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Christian rulers of the mighty empire of very, and their efficiency for the elucidation India would have found it for their interest and settlement of many historical points of to cultivate, in some degree, the literature, great uncertainty and importance, are made and with it the friendship and good-will of the subject of a most learned and elaborate the Christian people of a neighbouring Memoir, by the lamented Niebuhr, in the country—whose inhabitants are also the first volume of his “ Kleine Historische und most trading and industrious of the East. Philogische Scbriften,” to which we refer In France the late M. Saint Martin power- our classical readers for deiails that will fully contributed by his valuable writings to surprise and gratify them by their novelty increase our knowledge of Armenia, and and importance. We cannot conclude this his premature death has put a stop to many hasty notice without recommending Mr. interesting inquiries on this subject

. Al- Neuman's work, as a most useful assistant though we, however, have been but too in. in all researches into this interesting but different in this respect, our ambitious and neglected field of Oriental literature. active neighbours-for such, at least in regard to India, we must now callthe Russians -have not been idle or inattentive specta- 1. Pacto y Ley Fundamental de la Confedtors; witness the numerous important works eracion Peru-Boliviana. Reimpresa por that have been published in Russia of late orden de Don Vicente Pazos, Consul-Geyears, on the Geography and History of neral en la Gran Bretana. London. Armenia, which indeed may be fairly con 1837. sidered a province of the former power. A 2. Contra-Manifiesto al Publicado por el remarkable proof, also, of the influence pos Gobierno de Buenos Aires, sobre las Ra. sessed by Russia over that people in other zones con que pretende lejitimur la Guercountries recently occurred, when a colony ra que declara a la Confederacion Peruof 40,00 Armenians left the Persian pro Boliviana. Lima. 1837. vince of Aderbaidschan, and settled with the 3. The Counter-Manifesto, fc. Lima. Russian dominions.

1837. An interesting account of this migration The first of these is a beautifully printed edi. was published in the latter language, and tion of the Code put forth by the new Mango translated into German in 1834, by the au- Capac of Peru. The perfect freedom of thor of the present work. But independent trade, impartiality of protection for property, of political motives the literature of Armenia and the careful regulation of the most im. is deserving the attention of the learned of portant interests, foreign and domestic, of Europe in no ordinary degree, from the cir- this country, evince an enlightened spirit, cumstance that translations of Greek wri- and we trust will be acted upon hereafter, as ters, the originals of which are lost, are still it has been hitherto, in perfect good faith. preserved in that country. Its language is The second work is a long and wordy deadmirably adapted for translation from the fence of the conduct of the government aGreek, which it closely resembles in its gainst its present belligerent neighbours. The structure. In this manner the Whistons details are often lengthened out with a mi. re-translated from Armenian into Greek the nuteness perfectly distracting to the attention. Apocryphal Letters of the Corinthians to There is a total want of a simple and comSt. Paul, and the Apostle's reply; and who, prehensive view of the question ; a serious as Niebuhr remarks, that is ignorant of the defect, and most of all in diplomatic compofacts, could discover in these the hand of a sition. The style is fluent, and often elegant, translator? The complete works of Philo- in the original. The translation is literal, Judæus are also said to be extant in an Ar- and therefore exaggerating all the faults of menian version, and would be published by the native work, so as to render the perusal learned natives, if sufficient encouragement impracticable except to those sufficiently in. were held out. The remarkable discovery, terested to disregard these defects. within the last twenty years, of an Armenian translation of the Chronicle of Eusebius, filling up many lacuna in the original, is a Selections from the Bostân of sadi, by striking inducement to pursue reseaches

Forbes Falconer. Paris, Berlin, Lon.

don 1838. thus happily rewarded. An edition of this Chronicle was published in Armenian and THESE selections comprise about one-third of Latin in 1818, by Dr. Aucher, of the Con- the Bostân, and are printed in the Taleek vent of St. Lazarus, and a Latin translation hand, most carefully. They will facilitate appeared in the same year at Milan by the reading of Persian MSS., which all stuMessrs. Zohrab and Mai. The additions dents find a work of no ordinary difficulty, to our knowledge, derived from this disco-particularly when the transition is made at

once from Nishkee to the irregular, arbitrary, Of Mr. Falconer himself we are disposed fanciful, and negligent style of the various to require however something more hereafMSS.

ter. This honored pupil of Silvestre De Sacy, The known talents and learning of Mr. and the friend of G. De Tassy, we trust will Falconer are displayed to sufficient advan- yet rouse himself to follow the example of tage in this work, which has been laborious. his great master; and, casting aside all needly collated with everything that could give less timidity, achieve in Oriental literature it value. To the student it is therefore in the distinction which few can deserve so valuable; the more, as it saves the reader's well. eye.

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numerous others. The subscription per au

num will be 31. Dr.Otto Bohtlingk, a native of St. Petersburgh, and scholar of Professor Lassen, is about to LEIPSIC.—Two editions of Kant's collected publish, at Bonn, an edition of Panini's eight works are at present publishing in this town. books of Grammatical Aphorisms, with notes. Kant, it is known, never signed any agreeThis is the first edition published since the ment with his publisher, and L. Voss, a pub. year 1809, when one was published at Cal- lisher of this town, took advantage of this cutta, which is now very scarce; and as Pro. fact, and announced an edition of Kant's fessor Lassen recommends Dr. Bohtlingk as a complete works, edited by Rosenkranz and very good Sanscrit scholar, we have no doubt Schubert. The proprietors are, however, it will prove a welcome appearance to all also publishing an edition in numbers, two of friends of that language.

which have already appeared. LEIPSIC.—The following two pamphlets, STUTTGART.--A bookseller in this town is relative to the Archbishop of Cologne, have publishing a series of Classics, with illustraexcited considerable attention here. Dertions similar to the French works published Erzbischof von Koln, Freiherr Clemens Au. by Dubochet and Co., Paris. Among the gust von Droste zu Vischering, sine Princi. works in progress are, 'Don Quixotte,' a Gerpien und Opposition. Nach und mit authen- man translation ; 'Shakspeare, German and tischen Actenstucken und schriftlichen Bele- English, the German by Alexander Fischer; gen dargestellt:"-Friedrich der Grosse.-• Tausend und Eine Nacht,' translated by G. And by the same author. “Die Romisch- Weil, edited by A. Lewald. hierarchische Propaganda, ihre Partei, Umtriebe und Fortschriite in Deutschland. Mit DRESDEN.—Walther is about to publish à Ruckblicken auf die Opposition des Erzbis. new edition of Winkelmann's works, in two chofs von Koln nach unumstosslichen That. large octavo volumes, with sixty-three plates, sachen geschildert vom Verfasser der Schrift, portraits, &c., which, we have no doubt, will &c,:” with the motto; “Rom Wollte immer be welcomed by all antiquarians. herrschen ; und als seine Legionen fielen, sandte es Dogmen in die Provinzen.”

Goethe's HERRMANN AND DOROTHEA.-Pro.

fessor Schulze, in Gottingen, has endeavourHalle.- A new scientific and critical pe ed to prove, that the incidents for Goethe's riodical has been started here, under the title poem have been taken from a book entitled, of “ Hallische Jahrbucher für Wissenschaft · Ausfuhrlichen Historie der Emigranten oder und Kunst.” A number will appear every vertriebene Lutheraner aus dem Erzbissthum day except Sunday. Among the contributors Salzburg: Leipzig, 1732.'. In which an an. are Creuzer, Dahlmann, Danz, Dietz, Droy- ecdote is told, headed, Singular Marriage,' sen, Ewald, Gans, J. and W. Grimm, Gruppe, containing all the minor circumstances as Herrmann, Hitzig, Keller, Lassen, Matthaei, related by Gothe. Ranke, C. Raumer, Dr. Strauss, Uhland, Wackernagel, Warokonig, de Wette, and A large fire, which broke out in one of the VOL. XXI.

17

outhouses of Coita's printing-office at Stutt. in Oriental languages, was'born in Paris 1758. gari, in January last, consumed a large part He lost his father in his early youth, and was of the building and the type-foundry. It has instrucied by private teachers. He was emburnt whole editions of works which were to ployed, in 1781, as Counsellor at the Cour have appeared at Easter, together with a great des Monnaies, and entered in 1785 the French part of the new edition of Gothe's and Schil. Academy as Associé libre. In 1791 he was ler's Werke.

appointed by the king General Commissioner

of ihe Coins. In 1792 he became an ordinary Berlin contains at present 85 booksellers, member of the academy. From 1793 to 1796 29 second-hand booksellers, about 50 circu- he lived a solitary life in the country. When lating libraries, and 4 paper manufactories. the National Institute was founded he was

elected a member, but he declined the honour, Enslin, in Berlin, is publishing by subscrip- being unwilling to take the oath of hatred to tion an edition of Danie's • La Divine Come royalıy. He declined also to take it in qua. dia,' with a metrical German translation by lily of profi'ssor in the Special School of the August Kopisch: it will appear in one volume Oriental Languages, but nevertheless conii. royal octavo, in about ten or twelve numbers. nued 10 perform the duties of that station.

His literary pursuits and reputation saved him during the reign of terrorism. When

Napoleon reformed The Insti?ute, De cy FRANCE.

became a member of it in the department of

Ancient Literature and History. In 1808 he Baron SILVESTRE De Sacy. This great obtained the newly-established chair of Perman, who, for more than half a century, has sian in the College de France, and was chostood at the head of the Orientalisis of Eu. sen a member of the legislative body by the rope, died at Paris last month in his eightieth Department of the Seine. He declared year. On the morning of the day on which against Napoleon the 3d of April, 1814, and he expired, he had attended his class at the took a large share in the discussion of the College de France-had inspected manu- different laws in the Chamber. He was not scripts for purchase for the Bibliotheque Roy- called to the first sitting after the return of ale, in his capaciiy of Conservator of the Ori- the king. In 1813 lie was created a baron. ental MSS. there-and had taken part of the The king made him censor in 1814, and in debate in the Chamber of Peers, of which he 1815 rector of the university of Paris, and was a member. On quitting the palace of soon afterwards a member of the Commis. the Luxembourg he was seized with apo- sion of Public Instruction. His principal plexy, as he was stepping into a fiacre, and works (this catalogue is far from being comhe survived the shock but a few hours. The plete) are-Grammaire Arabe; Chrestoma. loss which the learned world has thus sus. thje Arabe; Translation of Abdollatis; Mé. tained is irreparable. His inexhaustible moires sur diverses Antiquités de la Perse, stores of erudition were freely imparted to (1793, 4to.;) Mémoire sus l'Histoire et la Liall who desired to avail themselves of them ; iérature Orientale, (1818, 4to.;) Grammaire and scarcely a work of any importance in générale. His character was frank and lis Oriental literature has appeared for many beral. years, which was not, either directly or indi. His writings, too numerous to come within rectly, indebied to him for a considerable the limits of this notice, are an invaluable portion of its value. His classes, whether at store house to the Arabic student. His Gramthe College Royal, or the Ecole speciale des maire Arabe is perhaps the most elaborate Langues Orientales, (at ihe former he was and complete work of the class ever written Professor of Persian, and at the laiter, of Ara. of any language. His Chrestomathie Arabe bic,) were the resort, not of mere students, (in three volumes) contains a large body of but of men already mature in learning; aud selections from the rich unpublished and it would be impossible for one who has not " unsunned" treasures of the king's library, attended those classes to appreciate the value accompanied by notes characterized by a of his instructions, or the readiness and sim- copiousness of illustration that only such plicity with which they were communicated. erudition as his could afford to lavish. His In this school it was that the Chezys, the De contributions to the Journal Asiatique, hut Tassys, the Kosegartens, Freytags, and above all, his critiques in the Journal des SaEwalds, and our own Falconer, were formed; vans, form a continuous review, in which al. nor would it be easy to name, ont of all the most every work of importance hearing upon distinguished list of ihose who filled the Ori Eastern literature, that has appeared for a ental chairs in the Universities of the contin- series of years, is judged with a calm and ent, one whose studies were not directed by conscientious impartiality. His last work, him.

L'Ilistoire des Druzes, which he had but A few details of his biography may not be lately completext, and of which he had laid unacceptable to the reader.

a copy on the table of the Institut a few days Baron Antony Isaac Silvestre de Sacy, before bis death, is said to be the result of Member of the Academy of Inscriptions, many years' research, and to excel all his Knight of the Legion of Honour, Peer of former writings as a monument of erudition. France, but principally renowned for his ex. That a life, every moment of which was tensive and critical knowledge, particularly zealously devoted io the interests of learning

and religion,-for De Sacy was deeply, reflections, in which he views it in a still more though unostentatiously, pious,--should have melancholy light than before, connecting it been prolonged to so late a period, is matter with the railway communication between the of congratulation; yet it is scarcely possible, two countries. The moment, says he, a book though unreasonable, not to consider its is published in Paris, it will be reprinted at duration when so employed, as but the Nes- Bruxelles, and distributed by thousands all torecc brevitas senecte.*

over France. All measures against it will be

fruitless. Either Belgium must be induced Abelard and Descartes are, beyond all to introduce the same laws with respect to quesiion, says M. Cousin, the two greatest booksellers and authors in connection with philosophers produced by France; and yet, France, or the bookselling trade, if not the iwelve years ago, there was no complete edi. literature, of France will be ruined. The tion of the works of Descartes, and one of author must throw away his pen, the printer Abelard is yet to be undertaken. M. Cousin, his press, and the paper-maker his paper, who edited Descartes, would, he says, perform and all persons connected with literary purthe same oflice for Abelard, but pleads ad- suits will sink into misery. He complains vancing years for declining the task. At the that the ministries for Public Education and same time he has greatly facilitated the la- for Foreign Affairs do not see the importance bours of any future Editor by the recent pub- of the subject. lle very much censures the lication of some inedited works of Abelard, plan of the commission for the investigation the latter, in 1 vol. 4to. from MSS. in the of this affair last year, of forming a code of King's Library; as well as by the learned press-laws for all Europe. In his opinion Introduction he has prefixed to it on the State this plan ought, in the first place, only to be of the Scholastic Philosophy in France, and extended to Belgium and French Siviizer. on the opinions and learning of Abelard. land, where he says the true enemy is. EngThe greater part of Abelard's pieces in this land, Germany, and all other countries in new volume, have little interest beyond show- which French is not spoken, are not to be ing the mode adopted by him in bis public feared. teaching, and also his method with beginners. His fragment on genera and species is of far higher value; it is now published entire, and M. Cousin says that it equals in importance

ITALY. any thing we possess on the philosophy of that period. Now that it is before the world, Even Slavonian scholars are now travelling and become, he adds, the property of the his- to Rome to consult iis literary stores for entorians of philosophy—this fragment will be lightening their own history. The author of deemed the most interesting document in the the latest and best history of Bohemia, Fran. great question respecting Nominalism and cis Palacki, has returned to Prague, after a Realisi. We cannot but add, that the ap- sojourn of tive months at Rome. He has dispearance of this work, at the public expense, covered in the collection of ancient records is a striking proof of the favour now shown in the Papal archives a rich source of informin France to historical and philosophical ation, relating to the history of the last Bohe. research.

mian kings of the house of Przemyliden, and

the two first kings of the Luxemburg line. In knowledge of German Literature in the Vatican library Palacki also discovered France.-A recent number of “ La France the first sketch of the second book of the Litéraire," contains an article headed, “ On Chronicon Aulæ Regiæ,” by the Abbot Pe. the Modern (young) Literature in Germany,” ter, in which he found many erasures and of which Falconpet is said to be the author. corrections; also an autograph copy of Æneas He however seems to have written this arti. Sylvius, “De Viris Illustribus,'' hitherio uncle twenty-five years ago, for what he means published, which contains the characters of by Modern Literature is nothing less, than his principal colemporaries. Not long ago what is now generally called the Modern or the Count Raczynsky, the well-known Polish Young School, as it comprises Körner, Mo. author, undertook a scientific tour through riiz Arnd', (whom he singularly enough calls Italy. He found in the records of the old Arndt Moriiz,) and old John; and this he Venetian republic, several large volumes, calls Modern Literature in Germany. He containing the relations of the accredited Ve. gives us specimens of Körner, " Lützows ver- netian ambassador at the Polish court. From wegene Jagd, Schmertlied,” and some others, seven volumes in particular he derived much in very interior prose translations, and with information respecting Johann III., Sobieski. this the “ France Litéraire" pretends to have Raczynski has, with the permission of the given its readers a review of Modern Ger- Austrian government, ordered this portion to man Literature.

be copied. Also in other archives and libra.

ries, in particular those at Padua, and the Bignon has lately again made the Belgian Ambrosian in Milan, he found collections of piracies of French books the subject of his information hitherto unused by Polish histo

rians, which also yielded many particulars * Our next Number will contain an ample relative to the histories of the kings Sigis. survey of the life and labours of this eminent mond Augustus, Henry of Valois, and of Ste. scholar.

phen Batony, which are of great importance.

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