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abren by his parts; ' and if in neither of nation doth despise it, nor barbarons nathese parts bee bee condemnable, I hope tion is without it; since both Roman and we shall receiv a inore favourable sentence. Greek gave such divine names unio ii, the This purifying of wit, ihis inriching of one of prophesying, the other of making ; memory, enabling of judgement and enlarg- and thai indeed that name of inaking is fit for ing of conceit, which commonly weo call him, considering, that where all other arts Jearning, under what name soever it com retain themselres within their subject, and forth, or to what immediate end so ever it receive, as it were, their being from it; be directed, the final end is to lead and the poet onely, bringeth his own siul, draw us to as bigh a perfection, as our and doth not learn a conceit oot of a degenerate souls, made wors by their clay- matter, but maketh malter for a conceit. lodgings, can be capable of. This, accord Since neither bis description nor end coning to the inclination of man, bred many
laineth any evil, the ibing described cannot formed impressions ; for som that thouglit bee evil; since his effects bee so goud as this felicity principally to be gotten from to teach goodness, and delight the learners knowledge, and no knowledge to be so of it; since therein (namely, in moral dloc. bigb and heavenly, as acquaintance with trine, the chief of all knowledges) lie doth the stars gave themselves to Astronomie ; not onely far pass the historian, but for inothers persuading themselves to be demi. Structing is well nigh comparable to the gods, if they knew the causes of things, philosopher, for moving, leavetli him behind became natural and supernatural philosophers. bim. Since the holy Scripture (wliereSom an admirable delight drew to musick, in there is no uncleanness) hath whole and som the certainty of denonstration to paris in it poetical, and tbat even oor Sa. the mathematicks; bot all, one and other, viour Christ vouchsased to use the flowers having this scope, to know, and by know, of it; since all bis kindnesses are not onely Jedge to lift op the mind from the dungeon in their united forms, but in their several of the body, to the enjoying his own divino dissections commendable, I think (and think essence. But wben by the ballance of expe- I think rightly) the laurel crown appointed rience it was found, that the Astronomer, for triumphant captains, doth worthily of looking to the stars, miglit fall in a ditch: all other Icarnings, bonor the poet's tri. that the enquiring philosopher might bec umph.” blinde in himself; aod the matbeinatician
But the author considers, that might draw forth a straight line with a crooked heart; then lo did proof, the over
it was less his business to describe ruler of opinions, make manisest, that all poetry, than to defend it; and theso are but serving sciences, which as that, therefore, he must meet the they have a private end in themselves,
objections of learned and witty yet are they all diructed to the highest end of the mistress knowledge ;
adversaries. He hence advances by the Greeks APXSTEXTOVIXM, which stand- to consider, what has been said oth, as I think, in the knowledge of a against poetry. He treats, with inan's self, the ethick and politick becoming disdain, the“poet-haters, consideration, with the end of well-doing, and not of 'well-knowing onely. Eren
who seek a praise by dispraising as the saddler's next end is to make a good
others." _“There is nothing" he saddle, but his further end to sers a nobler
“ of so sacred a majesty, but facultie, wbich is horsmanship: so the hors
that an itching tongue may rub man's to souldicric : and the souldier not
itself onely to have skill, but to perform the
upon it.” They deserve.
no practice of a souldier. So that the ending other answer, “but, instead of end of all earthly learning being virtuous laughing at the jest, to laugh at action, those skills that most sery to bring the jester. We know a playing forth that, have a most just title to be princes orer all the rest : wherein easily
wit can prais the discretion of an wee can stew, the poet is wortbie to have it ass, the comfortableness of being before any other coinpetitors.”
in debt, and the jolly commodities He contends, that the efficiency of being sick of the plague.” But of poetry, in communicating know- he is ready to meet the more grave ledge, places it above history and and plausible objections which have philosophy. Thus he pleads on its been alleged against his favourite behalf;
art. Such as, Ist. that there are
many other more fruitful know“ Since then poetrie is of all
human ledges a man might better spend Jearnings the most antient, and of must fa
his time in: 2. that it is the mother therly antiquity, as from whence other earnings bave taken their beginwings of lies: 3. that it is the nurse of since it is so universal, that no learned abuse, infesting us with many pes
tilent desires, with a syren sweet- Buchanan; so grave counsellors as, beo ness, drawing the mind to the sides manie, but before all, that Hospital of
Frunce, than whom I think that realoi, serpents' tail of sinful fancies:"
never brought forth a more accomplished “ Lastly, and chiefly, they cry out judgment, more firmly builded upon virtue; with open mouth, as if they had I say, these, with numbers of others, not overshot Robinhood, that Plato ba- onely to read others poesie, but to poetize.
for others reading ; that poesie, thus emnished them out of his common- braced in all other other places, should wealth.” To each and all of these onely find in our time a hard welcome in grave objections, the noble author England, I think the very earth laments it, furnishes an ingenious and enter- and therefore decks our soil with fewer
accustomed. For taining answer, full of eloquence, heretofore, poets bave in England also of learning, and of wit. His pages, flourished; and which is to be noted, eren under this branch of the argument, in those times when the trumpet of Mars:
did sound loudest." are indeed a proof, that poetry is not necessarily limited to rhyme; for
After satirizing and disowning the classic
the spurious race of bastard poets, and elevation of fancy, which dis- who, he
" without commistinguish them, raise his prose to sion, do post over the banks - of the true character, which he has Helicon, till they make their himself given to genuine poetry. readers more weary than postThus he concludes his reply to the horses,” he offers his advice, (and objectors:
most salutàry it is,) to all who
would aspire to the character he « Siuce the excellepcies of it
may has been describing and defendeasily and so justly confirmed, and the low creeping objections so soon trodden down, ing. It is so excellent, and so apit not being an art of lies, but of trae doo- propriate to our own times, and triue; not of effeminateness, but of notable withal so brief, that we cannot stirring of courago; not of abusing man's wit, but of streugthening inan's wit; not
suppress our inclination to tranbanislied, but honoured by Plato ; let us
scribe it. rather plant more laurels for to ingarlaud “ Marry, they that delight in poesie itself, the poets' hoads, (which honor of being should seek to know what they do: and laoreale, as besides thein, onely triumphaut how tboy do especially look tbemselves in captains were, is a suflicient authority to an unflattering glass of reason, if they be shew the price they ought to be held in,) incliuable unto it. For poesie must not be than suffer the ill favored breath of sucli drawn by the ears, it must be gently led, wrong speakers, once to blow opon the clear or rather it must lead, wbich was partly springs of poesie. But since I have ran so the caus that made the ancient learned long a carrier in this matter, methinks, be- affirm, it was a divino wit, and no human fore I give my den a full stop, it shall be skill, since all other knowledges lye but a little more lost time, to inquire why readie for any that bave strength of wit. England, the mother of excellent minds. A poct no industrie can make, if his own should be grown so hard a step-nother to genius be not carried into it. And therepoets, who certainly in wit ought to pass fure is an old proverb, Orator fit, poeta all others, since all onely proceeds from nascitur. Yet confess always, that as the their wit, being indeed makers of them. fertillest ground must be manured, 80 most selves, not takers of others. How can I the highest Aying wit have a Dedalus to but exclaim, Musa mihi causas memoru quo guide him. That Dedalus, ibey say, botli numine laeso. Sweet Poesie, that bath an- in this and in other, bath three wings, to ciently bad kings, emperors, senators, great bear itself up into the our of due commendacaptains, such as, besides a thousand others, tion ; tbat is, Art, Imitation, and Exercise. David, Adriau, Sophocles, Gerinanicus, gut But these neither artificial rules, nor imiouly to favoar poets, but to bea poets ; and tative patterns, wee inuch comber ourselves of our nearer times, can present for her withal. Exercise indeed we do, but that patrons, a Robert, King of Sicily; the very fore back wardly; for where we should Kreat King Fruncis, of France; King exercise oursolves to know, we exercise Jamės, of Scotland ; such cardinals as Bein- ourselves as having known ; and so is our bus and Bibienu; such famous preachers brain delivered of such mattor, wbich never and teachers as Beza and Melancthon; so was begotten by knowledge." learned philosophers as Fracastorius and Scaliger; so great orators as Pontanus and He then passes on to offer some
50 piercing wits as George strictures on the principal poems
known in his time, and to expose name shall flourish in the printer's shops; the defects of some dramatic com
thos doing, you shall bo of kin to many, a positions. He then adverts to the poetical preface; ilius doing, you shall bo
most fair, most rich, most wise, niort all; deficiency in our language of other you strall dwell upon so perlatives ; thus kinds of poetry, except the lyrical, doing, though you be Libertino patre natus, severely condemns the affectation you sball suddenly grow Hercutea proles, of most love-songs and sonnets, your roul
shall be placed with Dunte's B.a.
si quid mea carmina possunt. Thus doing and then touches upon the mere- trir; or Virgil's Anchises. But if(lie of such tricious ornaments and false colour- bit) you bee born so near the dall making ing, in which the poets of his time
Cataract of Nilus, that you cannot hear the generally indulged. He then di- plannet.like músick of poetrie; if you have
so earth-creeping a minde that it cannot lift gresses to eloquence in general, itself up to look to ihe skies of poetrie
, or and condemns the false taste of rather by certain rustical disdain will be many learned and great speakers. come such a nome, as to be a Momus of He finally treats of rhyming, and poetrie ; then, though I will not wish you
the asses ears of Midas, nor to be driren by shows the superiority of the Eng. A a poet's verses, as Burbonax wus, to bang lish tongue for the purposes of himself, nor 10 bo rhyined to death, as is poetry, above Italian, French, said to bee don in Ireland ; yet thus niach Dutch, and Spanish; and con
curs I must send you in the behalf of all peers,
that while yon live, you live in love, and cludes his enchanting and instruc
never get favor, for lacking skill of sonnet, tive disquisition in the following and when you die, your memory die from exquisite passage, which, for classic the cartlı for want of an epitaph.. grace, and genuine gay good hu
From the ample
extracts we mour, has, perhaps, no superior in have presented to our readers, it English literature.
will be evident, that if the name “So that since the ever-praiseworthy of Sir Philip Sidney is not handed poesie in full of virtue, breeding delightful. down to us arnong our national ness, and void of no gift that onght to bee in the noble name of learning, since the blaines poets, it was neither for want of a laid agaiust it are either fals or feeble; just estimation of the art, nor a since the caas wliy it is not esteemed in just apprehension of the ends it England, is the fault of poet-apes, not poets; should subserve, and the subjects since, lastly, our tongue is more fit to bo
it should adorn, nor an ample nor poesie; and to be honored by poesie, I conjure you all that have had the evil lack share of the requisite 'mental ento read this ink-wasting toy of mine, even in dowments. But he was a soldier the name of the nine Muses, no more to scorn as well as a poet; and the rough the sacred mysteries of poesie; no more to laugh at the name of poets, as though the god of war is no cherisher of the
He was born a were next inheritors to fools; no moro to
gentle muses. jest at the reverent title of a rhymer, but to poet, but he was bred a soldier; believ with Aristotle, that thoy were the an
and those whom Mars adopts may cient treasurers of the Grecian divinitios; all be said to be kidnapped from to believ with Bembus, that they were the first bringers in of all civilitie; to belior
humanity. He engaged in the with Scaliger, that no philosopher's precepts profession of arms, when the cause can sooner make you an bonest man, tbani of his country and of the reformathe reading of Virgil; to believ.with Claution required both his heroism and serus, the translator of Cornutus, that it his virtue. But he had already pleased the heavenly deitie by Hesiod and Homer, under the vail of fables to give us
immortalized his name. He died, all knowledge, logick, rhetorick, philosophy, alas ! too, too soon for the cause of natorul.and moral, aud quid non? To believ science and learning which he had with mee, that there are many mysteries espoused, but he lived and wrote contained in poetry, which of purpose were written darkly, lest by profane wits, it for a country which knows how to should be abused; to believ with Landin, estimate his character, and which that they are so beloved of the gods, that is still the living, healthful heart whatsoever they write, proceeds out of a
of science and poetry; and he divine foric. Lastly, to believ themselves when they tell you they will make you im
died for a cause which is yet trimortal by their verses. Thus doing your umphant and progressing.
His flattering panegyric upon their splendid endowments, to the the language of his native country, moral interests of mankind. Withsince it stands as the harbinger of out virtue and real goodness, poea morning, the most bright Eng. try is but a dream, and its splenland ever saw, may almost be dour but the comet's flash. Of called prophecy; for it was follow- several of our greatest poets, it is ed by a verification as singular as yet true, they have not grown into it is unquestionable. In little the wisdom or dignity of men, nor more than half a century after his put away childish things. Their death, England produced the works poetry is their toy to sport with, of Shakespear, Spenser, and Mil- or the madding potion which they ton; the first and the last of whom mix with exquisite skill
, in a are still the brightest gems in our golden cup, and administer with crown, and the envy and admira- infernal delight to the unsuspecttion of the world. Their names ing and thoughtless, that they stand second to none, either of the may enjoy the triumph of their classic ancients, or ambitious mo- power, though it be in evil. An derns.
individual or two
poets of no Of the present age, as having, in mean endowments, and no ordi. many respects, merited the dis- nary skill in their art, may justly tinction of being named the age of wear an unsullied laurel for poets, we had designed to say never having written a line, which, something, but it must now be in on leaving the world, they could very few words. - We are not at wish to blot; but of the great all disposed to deny to a large idols of the world's homage, it class of living poets the honour of is but too true, they have been but being genuine sons of the Muses. splendid triflers ; and when the England never, perhaps, in so delusive drama of life is closing, brief a space, produced so much they may find cause to adopt the elegant, harmonious, and elaborate words which Sir Philip Sidney apverse ; perhaps, never so much pended to the last of his sonnets, delightful poetry. But to how few of the large class of competitors
Splendidis longum valedico nugis ; for public favour can be awarded
or they may even live to wish, that most desirable of all commen- that they had been any thing radations--of being benefactors, by ther than GREAT POETS.
ANALYTICAL AND CRITICAL NOTICES OF
The Nature and Importance of the write a tract on the Christian Sab
Christian Sabbath ; with Hints for bath, adapted to the conduct and its better Observance, and Remarks circumstances of religious profeson the Awful Consequences of the
sors. Mr. S. has complied with this Profanation of that Sacred Day. request, by publishing the very inBy Robert Stevenson, of Castle He
teresting piece before us, which condingham, Essex.—London:
Baynes. sists of twelve short chapters on the 18mo, pp. 64, neat boards. ls.
following subjects, with an approThe venerable author of this. little priate poetical motto prefixed to volume, was requested by some each:- The First Sabbath; The PerChristian friends, in the county petuity of the Sabbath ; Its Anticipawhere he has sustained, with high tions; Its Duties ; Its Benevolence ; reputation, the ministerial charac- The Sunday School; The Sabbath Eventer for almost half a century, to ing ; Its Recollections; Its Blessings; CONG. Mag. No, 49.
Anticipation of the Everlasting Sab- anticipations enable many a folbath ; Sabbath Profanation, with its lower of the Lamb to weather the dreadful Consequences.
adverse storms of life, and cheerAs it was originally designed to fully to sustain all his cares and print this small work in the form of sorrows, casting all upon him who a cheap tract, these subjects are
careth for him. But there are other discussed in a popular style, en- hopes which a pious father and molivened by several striking anec- ther will fondly cherish on behalf of dotes and apt quotations from our their children. Having presented sacred poets. A devotional spirit many strong cryings and tears unto and amiable temper pervade this God for them; having known, by small volume, and many of the re- sweet experience, the benefits of dimarks deserve the serious attention vine ordinances to their own souls, of the professors of religion in ge- finding the “ Sabbath a delight, the neral, and especially of the heads of holy of the Lord and honourable ;" families. We, therefore, recom- they most ardently long for their mend it to the attention of our rea- offspring, that the word may be ders, sincerely wishing that its sea- clothed with power; that their sons, sonable remarks may lead many at
like little Samuel, may say, “Speak, tendants on public worship to a Lord, for thy servants hear;" and more religious employment of the their daughters, like Mary, may sit leisure hours of the Lord's-day. at the feet of Jesus and hear his The following section will afforda words. And can the descendants specimen of the author's manner, of pious parents attend, from Saband enable our readers to judge of bath to Sabbath, to the many encouthis modest, and we may add, cheap raging and animating exhortations little book.
which their faithful pastors address SABBATH ANTICIPATIONS.' to the young ? can they think of the “When six days of labour each other sac. wrestlings of a father and mother, ceeding,
and their silent ejaculations, even Have with hurry and toil my spirits op- at that very moment, rising up bepress'd:
fore the throne, without breathing How pleasant to think, as the last is re
out, “ O, may this be 'the accepted ccding, To-morrow will be a sweet Sabbath of rest.” time, may this be the day of salva
tion?” Amidst the cares, the necessary cares of life: amidst the toils of labour, and the perplexities of busi- An Essay on the Evils of Slander, ness, how delightful to a good man
Scandal, and Misrepresentation.to anticipate the approach of the Westley, - 3s. 6d. Sabbath! Harassed and fatigued We have read this little volume with the troubles of the week, he with considerable interest, and we says, like, Israel's anointed shep- ' are persuaded that every friend to herd, as the bart panteth after the religion and domestic felicity, will 'water 'brooks, so panteth my soul hail with pleasure any attempt to after thee, O God! My soul thirsteth exterminate evils of such increasing for God, for the living God; when niagnitude as those of whichit treats. shall I come and appear before The subjects of this volume are hapGod !" Charming anticipation of pily chosen; and without any thing the day of rest, when he hopes to which appears invidious, the author sit under the shadow of his gracious aims a direct blow at the root of Lord with great delight, and to find those vices. We are pleased with his fruit sweet unto his taste! De this feature of the Essay, because, lightful to think of the habitation of on subjects of this nature, writers his father's house, where he has are too apt to indulge in private gone in and come out, and found feeling, or ersonal invective. "The pasture! Then the Christian, in a mottos to the different chapters aro "happy frame;' may say, “O world, appropriate, and the author has thou shalt not interméddle with my enriched the volume by extracts joys. I would, if possible, for ever from Dr. Blair, Massilon, Dr. banish thee from the temple of my Dwight, Dr. 'Raffles, Bishop Hall, "God, and drive thce from the posses- Mrs. H. More, and other cminent ision of my heart.” How do such writers. To the young it will be a