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A Monthly Periodical in the German language, containing things both old and new in reference to the Brethren's Church, and to her mission! in particular, and published by Levin T. JReichel of Litiz, may be obtained in all the congregations of the Brethren.
Terms. ONE DOLLAR A YEAR, payable in advance.
(ttr Subscriptions and payments for the "Brueder-Blatt' received by Revd. C. F. Seidel, Bethlehem,—Revd. J. U. Guenther, New York, and P. H. Gapp, Philadelphia.
NO. XII. DECEMBER, 1854. VOL.. V,
Extract from the Journal of Br. J. C. Breutel.
The following additional particulars, relative to Clarkson, may not be altogether unacceptable :—
Many Fingoos,—indeed I may say the young people generally —understand the Dutch language, and their children are all instructed in it. The Fingoo dialect of the Caffre, which will ere long become quite extinct in the Zitzikamma district, is soft and euphonious. The three different clicks, which they make with their tongues, can only be distinguished when you pay particular attention, and are quite close to the speaker. The structure of the language is more perfect than might be supposed: thus, for instance, they have twelve different modes of expressipg the definite article.
On the forenoon of the 17th of December, I conferred with br. Kuester about the temporal and spiritual affairs of this mission. A number of Fingoos came from a distance. They requested that a schoolmaster might be sent to them. In the afternoon, we walked into the Koksbosch, the wood which belongs to the station, and is very useful. It consists of fustick, iron, and assagai-wood timber. The large fern, Homitelia, struck me particularly. Its fan-like leaves are about nine feet in length.
On the 18th, the church was quite filled. The Fingoos were all well dressed. The men wore white or striped trowsers and vests, and blue cloth coats, resembling those worn by our peasants in Germany. The female costume likewise resembled that of our peasant women. After the sermon, a number of Fingoo men accosted us. They had come from a distance, in order to hear the word of God. There were two heathen among them, whose only dress consisted in a large quilt, which forms the transition from the dress of the Caffres to that of Europeans. About 120 met in and around the church for the Sunday-schoool. The younger people generally instructed the aged in reading. It was a touching tight, to behold the old men and women, with their spectacles on, learning to spell. They evidently found it to be no easy task, but they nevertheless persevered, following the letters with a small piece of wood. One old man, behind whom I was standing, lost the line continually, and I had repeatedly to help him to recover his place. Many had to lie upon the grass, for want of a sufficient number of benches. We afterwards visited in the huts and houses. The latter are neat, built of unburnt brick, whitewashed inside, and some even painted. I was more astonished with the huts of the Fingoos, which resemble a bee-hive. The entrance is just large enough to admit you, on stooping very low. The floor is composed of beaten clay, which is likewise used in the missionhouse. In the middle is the fire-place. The ceiling is covered with a shining soot, which sparkles and glitters. The reeds out of which the basket-work is made, are held together by a network frame, like the netted covering of a ball. Another quite similarly constructed bee-hive serves as a store-house. Everything is so neat and clean, that you feel quite comfortable in the dwelling. The sanctifying power of the gospel is certainly visible in the houses of the Fingoos who live here. The inhabitants welcomed us most heartily, and expressed their thanks for the permission of our Government to locate themselves on the Zitzikamma, and for the teachers who had been sent to shew them the way of life. One old couple related in a very lively manner the trials which they had experienced in the Caffre territory. All their children, except one son, John Zwelibanzi, who is now school-master, had been taken from them by the Caffres, cut in pieces, and eaten in the
feneral famine. (Such was the poor man's fearful statement!) he Fingoos are peaceful, gentle, very cleanly, orderly and frugal. I felt truly thankful to the Lord for his work of grace in the hearts of these people.
On the 20th, we drove to a Fingoo Kraal, about two hours distance. The inhabitants have built a hut of unburnt bricks, which serves as a church and a school. The door and two windows admit the necessary light. The table consists of a few boards nailed upon some stakes, driven into the ground. A box, in which are a violin and some school-books, forms the seat of the schoolmaster. Some blocks, with beams laid upon them, serve as benches for the children. Poor, indeed, as the outward appearance of this school might seem, I do not think, that I ever left any school with a more satisfied feeling. Everything was in good order. The children, to the number of about thirty, sat around the walls, and were very attentive. A portion of them were able to read very well. They seemed to be properly instructed in Bible-history, writing, and arithmetic, I was surprised to perceive their proficiency in numeration, They write upon slates, but so well, that paper must How be procured for them. This school was first established at the commencement of the present year. The schoolmaster, John Zwelibanzi, was educated in the Training-School at Genadendal, and is making his first essay in this place. The Spirit of God has
|>reter at Clarkson, goes to this place every Wednesday evening, and holds service there. On Sundays, they come to church at Clarkson.
On the 22nd, we visited another Fingoo kraal, several miles distant, where br. Kuester preaches every fortnight. Men, women, and children were assembled before the kraal, in order to welcome ws: a truly interesting group, presenting all the different grades of civilisation in their apparel, from the kaross of the CafFre to the clothing of the European. After br. Kuester had addressed them in their own language, both br. Koelbing and myself spoke through the medium of an interpreter. Such moments are never to be forgotten. I could not but wish that our brethren at home could have been able to cast a look into this Fingoo church built of mud, with its Fingoo congregation seated on the floor, eagerly listening to the words of life. A number of the men afterwards came and Pegged that a schoolmaster might be sent to them.
The 24th, after a long but very satisfactory conference in the forenoon, I walked with br. Schaerf to a neighboring waterfall. The groups of rocks are very imposing. One spot was quite blue, being covered with the Agapanlhus umhellatus, one of the ornaments of European green-houses.
It could not but seem strange to us, to celebrate the Christmasseason in the midst of flowers, accustomed as we are in our fatherland to see nature in her winter garments.
After the sermon on Christmas-day, we visited the people io their dwellings. One Fingoo woman spoke with such vivacity, that br. Kuester had great difficulty in understanding her. She desired that I should tell them at home, what wretched beings the Fingoos had been, and how thankful they were for the teachers who had been sent to them to teach them the word of God.
In another hut, there was living the former wife of a believing Fingoo. At the time of his conversion, he had had this woman to wife, as well as another old and feeble person. Since however he .perceived by the clearer light which dawned upon him, that he was only justified in having one wife, he dismissed the younger of the two, but continues to provide for her. The heathen Fingoos have several wives, if they are able to support them. Each wife receives a hut, field, and cattle as her own property from her hus.band, who cultivates her garden, and cares for her children. We were happy to perceive the good results of the school. In many houses, the New Testament is read both morning and evening. In ,one family we met with a young man, Peter Mari«a, engaged in copying music- His brother Paul is in the Training Institution at Genadendal.
On the 26th, we took leaf e of the Mission-family and the congregation at a solemn service; and on the 27th, we set out on our further journey, travelling for the greater part of the day through wild, uncultivated country. On the following day, we were most unpleasantly delayed after a drive of a feW hours, by not being able to cross the Chamtoos river. We had therefore to exercise patience, and encamped there for the night.
29th. Our text for to-day seemed particularly applicable to us: "Ye have need of patience." After a considerable delay we managed to cross on a ferry-boat, although not without some difficulty, especially for our oxen. This ferry is the property of a private individual, who can therefore treat travellers as he likes. A great advantage of this country is the security in which one lives. Nothing is ever put under lock and key, since full reliance may be placed on the honesty of the inhabitants.
On the 30th, our road lay across a mountain chain, about the height of the Giant's Mountains, to which they bore in other respects a great resemblance. Having crossed it, we found the country assume a different character, presenting a much more arid appearance. On arriving at Uitenhage, we called upon the Civil Commissioner, who received us very kindly, observing, that he esteemed and liked the Moravian missions, and would willingly do all that lay in his power to serve them.
On the 31st, the brn. Lehman and Klinghardt came from Enori to meet us. The nearer we approached Enon, the more arid was the country. It lies surrounded by high hills, and the heat is very oppressive.
1st January.—Visited the people in their own dwellings, which are inferior to those at our other stations. The repeated Caffre wars, the often recurring drought, and want of employment for the inhabitants in the vicinity, prove drawbacks to the outward prosperity of the place. In the last war, 1100 head of cattle were lost, so that they are how unable to till the land properly. It is a blessing to the people, that our brethren engage both in agricultural and mechanical pursuits, thereby setting them a good example. If left to themselves, they would soon relapse into their former condition; not that they are devoid of ability, but their natural sloth and carelessness would reduce the land to a wilderness.
On the 7th, I walked with br. Lehman to the kloof in which are the gardens the Hottentots have laid out, and which yield a large crop of millet and beans. These gardens are irrigated by the water-course which br. Fritsch constructed. I told a Hotten