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by the loud crackling of the consum- imagines will sell well, he hastens to ing fire, the fall of a building, or the render the scene of his triumph a heap savage cry of some Asiatic sentinel. of desolate ruins. To do this in Scio The flames rose bigh from tower and required hard work, and the perverse grove, lighting up the destruction they industry which the Turks displayed to were making; they darted in broad, accomplish their purpose was truly asred masses across the channel that di- tonishing. The ses, being well vides the island from the main, and built of hard stone and marble, with reflected on the black sides and scarcely any wood in them but the lofty summit of Cape Karabournou. doors and window-frames, were very Then I saw consuming the beautiful difficult to burn; they had the barbacity, the fairest, the politest of all the rous constancy of purpose to return Levant, where, at different periods of to the same building five, ten, or fifmy life, I had passed many a happy teen days, successively, and even after day; then I saw the ravage of the all, the strong outer walls are nearly destructive element among those love- all yet standing. I except, however, ly gardens, the odor of whose fruit- the palace of the Bishop, where the trees had so often saluted me across short assemblies of the Greek people the calm waves, charmed my senses, were held, and the Greek college, in and given me the pleasant assurance which, before our troubles, from four that I was approaching home. Many to five hundred youths of Scio, and and many a time, as I have been sail- other islands of the Archipelago, were ing out of the bay of Smyrna, have I educated; these two edifices were scented, at the distance of miles, the rased to the ground—not one stone was sweet blossoms of the orange tree, lest upon another. It is a sad thing the citron, and the almond, that were now, Sir, as you must have felt, to prodigal of beauty and wealth to the walk through that desolate town; to dwellers in the happy island of Scio. see those sinoked, scorched, skeletons What had the marble halls and inof- of houses that were once so beautiful. fensive plants done that they should When I was there, a few days ago, I thus be destroyed ! One would walked through street after street and have thought that the love of pos- did not meet a human being. I startsession would have saved them, and ed a covey of partridges in the Strada that the Turks, contenting themselves de' Primati, which I had known so with wrenching them froin those who populated and gay. I saw an unhad built and planted them, would owned starved bitch giving suck to have stayed the hand of injury, and her miserable litter in the corner of kept them for their own use and

a marble paved hall, that had belonged enjoyment. But it is part of their to a wealthy merchant, and which I brutal character to delight in destruc- had seen frequented, in other days, tion; perhaps, they are anxious to by a large and handsome family, and efface works they themselves know not numerous and smiling friends. Sturdy how to imitate; they may have consi- shoots of the wild fig-tree had sprung dered the symmetric, elegant, con- up within the holy church; the floor fortable edifices a reproach to their was overgrown with nettles, weeds own paltry constructions of lath and hung from the walls, swarms of insects mortar: perhaps,—but why speculate were seen rushing to their secret on the motives their barbarity ? the holes, and an odious black snake lay fact is,—and alas ! how often has it coiled on the very altar stone! I could been prored of late years—the Turk have wept to see such changes. ever finishes with fire what he has I now, Sir, come to the night on begun with the sword, and so soon as which our brave Canaris took his sighe has pillaged the money and jewels, nal vengeance on the Turks for the and secured such women as may have cruelties they had committed, and charms for his brutal lust, or who he were then committing, against us. A

terrible night, Sir, it was. When I deck, the vessel was close asternlook back to it, it seems like some within hail. She was a large black horrible dream ; such a dream as brig, but not a soul could I see on might visit a guilty' soul, when labor- board except the man at the helm, ing under remorse of conscience, and of my own accord, I cried out to the dread of everlasting perdition ; a him to hold off, or he would be split vision of the day of judgment; a to pieces against us. No answer was scene of the deep abyss of unquench- returned, but, favored by a gentle able flame, from which may the Vir- breeze, on came the brig, silent and gin and saints deliver us ! The Turk- soinbre as the grave. Whilst fixing ish fleet was lying quietly and unsus my eyes intently on these incomprepectingly at anchor off Scio, on a fine hensible proceedings, I saw the helmsnight, in the month of June ; the hour man leave his post, having secured his was waxing very late ; the coffee- tiller hard a-port—the next instant I shops on board had ceased to give out heard a noise like that made by the the chibouques and cups ; the Turks manning of oars—then I saw a boat were reposing, huddled together like drop astern from under the lee of the sheep, on the decks; the Captain brig-and ere I could again draw Pasha had retired to his splendid breath, the brig struck violently cabin, his officers had followed his against our side, to which (by means example ; no regular watch being ever I could not then conceive) she became kept on board a Turkish man of war. at once attached like a crab, or the I, and a few Greek lads, still lingered many-armed polypus. Before one on the upper deck, and, for want of third of the slumbering Turks were better amusement, were watching the aroused, before a dozen of them bad progress of a dark sail, which we saw seized their pikes and spars to detach emerge from the Spalmadore Islands, the dangerous neighbor-she explodand bear down the channel in our di- ed !-A discharge—a fire—a shock, rection. She came stilly on, ap- like the mighty eruption of some vast proaching us nearer and nearer, and volcano, rose from the dark, narrow we kept gazing at her, without, how- bosom, and quickly she was scattered ever, apprehending anything, until we in minute fragments, high in the assaw another sail in sight, and per- tonished, but placid heavens, wide ceived that the vessel we had first over the sea, and among our decks made out was hauling up in such a and rigging-destroyed herself in the manner as would soon bring her right act of destroying, though we could alongside our lofty three-decker. I see the hands that had directed and then ventured to go below and speak impelled the movement of the dreadto one of the Turkish officers. This ful engine pulling fast away in gentleman cursed me for disturbing the boat. They might have taken it him, called me a fool, and after more coolly, for the Turks had other speaking disrespectfully of the mother matters to think of, than pursuing that bore nne, grumbled out that they them-our ship was on a blaze-the must be merchant vessels from Smyr- flames were running like lightning na, turned himself on his other side, along our rigging, and had seized on so and fell again to sleep. Still the sus- many parts at once, that the confused picious ship came on nearer and near crew knew not where to direct their er; I spoke to some of the men, who attention. The Captain Pasha rushreplied much in the same manner as ed upon deck like a man who had the officer had done, wondering what heard the sound of the last trumpet; I had got into my head, to be running he did not, however, lose much time about breaking people's rest at such a in beating his forehead and tearing time of the night. What more could his beard; he proceeded with great I do?

firmness of mind to give judicious orWhen I again ascended the quarter ders, but the fire was too widely

spread, and the consternation of the they could swim two miles-or, indeed, crew too excessive to admit of any whether they could swim at all , (among good being done. While he gave nearly 800 Turks, you may imacommands to intercept the flames that gine, Sir, what a number of fat fellows were already playing down the main, there were,) and without calculating topmast, he heard the cry from below the certain havoc to be committed on that the lower deck was on fire, and them in the water by the terrible disnumbers of his men rushed by him charges of the guns. I shall not atand leaped into the sea. It was in tempt to vaunt my own courage ; I vain he ran from place to place, at was a worn-out, spirit-broken mantempting by prayers and threats to es- I was going to throw myself overboard, tablish something like a unity of ac- when a Greek, a townsman of mine, tion-the fellows had lost their reason as brave and clever a lad as ever lived, in their extreme fear.-It was all in caught hold of my arm, and drew me vain that he drew forth his splendid aside. “ What are you mad, like purse, and scattered its rich contents the stupid Turks ?" said he in an unbefore them—what was money to a der tone of voice; “if you leap into man who felt that, if he lingered for the water now, you will be either a minute, he should be sent into the drowned in the dying grasp of some air on the wings of gunpowder! Some heavy Osmanli, or have your brains of our boats had caught fire ; others knocked out by the cannon shot—the were lowered, and you will not won- ship may not blow up yet awhile ; and der that these were all swamped or do you not see, that now as the caupset by the numbers that rushed into bles are cut, and the wind is toward them. Meanwhile the fire spread, shore, we are every moment drifting and spread-at each instant it might nearer to the island ? Come along, reach the powder magazines—the Yorghi!” I followed my adviser to guns too, that were all double-shotted the bow of the ship-here I saw a or crammed with grape, began to be number of Greeks, hanging on the heated; and as the flames flashed bowsprit and on the rigging outside of over them, already went off at inter- the bows. We took our station with vals with tremendous roar. The wild them, awaiting in almost breathless shrieks, curses, and phrensied actions silence the moment when the powder of some of the crew; the speechless magazine should explode. I should despair, and stupid passiveness of. tell you, though, that before I left the others; and their shrill, reckless ma- deck I saw the Captain Pasha make niac laugh (for many of them were an attempt to leave the ship, in a boat downright mad) were horrible to wit- that had sustained little injury. His ness. People may talk about Ma- attendants succeeded in embarking his hometan resignation, and the surpris, treasures and valuables, and he was ing influence of their doctrine of fa- descending the ship's side, when a talism, but, for my part, I saw little number of frantic Turks leaped into result from their boasted equanimity the boat, and down she went, mahor firm-set belief: they seemed to be moudiers,* golden coffee-cups, amber affected just as other mortals would pipes, shawls, Turks, and all! It have been in a similar trying situation, has been generally said that the Capand indeed (with the exception of a tain Pasha was killed in the boat by' few of superior rank among the the fall of a part of the ship’s masts ; Turks) the despised Greeks showed but this, I can assure you, is not corinfinitely more firmness and presence rect—he was blown up with the ship. of mind than their masters. The far As I was getting over the bows, I saw greater part of the latter leaped into him through the smoke and flames, the sea without reflecting whether standing with his back against the

* Mahmoudier, a coin, value 25 piastres. 28 ATHENEUM, vol. 2, 3d series.

bulwarks, his hands crossed on his times enabled me to swim from Stanbreast, and his head raised towards chio to Calymna; but, with the asthe heavens, which looked pitilessly sistance of a floating fragment, I and on fire ; and one of my compan- did very well, and was among the ions afterwards assured me he saw him foremost of the Greeks who reached in the same position the very moment the little light-house, that stands on before the final explosion. Of the Scio's ancient and ruined mole. On explosion itself I can say little, but looking back at the wreck, the forethat it was indeed tremendous.—I re- part of the ship appeared still afloat, member nothing but a dreadful roar, and the foremast erect, but they soon an astounding shock, a burst of Mames parted, and the next day nothing was that seemed to threaten the conflagra- seen of the immense ship, but minute tion of the globe, and a rain of fiery and innumerable fragments scattered matter that fell thick, and hissed in on the water and on the shore of the the troubled sea like ten thousand island. Of about nine hundred perserpents. The shock threw us nearly sons in all, who were on board, only all from the bows; some, though not eighty-three escaped, and among many, were killed by the falling tim- these, as far as I could ascertain, bers, the rest swam off for shore, from there was not one Turk! Many unwhich we were still distant more than fortunate Greek prisoners or slaves a mile. My limbs had no longer the perished with the ship, and among strength and activity that in former them, three young Sciote children.


CRUELTY to animals is a subject which of the majority was decidedly averse has deservedly attracted parliamentary from affording parliamentary counteinvestigation. It is not beneath the nance and immunity to those descend dignity of a Christian legislator to ants of the victims of Domitian's just prevent the unnecessary sufferings of indignation. The simple question for the meanest of created things ; and a consideration would be, whether the law which is dictated by humanity can conduct and principles of the insect surely be no disgrace to the statute- species have undergone such a matebook. Who that has witnessed the rial change as to entitle them to new barbarous and unmanly sports of the and extraordinary enactments in their cock-pit and the stake—the fiend-like favor ? Have they entirely divested ingenuity displayed by the lord of the themselves of their licentious and precreation in teaching his dependents to datory habits, and learnt now for the torture, mangle, and destroy each first time to distinguish between right other for his own amusement—the and wrong Do they understand cruelties of the greedy and savage what it is to commit sacrilege ? To task-master towards the dumb laborer intrude into the sanctum sanctorum whose strength has decayed in his of the meat-sase ? To rifle and defile service-or the sufferings of the help- the half roseate, half lily-white charms less brute that drags, with pain and of a virgin ham? To touch with udifficulty its maimed carcass to Smith- hallowed proboscis the immaculate lip field—what reasonable being that has of beauty, the unprotected scalp of witnessed all or any of this, will ven old age, the savory glories of the ture to affirm that interference is offi- kitchen ? To invade with the most cious and uncalled for ? Yet it is reckless indifference, and the most certain that Mr. Martin acted properly wanton malice, the siesta of the alderand wisely in excluding flies from the man or the philosopher ? To this we operation of his act—well knowing, answer in the eloquent and emphatic as he must have done, that the feeling language of the late Mr. Canning

No! Unamiable and unconciliating friend, citizen, and Christian, who is monsters! The wildest and most fe on cushioned sofa composing himself rocious inhabitants of the desert may for his wonted nap, after a dinner in be reclaimed from their savage nature, substance and quantity of the most and taught to become the peaceful satisfactory description, and not undenizens of a menagerie—but ye are tempered by a modicum of old port. altogether untractable and untamea- His amiable partner, with that refined ble. Gratitude and sense of shame, delicacy and sense of decorum pecuthe better parts of instinct, have never liar to the female sex, has already yet interposed their sacred influence withdrawn with her infant progeny, to prevent the commission of one trea- leaving her good man, as she fondly cherous or unbecoming action of yours. imagines, to enjoy the sweets of unThe holy rights of hospitality are by interrupted repose. At one moment you abused and set at naught; and we behold him slumbering softly as the very roof which shelters you is an infant—"so tranquil, helpless, stirdesecrated with the marks of your ir- less, and uninoved ;” in the next, we reverential contempt for all things hu- remark with surprise sundry violent man and divine, Would that-(and twitches and contortions of the limbs, the wish is expressed more in sorrow as though the sleeper were under the than in anger)—would that your en- operation of galvanism, or suffering tire species were condensed into one from the pangs of a guilty conscience. enormous bluebottle, that we might Of what hidden crime does the mecrush you all at a single swoop! mory thus agitate him-breaking in

Many, calling themselves philan- upon that rest which should steep the thropists and Christians, have omitted senses in forgetfulness of the world to squabash a fly when they had an and its cares ? On a sudden he starts opportunity of so doing ; nay, some from his couch with an appearance of of these people have even been known frenzy !-his nostrils dilated, his eyes to go the length of writing verses on gleaming with immoderate excitation the occasion, in which they applaud -an incipient curse quivering on his themselves for their own humane dis- lips, and every vein swelling—every position, and congratulate the object muscle tense with fearful and passionof their mistaken mercy on its narrow ate energy of purpose. Is he possessescape from impending fate. There ed with a devil, or does he meditate is nothing more wanting than to pro- suicide, that his manner is so wild and pose the establishment of a Royal hurried ? With impetuous velocity Humane Society for the resuscitation he rushes to the window, and beof dies apparently drowned or suffo- neath his vehement but futile strokes, cated. Can it possibly be imagined ained at a scarcely visible, and cerby the man who has succeeded after tainly impalpable object, the fragile infinite pains in rescuing a greedy and glass flies into fragments, the source intrusive insect from a gin-and-watery of future colds and curtain lectures grave in his own vile potations, that without number. The immediate he has thereby consulted the happi- author of so much mischief, it is true, ness of his fellow creatures, or pro- is the diminutive vampire which is moted the cause of decency, cleanli- now making its escape with coldness, good order, and domestic com- blooded indifference through a very

Let him watch the career of considerable fracture in one of the the mischievous little demon which he panes; but surely the person who has thus been the means of restoring saved from destruction,

and thus to the world, when he might have ar be considered to have given existence rested its progress forever. Observe to the cause of all this loss of temper the stout and respectable gentleman, and of property, cannot conscientious loved, honored, and esteemed in all the ly affirm that his withers are unwrung! various relations of father, husband, Mercy and forbearance are very great



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