovernment, Peru-Bolivia, causes of the declaration of war 197-204.
against that state by Buenos-Ayres, and reLombardy, system of elementary schools in, 150 marks upon it, 89-99.
152; infant schools in, 152; principles on which Peschier, A., Historie de la Litterature AlleThey are conducied, 153-155; state of those in mande, 67; qualifications of the author for his Milan, 154-158.
task, 68; his comparison of the national chaLords, House of, ils utility as a part of the British racter of the French and German, 68-70; anaconstiuiion, 208, 209.
lysis of his history, 70-76. Lucretius,reason of ihe failure of the Englishirans- Peiersburg, magnificent proportions of, 229.
Jators of, 141; superior acivantages possessed Picture-lotteries, remarks on, 190. by ihe Germans for that task, 141-143; remarks Pinkerion, his assertion concerning the music op Knebel's German translation, 143, 144 ; com and musical instruments of the Celts, 66.
Pius VI. po pe, his forced departure from Rome, Schanfara, his "Exploits and Encounters of the
and his death at Valenza, 32; removal of his Arabs,” the most ancient monument of Arabiremains to Rome, 33.
an literature extant, account of and extracts Pius VII., early history of, 32; elected pope on from it, 77-81, 85-87. the death of Pius VI., ib. ; Bonaparte's negoci- Schildburghers, history of the, 173, 174. ations with him respecting the Concordat, 33- Shapolov, a Russian painter, notice of, 191. 31; his correspondence with Bonaparte on the Siberia, plague of, 236. invitation of the la ter to crown him emperor, Sigbrit, Moiher, her extraordinary history, 18034-35; his residence in Paris, 35-36; he returns 183. to Rome, 36; his reasons for refusing to dis- Sidney, Algernon, remarks on his theory of gosolve Jerome Bonaparte's marriage with a vernment, 196. Protestant, 37; his celebrated allocution on the Singing, instruction in it desirable in popular occupation of Rome by the French, in 1808, education, 149, 150. 38-39; he is seized by command of Napoleon Slavonians, earliest state of society among them, and conveyed to Savona and Fontainebleau, 16.
39; his return to Rome, ib.; his death, 40. Spain, view of the affairs of, 240-215. Planis, computation of the total number of spe- Spanish poetry, survey of, during the last centucies of, 115; on the peculiar distribution of,
ry, 209-213. 116-117.
Staatsrechtliche Bedenken über das Patent seiner Political Theories, on the rise, progress, and in Majestä' des Königs von Hannover vom 5ien fluence of, 193-209.
Julius 1837--Siaatsrechiliche Würdigung des Price, Dr., remarks on his doctrines respecting Patents seiner Majestät des Königs von Hannocivil liberty and civil government, 200.
ver vom Isten November, 1837. Price, Major, his conclusion that the Arabs pos- Stael, Madaine de, remarks on her work on Ger.
sess no authentic records anterior tu Mahom many, 68 ; anecdote of her, 143. med, and reasons on which it is founded, 82- Sweden, literary notices from, 121. 83; his account of the Kaubens, 84.
Szafarik, P. J., Staroziinosti Slovanske, 12 ; chaPriestley, Dr. Joseph, remarks on his theory of racter of the work, 22.
T. of, 188, note.
Tatar, remarks on the origin and correct meanPrussia, proportion of the insane in, 28. Pushkin, Alexander, notice of him and his
ing of that nane, 230. works, 192, noie.
Tobolsk, account of, 236.
Toussaint-Loverture, his efforts for upholding Q.
be ablition of slavery in Hay:i, 43; takes
possession of the Spanish portion of the island, Quakers, proportion of insane persons among ib; surrenders to General Leclerc, and is sent
them, 25; the first to adopt a mild system of to France, ib. treatmeni in insanity, 29.
Tucker, Dean, remarks on his views of civil gov
ernment, 200. R.
Tuscany, state of education in, 159 ; schools for Raev, a Russian painter, notice of, 191.
elementary instruction, 160-164. Rapporto presentato alla Società per la Diffu
sione del Metodo di reciproco InsegnamentoRapporto e Regolamenti degli Asili infantili Ural mountains, mineralogical travels in, 227; di Carità per le Femme in Livorno-Rapporto
discovery ct diamonds in, 234 236; forests and sopra gli Asili infantili di Firenze, 147. Reise nach dem Ural, dem Altai, und dem Kas
plants of, 233, 234. pischen Meere, von A. von Humboldt, G.
W. Ehrenberg, und G. Rose, 227-240; motive and object of these travels, 228.
Wagenfeld, F, Sanchuniathonis Historiarum Representative governments, remarks on, 203 Phæniciae libros povem, edidit, 54; remarks
206; expediency of an upper chamber in, 207 on the origin of this work, 55, 56; extracts 209.
from it, 57, 58. Reynolds, Sir Joshua, anecdote of, 10.
Wales Prince of, George IV., anecdote of, 10; Ritter, Carl, Naturhistorische Reise nach der his person and characier, 10, 11.
West Indischen Insel Hayti, 41; his voyage Wieland, his opinion of Knebel's translation of
62-C1. Rose, Gustav, Mineralogisch-geognostische William I., King of the Netherlands, account of
Reise nach dem Ural, dem Altai, und dem Kas the early part of his life, 181-186. pischen Meere, 227.
Wolf, F. J , Floresta de Rimas Modernas CasRousseau, remarks on his theory of government, telianas, 209; character of and extracts from, 198, 203.
211-213. Russia, state of music in, 65 ; translated speci- | Works, new, published on the Continent from
mens of songs, with remarks, 65, 66; state of July to Sepiemler, 123-128 art in, 186-193; mineralogical travels in, 227- Wurin, Dr. C. F., Die Gründe des Patents seiner 210.
Majestäi des Königs yon Hannover, vom, Isten Russia, literary notices from, 121, 122, 253, 251. November, 1837, 214.
Wyssehrad, castle of, at Prague, described, 15, 16. S. Saintine, X. B., Les Soirées de Jonathan, ac
Y. accunt of and extracts from, 245-248.
York, Cadinal, his death, and extracts from his Sand, his murder of Kotzebue, and extraordina will, 39; account of the Stuart papers left by
ry interest felt for him in Germany, 178. him in Rome, 40.