The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective
The meaning that people attribute to things necessarily derives from human transactions and motivations, particularly from how those things are used and circulated. The contributors to this volume examine how things are sold and traded in a variety of social and cultural settings, both present and past. Focusing on culturally defined aspects of exchange and socially regulated processes of circulation, the essays illuminate the ways in which people find value in things and things give value to social relations. By looking at things as if they lead social lives, the authors provide a new way to understand how value is externalized and sought after. They discuss a wide range of goods - from oriental carpets to human relics - to reveal both that the underlying logic of everyday economic life is not so far removed from that which explains the circulation of exotica, and that the distinction between contemporary economics and simpler, more distant ones is less obvious than has been thought. As the editor argues in his introduction, beneath the seeming infinitude of human wants, and the apparent multiplicity of material forms, there in fact lie complex, but specific, social and political mechanisms that regulate taste, trade, and desire. Containing contributions from American and British social anthropologists and historians, the volume bridges the disciplines of social history, cultural anthropology, and economics, and marks a major step in our understanding of the cultural basis of economic life and the sociology of culture. It will appeal to anthropologists, social historians, economists, archaeologists, and historians of art.
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aesthetic anthropology areas Arjun Appadurai authenticity barter Bastar become biography British bronze age Bukhara Cambridge canoe capitalism capitalist cargo cults century chalcolithic circulation cloth commercial commoditization commodity exchange complex consumers consumption context cult cultural dealers demand dictionary discussion diversion early economic Economic Anthropology essay Ethiopia European example exchange spheres French Somaliland gift gold groups guilds Harar Hargeisa Hindu important India Indian individual industry interest khat kind knowledge Kopytoff kula labor luxury Marx material means modern modities Mughal Muria Muslim nomadic objects oriental carpets person political prestige production recent regarded relations relationship relics ritual role royal sacred saints Savary Savary's shifts singular social society Solomon Islands Somali status suggests swadeshi symbolic taste textile things trade traditional transactions transformation tribal Turkmen Turkmen carpets University Press Varna village weavers weaving weft Western