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latter, the all-pervading power of fact has instanta. neous effect. These adopt principles indeed with great caution, but when adopted, they proceed to act in conformity to them.
The publisher dedicated the former editions of this small work “To the generous, enlightened and sympathiziog FEW, whose opinions had not been founded on vulgar acceptation, or influenced by max. ims which are either unmeaping or false.” Those 6 few” have increased to a numerous and decided body. He does not presume that they have thus enlarged through his efforts; yet, when it is consider. ed that not less than three editions of this work have been received by the public, consisting, in the whole, of five thousand copies, the cause has been wretchedly pleaded, if no effect has been produced. Both retrenchments, and additions have been made in bringing it a fourth time before the public.
During the circulation of those editions, the publisher has received numerous congratulatory letters; and, recently, one from Mr. W. Elliot of the patent-office, at the city of Washington, who says, “It is about two years since I left off animal food. I conceive this change has had a very favourable effect both on my body and mind. There are others in this country who are disciples of this humane system. Mr. Thomas Mitchel of Charleston, South Carolina, is very remarkable for his active and disa interested conduct in bringing it forwards."
The publisher has enjoyed also the pleasure of reading the able and important reasoniugs of a Lambe, a Newton, a Ritson and others, as contem, porary advocates in the same cause.
The publisher may not expect to be pardoned for adding his own case to the egotism of this preface. The powers of his digestion had always been weak and imperfect. He saffered under frequent and se. vere attacks of constitutional dispepsia, which could not be corrected by medicine. In his twentieth year he unfortunately induced an inveterate dry habit, by wearing a flannel waistcoat next his skin, during a. bout twelve months; flannel, at that time, being pronounced a defence against colds, and a strengthener of the animal frame. This experiment super. induced a disagreeable affection, to which he has ever since been subject.
In the year. 1793 he read Rousseau's Treatise on Education, which contains Plutarcb's Essay on Flesh. Eating. This essay appears at p. p. 125—129, of this work.] His sensatious would not permit him to eat animals any longer, since the action appeared to include in it an outrage both against Nature and Nature's God.
During his adherence to a vegetable regimen, the publisher was most agreeably surprised in finding his indigestion and flatulency wear off, and, at length subside. The state of his health was never so perfect as at the present time. He suffered much from the tooth-ach, which discontioued when he left off eating animals; and if his teeth had then been sound, he believes they would have been so at this hour.
He brought up one of his children on a vegetable diet to his fourteenth year; and the other to her sixth. Two healthier or stouter children, at these ages, could not be found. Various circumstances, which are not necessary to be detailed, estranged them, as associates in his favourite diet. He contem. plates, with peculiar pleasure, the good fortune of Mr. Newto: (author of “A Return to Nature; or a Defence of the Vegetable Regimen”) whose wife, children and even servants, all voluntarily adhered to his salutary and humane diet.
The designs of several ingenious men, of forming å compact, in this fertile island, of genuine christians, humane peace-makers, philanthropists and reasoning beings, practising the arts of agriculture and rural life, is highly commendable. The publisher exclaims with St. Pierre, “May God prosper such a plan! which is worthy the most glorious period of ancient wisdom !" But he cannot join with Cowper, in crying,
"O for a lodge in some vast wilderness,
A little cot would form his heart's desire,
a small retreat, which he might call his own,
· No; he cannot detach himself from the social communities of life, which are numerous and endear. ing. Nor yet can he make a sacrifice of justice, propriety and humanity, at the shrine of erroneous, tho' popular, habits. Nothing could be returned to compensate for the loss of that satisfaction which arises from a consciousness of acting right: nothing could be offered as a substitute, which would leave the mind satisfied with itself.
Tho' providence has not bestowed on the publisher the envied lot of wealth,” he deems himself
fortunate in having had a father who was a bookseller; who qualified him for conducting the business of a printing-office; who inspired him with a desire to augment his slender stock of knowledge; and made him proprietor of an apparatus, the most powerful which exists, for the purpose of diffusing en. quiry and eliciting the truth. Through the medium of the press, he has often seen the influence of fact and argument, and the claims of reason and justice, admitted; while imbecility of mind has shrunk under the lash of common sense.
The Rev. T. F. Dibdin, in his remarks on the character of Wynkyn de Worde, says, “ The busi. ness or profession of a printer, under the guidance of sound principles and a correct taste, may rank in utility and general pleasure with any other that is cultivated by human beings.”
This concession, from a man of classical erudition and laborious research, is highly complimentary, . In the retrospect of life, those who have passed a large portion of it, in literary pursuits, can truly say, that those hours have constituted the only substantial sweets which have rendered existence of any value. Even Chesterfield, than whom no man ever attended more to the triflings of fashionable socie. ty, bas said, “I am never more in company tban when alone."
The publisher is far from intending, by those quo. tations, to assume any importance; for in the scale of intellect, how trifling are our petty attainments ! and however displayed, when they are compared with the immense extent of science, they are very insignif. icant. Man always appears little when he attempts to put on, either consequential or haughty assumptions. The publisher would rank with those, who, conscious of their weakness, perceive the faults of others and feel their own. It has often been said, 6 pride was not made for man.” It may be ad. ded, neither were vanity or ambition made for him!