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LUTHER'S SMALL CATECHISM. A.D. 1529.

[The German text Is taken from the third edition, which appeared in Wittenberg, 1581, and waa accurately republished by Dr. Schneider, Berlin, 18S3. The orthography ia modernized, and some words (as Erntet Ilauptstuck, Gcbot) are inserted in parentheses from the later editions. The English translation is more literal than those in nse among the Lutheran churches in America. On Luther's Catechisms, see Vol. I. 5«3,pp.!45sqq.)

Dr. Martin Luther's Enchiridion, or Small Catechism.

Past L

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS,

As they should be clearly and simply explained to every household by the head of the family.

The First Commandment.

Thou shalt have no other gods.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should fear and love God, and trnst in him, above all thing6.

The Second Commandment. Thou shalt not take the name of thy God in vain.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to curse, swear, conjure, lie, or deceive, by his name; but call upon it in every time of need, pray, praise, and give thanks.

The Third Commandment.

Thou shalt keep holy the Sabbath day.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to despise preaching and his

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Word, but deem it holy, and willingly hear and learn it.

The Fourth Commandment. Thou shalt honor thy father and thy mother}

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to despise nor provoke our parents and rulers, bnt honor, 6erve, obey, love, and esteem them.

The Fifth Commandment.
Thou shalt not kill.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to do our neighbor any in^ jury or harm in his body, but help and befriend him in all bodily troubles.

The Sixth Commandment.

Thou shalt not commit adultery.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as to be chaste and pure in our words and deeds, and that husband and wife should love and honor each other.

The Seventh Commandment.

Thou shalt not steal.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to take our neighbor's money

1 In the edition of 1542 the blessing is added: 'That thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.'

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or property, nor get it by false ware or dealing, but help him to improve and protect his property and livelihood.

The Eighth Commandment. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to belie, betray, or slander our neighbor, nor injure his character, but defend him, 6peak well of him, and make the best of all he does.1

The Ninth Commandment. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to try to defraud our neighbor of his inheritance or home, nor obtain it under pretext of a legal right, but aid and assist him to keep it.

The Tenth Commandment. Thou shalt not covet thy neighboil's wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his cattle, nor any thing that is his own.

What does this mean? Answer:

We should so fear and love God as not to detach, extort, or alienate

1 Or, 'Put the most charitable construction on all his actions.'—Edition of the Lutheran Board of Publications, Philadelphia.

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from our neighbor his wife, servants, or cattle, but induce them to stay and do their duty.

What does God say about all these Commandments?

He says this:

/ the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them t/iat hate me, and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments.

What does this mean? Answer: God threatens to punish all who transgress these Commandments: we should, therefore, fear his anger, and do nothing against such Commandments. But he promises grace and every blessing to all who keep them: we should, therefore, love and trust in him, and gladly obey his Commandments.

Part IL

THE CREED,

As it should be clearly and simply explained
to every household by the head of the family.

The First Article.
Of Creation.

I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth. .;

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What does this mean? Answer:

I believe that God has created me and all that exists; that he has given and still preserves to me body and soul, eyes, ears, and all my limbs, my reason and all my senses; and also clothing and shoes, food and drink, house and home, wife aud child, land, cattle, and all my property; that he provides me richly and daily with all the necessaries of life, protects me from all danger, and preserves and guards me against all evil; and all this out of pure paternal, divine goodness and mercy, without any merit or worthiness of mine; for all which I am in duty bound to thank, praise, serve, and obey him. This is most certainly true.

The Second Article.
Of Redemption.

And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary; suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from t/ie dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God t/ie Father Almighty; from thence he shall

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