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Lusus natura.-A play or freak of nature. Magna Charta.-The great Charter. * Magna est veritas et prævalebit.-Truth is most powerful, and will ultimately prevail.
Mala fide.-In bad faith.--With a design to deceive.
Nem. diss. for nemine dissentiente.- No person opposing or disagreeing.-These two phrases are synonymous.
Ne plus ultra.-Nothing more beyond. Nil debet.-He owes nothing.-The usual plea in an action of debt. Nil dicit.-He says nothing. Nisi prius.--Unless before. Nolens, volens.-Willing or unwilling. Noli me tangere.-Do not touch me. Nolle prosequi.-To be unwilling to proceed. Non assumpsit.--He did not assume, or take to himself. Non compas mentis. -Not of sound mind.-In a delirium of lunacy. Non conscire sibi.-Conscious of no fault. Non constat.-It does not appear. Non est inventus.-He has not been found. Non nobis solum.-Not merely for ourselves. Non obstante.-Notwithstanding. Non sequitur.-It does not follow. Nosce teipsum.-Know thyself. Nota bene.-Mark well. Nucleus.-The kernel. Nudum pactum.-A naked agreement. Nulla bona. -No goods. Nunc aut nunquam.-Now or never. On dit. Fr.-It is said. It is an on dit. - It is merely a loose report. Onus probandi. — The burden of proving. Operæ pretium est.-" It is worth while"' to hear or to attend. Ore tenus.-From the mouth.-The testimony was ore tenus. O tempora! O mores!-Oh the times and the manners. Pacta conventa.--Conditions agreed upon. Panacea. From the Greek.--A remedy for all diseases. Par excellence. Fr.-By way of eminence. Pari passu.-With an equal pace.-By a similar gradation.
Paritur paı bello. CORN. NEP.-Peace is produced by war.
Post factum, nullum consilium. --After the deed is done, there is no use in consultation.
Post mortem.--After death.
Qui facit per alium, facit per se.-What a man does by another, he does by or through himself.
Qui non negat, fatetur.--He who does not deny, virtually confesses. Qui non proficit, deficit.-He who does not advance, goes backward.
Qui prior est tempore, potior est jure.--He who is first in point of time, has the advantage in point of law.
Qui tam.-Who as well.
Secundum formam statuti.--According to the form of the statute.
Ubi jus incertum, ibi jus nullum.-Where the law is uncertain, there is no law.
Ubi libertas, ibi patria.-Where liberty dwells, there is my country.
Voir dire. Fr.-A witness is examined upon a voir dire, when he is worn and examined whether he be not interested in the cause.
Vox populi, vom Dei.-The voice of the people is the voice of God.
SUPPLEMENTARY REMARKS. When the learner has rendered the preceding theory familiar, by writing the contents of the several plates, his dependance on particular rules will gradually yield to a familiarity resulting from practice, the only medium by which we can approximate perfection in any of the arts.
The first great object proposed by short-hand is, to commit words to paper with the least possible time and labour; but by a strange infatuation, surpassing that of the most visionary alchymists in search of the philosopher's stone, a thousand efforts have been made to draw from the regions of fancy some fine spun theory, by which, with crooked marks, to record the language of a public speak. er, as fast as delivered, without the aid of previous practice. This, while it served to bewilder and misguide, has sunk the art into contempt and disuse, because it is found to depend, not upon a formidable array of martialled hieroglyphics, but upon the active maneuvring of a few select signs. Such signs have been selected, and their various powers distinctly defined in the preceding pages; and whatever may be said to the contrary, | future experience will prove, that no system of stenography can ever become extensively useful upon any other principle, than that of having at command these simple but significant marks, as in arithmetic, music, common writing, &c.
The compiler of this work having perused about forty publications upon the subject of short-hand writing, and having devoted much time and labour, in the popular field of innovation and visionary reform, as well as in reporting some thousands of pages, was at length coinpelled, by his own experience, to settle down in the belief, that even in short-hand, a right line is the shortest distance between two given points; and to pass from one point to another, there is no way more direct than that which passes through the intermediate space.
The inference from this conviction is, that in theorizing, too much has been anticipated and too much done; and that, for the future advancement of this art, greater
advantages will result from clearing away the rubbish, defining, and adhering to the few rational and permanent landmarks, already established, than from erecting any new superstructure, upon the discordant ruins of long forgotten systems, which have crumbled beneath the weight of their own unnecessary lumber.
It has therefore been the aim of this work to adapt the subject to the age in which we live; to lay aside every thing unnecessary, and to express in a few words all that is necessary for a general system of short-hand. In doing this, the design and method of illustration only, are entirely new. Some trifling attempts have been made, under the sanction of reading and experience, to im. prove the theory of the art; but while the merits of these efforts may be appreciated by few, there are hundreds who will still continue to think all systems incomplete, which do not present a great assemblage of arbitrary characters, and vexatious grammar rules. To such persons we put the following questions.
Would our common writing be more easily acquired, or its execution in any way facilitated, by increasing the number of letters in the English alphabet ? Would arithmetic be improved by the introduction of arbitrary marks to represent the numbers 11, 12, 13, and so on to 100 or 1000? Would the art of printing be rendered more simple, easy, and expeditious, by the construction and use, of leaden syllables, words and sentences, instead of the letters of which they are composed?
Till these questions can be answered in the affirmative, the preceding theory will be found, with practice, amply sufficient for the purposes proposed, and without practice the efforts of human invention, as they respect short-hand, will prove abortive,
It must be remembered, that we live in an age of the world, when a few hieroglyphics or arbitrary, signs cannot, as in the days of Roman greatness, be made to exhibit the varied lineaments of public speech_but the multiplication of words and ideas, necessarily resulting from the progress of arts, sciences, and general improveinent, renders the aid of science absolutely necessary, to the accomplishment of this desirable object.
The learner should not then be discouraged, though he may not be able at once, to record the entire lan