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and other wild animals) causing an effluvium which must undoubtedly greatly contribute to spread the contagion.

We are however filled with thankfulness to the Lord that now the dark cloud, which for six weeks hung over us and our neighboring islands, is beginning gradually to disperse.

Above all we pray that this severe Providential dispensation may work upon the hearts of our beloved people as a schoolmaster, Gal. 3. 24. to bring them unto Christ. The chastenings of the Lord are all from his loving heart to prevent us from being " condemned with the world." 1 Cor. 11. 32. While with one hand he strikes, with the other he upholds.

Tho* rough and thorny be the road,
It leads one home apace to God;
I count my present trials small,
For heaven will make amends for all.

Therefore praise the dear Redeemer's name.

Emmaus, Feb. 13th, 1854. E. P. a. .

from the Unity's Elders' Conference.
Feb. 28th to March 25th, 1854.

1. Feb. 19th, the single br. Richard Voullaire, called to Tobago, was married at Herrnhut, to the single sr. Pauline Just.

2. Br. Wullschaegel informs us, under date of Jan. 3d, of the departure of the widow sr. Marie Hartman, m. n. Lobach. In the expectation of the speedy arrival of br. and sr. Bauch to take charge of the free negro congregation at Bambey, she had removed to the negro village of Conycamp, where she shortly after fell sick, and had no proper medical attention. It was a month before the missionaries in Paramaribo heard of her situation, when they had her removed to town, where she departed very gently, Dec 30th, at the age of 65 years. She was a faithful handmaid of the Lord, and lived for several years alone, under many privations, amongst the free negroes and at Berg en Dal, in order to assist the adults with her advice and to instruct the children.

3. The brn. Pagell and Heyde reached Calcutta safe and well on Nov. 33rd. They were about to proceed up the Ganges, in the prosecution of their journey to the Himalaya mountains and the Mongolian frontier.

4. Br. Tffieger writes from Lake Boga, that, on Sept. 21st they experieced a merciful preservation of their dwelling-houses, which caught fire during a strcng wind, as they were baking. The flames, however, were soon quenched by the Lord's help.

5. Br. Amadeus Lewis Roll, single brethren's laborer at Sarepta, has been called to the service of our Livonian diaspora; br. Henry Aug. Zwick, warden of the congregation at Koenigsfeld, to the same office in Niesky; and br. J. W. G. Muller, manager of the congregation shop at Neuwied, to fill up the vacancy thus occasioned. Br. H. Eug. Erxleben, of Gnadenfrey, has been called to the office of warden of the single brethren there.

6. Departed this life:—

Herrnhut, Jan. 30th, the single br. C. F. Geisler, who has for many years been engaged in the compilation of the congregation accounts, in his 75th year. He has been succeeded by br. Othmar Gemuseus, teacher of the day school at Herrnhut.

Feb. 14th, of apoplexy, in his 69th year, the married hr. J. W. Verbeek, who has served in various offices in several congregations.

Niesky, Feb. 3, the married br. J. Nicholas von Dalman, formerly warden in several congregations, in his 80th year.

Zeyst, Feb. 8th, sr. Dor. Reb. Crceger, widow of the late br. Crceger, laborer in several congregations, at the age of 75.

Ockbrook, March 4lth, the widow sr. Elisabeth Smith, aged 84 years, who has formerly served in this and other congregations.

Gracehill, March 7th, the single sr. Elisabeth Brownlee, on the 89th anniversary of her birthday, formerly choir laboress in different congregations.

{Herein do I exercise myself, to have always a good conscience, void of offence toward God and toward men. Acts 24, 16.)

A good conscience is a continual feast—a perfect melody—a paradise of contentment within oneself—a thousand witnesses—a sweet companion— a cordial friend—a bed of down—secure armour—an impregnable fortress— a tower of defence—the centre of security—the rock of bliss—the soul in embraces—the heart of life—a sweet singing bird in one's bosom, crowning all the harsher notes of outward discord—a temple, wherein retired a man may adore the eternal God undisturbedly—the amazements and confusion of the world—an enchanted bower, surrounded always with the charms of love, and securing the soul from foreign tyranny—a Cornu copiae—Elisha's salt and Elisha's meal—an eye from whence the bean and the mote are removed, so that God and- his. works may clearly be seen. It is the smile of heaven, and the face of God shining in the soul.

Subscriptions received for the " Miscellany."

Salem— Miss■ J. Peterson. 1854.
Philadelphia,—Dr, Demme, Alexander Leimer. 1854.
Cincinnati.-—Mrs David. 1854.
Sharon.—Jon. Roniig. '54 and '55.

Nazareth.—Revd. William Ebennan, Andrew 6. Kern, B. P.
Wqlle, Coih. Sehseman. 1854. Rev. Edw. Rondthaler, $2. '&.

James Henry, 1854. Betfrlelwm.—John Warner■ 1854. C. L. Thacler, '53,'54,'55. Rev.

M- Hauser, '53 and '54.

Troy,—S. W. Pairiei, 1853.

todk Bloomfeid, (hi, co., &. f.—J. A. Kellb'ms, 1854.

Donations towards Foreign Missions. Froni Mr. J. W. Stephens. . 't-- t 2 85

From' an aged brother of the York congregation through Rev. A. Rondthaler. 10 —

Donations towards Home Missiom.

m a friend in Rethlehem per br. Rau. - 810 —

im an Aged brother in York per br. Rondthaler. 5 —

From a brother in Philadelphia per br. Seidel. 10 —■

Contribution from Nazareth Aux. Society. 21 09 MEMOIRS

of our late Brother ABRAHAM LoCKENBACH, who labored for about 43 years as a missionary among the American Indians, and departed at Bethlehem, Penna., March Sth, 1854., aged 76 years, 10 months and 3 days.

We hasten to lay before the readers of the " Miscellany" some choice extracts from the autobiography of our late brother Abraham Ltjckehbach. But for want of room, we should have inserted his narrative entire. As it is, we shall have to content ourselves, with presenting only the leading features of his long, eventful and useful life, with an occasional spice of a thrilling narrative, as written by himself and translated from the German original.

He was born in the township of Upper Saucona, Lehigh county, Pa., on the 5th of May, 1777. His parents, who were of the Mennonite persuasion, having begun to associate with the Brethren at Emmaus, had their son Abraham, together with his elder brother, baptized on the 19th of January, 1779 by the pastor of that congregation, br. Francis Boehler, and subsequently taking charge of a farm near Bethlehem, they became members in full communion with the Brethren's congregation of that place.—His mother having departed this life in the spring of 1781, his father, who was now left alone with a large family of uneducated children, was compelled to enter a third time into the matrimonial connexion; he found a wife in the sister Elisabeth Partch of Bethlehem, who being a truly pious and conscientious woman, labored with all her might to instil into little Abraham's mind, early in life, the true principles of vital godliness. These efforts were crowned with the divine blessing, inasmuch as he not only delighted to learn hymns and scripture texts, and to frequent all those meetings which were especially appointed for children, but also kept up a private childlike intercourse with an unseen Savior, by prayer.—In the spring of 1786 he removed with his parents to Hope in New Jersey, where they took charge of a farm. Here the public and private admonitions of the pastor of the church, br. Bernhard A. Grube, to make an unreserved surrender of his heart to the Lord, and to enter into an especial covenant with him, led him to retire to a secluded spot, and there in childlike simplicity, to crave the forgiveness of his sins; from which prayer he arose, greatly comforted, although not without some secret selfcongratulation, at having now secured the favor of God, by his prompt observance of the duties enjoined upon him.

January 16th, 1790, he was admitted to the Lord's table, after having been confirmed by the pastor, br. Lewis Boehler, whose searching sermons, tended to create in his mind an increasing desire to lead a life wellpleasing unto God. His efforts to do so, led him gradually to a more full discovery of the innate depravity of his heart, which at times overwhelmed him with fear and anguish, to that degree, that he resolved to abstain from communing at the Lord's table, until he should have attained to that degree of holiness, which he supposed others, who were worthy communicant members had already attained. However the good Spirit of God, in leading him into all truth, induced htm, in spite of his resolution, to attend the heavenly feast each time, although with great distrust of his own fitness for that sacred ordinance.


In January 1792 he was sent by his parents to Bethlehem, where he learned the trade of a cabinetmaker, and there it was, while sitting under the powerful preaching of br. J. A. Klingsohr, that he became more than ever convinced, " that no man occupies a higher station on earth, than he whose heart being regenerated by the grace of God, continues to follow the Savior undeviatingly, in childlike simplicity and humility." Being naturally of a sceptical turn of mind, and anxious to comprehend the deep things of God by dint of his unaided reason, and yet too timid to apply to his spiritual guides for a solution of his doubts, he spent many an unhappy hour in vainly endeavoring to account for things in scripture, which he could not reconcile with the demands of his reason, or in laboring to banish the vile intruding doubts from his mind. By degrees however, he learnt to realize this truth, "that faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and his word, is the gift of Divine grace, and that no man can by his own reason or strength believe on him, or come unto him;" and moreover, "that the Savior cannot save us from our sins, until we utterly despair of saving ourselves, and give Him alone the glory of our salvation."—

In the autumn of 1797, being then twenty years of age, he went to Nazareth, in hopes of establishing himself there as a cabinetmaker; but meeting with some difficulties at the outset, he accepted of the offer which was made to him, to become a teacher in the boy's academy at Nazareth Hall, where he not only entered with spirit into the duties of his new calling, in humble dependence on the Divine aid, but also diligently improved his Icizure hours in acquiring such scientific knowledge, as he felt he needed to qualify himself to labor more effectually in the service of the Lord. Having applied himself so closely, day and night, to his studies, that his health began to suffer, he followed the advice of his principal, br. Charles G. Reichel, and other friends, to relax somewhat in his efforts and go more into company, whereby his mind and constitution soon recovered their former tone and buoyancy. The reading of some of Count Zinzendorf's works, led him to a closer examination of the motives and propensities of his heart, when, in spite of all his most strenuous efforts to regulate his conduct by the observance of the spiritual requisitions of the Divine law, he found he lacked the power, and made the painful discovery in his own experience "that the carnal mind is enmity against God." The good Spirit of God however did not suffer him to sink into a state of utter despondency, but enabled him from time to time, to draw rich consolation from the sufferings and death of Jesus, and more especially from meditating on that verse:

"Whene'er I mourn, and humbly turn,

For comfort to my Jeeue,
I have never failing proofs,

That he's near and gracious."

"I now," he remarks in his narrative, "became more than ever sensible, that I was under the highest obligations, to surrender my whole life to Him, who had surrendered his own for me; that at any rate 1 could not hope to find any rest for my poor, half famished soul, in the vain and perishable things of this world; and that all who had secured most of this world's possessions must eventually encounter the greatest disappointment. I therefore renounced all high thoughts and plans of future aggrandizement, learned to be content with my lot, and to rejoice in God my Savior, despite of all my ailments and imperfections."

In September 1800, he accordingly, after a painful and prayerful conflict in his mind, accepted the call to accompany br. and sr. John P. Kluge into the Indian country, as an assistant missionary. After having been ordained a deacon of the Brethren's church, by bishop Kohler, who was then visiting Bethlehem on his way to to Europe, he set out with br. Kluge on their journey to Goshen on the Muskingum, where they safely arrived, on the 19th of November, after a journey of four weeks' duration. Here they spent the winter with the missionary couples, David Zeisberger and Benj. Mortimer and the small flock of about fifty Indian converts.

Our late brother employed his time in efforts to acquire a knowledge of the Delaware Indian language, by copying Grammar and hymns composed m that tongue, by the veteran missionary, D. Zeisberger, now in his 80th year, and profiting by his intercourse and conversation with this devoted and experienced servant of God.

Having received an invitation from some Indian chiefs, residing at Woapicamikunk, at the White River, (Indiana) to come and preach the gospel to them, our missionaries left Goshen on the 23d of March, and after an exceedingly tedious and perilous journey of 600 miles, partly by water down the Ohio, up the great Miami and the White Water Creek, and partly through dense forests by land, they finally reached their place of destination, at the end of nine weeks. While on this journey, br. Luckenbach was at one time sent on in advance to an Indian village, to endeavor to secure the loan of a number of packhorses, to transport their goods by land, from a certain spot, where they had left them. Of this excursion, in company with a savage Indian, named Wangomind, he has given the following interesting account:

"Being but lightly clad, and the blanket containing my provisions, suspended by straps, like a knapsack from my shoulders, I followed my guide with rapid strides. Carrying his gun on his shoulder, with a string of dried venison dangling therefrom, and his knife and tomahawk at his side, he looked very pleasantly on me, did all that lay in his power to render himself agreeable to me, and appeared to value himself highly on the confidence I placed in him as my guide. Supposing that I wished to reach the place of our destination as quickly as possible, he ran along the Indian trail without stopping, passing kneedeep through all the bogs and ponds that he came across, which, owing to the late heavy rains, were all filled with water. At first I looked out for fallen trees, or other means to cross over them dryshod, but having several times lost sight of him, and being scarcely able to keep up with him, I grew wise by experience, and followed him, without regard to myself or my clothes, straight through mud and water; aud he was highly rejoiced to find, that I could now keep up with him, and had already profited so much by his example. Not being able to converse with me, and having a mind to stop, he pointed with his finger to the sun, to signify that the dinner hour had arrived. He then cut off several slices of his dried venison, and very kindly offered me one of them, which, of course, I did not refuse. I then presented a piece of my bread to him, which he accepted with loud applause, and so, after smoking a ptpe together, we proceeded on our journey, which resulted in our obtaining the packhorses which we required."

A spot was now pointed out to the missionaries, about twenty miles from Woapicamikunk, lower down the White River, upon which, by permission of the Indian chiefs, they might locate themselves. They commenced building, in the first instance, only a summer hut, made of the barks of trees, on a rising ground, and by the beginning of November, succeeded in finishing a log cabin of 16 ft. square, for the winter, in the building of which their two Indian brethren, (who had accompanied them with their families,) viz: Joshua, their interpreter, and Thomas, had materially assisted them. This aged interpreter, who had acquired the German language in his youth at Bethlehem, and could read the German version of the scriptures, proved a great help to them in their attempts at learning the Delaware language, more especially as he wrote a tolerably fair hand.

Their supplies of flour and Indian corn they had to procure at a distance

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