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virtues when exercised with proper numbers increase in a frightful 'prodiscretion ; but man owes a paramount gressive ratio from year to year; and duty to society, with which none of it has at length become absolutely the weaknesses, however amiable, of necessary that some decisive measures his nature should be allowed to inter- should be adopted to counteract the fere. It is no mercy to pardon and growing evil. let loose upon the community one who, Upon the whole, he would not, perhaving already been convicted of mani- haps, be considered to speak rashly or fold delinquencies, only waits a con- unadvisedly, who should affirm, that venient season for adding to the cata- no earthly creature, of the same inlogue of his crimes; and what is lar- significant character and pretensions, ceny, or felony, or even treason, com- is the agent of nearly so much mispared with the perpetration of the chief as the fly. What a blessed oroutrages above attempted to be de- der of things would immediately ensue, scribed ?-We pause for a reply. if every one of them was to be entire

Summer is a most delectable-a ly swept away from the face of the most glorious season. We, who earth! This most wished for event, are fond of basking as a lizard, and we fear, it will never be our lot to whose inward spirit dances and exults witness ; but it may be permitted to a like a very mote in the sun-beam, al- sincere patriot, in his benevolent and ways hail its approach with rapture; enthusiastic zeal for the well-being of but our anticipations of bright and his country, to indulge in aspirations serene days—of blue, cloudless, and that are tinged with a shade of extratransparent skies—of shadows the vagance. With respect, however, to deeper from intensity of surrounding the above mentioned vermin, the idea light-of yellow corn-fields, listless of their total annihilation may not be rambles, and lassitude rejoicing in altogether chimerical. We know that green and sunny banks—are allayed the extirpation of wolves from Engby this one consideration, that land was accomplished by the commuWaked by the summer ray, the reptile young

tation of an annual tribute for a cerCome winged abroad. From every chink

tain number of their heads; and it is And secret corner, where they slept away well worth the consideration of the The wintry storms ; by myriads forth at onco, legislature, whether, by adopting a Swarming they pour.

somewhat similar principle, they may Go where you will, it is not possible not rid the British dominions of an to escape these « winged reptiles.”

equally great and crying nuisance. They abound exceedingly in all sunny The noble Duke, now at the head of spots ; nor in the shady lane do they his Majesty's Government, has it in not haunt every bush, and lie perdu his power to add another ray to bis under every leaf, thence sallying forth illustrious name, to secure the approon the luckless wight who presumes to bation and gratitude of all classes of molest their “solitary reign;" they the community, and to render his mihang with deliberate importunity over nistry forever memorable, by the acthe path of the sauntering pedestrian, complishment of so desirable an object. and Ay with the Aying horseman, like In the mean time, let the Society of the black cares (that is to say, blue Arts offer their next large gold medal devils) described by the Roman lyrist. to the person who shall invent the most Within doors they infest, harpy-like, ingenious and destructive fly-trap. A the dinner-table

certain quantity of quassia might be Diripiuntque dapes, contactuque omnia fædant distributed gratis at Apothecaries' Immundo

Hall, as vaccinatory matter is at the and hover in impending clouds orer Cow-pox Hospital, with very considethe sugar basin at tea; in the pantry rable effect; and an act of parliament it is buz; in the dairy it is buz; in should be passed without delay, dethe kitchen it is buz; one loud, long- claring the wilful destruction of a spicontinued and monotonous buz. Their der to be felony.

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The sun goes ploughing down the seas We mock the doubts, and scorn the fear Of glory in the gorgeous west ;

That tender Conscience erst betray'd, The deep, unruffled by a breeze,

And boldly sin, and widely veer Through all its waves is hush'd to rest ; From duty's dictates, undismay'd ; Silence is on the mountain's breast,

And slumber in the stirless grove, Till on some eve, methinks like this, As here, an unaccustom'd guest,

When green the earth, and blue the skies, Beneath these aged elms I rove.

When, slumbering as it were in bliss,

Earth, wrapt in holy quiet, lies, Trees of my boyhood ! to my mind

We start to find that otherwise Ye conjure far-departed scenes,

Swell’d the young heart in such a scene, And, as fond Memory looks behind, When open'd first on Wonder's eyes

Though many a dim year intervenes, A world so soft, and so serene ! The past awakens; brightly greens

Tiine's faded landscapes on my view, Then do we feel the worthlessness And Hope, even yet, contiding, Icans Of what we pant for and pursue; On what seem'd firm, and proved untrue. And yearn for pleasures, which could bless

The simple heart, when life was new: Again I roam the fields of youth,

Fond Memory sickens at the view How sweet of scent, how bright of bloom, Of what hath been, no more to be,Warm Boyhood, with its heart of truth, Visions that pass'd like vernal dew,

Is there; and faces, which the tomb Or leaves from shorn November's tree ! Enshrouded long ago, illuine

The prospect with their living smiles ; Yes! he who knows the world must feel Even now, from out Oblivion's womb, 'Tis futile, fickle all at best, Its varnish d phantoms Fancy wiles. And that 'twere wise to sternly steel

Against its random darts the breast. Yes, from the bustling din of life,

How is the inmost soul distrest, "Tis sweet unspeakably to turn

To find that those, who owed us good, To times and days devoid of strife; Should turn, when needed, like the rest, And conjure from the silent urn

In heartless, base ingratitude ! Hearts, which with ours were wont to burn,

Ere Care bedimm’d the bloom of Joy, How sweet the evening gleams and glowsOr Time had taught the soul to mourn The homeward sea-mews flit aroundThe baffled prospects of the Boy! * The ocean breathes a calm repose,

Unrippled, and without a sound. Ah! then we little guess'd how Wealth Peaks of the west ! the scene ye bound, Couid rob the spirit of its rest ;

Illumed above, but dark beneathOpinion was unfetter'd; Health

The sun glares o'er the blue profound, Diffused a noonday through the breast; A giant smiling even in death! Sorrow had come not to molest

With racking dreams the peaceful night; Oh Nature, when our eyes survey And in its hopes the heart was blest

The priceless charms thou hast in store, At evening full, and opening light. Art's tinsel trappings fade away,

We learn to love thee more and more ; Pent in the city den, where man

There is a pleasure on the shore, Encounters man in daily strife,

And beauty in the leafy wood, Where words and actions, squared by plan, which bid the baffled heart deplore,

Show nothing but the prose of life, That e'er for guilt was barter'd good! We come to look on earth, as rife

Alone with sordid schemes and lies ; Alas! too late we feel and know, Yet feel that Resolution's knife

That pleasure in our souls must dwell ; Would vainly cut the Gordian ties. That pomp is only gilded woe;

And Flattery's voice a tinkling bell; Down to our paltry fates we bow,

In vain would Passion's bosom swell And, month by month, and year by year, Against the fate we sought and found; We steel our sympathies, and go

The soul, that sleeps in Error's cell, Headlong in Error's wild career ;

Awakes in Misery's fetters bound !

THE REV. THOMAS CHALMERS, D. D.

PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH. [In the fifth number of the last volume of miraculous conversion, the class of the Atheneum, we inserted, as one of our persons whom Chalmers used so well “ Sketches of Contemporary Authors, &c." to characterise as “ gossiping maliga notice of the Rev. Dr. Chalmers. The nants.” Those persons have said that brilliant speech made at the late meeting in Chalıners was at one time a sceptic, Edinburgh, by this powerful and eminent and that he was converted in we know divine, in favor of Catholic Emancipation, not what wonderful manner. Now, and which has been re-published in many apart from our personal knowledge of the American papers, renders the follow. that such is not the fact, we appeal to ing additional notice of him, by a gentle- the understanding of any unbiassed man who has known him long and inti- reader, whether one who had been inmately, peculiarly seasonable. It contains structed in his early years by the premore of the anecdotical parts of a biogra- cepts and the example of such a father, phy than the former paper.]

and who continued with him in all the

reciprocal affection of a loved and a DR. CHALMERS was born (about fifty loving man, could have been a sceptic years ago) in the small borough of on those great doctrines of which he Austruther-Wester, in the county of witnessed such delightful effects. To Fife. That borough and the neigh- have done so he must have been equalboring one of Austruther-Easter have ly destitute of discernment and feelalways had a soul of literature. The ing,-qualities without which no man Doctor's father was a clothier and ever was, or ever can be, the titbe of draper ; a man of the most exemplary a Dr. Chalmers. piety, of well-informed mind, great From his earliest years Dr. Chalmliberality of sentiment, and the most ers was enthusiastically fond of readdelightful manners. He had many ing, so that when a little boy in the sons and daughters, the greater part chimney-corner with his book, he got of whom have fallen victims to dis- the name of the minister,” not from ease, at the most promising period of any view to bis future profession, but life; and he had to sustain one of the from his delight being in books. At most painful family afflictions to which the same time he was a most active man can be subjected. But still he and energetic boy, and when he did was resigned, cheerful, and even play- enter into sports he took the lead. ful, and showed that the most punctual In very early life indeed, that restless attendance to the duties of religion, activity of mind, and that determina(for there was religious worship in his tion to seize and to master all subjects, family every morning and evening,) even the most contrary, which has eninstead of damping the pleasure of abled him to do so much more than social intercourse, imparts to it its almost any other man of his time, highest zest. We have deemed it were abundantly conspicuous. His proper to state this circumstance progress at school was rapid ; he went (which we do from the very delightful early to college, 'and, while but a recollection of our personal knowledge) youth, he did the duty of mathematiin order that we may be spared the cal professor. Though above the formal refutation of a calumny which average, his attainments in classical has been sometimes brought against literature were not very great. The Dr. Chalmers both by the unthinking bent of his mind lay more towards part of the public, and by those subjects of which the practical appsuedo-religionists who can find no plication was more obvious. He was Christianity but in a mysterious and a mathematician, a natural philoso

pher, and, though there was no regu- here, there, and everywhere, both lar professor of that science at St. bodily and mentally. Mathematics, Andrews, à chemist.

botany, conchology, astronomy, poliAbout the close of the last century tics, political economy, theology, pohe was admitted to orders, and soon lemics,—he was at them all; and yet after went to assist the Rev. Dr. his most intimate friends hardly knew Charteries, a venerable and eminent when he studied. Indeed the whole preacher near the border. Some years of his progress seemned more like the after this the College of St. Andrew's inspiration of heaven, than that of any appointed him to the church of Kil- other man that we ever knew or heard meny, where he set about the discharge of. Mention a new subject to him, of his duties with great energy ; but with which you had made yourself fahe was not very popular at the outset. miliar, and a week after he would beat This arose, in part, from the want of you upon it; the cause seemed to be mental correspondence between the this : he did not plod over books, and inbabitants of a country parish and a become the retailer of recorded opiman of so much energy as their pas- nions. He thought himself, set every tor, and partly from that very energy one with whom he met thinking, and itself. He had the utmost dislike of then generalized the whole. We have gossiping, cared not much for forms of osten been quite astonished at the rustic politeness, and could not find quantity of information which we had balf occupation for his time in his paro- acquired during a few hours conversachial labors. Accordingly, he took to tion with Chalmers, upon a subject of a gumber of other arocations : he lec- which neither of us knew much at the tured in the different towns on che- outset. mistry and other subjects; he became As a friend, his attachment and disan officer of a volunteer corps, and he interestedness were unbounded ; but wrote a book on the resources of the he had a great dislike to forms; country, besides pamphlets on some of and though he was very hospitable, the topics of the day; and when the his friends very often found him with Edinburgh Encyclopedia was project- an empty larder. One day three or ed, he was invited to be a contributor, four friends called on bim ; he was and engaged to furnish the article just setting out for Edinburgh, but in“ Christianity;" which he afterwards sisted on their dining with him, which completed with much ability. was readily agreed to.

After giving These supplemental avocations had old Effie (Euphemia) who was the nothing improper in them; and yet whole of his establishment, her orders, they were not usual among the Doc- they all sat down to that combination tor's professional brethren, who gene- of information and glee, which shortens rally filled up the intervals of their time most, by actually lengthening it time in visiting and conversations; but in pleasure and utility. Dinner was the event has shown that, instead of soon announced ; and two large cothe mental activity which Chalmers vered dishes, with a smoking plate of thus kept up being injurious to the potatoes between, appeared on the tavery highest theological powers, they ble. Gentlemen,” said Chalmers, have been the chief means of deve “ under this cover there is hard fish loping them. And, though there be from Dundee, and under that corer not much merit in publishing a pro- there is hard fish from St. Andrew's ; phecy after the event, it was in these take your choice.” We have been at very causes of want of village popu- inany and various feasts, but we have larity, that the friends of Dr. Chalmers seldom enjoyed an evening like that placed their new hopes of the emi- one. nence to which he would rise.

Sometimes there was not even hard Even then, he was a most wonder- fish, but still there was a resource. ful man. All life and energy, We have seen John Bouthron's " kail

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pot,” broth, beef, and all, brought text was, “ Look not on the wine over to the manse-we have helped to when it is red in the cup; for it sball bring it.

John was a retired farmer, bite as a serpent and sting as an ada very plain but very pleasant old der.” The opening is a very glowing

and graphic delineation of the seducWe mention these traits in the tions of bacchanalian indulgence; and character of Dr. Chalmers, as it began with these words: “ There most effectual means of refuting and is a pleasure, my brethren, in the proreproving those persons who maintain gress of intoxication.” As we were that formality of deportment is essen- moving along the churchyard path, the tial to eminence, more especially to farmer said, “ I'm thinking the miclerical eminence,-as if dulness were nister and you have been taking a the badge of intellect. Here was the glass extra last night ; for he gi’es the most effective preacher that the age same account that I myself could have has produced, as innocent certainly, gi'en fifty times." but at the same time as playful as a It was not in the nature of things child. Nor must it be supposed that that a man possessing such talents he was not the same great man and could remain in concealment. The great preacher then as now. Even in people began to understand and relish his every-day sermons, which he call his sermons ; some speeches that he ed “short-handers," from their being made in the General Assembly atwritten in short hand on a slip of pa tracted the notice both of the clergy per about double the size of a playing and of the Scottish barristers, many card, there were chains of reasoning, of whom attended the annual convoand bursts of imagination and feeling, cations of the kirk in the capacity of which we have seldom seen equalled, ruling elders. From these, and a and never excelled. They were done number of other circumstances, the in no time too ; for after a morning's popularity of Dr. Chalmers was waxramble among the rocks and woods in ing apace, when about the year 1811 the north of Fife, we have seen him a severe and protracted malady had compose a whole sermon in half an nearly put an end to all his labors. hour-aye, in less. Some of his most His constitution never had been of choice orations were composed thus : that confirmed strength which a mind as for instance, the matchless charity of so restless energies would have resermon from the text, “ Blessed is he quired; and probably he had exposed that considereth the poor,' -a sermon himself to fatigue and the inclemency in which the line between genuine cha of the weather, in a way which one, rity, and that ostentatious alms-giving who thought less about his mind and which so often usurps its place, is more about his body, would have more clearly marked than in any other avoided. He was attacked by a very composition with which we are ac severe and obstinate liver complaint, quainted. To mention the good ones for the removal of which the adminiswould only be to give a list ; there tration of a great deal of mercury are degrees of excellence; but we became necessary. The disease was never heard a sermon, or even a re- subdued, but before his system bad mark of Chalmers, in which there was recovered the requisite tone, he renot some indication of genius—some sumed his labors ; and having expostouch of the hand of a master. ed himself to cold, the disease re

We shall never forget the arch face turned with more inveteracy and obof a jolly farmer, and the observation stinacy than ever. So alarming was that he made to us upon leaving the the relapse that his physician had to church one Sunday. The sermon is resort to the boldest means of treatthroughout an argument for tempe- ment; and what with the disease, rance ; and if we mistake not, it was and what with the means of cure, he composed as a college exercise. The presented for months a spectacle of

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