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nearly a new work. The appearance of this a scientific expedition to the Scandinavian edition has been accelerated by a Belgian re- peninsula ard Spitzbergen, the leader of print of the whole, which is said to be a sad which is M. Gaimard, the naturalist, who con. jumble, and utterly unfitted for its object. ducted the recent expedition to Iceland. It
is said that Louis Philippe, who travelled The learned society of the Benedictines through Sweden and Norway, Lapland and published, in 1788, the tirst volume of the Finland in 1795, takes a particular interest works of Gregory Nazianzen, and were about in the expedition, and bas himself pointed to publish the second, when the French Re. out the objects most worthy of aitention. volution broke out, and put an end to the so- The Sweedish government lends its cordial ciety and its labours. The MS. of the second assistance, and a body of Norwegian and volume having lately been discovered, it is Swedish naturalists and engineers are to join now in the press, and will be published in the French savans. Some of the party are eight livraisons.
to winter in Hammertest, near North Cape.
The vessel destined for Spitzbergen is to at. De Lamartine has just published a new tempt the passage northwards to the North poem, entitled, La Chute d'un Ange. Pole. Thus, as M. d'Urville, who sailed last
year in command of the Zelée and Asirolabe, M. de Tocqueville has a new work on Ame. had orders to approach the south pole as near rica in the press; and his friend and fellow, as possible, the French government will have traveller, M. de Beaumont's long-expected to boast that its efforts in behalf of science work on Ireland is also announced.
extended at the same time from pole lo pole. M. Salvador, a Jewish writer, the author of some interesting works, has just published a work ou Jesus Christ and his doctrines, with
SPAIN. the History of the Church during the first century; of which we hope shortly to give The lovers of the Spanish drama have been an account.
put in possession of a valuable selection of
ihe best pieces, from its origin to the present A collection of the principal Architectural time, by ihe publication, in 5 vols. 8vo. of the Monuments in France, in the Byzantine and Tesoro del Teatro Espanol, por Don Eugenio Gothic styles, is now in course of publication, de Ochoa. The first volume contains Mora. in 10 livraisons, at 6 francs 50 cenimes each. iins' excellent work on the Origin of the SpaThe appearance of such a work, and of a lit. nish Theatre, and biographical notices and tle volume which we have lately read with notes are interspersed, which add greatly to great pleasure, " Les Eglises Guihiques,” of the value and interest of the publication. The which we are happy to see a translation an- work is printed at Paris, by Baudry. nounced, is a proof of the advances now making in France towards a better appreciation The theatres or Madrid were of late over. and care of her valuable remains in Gothic flowing nighily to see a dramatic curiosity, architecture.
a play written by an uneducated and wholly
illiterate man, a serjeant in the Spanish army. Mignet, the author of the History of the The singularity of the circumstances under Fre.ch Revolution, is now writing a History which it is produced is said to be the least of the French Reformation, and has for this merit of El Trovador, so the piece is called, purpose applied to the Grand Duke of Wei-, which is admitted by competent judges, and mar for the use of the Ernestine and Saxon there are few so severe as the Spaniards, to Annals, through the French ambassador, develop dramatic talent of a very high order. Count Larochefoucault.
Another dramatic effort of even higher, but
more cultivated powers, is å production entiJ.J. Porchat,Professor of Roman Literature tled El Amante, or The Lover, the author of at Lausanne, has by his “ Glamires d'Esope" which, however, is the son of a German se proved himself a singularly successful fabu. Hled in Spain, and like the preceding, in list. Even French critics allow that he comes rather humble life. nearest of any writer to Lafontaine ; and this The success of these two dramas has been praise from a Frenchman must be highly prodigious. flattering to M. Porchat.
His ideas and expressions are both novel and well chosen. In ihe free country in which the author resides, he is at liberty to state his political opinions,
ITALY. which saves much circumlocution.
There has lately been found in the Vati. Colonel Mitchell, author of the Life of can library a manuscript containing songs Wallenstein, is engaged on a Life of Napo. written and composed by Abelard, with the leon, in which he intends directly to combat original musical notation. The Abbé Baini the received opinions of the high genius of is employed in rendering them into the mod. the French Emperor.
ern notes, and a German savant, to whom
this curious and valuable discovery is owing, The French government are about sending | hopes shortly to be able to publish it.
The Trieste bookseller, Marenigh, has un-riod of thirteen years. The highest amount dertaken the publication of a splendid edition of gold raised was in 1834, when there were of Tasso's "Gerusalemme Liberata," which obtained 898,000 dollars. Last year only is said to excel every thing that has been 282,000 in gold were obtained from the lately published in Italy. It will appear in mines of the United States. The mines of about twenty-one parts, each embellished Georgia, North and South Carolina, and Virwith a splendid engraving, by the famous ginia, have produced the greater portion of Raphael Morghen. Tasso's Life, his Funer-gold. The total quantity raised in the period al Speech, the parallel of Metastasio between stated is 5,126,500. The official return Goffredo and Orlando, and 'Tasso's Portrait, states, the production of the mines went on engraved by one of the first masters, will increasing from 1824, when the first gold unite to render this a most splendid and val. was collected in North Carolina, to 1834, uable edition.
when it had reached its maximum, namely, 898,000. From this time it has declined, so
as to bave been reduced in the last year to RUSSIA.
282,000. The Commercial Gazette of St. Petersburg contains a detailed statement of the produce Baltimore from the Rocky Mountains. It is
A human skeleton has been brought to of gold and platina from the mines of the perfect, and 8 feet 9 inches high. “There Ural, during 1837; from which it appears were giants in the earth in those days!" that the quantity of gold from the govern. Antiquarians have been of opinion that this ment mines was 131 poods: and from those continent was inhabited by a gigantic race belonging to individuals, 178 poods 23 lbs.
of men, antecedently to the Indians, who The platina obiained from the government
were the ancestors of the present so-called mines was only 16 lbs., and that from those * Aborigines ;” and the circumstance of cobelonging to individuals 118 poods 12 lbs. lossal skeletons and human bores being The aggregate quantity of gold from the
found in the ancient mounds of the fur west, Ural mines, including fractions, was therefore 309 poods 23 lbs.; and of platina, 118 clear that the ancient animals of North
would seem to favour the supposition. It is poods 28 lbs. The same journal also states that ihe gold mines of Siberia produced 130 don (Mammoth), to wit, the bones of which
America were of immense size, the Masto. poods, and that 30 poods more were extracted from the silver mines of Altai and Nert. are quite common; and the Indian tribes
have traditions of the great beast that crush. chinsk, which, added to the produce of the ed the pive trees in his walk, and fed upon Ural mines, made the total amount of gold the tall branches of the forest, or devoured obtained during the year, in Russia, 470
men and cattle. poods, being 48 poou's more than in 1836. The pond is equal to about 40 lbs.
Don Manuel de Naxera, a learned native The following works, original and trans- of Mexico, and well known for his researches lated, have been printed in the Servian lan. in the Ottomi language of that country, has guage, at Belgrade und Kragujevaty: in the attempt to decipher the old Mexican
Lite and Adventures of Demetrius Obrado. character succeeded, he considers, so far as vitch.
to discover the distinctive signs of verbs and Letters of Dositheus Obradovitch; i. e. a substantives. A report of his labours hithcontinuation of the Life and Adventures of erto may be expected shortly. Demetrius Obradovitch.
Fables of Esop and others.
A work has lately appeared calculated to
vindicate the character of our historian RobEthics from Soave. Moral Tales.
ertson, from the charges of perversion and Moral Tales.
exaggeration, heaped upon him by the SpanThe Garland of the Alphabet.
iards, in his account of the conquest of Mex
ico. It is entitled "Crueldades de los EsThe Omega. Advice to Married Persons. “Belgrade.
panoles," and is compiled from native au
ihorities. Pizarro, from Sheridan. Gil Blas, 5 vols.
Moral Tales, by Anne Obrenovitch. Bel. grade.
PERU-BOLIVIA. National Proverbs. Cettigne.
There has lately been published in Span. ish at Lima, the account of a voyage on the
Amazon River from Lima, by Sen. Ascarate. UNITED STATES.
It is singularly. illustrative of the narrative of GOLD MINES.–The return embraces a pe. Smythe.
in relation to Egypt, or from gentlemen who
have especially promoted the objects and inTHE EGYPTIAN Society.-An Egyptian So- terests of the society. With the exception of ciety has been formed at (Cairo) Kahira, of taking a part in the government of the sociwhich Alfred S. Walne, Esq. her Majesty's ety, associate members enjoy the same privi. Vice-Consul, is honorary secretary. The leges as the members. To be eligible as an first annual Report has appeared.
associate member, a gentleman, if not usually It states that a literary union is now form- residerit in, must at least have visited Egypt, ed where nothing of the kind existed before, and have passed two months either in this and will only require time to render it emi-country, or in those parts of Africa and Asia nently serviceable to antiquarian, literary or which are iinmediately connected with, or scientific research.
tributary to it. It is necessary that he be The number of members (twenty) is com recommended in writing by two members; plete, and twenty-three honorary or associate the election must take place at a general members have joined the society already. meeting and be by ballot, two black balls to
Many interesting volumes on the East exclude. Associate members pay an annual have been contributed by various persons. subscription of one guinea. The contribution The funds are
of five guineas at once constitutes a life as
P. sociate inember. The president, treasurer, Donations,
3,599 secretary and council of management, are Subscriptions,
9,028 10 annually elected from the members.
Honorary Members, The Right Honoura
12,627 10 ble Lord Prudhoe; J. G. Wilkinson, Esq.DISBURSEMENTS.
President, A. C. Harris, Esq.- Treasurer, Fitting up the temporary rooms P. P. Taylor, Esq.--Honorary Secretary, A. of the Society,
1,359 23 Walne, Esq,- Members, H. C. Agnew, Fsq.; Printing Prospectus,
405 T. Bell, Esq:; M. Bonfort; Licut.-Colonel Purchase of Books,
2,517 Campbell; M. Laurin ; M. Fresnel; G. Glid. Stationery and Binding,
298 10 don, Esq.; J. Hanny, Esq. ; Hikekvan EffenIncidental Expenses,
34 20 di; J. Laidlaw, Esq.; Rev. R. 'T. Leider; M.
Linant; W. Peel, Esq ; M. Piozin, Esq.; A.
4,614 15 Thurburn, Esq. ; R. Thurburn, Esq.; M. The balance, P. 8,012 : 35 is available for Tippel; J. Traill, Esq.- Non-resident Assothe purchase of standard works for the li- ciate Members, R. Corden, Esq.; Dr. W. F. brary.
Cumming; R. Goff, Esq.; M. A. De HolynsThe society invite communications. ky; M. E. De Holynski: Sir F. Hopkins, The objecis of the association are:-1st. Bart.; E. K. A. Hume, Esq. ; Lord Lindsay; To form a rendezvous for travellers, with the W. W. Ramsay, Esq.; Hon. M. Rowley; view of associating literary and scientific Lieut. Wellsted, R. J. N.; Dr. Wilson; Rev. men who may from time to time visit Egypt. J. Wolffe.-Resident Associate Members, M. 20. To collect and record information rela. le Chevalier D'Anastasy ; M. Caviglia ; M. tive to Egypt and to those parts of Africa and Dumreicher; M. De Lesseps ; M. Lubbert; Asia, which are connected with, or tributary M. Matthieu; Dr. Pruner. to ihis country. 31. To facilitate research, by enabling travellers to avail themselves of REMARKABLE ANTIQUITIES OBTAINED BY DR. such information as it may be in the power Löwe.-Since our last Dr. Löwe writes from of the society to obtain, and by offering them Thebes, under date of January 21st, that he the advantage of a library of reference con- has been as far as Darrand Sampeh in Ethi. taining the most valuable works on the opia, and might have gone farther, but found, East. The Egyptian Society is open to after eight days spent in the Ethiopian des. gentlemen of all nations, and is composed of ert, that for whatever he wanted he could get Members, Honorary Members, and Associate nothing from his servants but the words rach, Members. The members (the number of maksour, matt-stolen, broken, dead ! He. whom is at present limited to twenty) are the met Dr. Bowring at Esneh, in his way from trustees of the institution, direct the disposal Essouan to Kahira, and says that that gentle. of the funds, and have the general govern- man had obtained from the pacha letters to ment of the society. To be eligible as a abolish the slave trade entirely, and expected member, a gentleman must have been at similar success regarding the Abyssinian least one year an associate member, and be war. recomiended in writing by three members. The learned Doctor further states, that The election must take place at a general could he read hieroglyphics as freely as meeting, and be by ballot, one black ball to his mother tongue, there are enough in. exclude. Members pay an annual subscrip- scriptions to employ him for six months at tion of one guinea, but ihose elected after the Thebes, which city he very happily desig. 25th March, 1837, will pay in addition an nates, “a forest of monuments"-"the admittance fee of one guinea. The contribu- London of Egypt.” He has also picked tion of ten guineas at once constitutes a life. up much information respecting the Karamember. Honorary members will be elected ites (lately in London), and trusted to only from literary and scientific men, who learn something of their literati in Kahira. have particularly distinguished themselves Among the antiquities in Dr. Lowe's
possession are, he writes, a ring at least
NUBIA. 1253 years old, with the cufic inscription,
The language of this country is at last TO HIM IS THE RELIGION OF IBRAHIM. The impression of this ring is on the wax of the likely to come under the notice of learned Doctor's letter. The Arabs, he observes, residence there, completed' a Nubian
Europeans, Dr. Löwe having, during his called themselves so before the introduc- Grammar and Vocabulary, the first ever tion of Islam. (See also Foreign Quarter: compiled, as the language has never bely Review, Oct. 1836, Art. “ Arabia."). He fore been reduced to writing, and which has also, he states, a beautiful polished case, belonging to Rameses the Great, ed author's return to England.
will be published immediately on the learn3338 years old.” Likewise, “a ring to which all the instruments of masonry are Berber dialects of Algiers or Dongola, or
This tongue bears no resemblance to the attached;" it is “cleverly executed," and is intended by Dr. Löwe as a present to his any other known to Dr. Löwe.
The Doctor has also procured some speroyal highness the Duke of Sussex.
cimens of Nubian poetry.
The German traveller, Albo von Katte, who, from Arabia passed over to Abyssinia in July, 1836, returned in December
HINDOOSTAN. last to Cairo, where he is engaged in writ
We regret to announce the death of the ing the history of his adventures. He is Rev. Dr. Marshman, the Chinese scholar said to be a man of some science, and to and missionary, at Seramıpore on the 5th have been well provided with instruments; December, 1836, in his seventieth year. yet, as we know that he was soon robbed
He was born in April, 1768, at Westbury of these, that he was a long time afflicted Leigh, in Wilts, of an obscure parentage, with ophthalmia, and never penetrated be- but traced bis decent back to an officer in yond Tigré, we do not expect to find much Oliver Cromwell's army, and who, at the that is valuable or novel in his narrative. restoration, abandoned the service. His losses and sufferings, however, have
The father of Dr. Marshman was originby no means damped his courage. Incited, ally a tailor, but settled at Westbury as ą we are told, by the accounts which he has received from the black merchants and eight, young Marshman displayed an ex
weaver, and married there. At the age of pilgrims in Egypt and Nubia, respecting treme propensity to reading; his studies, the facility of penetrating into the heart of though from his circumstances necessariAfrica from the east, by the way of Darly desultory, were unremitting. He would fúr, Beghirmé, Bornú, &c. to Timbuctú, he often travel' ten or twelve miles to borrow has determined to make the attempt. Ia book. At the age of twelve his memory There is no doubt that the portion of this and accurate knowledge of history were route which was once most formidable, is astonishing. This faculty he retained to now become safe and easy under the sway the last. Åt fifteen he was placed with a of Mohammed Ali.
bookseller in London; at seventeen he re
turned to the country, and by the time he SINGULAR DISCOVERY EY COLONEL Vyse.-- was eighteen years of age he had perused Colonel Vyse, who is carrying on excava
more than 500 volumes. tions at the Pyramids of Ghizeh on a mag. He now studied Latin, and applied himficent scale, has already been rewarded self to reading works on divinity, without for his labours as they best deserve. He any distinction of sect. At twenty-three has discovered no less than three cham- he married Miss Clarke, the daughter of a bers over the king's chamber in the Great Baptist minister, and at twenty-five sucPyramid: they are, however, mere entre ceeded in obtaining a mastership in a sols to take off the superincumbent weight, school at Bristol, with a salary of 401. per and contain nothing. Colonel Vyse has annum. His leisure hours were occupied designated two of these chambers by the by a school of his own, and Mr. Rich, the names of Nelson and Wellington ; the third late learned and assiduous British Consul he has devoted to a lady of rank. The at Bagdad, was one of his pupils. Marshlast is remarkable as contain:
man subsequently entered as a student, at ing this cartouch; vide “e"
Dr. Ryland's Baptist Seminary, where he of the unplaced kings in Wil.
applied himself to Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, kinson's plates. Rosellini, on and Arabic. who found the name in one of
In 1799 he went out as a missionary to the tombs, reads Seamphis.
join Dr. Carey in India, and landed at SeThis curious discovery es
rampore in October of that year. The tablishes that the Pyramids
mischiels created by excess of missionary were not built anterior to the
zeal in various places, were however a use of bieroglyphics, and that Sephis was subject of just apprehension to Lord Welthe builder, as stated by Manetho.
lesley at that time: and the more, as seveMany other highly interesting things are ral French priests were acting as emissaalso brought to light, but cannot be enu-ries of their government in India, and an merated here.
invasion of the English dominions there
was expected. A whimsical error added ertions in the sscred cause of religion were to those suspicions: the arrival of Marsh- unremitting to the last, though his mind man was announced as that of a Papist, was deeply affected by the demise of Mr. instead of a Baptist missionary, and the Carey in June, 1834, after a close co-opevigilance of Lord Wellesley refused the ship ration of thirty-five years; and the painful a port clearance, unless the captain would ideath of his daughter, Mrs. Haviland, in engage to take back the obnoxious Papist. October last, gave a final blow to his sysThe mistake was explained; but Marsh- tem, from the effects of which he never man, with his companions, found it more thoroughly rallied. eligible to remain under the shelter of the Tall, strong, and of an iron constitution, Danish authorities. Dr. Carey soon after Dr. Marshman braved the climate of India joined them, and hence originated the Se- without any ill effects. He arose at four 10 rampore mission.
commence the business of the day. His The difficulties experienced previous to knowledge and amiability rendered him a obtaining the charter of 1913, which grant- delightful companion ; to his interiors he ed free access for missionaries to India, conducted himself with gentleness and humi. had probably the salutary effect of re- liiy; and as a husband and a parent, he was straining the superincumbent zeal of that unsurpassed and unsurpassable. Mrs. Marshclass generally, and which has led to such man, who died, we believe, about ten years disastrous results in places where the vi- before her husband, bore him iwelve children; gilance of the authorities has unhappily five of whom have survived their father. slumbered. The conduct of the joint-la Piety, firmness, energy, and preseverance, bourers, Ward, Marshman, and Carey, were the characteristics of Dr. Marshman. was, however, above all praise; and, in To the labours of the mission he was a deaddition to his sacred duties, the subject votee without bigotry ; and evinced singular of this notice undertook in 1806 the study personal disinterestress in all pecuniary matof Chinese, and published subsequently a ters. translation of the Scriptures into that tongue and also a grammar. He princi THUGGEES. –The readers of our last num. pally contributed to the efficacy of the ber (XL1.) will be suprised 10 learn that a noLoli-Bazar Chapel in Calcutta, by going torious Thug has arrived at Madras, where, from house to house to solicit contribu- it is sinted, i wo hundred of the same craft tions, for which he was personated as a are to be found a practising their vocation !" pious missionary begging subscriptions at a masqued ball given to Lord Minto. The wild Khonds of the Ghoomsoor coun. The jest was extremely successful, and the try bring up children expressly for sacrifice; pious representative was said to have above 100 have lately been rescued by a rereaped an ample harvest by his ingenuity, cent expedition under Col. Campbell. Marshman, who appears to have viewed Near Madras children are stolen for a re. the matter in a serious light, and was pro- gularly established traffic by the natives. bably ignorant that similar freaks in Eng. land have had equal success, endeavoured An Anglo-Persian map of India, by Mr. idly, but with honest simplicity, to discover Tassin, bas been recently published at Cal. his rival of an hour,* and render him a fel-cutta, in six sheets. low-labourers of the vineyard in earnest, by inducing him to refund bis acquisitions. The Bishop of Calcutta is collecting mateDr. Leyden, however, though acquainted rials for the Early History of Christianity with the name of the pseudo-missionary, in India, and has procured various documenis, would never disclose it, and seems to it is said of considerable importance, as have considered the affair in its real light. throwing a light upon the difficult and obThis appears to have offended Dr. Marsh- scure question of the antiquities of the Nes. man.
torian and Armenian churches. The establishment of the admirable Be. nevolent Institution at Calcutia was the BOMBAY.—The last dawk (or post) from joint work of Leyden, Hare, and Marsh Bornbay to Calcutta weighs about two man; the latter became secretary, and re- maunds or 160 lb., containing 1500 covers, tained the office during his life. He also including newspapers. An extraordinary assisted Dr. Carey in translating the three increase of communication. volumes of the Ramayuna, published in English.
In the Chamber of Commerce at Calcutta, In 1826 he returned to England, and it was proposed to petition government for urged every where in public addresses continuing the commerce by the Red Sea, while travelling throughout the United even if steamers should be dispatched to the Kingdom the cause of missions. He Persian Gulf. thence proceeded to Denmark, and received from Frederick VI. a Charter of Incor A petition has been signed by thousands poration for the College of Serampore, to of natives praying the government to instiwhich he returned in May 1829. His ex-tute Sanscrit schools, in order that one ge.
neral language may supersede the many dia. Asiatic Journal, May.
lects of Bengal.