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the same according to our vocation and power, all the dayes of our lyves; under the pains conteined in the law, and danger baith of bodie and saul in the day of Godis fearfull Judgment.

And 6eing that monie ar stiiTed up be Sathan, and that Roman Antichrist, to promise, sweare, subscry ve, and for a tyme use the holie sacraments in the Kirk deceitfnllie, againis their awne conscience, minding heirby, first under the external cloko of Religion, to corrupt and subvert secretlie Godis trew Religion within the Kirk; and afterward, when tyme may serve, to become open enemies and persecuters of the same, under vain houpe of the Papis dispensation, devysed againis the Word of God, to his greater confusion, and their double condemnation in the day of the Lord Jesus: "We theirfoir, willing to take away all suspicion of hypocrisie, and of sic double dealing with God and his Kirk, protest, and call the Searcher Of All Heartis for witness, that our mindis and heartis do fullilie agree with this our Confession, promeis, aith, and subscription: sa that we ar not movit with ony warldlie respect, but ar perswadit onlie in our conscience,

jurantes, nos in ecclesia: hujus d/jctrina et disciplina constanter perseveraturos, etpro cujusque vocatione ac viribus ad extremum spiritum defensuros; sub poena omnium in lege maledictionuni, wternique cum animm turn corporis cxitii pericuk in tremendo illo Dei judicio.

Quumque sciamus non paucos, a Satana et antichristo Romano subornatos, promissionibus, stibscriptionibus et juramentis se obstringere, et in ustt sacramentorum cum ecclesia orthodoxa ad tempus subdole contra conscientiam communicate; versute constituentes, obtento interim religionis veh, in ecclesia verum Dei cultum adulterarc ei clanculum ac per cuniculos lobefactare; tandem per occasumem apertis inimicitiis oppugnare, vana spe proposita venite daneUe. a pontifice Romano, cujus rei potestatem contra veritatem divinam sibi arrogat, ipsi perniciosam, cjusque asseclis multo magis exitiosam: Nos igitur ut simulationis erga Dam cjusque ecclesiam et insinceri animi sttspicionem omnem anioliamtr, CORDIUM OMNIUM ISSPECTOREM testamur, kmc nostrm confessioni, promissioni, juramento et subscriptioni nww nostros usqttequaque respondere: nulloque rerum terrestrium momento, sed indubia et certa notitia, through the knawledge and love of Godis trew Religion prented in our heartis be the Holie Spreit, as we sal answer to him in the day when the secreits of heartis sal be disclosed.

And because we perceave that the qnyetness and stabilitie of our Religion and Kirk doth depend upon the safety and good behaviour of the Kingis Majestie, as upon aue comfortable instrument, of Godis mercie granted to this countrey, for the meinteining of his Kirk and ministration of justice amongs us; We protest and promeis solemnetlie with our heartis, under the same aith, hand-wreit, and paines, that we sail defend his personue and anthoritie with our geare, bodies, and ly ves, in the defence of Chrietis Evangell, libertie of our countrey, ministration of justice, and punishment of iniquitie, againis all enemies, within this realme or without, as we desire Our God to be a strong and mercifnil defendar to us in the day of our death, and coming of Oce Lord JESUS CHRIST; To whom, with the Father and the Holie Spreit, be all honour and glorie eternallie. Amen.

ex amore veritatis divinaz per Spiritum Sanctum in cordibus nostris inscriptce, ad earn nos inductos esse; ita DEU3I propitium habeamus eo die quo cordium omnium arcana palam fient.

Cum vero nobis constct, per eximiam Dei gratiam huic regno prafectum esse regem nostrum serenissimum, ad eccksiam in eo conservandam et justitiam nobis administrandam; cujtis incolumitate et bono exemplo, secundum Deumj religionis et cedesia; tranquillitas et securitas nitatur: sancte, ex animo, eodetn adacti Sacramento, eademque pama proposita pollicemur, et consignatis cliirographis promittimus, sacratissimi regis nostri incolumitatem et autoritatem in beato Christi evangelio defendendo, in libertate patriot asserenda, in justitia administranda, in imprdbis puniendis, adversus hastes quoscunquc internos sive extrmos, quovis etiam honorum ct vitce discriminc, nos constanter propugnaturos. Ita DEUM NOSTRUM OPTIMUM MAXIMUM potentem et propitium conservatorcm ha~ beamus in mortis articuh, ct adventu DOMINI NOSTRI JESU CHRISTI, cui cum Patrc ct Spiritu Sancto, sit omnis honos et gloria in mternum. Amen.

AETICULI XXXIX. ECCLESI^E ANGLICANS. A.D. 1562.

The Thiett-nine Articles Of Religion Of The Chuech Of England,

Published A. D. 1671,

Together with the Revision of the Same, as set forth by the

PEOTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHUECH IN THE UNITED 8TATE8 OF AMEEICA,

A.D. 1801.

[1. The Latin text of the Elizabethan Articles, adopted in 1662, is a reprint of the editio princeps of Reginald Wolfe, royal printer, London, 1503, Issued by express authority of the Queen, and reproduced by Charles Hardwick, in his History of the Articles of Religion, new edition, Cambridge, 1S59, pp-SH sijq. (Hardwick gives also, in four parallel columns, the English edition of 16T1, and the Forty-two Articles of 1553, Latin and English, with the textual variations of the Parker MS. of 1571, and other printed editions.)

2. The English text is reprinted, with the old spelling, from the authorized London edition of John Cawood, 1571, ns found in Hardwick, 1. c.

The question of tlic comparative authority of the Latin and English texts is answered by Burnet, Waterlaud, and Hardwick, to the effect that both are equally authentic, but that in doubtful cases the Latin must determine the sense. The Articles were passed, recorded, and ratified in the year I5*S (1563), in Latin only; but these Latin Articles were revised and translated by the Convocation oflo71, and both the Latin and English texts, adjusted as nearly as possible, were published in the same year by the royal authority. Subscription was hereafter required to the English Articles, called the Articles of 1502, by the fariions Act of the XIII. of Elizabeth. See Hardwick, 1. c p. 159.

8. The American Revision of the Articles, as adopted by the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, held in Trenton, New Jersey, Sept. 12,1801, is takeu from the standard American cdiliou of The Book of Common Prayer (published by the Harpers, New York, 1S44, and by the New York Bible and Common Prayer-Book Society, 1S73, pp. 512 sqq.). It has l>eet] compared with the Journal of the Convention, edited by Dr. W. Stevens Perky, in Journals of the General Contention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, 17S5-1S35 (Claremont, N.H., 1S74), Vol. I. pp. 279 sqq.

4. To facilitate the comparison, the words In which the English and American editions differ art printed in italics. The chief differences are the omission of the Athauasian Creed, in Art YDX: the omission of Art. XXI., on the Authority of General Councils; and the entire reconstruction of Art XXXVH., on the Power of the Civil Magistrate.]

The English editions of the Articles are usually preceded by the fallowing Royal Declaration, which is the work of Archbishop Laud (1628):

'Being by God's Ordinance, according to Our just Title, Defender of the Faith, and Supreme Governour o f the Church, irithin these Our Dominions, We hold it most agreeable to this Our Kingly Office, and Our own religious Zeal, to conserve and maintain the Church committed to Our Charge, in the Unity of true Religion, and in the Bond of Peace; and not to suffer unnecessary Disputations, Altercations, or Questions to be raised, which may nourish Faction both in the Church and Commonwealth. We have therefore, upon mature Deliberation, and with the Advice of so many of Our Bishops as might conveniently be called together, thought fit to make this Declaration following:

'That the Articles of the Church of England (which have been allowed and authorized heretofore, and which Our Clergy generally have subscribed unto) do contain the true Doctrine of the Church of England agreeable to God's Word, which We do therefore ratify and confirm, requiring all Our loving Subjects to continue in the uniform Proffession thereof, and prohibiting the least difference from the said Articles; which to that End We command to be new printed,and this Our Declaration to be published therewith.

'That We are Supreme Governour of the Church of England: And that if any Difference arise about the external Policy, concerning the Injunctions, Canons, and other Constitutions whatsoever thereto belonging, the Clergy in their Convocation is to order and settle them, having first obtained leave under Our Broad Seal so to do: and We approving their said Ordinances and Constitutions, providing that hone be made contrary to the Laws and Customs of the Land.

'That out of Our Princely Care that the Churchmen may do the Work which is proper unto them, the Bishops and Clergy, from time to time in Convocation, upon their humble Desire, shall have Licence under Our Broad Seal to deliberate of, and to do all such Things, as, being made plain by thtm, and assented unto by Us, shall concern the settled Continuance or the Doctrine and Discipline nl the Church of England now established; from which We will not endure any varying or departing in the least Degree.

'That for the present, though some differences have been ill raised, yet We take comfort in this, that all Clergymen within Our Realm have always most willingly subscribed to the Articles established; which is an argument to Us, that they all agree in the true, usual, literal meaning of the said Articles; ani that even iu those curious points, in which the present differences lie, men of all sorts take the Articles of the Church of England to be for them; which is an argument again, that none of them intend any desertion of the Articles established.

'That, therefore, in these both curious and unhappy differences, which have for so many hundred years, in different times and places, exercised the Church of Christ, We will, that all further curious search be laid aside, and these disputes shut up in God's promises, as they be generally set forth to us in the holy Scriptures, and the general meaning of the Articles of the Church of England according to them. And that no man hereafter shall either print or preach to draw the Article aside any way, but shall submit to it in the plain and full meaning thereof: and shall not put his own sense or comment to be the meaning of the Article, but shall take it in the literal and grammatical sense.

'That if any publick Header in either of Our Universities, or any Head or Master of a College, or any other person respectively in either of them, shall affix any new sense to any Article, or shall publickly read, determine, or hold any publick Disputation, or suffer any such to be held either way, in either the Universities or Colleges respectively; or if any Divine in the Universities shall preach ot print any thing either way, other than is already established in Convocation with our Uoval Assent, he, or they the Offenders, shall be liable to our displeasure, and the Church's censure iu Our Commission Ecclesiastical, as well as any other: And we will see there shall be due Execution upon them.'

Editio Latina Priscepb, 1563 [1562].

Artieuli, de quibus in Synodo Londinensi anno Domini, i •'/'•' ecclesue Anglicanm eomputationem,M.D.LXII. adtollentiamopinionumdissensUmem, et firtnandurn in nera Rdigione consensum, inter Archiepiscopos Episeoposque utriusque Pronincia, nee non etiam uniutrsum Clerum convenit.

L

Dc Fide in Sacrosanctam
Trinitatem.

Vnts est tiuus et uerus Deus aternut, incorporeus, impartibilis, impassibility immensa potential, sapiential ae bemitatis: creator et conservator omnium turn uMilium turn inuisibilium. Et in Vnitate hnius diuina mtura tres sunt Persona,

Vol in.—11

English Edition,
1571.

Articles whereupon it was

agreed by the Archbish-
oppes and Bishoppcs of
both prouinces and the
whole cleargie, in the
Conuocation holden at
London in the yere of our
Lorde God. 1562. accord-
ing to the computation
of the Churche of En-
glande, for the auoiding
of the diuersities of opin-
ions, and for the stablish-
yng of consent touching
true Religion.

L

Of fayth in the holy Trin-
itie.

There is but one lyuyng
and true God, euerlastyng,
without body, partes, or
pulsions, of infinite power,
wysdome, and goodnesse,
the maker and presenter
of al things both visible
and inuisible. And in
vnitie of this Godhead

American Revision, 1801.

Articles of Religion; as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, in Convention, on the twelfth day of September, in the year of our Lord 1801.

L

Oj Faith in the Holy Trinity.

There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body, parts, or passions; of infinite power, wisdom, and goodness; the Maker, and Preserver of all things both visible and invisible. And in unity of this Godhead there be

Ed. Lat. 1563. eiusdem essentia, potentice, ae mternitatis, Pater, FUius, et Spiritus sanctus.

II.

Verbum Dei uerum hominem esse factum.

Filius, qui est verbum Patris ab aterno d Patre genitus uerus et aternus Bern, ae Patri consubstantialis, in utero Beatm uirginis ex Ulius substantia naturam humanam assumpsit: ita ut dues natures, diuina et humana integri atque perfecU in unitate persona, fuerint inseparabiliter coniunctm: ex quibus est vnus CHRISTVS, vents Deus et verm Homo: qui ueri passus est, cructfixus, inortuus, et sepultus, ut Patrem nobis reconciliaret, essetque [hostia] non tantHm pro culpa originis, uerum etiam pro omnibus aetitalibus hominum peccatis.

III.

De Descensu Cbristi ad Inferos.

Qvemmadmodum Christus pro nobis mortuus est et sepultus, ita est <tinm eredendus ad Inferos descendisse.

English Ed. 1571. there be three persons, of one substaunce, power, and eternitie, the father, the sonne, and the holy ghost.

II.

Of the worde or son ne of Ood which was made very man.

The Sonne, which is the worde of the Father, begotten from euerlastyng of the Father, the very and eternall GOD, of one substaunce with the Father, toke man's nature in the worn be of the blessed Virgin, of her substaunce: so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the Godhead and manhood, were ioyned together in one person, neuer to be diuided, whereof is one Christe, very GOD and very man, who truely suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile his father to vs, and to be a sacrifice, not only for originall gylt, but also for all1 actuall sinnes of men.

III.

Of the goyng downe of Christe into hell.

As Christe dyed for vs, and was buryed: so also it is to be beleued that he went downe into hell.

American Revis. 1801. three Persons, of one substance, power, and eternity: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost

IL

Of the Word or Son of God, which was made ten/ J/nr».

The Son, which is the Word of the Father, begotten from everlasting of the Father, the very ami eternal God, and of one substance with the Father, took Man's nature in the womb of the blessed Virgin, of her substance: so that two whole and perfect Natures, that is to say, the Godhead and Manhood, were joined together in one Person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ, very God, and very Man; who truly suffered, was crucified, dead, and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and to be a sacrifice, not only for original guilt, but also for actual sins of men.

in.

Of the going down of Christ into Hell.

As Christ died for us, and was buried, so also u it to be believed that he went clown into Hell.

1 The omission of laW dates from the year 1630, and the revised text of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, 1647. It appears in the edition of 1628, and is restored in modern English editions. See Hardwick, p. 279.

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