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shew his intrepidity and diligence Mewing them that one of the most in executing the orders of his com- finished gentlemen in Europe was his mander when called on. As he had subject, and that he understood his 10 plans of operation to take up his worth so well, as not to suffer him thoughts, why not write a fong? to be long out of his presence. A There was neither indecency or im- mong
other commissions, he was sent morality in it. I doubt not but, in the year 1669 to compliment the with that chearfulness of mind, he French King, on his arrival at Duncompoed him if to rest with as kirk, in return for the compliment of right feelings, and as proper an ad- that monarch by the Duchess of Ordress to his Maker, as any one of leans, then in England. a more melancholy dilpofition. Being possessed of the eflate of his
Most commanders, in the day of uncle, in 1674 he was created Earl battle, aflume at least a brilliancy of of Sussex, and Baron of Cranfield, countenance that may encourage their by letters-patent, dated the 4th foidiers, and they are admired fer of April 1675, 27. Car. II. and it.' To fnile at terror, has before in August 1677 succeeded his father this been allcived the mark of a he- as Earl of Dorset, as also in the post
The dying Socrates discoursed of Lord Lieutenant of the county of his friends with great com posure : Sussex, having been joined in the he was a philosopher of a grave cait. commission with him in 1670; allo Sir Thomas Moor, old enough to be the 20th February 1694, he was my Lord's father, joked even on the made Cultos Rotulorum of that scaffold : a strong instance of his he county: roilin, and no contradiction to the
Having buried his first Lady, E. rectiuude of his mind. The verses lizabeth, daughter of Harvy Bagot, the Emperor Adrian made on his of Whitehall, in the county of Wardeath-bed (call them a fong, if you wick, Esq; widow of Cha. Berkley, will) have been admired and ap- Earl of Falmouth, without any issue proved by feveral great men. Mr. by her, he married, in the year 1684, Pope has not only given his opinion the Lady Mary, daughter of James in their favour, but has also elegant. Compton Earl of Northampton, faly translated them, nay, thought med for her beauty, and admirable them worthy an imitation, perhaps endowments of mind, who was one exceeding the original. If this be- of the ladies of the bed-chamber to haviour of my Lord's is liable to Queen Mary, and left his lordship different constructions, let good na- again a widower, August 6, 1691, ture and good manners incline us to leaving issue by him Lionel, now bestow the most favourable thereon. Duke of Dorfet, and a daughter, the
After his fatigues at sea, during Lady Mary, married in the year the remainder of the reign of Ch. ll. 1702 to Henry Somerset, Duke of he continued to live in honourable Beaufort, and dying in child-bed leisure: he was of the bed-chamber left no issue. to the king, and poffe fed not only The Earl of Dorset appeared in his mafier's favour, but in a great court at the trial of the seven Bishops, degree his familiarity, never leaving accompanied with other noblemen, the court but when he was sent to which had a good effect on the jury, that of France upon fome short com- and brought the judges to a better mision, and embasties of compli- temper than they had usually thewn. ment, as if the King designed to ri- Healso engaged with those who were vai the French in the article of po- in the Prince of Orange's interest, litencss, who had long claimed a fue and carried on his part of that enperiority in that accomplithment, by terprise in London under the eye of
3 the court, with the same courage Majesty declared Duke of Gloucellerand resolution as the Duke of De- ihire. When the King had been vanihire did in open arms at Notting- earneitly intreated by the States of ham. When Prince George of Den- Holland, and the confederats princes mark deserted King James, and join. in Germany, to meet at a general ed the Prince of Orange, the Prin- congress to be held at the linge, in cess Anne was in violent apprehensi- order to concert matters for the betons of the King's displeasure ; and ter support of the confecracy, and being defirous of withdrawing her- thereupon took shipping the i6th of felf, Lord Dorset was thought the January 1692, his Lord thip was aproperest guide for her necessary mong the peers who, to honour their fighs. She was secretly brought to King and country, waited on their him by his Lady's uncle, the Bishop Sovereign in that cold season ; when of London, who furnished the Prin- they were two or three leagues off cess with every thing necessary for Goree, his Majcity having ty bad her fight to the Prince of Orange, weather been four days at lea, was and attended her northward as far as so impatient to go asore, that taking Northampton, where he quickly boat, and a thick fog rifing foon af? brought a body of horse to serve for ter, they were surrounded so closely her guard, and went from thence to with ice as not to be able either to Nottingham to confer with the Duke make the ihore or get bick to the of Devon hire.
ship. So that lying twenty-two After the misguided monarch had hours, enduring the moit bitter cold, withdrawn himself, Lord Dorset con- and almost despairing of life, they tinued at London, and was one of could hardly fiand or spek at deir those Peers that fat every day in the landing ; and his Lord'hip was fo council chamber, and took upon lame, that for fonie time he did not them the government of the realm in
Yet on his return to Engthis extremity, till some other power land he neither complained of the hould be introduced. In the de- accident or the expence. bates in parliament, immediately
On the fecond of Februiry 1591, after this confufion, his Lord thip vo- at a chapter of the moil noble order ted for the vacancy of the throne : of the garter, he'd at Kensington, his and that the Prince and Princess of Lordship was elected one of the Orange should be declared King and knights companions of this order, Queen of England, &c. When their with his Highness John George, Majesties had accepted the crown of the fourth cle&tor of Saxony, and these realms, his Lord thip was the
was installed at Windsor on the Fenext day sworn one of the privy bruary following. He was conftituted council, and declared Lord Cham- four times one of the regents of the berlain of the houshold; a place, says kingdom in his Majetty's absence, Prior, which he eminently adorn- About the years 1698, his health ed by the grace of his person, the fenfibly declining, he left public bufineness of his breeding, and the finess to those who more delighted knowledge and practice of what was in it, and appeared only fomnctimes decent and magnificent. It appears at council, to thew his respect to the by the history of England, that he commillion which he bore; for ho had the honour to stand godfather had already talte all the comfort with King William to a son of the that court favour could bestow. He Prince and Princess of Denmark, had been high in office, respected born at Hampton Court the 24th of by tis fovereign, and the idol of the July 1689, and christened the 27th, people; but now, when the evening of by the name of William ; whom his his life approached, he began to
look upon such enjoyments with less poem to Mr. Edward Howard, veneration, and thought proper to
on his incomprehensible poem cal. dedicate some of his last hours to led the British Princes, in which quiet and meditation. Being oblig: his Lordship is very satirical upon ed to go to Bath for the recovery of that author. his health, he there ended his life, on Verics to Sir Thomas St. Serfe, the 29th of Jan. 1705-6, and was on his printing his play called Taburied at Witham on the 17th of Fe- ringo's Wiles, 1668. bruary following.
An epilogue co Moliere's Tartuf. Lord Dorset was a great patron An cpilogue on the revival of Ben of men of letters and inerit: Dr. Johnfon's play, called Every Man Sprat, Bishop of Rocheller, celebrat- in his Humour. ed for his polite writings, appealed A long writ at sea in the time of to him when under a cloud for the the Dutch war 1665, the night be. part he acted in the reign of King fore an engagement. James, and by his Lord hip's interet Verses addressed to the Counters preserved himself. To him Mr. of Dorchester. Dryden dedicated his translation of A satirical piece, entitled, A faithJuvenal, in which he is very lavithful Catalogue of our most eminent in his Lord fhip's praise, and ex- Ninnies, written in the year 1683. presses his gratitude for the bounty
And several songs. he had experienced from himn.
From these ipecimens Lord Dorset Mr. Prior (among others, who has given us of his poetical talents, has owed their rise and fortune to my we are inclined to with that affairs Lord Dorset) makes this public ac- of higher confequence had permitknowledgement, that he scarce knew ted him to have dedicated more time what life was sooner than he found to the muses. Though some critics himself obliged to his favour, or had may alledge, that what he has given reason to feel any forrow so sensible the public, is rather pretty than as that of his death. Mr. Prior then great; and that a few pieces of a proceeds to enumerate the valuable light nature, do not entitie him to life of his patron, in which the the character of a first rate poet: yet warmth of his gratitude appears in the when we consider, that notwithstand. molt elegant pangyric. I cannoting they 'vere merely the amuseimagine chat Mr. Prior, with respect ments of his leisure hours, and most. to his Lordfip's morals, has in the ly the productions of his youth, they jeaft violated, for he has shewn the contain marks of a genius, and as picture in various lights, and has such he is celebrated by Dryden, hinted at his patron's errors, as well Prior, Congreve,' and Pope. ai his virtues. Among his errors,
Dorset, the grace of courts, the muses pride, was that of indulging pallion, which
Patron of arts, and judge of nature, dy'd, carried liim into transports, of which The icourge of pride, of sanctity, ef hate, he was a hamed; and during these Of isps in learning, and of knaves in state; little exceses, says he, I have known Yee soft his nature, tho' levere his lay,
His anger moral, and his wisdom gay ; his fervants get into his way, that
Rier fatvrist, who touch'd the mean so true, they might nake a merit of it
As rew'd vicc had his hur and pity too ; immediately after, for he who had Bleft courtier, who could King and county ihe good fortune to be chid, was sure please, of ceing rewarded for it.
Yet sacred keep his friendship and his eale ; His Lord'hip's poetical works have Refréting and retected in his rare,
Bielt peer, his great foretathers, every grace been published among the minor Where other Buckhursts other Dorlots shine, peets, 1749, and confiit chiefly of a And patrioia flile, or poets deck the line.
OBJECTIONS against the Stage confidered.
TH 'HE objections against the stage ticulars in support of this argument,
from reason may be reckoned since the stage is, like majesty, the Cour. r.
fountain of honour. 1. That it encourages pride.
To the second objection, that the 2. That it encourages revenge.
Aage encourages revenge, we presume 3. That it exposes the nobles and to answer that the ftage keeps a man gentry.
from revenging little injuries, by 4. Thacit ridicules the clergy. raising his mind above them; and in
If all or any one of these obje&tions the next place, if it sometimes exhiwere true, ihe theatres had long bits characters revenging intolerable fince been suppressed by every state injuries, or punishing enormous and policy ; but as the stage has crimes, yet at the same time by such been supported by every wise go- a display it deters men from comvernment, the objections feem to mitting such crimes, and conseranish before the superior authority quently from giving provocation of political inftitution.
for such revenge ; fo that in this The two firit objections are too ge- light we may let one against the neral to be true, and the two last are other. Cicero, in his oration for 130 partial, too particular to be valid. Milo, affirms that Milo had served We ihall however consider them suc- the commonwealth, by removing cinctly; and, first, that the stage en- Such a nurance as Clodius. Such courages pride; a quality that, if traitors as Cataline and others true, would indispose men for obe- should for the publick safety be recience or civil society. Now the moved. Servilius Ahala served the frage is fo far from pride in the sub. commonwealth by removing Spujećt, or tyranny and ambition in the rius Melius. And Scipio Naica prince, that the theatre on the con- saved it from utter ruin by the death trary has ever been employed to of Tiberius Gracchus. But as there deter men from it, by punihing the may be considered as fingular incitraitor, or humbling the great ones dents, the stage seldom dictates, if of the earth. This we see from fe- at all, the spirit of low revenge; and veral of our own tragediei, as in a when it displays such a quality, it tyrant, Richard, a baughty Wolley. generally exhibits it in low minds And it by pride is meant vanity, or or unworthy characters, by no means affectation, the child of vanity, it is recommending it as a worthy palthe business of Comedy to ridicule it fion: on the other hand, many characin the fops or the fools. But if by ters are discovered as victims to the pride is meant, a well regulated passion of revenge, and falling in the pride, such as greatness of mind, act of thirfing after it, as in lago called honour, we shall concede the in the tragedy of Othello, and point, and allow that the fage Zanga in that of the Revenge. above all things stirs up in the heart To the third objection, that the that sort of pride, commonly called stage exposes the nobility, or genhonour, by demeaning every thing try, we concede that it does, that is mean and low, and by ip - when they deserve it, and this only piaoding what is in itself truly under feigned characters. If the no. great and nobie, thus providing for bles degrade their nobility by vice or the happiness of individuals and the folly, Comedy is ready, like all satyr, prosperity of the publick.
to lash them; and why should they, We think it needless to quote par- or any set of men, be exempted from
being exposed on the stage, more than and both nobles and clergy will not off the stage, by the press? If no. justify any vice or folly committed, bles will tell their country for pen- which may degrade the office or fions, places, or lucrative views, fatyr dignity of either; and whileClamont, has it's use, the motto of which is, in the Orphan, exposes some vices, pungit, sed Janat, it pricks, but it or follies peculiar to bad clergymen, heals, and this answer may serve to he finds the chaplain a worthy honcit the fourth objection. Avarice, in- man in the end, by a large display temperance, or enthusiasm, can never of several good qualities which every be applauded in any fet of men, domestic chaplain should be much less in the clergy, who should dued with. be as good examples to the laity,
A DIALOGUE between a GENTLEMAN and his Doc.
Mafiler. HAT! thoughtful fir- 0. From public spirit, maler ; a
rah! you do not pre- disease common to all the barbers, tend to low spirits fure?
taylors, &c. in Great Britain. Othello. A little, Sir, at present. M. Indeed! It is impossible to think of this dam- 0. Indeed; for as to my private ned world without growing melan- circumítances, your bounty and alcholy.
fection make me as happy as any of M. And, pray, what quarrel my kind ; and you will believe me, have you with the world, Mr. O. when I tell you, my heart overflows thello? I can allow a philosopher, with love and gratitude to my be: or a religious man, to complain of it, nefactor. because I then conclude the world 11. I know it; proceed. has been unfavourable to his interest 0. I am mortifed, Sir, when I or ambition.
think what my fpecies fuffers from 0. Will you give me leave to the injustice of mankind. As if it speak freely, mafter, and not be an.
were not enough to be despised and gry with me?
kicked about by every unfeeling M. Do, my little fellow : I will blockhead, glorying in the dignity not be angry.
of human nature ; to be hanged by 0. Then my opinion is, that man. the neck in our old age by those unkind has no right to complain of the gra:eful wretches we had served world. If the world is bad, consider, through life with care and fidelity; dear Sir, who makes it so ?
to be cut up alive by the damned M. Hum! There may be some- merciless doctors in the bloom of thing in that infinuation.
youth : as if all these, I say, were 0. I wonder you never complain not enough, we are every day loadof the world like others ; you are ed with a thousand unmerited re. not much indebted to its bounty. proaches, and the imputation of
M. True ; but why should I com- vices of which we are entirely ig. plain? I cannot boast of having done any thing to merit the world's fa- M. I do not understand you.
0. Have you never observed that 0. Ha, ha, ha! Excuse me, Sir, when one would express an extraoryou are a very fingular man. dinary degree of baseness with the
M. Well; but will you be pleased greatest energy, he compliments his to inform me whence your melan- neighbours with the names of worthcholy arises
less dog, fad dog, wicked dog, &c.