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THE QUIVER:

DESIGNED FOR THE

DEFENCE AND PROMOTION OF BIBLICAL TRUTH,

AND THE

Advancement of Religion in the Homes of the People.

VOLUME II.

LONDON:
CASSELL, PETTER, AND GALPIN, LA BELLE SAUVAGE YARD,

LUDGATE HILL, E.C.

1862.

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SCRIPTURAL ETHICS.

| will, or in thwarting those who are. Iis pictures are MODERN Secular prophets have discoursed largely upon varied, full of light and shade, with skies o'ercast with the morality of the Bible. We have heard them declaim thunder-cloud, as well as radiant with the brightest against its supposed purity, and denounce its professors sun. The story of God's providential dealings with as the enemies of their kind. According to their teaching, men could not but be varied. It is a chronicle of battles, its precepts are foolish and wicked, and its examples and of fierce resistance, of mingled loss and gain on the Exhibitions of impurity. Infidel fashions change as field of spiritual conflict. We have, therefore, both the strangely as do those of dress, varying betwixt the treachery of traitors and the bravery of heroes, whilst ridiculous and the indecent. It used to be the fashion to before us pass in review the contending hosts. Neverattack the spiritualism of Scripture under cover of ad- theless, we need be at no loss to know who are on the miration for its ethics. The old Deists professed regard Lord's side. To us are revealed both pass-word and for Jesus, even when rejecting his miracles; but their device, enabling us to distinguish the soldiers of Jesus and modern descendants have improved on the scepticism of the banner of the cross. The precepts of the Gospel ther fathers, and boldly attacked both the morality of interpret for us the examples of the history, and afford us Scripture and the character of Christ. The vulgar Secu- a safe guide in the bestowment of our affections, and in larist and the refined Spiritualist agree in this desecrating the approval of our conscience. The ingenuity, however, onslanght. The Atheistic opposers of the Bible join which misrepresents the teaching of the Scripture history hands with its Deistical critics : Pilate and Herod have distorts the meaning of Scripture precept. It would be become friends. The current sceptical philosophy pro- difficult, even for sceptical casuists, to misinterpret the pounds, therefore, as its ultimatum, the belief that teaching of the commandments, or the summary of their

Science is the true Providence of Man," and that meaning as given by Christ. But in the details of the * Jorality is independent of Revelation.” In this dogma Saviour's teaching they profess to find anomalies and the Spiritualist so far relies as to attempt the develop- contradictions which warrant its rejection. In the Sament of a so-called "Religion of the Soul," whose ethics viour's precept, “ Take no thought for the morrow," they shall be peculiarly its own, confessing no obligation to profess to find an' incentive to imprudence, and reject the teachings of the Bible. These sharp-sighted philoso- with scorn the very obvious reply, that if the old English pbers are pleased to detect flaws in the character of Jesus, word “thought" be understood in its ancient meaning of and affect to believe him, at best, but a good-tempered Jew. "anxious care," the precept is not after all so very imHis truthfulness is impugned, and his prudence ques moral, but as wise as it is prudent, when the corroding tioned, whilst the cause of his very perjurers is espoused nature and paralysing character of anxiety are consiby their willing acceptance of the notion that he in dered. Let this stand for an example of these modern reality sought for an earthly kingdom, even when most exceptions to the moral precepts of the New Testament. loudly asserting that "My kingdom is not of this world." But where is morality to be found “independent of It is true that sceptical charity sometimes pretends to revelation ?" In answer to our question we are told of lessen the burden of the accusation by the contemptuous heathen morality, hitherto maligned by Christian apolosupposition that Jesus was a self-deceiver rather than a gists, but now brought to light by sceptical vigilance. It conscious hypocrite.

has, perhaps, escaped these detractors from Christian The morality of Scripture is tested by methods pecu honesty that the writings of these ancient sages have, liar to sceptical interpretation. The worthies of Old for the most part, been put into their hands by the

Testament history are subjected to the acutest critical learned labours of the very men they denounce. Chrisdissection, and their failings paraded in triumph before tian scholars have edited for them the books in which are our eyes, whilst we are asked, in tones of derision, to be fourd those nuggets of wisdom which believers in "Are these your examples ? " We are not allowed to revelation are said so industriously to have prevented ask for proof that Scripture ever speaks of the subjects being brought to light. Who have denied heathen of its histories as perfect models of character, but are at morality? Not Christian historians, surely! It were Once regarded as the patrons of all the wrong deeds of wrong so to do, even if supposed necessary to support patriarchs and kings. It would surely be evident to their case; but no such fancied necessity exists. It is un prejudiced truth-seekers that Scripture contains both not needful to deny the glimmering of the stars, when warnings and examples, narrating its sad stories of vice rejoicing in the beaming of the sun. We give all credit and idolatry, that men may shun the bad and imitate to heathen morality-to Chinese Confucius, to Grecian only the good. Scripture is full of history, and in its Socrates' and Plato, to Roman Seneca, and Hindoo faithful transcript of the lives even of its saints, carries | Menu. We accept their testimonies to the law of right, with it the proof of its own truthfulness in the unflinching and only ask that the critical keenness which exults in portraiture of their follies. It is no mere Romish record the discovery of seeming New Testament inconsistencies,

of the canonised, full of saintly impossibilities, but a will be pleased to discourse honestly to us with respect 'Diving record of the lives of men engaged in doing God's | to the actual and gross deficiences of this much-boasted

heathen morality. We hear much of Spartan stoicism, the ethics of modern Secularism, we say these are not but little of Spartan laxity-much of Confucian ethics, the products of unassisted nature these are not the utbut little about Chinese practice-much about the purity terances of unenlightened conscience. The morality of and exalted virtue of Hindoo Vedas, but little about the Secularism is stolen, whilst its philosophy is borrowed. filth of Hindoo Puranas. We cannot give this heathen- Paganism has much more to do with its metaphysics loving, paganised scepticism much credit for fair dealing, than its ethics. It is very easy for an eclectic Secularist so long as it talks so loudly about the purity, and passes living in these days, in the midst of a society impregby the equally proven impurity, both of ancient precepts nated with Bible principles, to gather together a bundle and practice. It were possible to cull a very pretty of ethical maxims, and expound them in philosophic moral nosegay by mingling together the choicest products phrase as “independent of Revelation.” But the folly is of Grecian, Persian, and Hindoo soil, but we protest transparent: he cannot, if he would, divest himself of against the assumption that such rarities are of common what he has learnt; whilst, if he spurns Bible authority, growth, or of a representative character. We admit the and rejects Bible phraseology, he must not expect to be stoicism, but we would exhibit the epicureanism of credited with the authorship of what all but himself see ancient Paganism. Its greatest men had marvellous is Bible moral truth. glimpses of truth, but amidst all their wisdom they gave What, then, do we claim for Scripture? We do not proof enough of a darkened conscience and a depraved claim for it the revelation of moral principles never heart. It is not necessary to libel these men, or even before known, for we cannot suppose that the head of speak as slightingly of them as their modern admirers the race was ignorant of human duty, but, on the consometimes speak of Jesus, in order to maintain the trary, doubt not but that he was possessed of the position that their wisest teaching was defective, and germs of all possible morality. We say the “ germs," often lacked the plainest moral consistency. It is evi- for we do not affirm that there stretched out before dent enough that to dissemble was not always deemed him the entire code of morality, in all its completea dishonour, whilst to lie seems to have been regarded as ness and speciality, but that he was possessed of those sometimes a virtue. Other illustrations of the reversal foundation principles of moral truth on which all others of that code of duty which we now acknowledge might are based. Scripture does not create, it reveals easily be given, but we refer our readers for such details morality. It re-publishes the original moral law of to those expositions of heathen morality which may be man's nature, and does so in such a method as shall prefound in works of Christian evidence. It is true that serve it for the future, intact, amongst the records of men are always, in practice, sinking below the standard human history. The moral law, written within at first, which conscience acknowledges; yet we may surely was at length written without on tables of stone, and question the purity of the heathen standard, when we afterwards transferred to those inspired chronicles in find heathen practica so deplorably lax. In simple which God preserved for after-ages the record of his charity we are bound so to do; for to maintain the ex-doings amongst men. But when the great Teacher apcellence of the standard in the face of the practice of peared, to him was given the task of illustrating God's those who held it, is to magnify their sins to an extent law in many marvellous ways. He expounded God's which history forbids. According to their knowledge will in discourses of wise simplicity; unfolded the hidden was their responsibility; and as we are not anxious to meaning of the law, and, by precept and parable, set bring them in more guilty than in fact they were, we forth the meaning of those commandments on which prefer to balauce their acknowledged profligacy by their hung all the law and the prophets. Men could not miscomparative ignorance. With the Bible history before take him: he vindicated the righteousness of the claim us of the waywardness of God's chosen people, so often which God made upon the love of man, and appealed manifested in their wanderings from him, and rejection before the tribunal of the human conscience on behalf of of his counsel, we need not be surprised at the condition the brotherhood of men. We may gather words of of those pations left to the development of their human wisdom from Eastern sages and Grecian philosophers; nature, uninfluenced by those special circumstances which some truth from one, some other from another; but, surrounded the Jew. It is a fact which those who reject though the whole world were laid under contributionman's fall cannot explain : that the traditions of all every nation bringing to our feet the choicest sayings of nations are the purest at their source--that the earliest its wisest men, they would not altogether form a comwritings of heathendom reveal the simplest notions of plete and satisfactory code of duty. Yet in the one God. We find that amongst all people there has been marvellous Book--the New Testament of God's grace-retrogression--an evident departure from a primitive we find a full and all-sufficient law, adapted to all peoples, standard of excellence, a dim remembrance of which to all circumstances, and all times; and this, not as the tradition has kept in their midst. Sin has fought a long sum of united contribution, but as the sole utterance of battle with conscience. Repeated disobedience blunts Him who was appointed the world's Teacher on the sacred conscience, stultifies it, and tends to moral perplexity mount, in the emphatic command". This is my welland doubt. Men begin by disobeying law, and then beloved Son; hear ye him." proceed to deny the law itself. The testimony of Paul And, with respect to another note-worthy point, wo to the original law of the conscience is explicit, whilst claim pre-eminency for Scriptural morality as emthe testimony of history shows that God's handwriting bodied in the teaching and practice of Christ. We within, on the fleshy tablets of the heart, has gradually refer to the harmony subsisting betwixt precept and been obliterated. The fall did not rob man of reason conduct. It has never been claimed for the wisest did not take from him his conscience-did not entirely and the best of heathen sages that he attained to harden his heart--nor has the perpetration of sin by man the height of his own moral standard, and thus preso entirely subverted his moral nature, but that the sented an illustration in his own person of the wisdom universal conscience still accuseth and excuseth as of old. and virtue of his teaching. We do claim this for Christ. But this we say, that conscience has been subjected to He was the purest teacher, and the purest man. His so many attacks, that its utterances are feebler and its conscience never accused him. His beart was ignorant authority less paramount. It is no touchstone-no of remorse-his memory treasured the remembrance of arbiter, but needs enlightenment itself defore its deci. no transgression. The keenest eans were ever open to sions may be faithfully followed. If we are pointed to catch his speech, and the keenest eyes followed him

wherever he went; and, though some reproached him, to which they are exposed, will find plenty to satisfy 2x when they said, “This man receiveth sinners," yet their curiosity. But if they ramble outside the city the reproach was praise, for we rejoice that the accusa they must take care to return before night, as the gates tion was true. In every respect he taught as much by are then closed. If they go out after dark they are his life as his speech, for he illustrated the beauty of bound to carry lanterns, or they will most likely be virtue in every word and deed. He did not inculcate arrested, Mosques and minarets, fountains, gardens, and duties he was reluctant to perform, but left us an example palaces are plentiful. Copts and Franks, Jews and that we should follow in his steps. Submissive to the Mohammedans, have their own respective quarters of will of God in all things, he could teach, without fear of the city to reside in, and these are distinguished by their rebuke from the most scrutinising scribe, “ Thou shalt proper peculiarities. love the Lord thy God with all thy heart." Ministering Cairo was founded about 900 years ago, and its name every day of his life instead of being ministered unto- signifies the victorious. A fine view of the city may be the servant of the distressed, the physician of the sick, obtained from the platform of the citadel. Beyond the and the comforter of the troubled he could command city you may see the surrounding country, including the men with undoubted authority to love their neighbour valley of the Nile and the Pyramids. Here one may as themselves. We therefore accept him as our teacher, breathe more freely than in the narrow, irregular, and both by word and deed. His character was as faultless crowded streets, and the sight of the Pyramids revives as his words were Divine, and, whilst receiving the one the strong desire to visit them. But you return to the with reference, we would imitate the other with joy. city, you look in at the café, perhaps you take a bath, It is to this intensely personal element that New Testa- or even visit a slave depôt outside the city. The bazaars ment teaching owes its force. The person of Christ is also claim some notice, but if purchases are made there is the centre ef all revealed truth. We are not saved by a risk of your being cheated; only a risk, however, if believing in some abstract truth calmly reasoned out for you are cautious. You may buy at one, cotton, silk, and us, but by faith in Him who is the Truth, the Way, stuffs; at another, cloth, dresses, swords, slippers, &c.; the Life. His work for us is the ground of our hope. at another, all sorts of miscellancous articles. Other As our atonement, our teacher, and our example, we sights and amusements invite the traveller, but his enthrone him Lord of all. To his death we look for for- thoughts wander away to the Pyramids, and thither we giveness-to his words we look for comfort and guid- must conduct him. ance-whilst to his life we look for our example in Let us, therefore, turn our back upon the 200,000 or seeking to put on Christ, and walk in newness of life. more who inhabit Cairo, take a last look at the veiled

Lastly, let us notice one other peculiarity which attaches women and the motley garbs of the men, and cross the itself to Scriptural morality. Its sanctions are its safe- | Nile to Gheezeh. We supply ourselves with provisions, guards. The obligatory power of Christian morality is water-bottles, candles, lanterns, mats, carpet, a fly-flap, found in the moral government which it reveals. Virtue and a mosquito curtain, for we shall not find these things brings its own reward with it, and vice its own punish- at the Pyramids. From Gheezeh, if the water is not out, ment; but Scripture opens out still further prospects of we can reach our destination after five miles' travel, but bliss and woe. Pagan morality lacked authority. God if the lands are flooded, we shall have to journey ten. speaks to us in revelation, and the commandments are There is not much at Gheezeh to detain us, but if we ushered in with the proclamation, “ Thus saith the Lord." like we can see how they hatch eggs in ovens there. We His law is guarded by his justice-his threats guaranteed pass over the ground whose heaps of rubbish carry back by his power-his promises made sure by his love. The our thoughts to the glory and greatness of the Pharaohs, disobedient and the contentious shall experience his and the misery and toil of Israelitish bond-slaves. We wrath; they who patiently continue in well-doing shall come to the great Pyramid, a vast triangular mass of be crowned with honour and immortality. Thus God stonework still rising to a perpendicular height of 450 guards his honour and conducts his government. Sur-feet. Its base is square, measuring about 750 feet each rounded by motives to virtue and dissuasives from way. To reach the top you must traverse an incline of vice, God makes it dangerous for men to sin. The path 570 feet. If this Pyramid could be removed to Lincoln's to bell, strewed with roses by Satan, is planted with Inn Fields it would very nearly occupy the whole of that thorns by God; whilst in his word it is recorded that large square, and rise about a hundred feet higher than * Godliness hath the promise of the life that now is, as the top of St. Paul's! We say this to show the enormous well as of that which is to come.”

proportions of the great Pyramid. Its contents have been estimated at eighty-five millions of cubic feet.

And when, and why, and by whom was this mighty THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE PRINCE OF fabric reared ? WALES.

Its creation is ascribed to Cheops, an Egyptian king, CAIRO TO THE PYRAMIDS.

otherwise called Suphis. According to Sir G. Wilkinson To the unfledged traveller, Cairo is a compound of he reigned 2,123 years before Christ, or 3,985 years ago; I curiosities and annoyances, interspersed with sources of two hundred years before Abraham came into Egypt.

amusement. The distant view of the city is picturesque, During these 200 years, the second and third Pyramids but the place itself, after all that has been done for it were built, so that three of them at least existed when within these few years, fluctuates between the squalid and the patriarch visited the country. If these calculations the superb. The inhabitants are diversified enough, and are correct, these Pyramids looked down upon the sufferpo are their dresses. Jews and Armenians, Greeks and ings and sorrows of the Israelites all the time they were men from western Europe, Copts and Arabs, present in Egypt. The sight of them must have been familiar variety sufficient, but these are not all: the dark-skinned to Jacob, to Joseph, and to Moses. When the infant natives of inner Africa remind us of the abominations of Jesus was carried thither, they had existed for two slavery. Camels with monstrous loads, horses and asses thousand years. Of all man's works the nightiest and with their riders, and hungry dogs, are plentiful enough, most enduring, we marvel not that they were reckoned The narrow streets and the open squares are all instinct among the seven wonders of the world. with life. Such as can enjoy the bright sun and the Yet these huge piles are neither temples nor palaces. clear sky, and withal can endure the petty annoyances They are tombs, and nothing but tombs, surrounded on

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