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revolution just accomplished in the system of their united government the tranquil deliberations and voluntary consent of so many distinct communities from which the event has resulted, cannot be compared with the means by which most govern" have been established, without some return of pious gratitude along with an humble anticipation of the future blessings which the past seem to presage. These reflections, arising out of the present crisis, have forced themselves too strongly on


mind to be suppressed. You will join with me, I trust, in thinking that there are none under the

influence of which, the proceedings of a new and free governcan more auspici

iciously commence. By the article establishing the executive department it is made the duty of the president “ to recom

ommend to your consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient." The circumstances under which I now meet you, will acquit me from entering into that subject further than to refer you to the great constitutional charter

which we are assembled; and which, in defining

your powers, designates the objects to which your attention is to be given. It will be more consistent with those circumstances, and far more congenial with the feelings which actuate me, to substitute in place of a

ommendati of particular measures, the tribute that is due to the talents, the rectitude, and the patriotism




that as



which adorn the characters selected to devise and adopt them. In these honourable qualifications

, I behold the surest pledges,

one side, no local prejudices or attach meilt, no separate views nor party animosities will misdirect the comprehensive and equal eye which ought to watch over this great assemblage of communities and interests : So o another, that the foundations of our na' policy will be laid in the pure and immutable principles of private morality; and the pre-eminence of a free government be exemplified by all the attributes which can win the affections of its citizens, and command the respect of the world.

I dwell on this prospect with every satisfaction which an ardent love for my country can inspire; since there is no truth more thorough's established than that there exists in the economy and course of nature, an indissoluble union between virtue and happines-between duty and advantage—between the genuine maxims of an honest and magnanimo policy, and the solid rewards of public prosperity and felicity. Since we ought to be no less persuaded, that the propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right, which Heaven itself has ordained. And since the preservation of the sacred fire of liberty and the destiny of the republican model of governme are just's considered as deeply perhaps as finally

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staked, on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people.

Instead of undertaking particular recommendations in which I could be guided by no lights derived from official opportunities

, I shall again give way to my entire confidence in your discernment in pursuit of the public good: for I assure myself, that whilst you carefully avoid every alteration which might endanger the benefits of an united and effective government, or which ought to await the future lessons of experience, a reverence for the characteristic rights of freemen, and a regard for the public harmony, will sufficient influence

deliberations on the

questione, how far the former can be more impregnably fortified, or the latter be safely and more advantageously promoted.

Having thus imparted to you my as they have been awakened by the occasion which brings us together, I shall take my present leave; but not without resorting once more to the benign Parent of the human race, in humble supplication, that since he has been pleased to favour the American people with opportunities for deliberating in perfect tranquillity and dispositions for deciding with unparalleled unanimity

a form of government for the security of their union, and the advancement of their happiness ; so his divine blessins may be equally conspicuous in the enlarged views, the temperate consultations and the wise

on which the success of this governo must depend.




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