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1. In all new places, where churches are not organized, let all Christians assemble and unite in one church, adopting only the creed of the World's Evangelical Alliance, or a better one if it can be formed, embracing only the essential doctrines of Christianity. Let them adopt their own form of government, and choose their own pastor.
2. In all places where there are several feeble churches, barely able to maintain an existence, let them all meet together, burn their creeds, and then proceed as above described.
3. In all large places, where churches are organized upon a firm basis, let them universally act upon the principle of admitting to their communion all applicants who give evidence of piety, and excommunicating none for any thing but sin.
But as we are not likely soon to see such a convention, it only remains to suggest a course of action for the few individuals who believe that such a union is desirable.
1. Above all things, in opposing sectarianism, let them beware of building up another sect. Let them never make their own views of union a fundamental article of their creed.
2. Let it be their settled policy, never voluntarily to leave a church with which they are connected, for the purpose of organizing another, (unless it is required by the populousness of the place,) till they are satisfied that it has become incurably corrupt; and let them discountenance all such separations.
3. In uniting with churches let them state fully and frankly what they believe, as far as desired; and never bow in reverence to human creeds or human authority, by professing to believe what they do not, or by adopting a system of forced interpretation rather than reject phraseology long held sa
4. In their individual capacity as ministers or laymen, with whatever churches they are connected, let them exert their highest influence to persuade those churches to act upon the principle of receiving to their fellowship all applicants who give satisfactory evidence of piety, whether they assent to all the doctrines and forms of that church or not.
5. When called upon to organize churches, let them do it as far as possible according to their own views of union, asking leave of God alone.
6. Let them preach, write and talk their views of union, at all appropriate times and places. But in doing this, they should avoid the practice of crying out against names instead
of things. Let the things named be destroyed, and the names themselves will soon go out of use. It would be a matter of little consequence if the several churches in a large place should retain the names of Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian, if they all acted upon union principles.
7. Finally, let them cultivate brotherly love, forbearance and courtesy, toward all, of every sect and creed, who speak the language of Canaan; so that every bigoted sectarist shall admire their spirit, and wish to possess it himself.
Here I close, begging every reader who thinks his own views have been misrepresented or treated too harshly, to believe that himself is not aimed at, but others different from him, to whom the remarks legitimately apply.
(SEX THIRD PAGE OF COVER.)
The following is the opinion of Prof. C. G. Finney respecting the above work;
I am rejoiced that you are about to give to the world your views of medical reform. The multitudinous conflicting theories and practices of the medical profession, for ages past, and at present, demonstrate that no certainty is yet attained in the department of medicine. But if medicine be properly a science at all, it must belong to the certain or exact sciences. Whatever occurs under the operation of physical law must occur of necessity; and of course, if the law can be discovered, a science can be reared upon its developements. It certainly is an abuse of terms to call the "Theory and Practice of Medicine" a science in its present state. The whole subject of medicine needs to be overhauled, and must be; for in these days of breaking loose from authority and of applying the severest tests of truth to every subject of human inquiry, it must be that minds will be found that will disturb "the foundations of many generations" upon the important subject of medicine. I have long been distressed with the unintelligent and unintelligible jargon of medical practice. Having suffered much from impaired health and medical treatment, and having conversed with numerous eminent physicians, I was struck with the fact that "clouds and darkness" rested upon their pathway; that they were agonized (I mean the conscientious among them) with uncertainty at every step-hating empyrics, and yet obliged to be nothing else themselves. I said to myself the whole subject of medicine must need thorough revision if not utter subversion.
I was in this state of mind when your views were first communicated to I was prepared to look at them candidly, and was so much better satisfied with them than with any thing else I had examined, that, in respect to myself, I have practiced upon them exclusively for more than ten years, and my family have also done the same almost without exception, with the most satisfactory results.
I have read the proof sheets you handed me, and am much pleased with your manner of presenting your views to the world, I think with you,that, as far as Homœopathy has claims upon public confidence, it is altogether confirmatory of your views. I have had opportunity to examine Mr. Hahnemann's views, and was struck with the fact that his system of medical treatment was based upon the assumption that disease is not wrong but right action, that nature was doing its best, and that medicine should be given to help forward the existing action or to increase the existing symptoms instead of changing them. He found also that the less he helped nature the better; that is, that as soon as medicine had sensibly increased the existing symptoms, he must cease to give medicine. This has occasioned their infinitesimal doses. Now who cannot see that this whole system of medical treatment is based upon the same assumption that you make, to wit, that all action is right under the circumstances, that is, that it is the best that under the circumstances can be done. The error of Hahnemann and his followers lies in the assumption that with medicine they can help nature, or in
other words, that medicine can supply the place of vitality. But I regard this error as comparatively harmless, because they give so little medicine as to make almost no impression any way. They are generally good nurses and give wholesome directions in regard to diet, habits, &c., and use the least possible quantity of medicine. This I have thought was probably better for mankind, in their present ignorance of the necessary precautions in regard to nursing and habits, than for them at once, in their ignorance, to adopt the no treatment system. The Homœopath does but little injury with his medicine, while he does much for the patient by advice in regard to nursing.
I hope the medical faculty will look thoroughly and honestly into your views. I have often asked myself, is it possible that God has left us necessarily all in the dark upon the greatly important subject of disease? Has He neither given us any rational ground upon which to construct a science of disease and cure, nor any revelation whatever? The fact is, there must be some a priori ground upon which the science of disease and cure can be based. This ground must and will be discovered. I am anxious to see if your "theory," as you modestly call it, can not be so stated as that the human intelligence shall intuitively affirm that it must be true. The more I look at your fundamental principle, namely, that disease is in no case wrong action or a positive entity, but in all cases is only impaired action resulting from a deficiency of vitality, and yet the best that is possible under the circumstances, I say, the more I look at this principle and turn it over, subjecting it to the inspection of my intelligence, the more I find myself verging to the conclusion that this must be true. If there be any action in an organized and living body it must be organic action. It must tend to health. Organic law can act but in one direction, and that is to sustain the organization. When vitality or the vital principle is abundant, the organism will be perfectly sustained in all its functions. When the vital principle is deficient in quantity, the action will be defective-the functions of the organism will be partially suspended for want of power-but still the action is organic action. It can not be wrong action; for all the action there is, is the result of vitality yet energizing in the system. I have much that I should like to say upon this subject, but must close with hoping and praying that your work may be generally read by all classes and especially by the medical profession; for surely if it be true, it is the greatest of mere human discoveries. Yours truly,
C. G. FINNEY.
Oberlin, Jan. 5th, 1847.
OBERLIN QUARTERLY REVIEW.
VOLUME II---No. IV.
The Sufferings of Christ.
66 THE SUFFERINGS OF CHRIST, BY A LAYMAN-SECOND EDI
TION, REVISED AND ENLARGED. HARPER & BROTHERS.'
BY PRES. A. MAHAN.
WHEN a long established article of the common faith has been successfully assailed, and the new truth supplants the ancient error, without embittered controversy, or disastrous convulsions of Zion, such an occurrence may be regarded as a happy omen in respect to the condition and prospects of the church. Such a desirable result is apparently about to be realized, in regard to the great truth elucidated in the work before us. It is but a short period since it appeared; yet the first edition has already been disposed of, and a second, improved, enlarged and corrected from the first, is passing off with such rapidity, that a third edition, as the author informs us, will undoubtedly be called for the present Spring. With great strength and power of thought and argument, and as we judge, with the most entire success, the work assails one of the long established articles of the common faith pertaining to the subject named. The interest excited in the work, on account of the subject of which it treats, and the manner in which that subject is therein elucidated, is already great, and is constantly increasing. Yet as the darkness of night silently disappears, without any convulsions of the elements, as the opening light dawns on; so the new truth here set forth, is, in the minds of the ministry and lay members of the church,. supplanting the ancient error which it combats, without any embittered agitation of the public mind. The appearance of