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Moreover, I bave been advised to prefix the explanation of that part of the church catechifm, which relates to the facrament of the Lord's supper, by some wbo believe it to bethe shortest, plainest, and most comprehenfive of any extant; and for the fatisfaction of those, who are desirous to fearch the scriptures, and to see and examine the authorities upon which this explanation is founded, I have cited the texts atthe bottom of each page, and this with out any wilful mi fapplication.
By the KING's Authority, This day is published, (Neatly printed in one Volume Octavo, Price
A SYSTEM of PRACTICAL DUTIES, MORAL and EVANGELICAL
Consisting of the following Heads : Our Duty towards God.
Between Superiors in Rank, For. Of the internal Duties we owe to tane, Abilities, &c. and their God; and firk of Love,
refpective Inferiors. Of Delight in God.
Of Mercy in general. Of Fearing God.
Of Mercy to Meas Souls, Of Trusting in God,
Of Mercy to Mens Bodies, Of Submiflion to God,
Our Duty towards Ourselves; and Of inward Purity.
first of the Government of our Of Heavenly-Mindedness.
Thoughts. Of external Duties to God; and of religious Meditation. firft of Psayer,
Of Humility. Of public and private Prayer. Of the Government of our Passions Of Praise and Thanksgiving.
and Attictions. Our Duty towards our Neighbour ; Of Meekness.
and first of upiversal Love and 0: Contentment, Charity.
Of the Government of ihe Tongue. Of loving Enemies.
Of the Government of the whole Of Justice in general. of relative Justice.
Of Mo-tification, Between Prince and Subject. Of Self-Denial, Between Paftor and People,
Of Regeneration, Between Husband and Wife. of abstaining from evil Appeara. Between Mafter and Servant. Between Friend and Friend. Of the Desire of Righteousness. By the Reverend THOMAS STACKHOUSE, A. M.
Late Vicar of Beenham in Berkshire. Printed for J. HINTON, at the King's-Arme, in Pater-Nofter-Row.
Of that PART of the
Relates to the Sacraments, | Especially that of the Lord's Supper ; as war
ranted and supported by Scripture. T.
HE church tells us, that Christ has ordain
ed only two Sacraments, as generally necefsary to salvation; tbat is to fay, baptism and the Jupper of the Lord. Now, baptifin was instituted by Christ, to be the rite of admission into his church, and is answerable to circumcision among the Jews. "The Lord's supper was ore, dained for the exercise and confirmation of our faith in Christ, and appointed by him instead of the Jewish paffover ; and these are thus necessary to salvation, viz. baptism is necessary
1 Cor. xii.
- Cor. x. 2, 3, 4,—John xix. 34.- John v. 6, 8.
• Acts ii. 41.-Acts yiii. 12.-A&s x. 48.--Matt. xxviii. 19.--Heb. vi. 1, 2, ; Col. ii, 11, 12.--Gen. xvii. 9, 12, 23, 27.--Phil. jii. 3. 1 Cor. xi.
-Luke xxii. 19, 20.
23, 24, 25.
à Cór, v. 7, 8,--Exod. xii. 3, 21, 22, 23, 27.-John i. 29.1 Pet. i. 18, 19, LA,
thereto, as being the appointed initrument of our regeneration or new birth; and the Lord's supper, as being that spiritual food by which we are nourished up to everlasting life, the former to be only once, the latter often' received.
These ordinances ministring to such great onds, we say are only generally and not absolutely necessary to salvation ; because we dare not take upon us to exclude all hope of GOD's mercy in such extraordinary cases, as the want of opportunity or capacity of receiving them reduces mankind often unto. * But as the Jews were obliged under the feverest penalty to be circumcised, and keep the passover; * so our guilt and danger will be proportionably great, in not observing, when it is in our power, these two more easy institutions, " which are not only of a higher Authority, but also the distinguished badges P of a more excellent profession.
By John jii. Sasa John i, 12, 13.--Tit
. ii. 5-1 Pet. ii. 2. 2 John vi. 53.-Eph. V. 29.-Col. ii. 19.-Jude 21.-1 Cor. xi. 33, 34. Eph. iv. 5. -John iii. 4.-Rom. vi, 10. Aets i Cor. xi. 26.
John-vi. 34. * Matt. xii. 7-Jof. v. 5, 6, 7, Luke xxiii. 43. Cor. v. 1 Gen. xvii. 14.--Exod. iv. 24, 25, 26.
m Numb. ix. 13, &c.--Exod. xii.-Matt. xxvi. 18. nt John v. 2 Kings v. 13.-John iv. 40. • Heb. xii. 25.--Heb. ii. 2, 3. Heb. x. 28, 29.- John ii
. 4.- John xiii. &.-Pfalm ii. 12. P i Cor. xi. 26.-2 Tim. ä. 19. .. John i: 17.2.Cor. iii. 7,
Luke xiv. 15
By the word SACRAMENT the church tells us, is meant an outward and visible hgn of an inward and spiritual grace given unto us, ordained by Cbrift bimself, as a means whereby we receive the same, and a pledge to assure us thereof. Now for the clearer underkanding this account which the church gives us of a facrament, it is necessary that the several parts of whichit confists, should be distinguished: and therefore you are to observe, that we are therein taught, that to constitute a facrament, there must
be, first, something discernible and apparent to our senses; which, secondly, must represent some spiritual grace and favour vouchsafed us by God; thirdly, that outward sign must be of
Christ's own institution; and, fourthly, ap: pointed by him as a means of conveying to us
this inward grace, and as a seal and token of assurance, that he will bestow the one upon those who do wortbily receive the other; and as these properties are only to be found in baptism and the supper of our Lord, no other religious rite can be truly called or ought to be esteemed a facrament.
Now the parts of which a facrament confists are two, viz. The outward visible fign, and the inward Spiritual grace. Thus, outward sensible things can be a means of conveying, PART II.
and pledges of assuring us of divine grace and favour. For altho' these sacramental higns were ordained by GOD in gracious condescension to our infirmities, thereby to inform our understandings, to refresh our memories, and to excite our affections; 4 yet their farther efficacy is not owing to any power in themselves, but to the blessing of Christ upon his own institutions and appointments; ' and we are not to doubt, but that, in the right use of the outward means, he will, by the power of his fpirit, tho'in a manner unknown to us 'convey, s and confirm, " in baptism; and convey, i and confirm," in the Lord's Supper, to the worthy receivers thereof, the divine grace signified thereby, according to his own most true promise.
The church teaches us that the outward vi. fible hgn (or form]in baptism is water, wherein the person is baptized in the name of the father, and of the
fon, and of the bolygboft. Now water is peculiarly fitted for the purpose for which it is
a i Cor. xiii. 12.-Cor. iii. 1,2-Rom. vi. 19. vi. 4.-Gal. iii. 1. Exod. xii. 27.--Heb. x. 3. - Luke xxii. 19.
d Zech. xii. 10.-John i. 29.-Rev. i. 7. ei Cor. iii. 7.—2 Cor. i. 22. John iii. 8. & Tit. iii, 5.-Mark xvi. 61.Gen. xvii. 11. h Acts xxii. 16. — Acts ij. 38.Rom. iv. 11. Eph. i. 13, 14. i John vi. 57.
-I Cor. x. 16. Matt. xxvi. 28. · Heb. x. 23.-i Theff. v. 24. 1.