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Printed for J. Johnson, F. & C. RiviNGTON, R. FAULDER, G. wilkiE
& J. Robinson, J. walker, G. Robinson, R. LEA, J. NUNN,
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J. RICHARDsoN, & J. M. Richardson.

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The prophet, 1. gives thanks, with the church, to

God for the manifestation of his NAME, and the wonders of salvation wrought thereby. 2. He declares his resolution of executing judgement and justice in his kingdom, which, 3. had been in disorder and confusion; 4, 5. he rebukes the wicked; 6–8, reminds them of the power, providence, counsels, and judgements of God; 9, 10. he concludes with repeating his resolution to praise God, to break the power of wickedness, and to establish righteousness.

VER. 1. Unto thee, O God, do we give thanks,

unto thee do we give thanks: for that thy name is

near, thy wondrous works declare. The church offers up her repeated praises to God

for deliverance; she acknowledges the presence of vol. III. R

his NAME in the midst of her, which had been
evidenced by the “wonderful works” wrought for
her salvation. Upon whatever occasion these words
were originally endited, the Christian church now
celebrates in them that great deliverance which, by
so many miracles of mercy and power, hath been ac-
complished for her through Messiah, who is in Scrip-
ture frequently styled, “the NAME of Jehovah.” See
Isa. xxx. 27. -
2. JWhen I shall receive the congregation, I will
judge uprightly.
The first verse was spoken by many persons;
“unto thee, O God, do we give thanks;” here the
speaker is one, and that one is plainly a ruler, who
promises, that when he shall have “received the con-
“gregation,” or, as some render it, “when he shall
“have gotten an appointed, or fit time, or season,”
that is, when he shall be established in power and
authority, at a fit time and place, he will “judge up-
“rightly,” and introduce a thorough reformation into
a kingdom, which, as we shall find by the following
verse, stood greatly in need of it. From these cir-
cumstances it should seem most probable, that David
is speaking of his advancement to the throne of
Israel, and the intended rectitude of his administra-
tion, when he should be settled thereon. What
David did in Israel, was done in the church uni-
versal, by him who sat upon the throne of David,
when he “received,” for his inheritance, the great
“congregation” of the Gentiles, and the earth was
full of the “righteousness” of Jehovah.
3. The earth, or, the land, and all the inhabitants


thereof, are, or, were, dissolved: I bear up the pillars of it. Civil distractions, and the continual irruptions of foreign enemies, had thrown the Israelitish affairs into confusion, and “dissolved” the frame of government; until, by the re-establishment of royal authority, countenance and support were again given to all the subordinate magistrates; who are, in their respective stations, the “pillars”, of a community. Such was the universal corruption and dissolution of manners both among Jews and Gentiles, when Messias, entering upon his regal office, reformed the world, raised the glorious fabric of the church, and made his apostles and their successors the “pillars” of his spiritual kingdom. Let men support religion; and God will support them, 4. I said unto the fools, Deal not foolishly; and to the wicked, Lift not up the horn: 5. List not up gour horn on high; speak not with a stiff neck. “Where the word of a king is, there is power.” The prophet addresses himself to the opposers of his government, and the disturbers of Israel: he urges the “folly” of exalting themselves against their prince; and exhorts them, for their own sakes, to humility and obedience. Is not this the very message which the ministers of Christ have received from their King, and are commanded to deliver to the world? 6. For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south: 7. But God is the judge; he potteth down one, and setteth up another,

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