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Land of Knowledge the Nation of “ While we were thus employed, Gentlemen”-a very large number of very serious doubts used frequently to the pupils admitted into these schools come across our mind, whether we -could not read! To correct this were doing all the good, which others evil, it was resolved that a were perhaps too easily inclined to school should be annexed to the paro- innagine. The children were taught, chial institutions—that five scholars indeed, to read, but the doubt was, should be admitted into it from each whether they had been made such session gratis—and that ten more masters of their own language, as in should have a preferable right of ad- future life to give them any pleasure mission, on payment of the school-fee, in reading, or to enable then to dewhich was fixed at 6d. a-month. rive much profit from it. They had The Daily School was opened in learned their catechism, but were they Leith Wynd, under the name of The much wiser with regard to the truths EDINBURGH SESSIONAL SCHOOL. which it contained ? The Bible was

This school was modelled on the read, as a task, but was it not also, system of Lancaster, though in many like a task, forgotten ?

The inore we things it wisely deviated from it, and inquired into the actual condition of so it continued for two years or more, the lower orders, the more we were during all of which time, much labor convinced, that reading, together with and pains were bestowed upon it—and spelling out the meaning of what they successfully bestowed by the amiable read, was too formidable an attempt and able secretary, Dr. Brunton. to be frequently resorted to by them;

In April, 1815, that gentleman re and that even of those who did read, ported to the Directors, that a narrow few had recourse to the books calcuinspection of the Central ool, Lon- lated to give them the most useful indon, had convinced him that many struction, because they were unable to parts of the system of Dr. Bell might understand their language ; while most be introduced with great advantage resorted to works of a lighter and uninto the school in Leith Wynd. He, fortunately of a less unexceptionable and Dr. Andrew Thompson, who, on kind, which they found it not so diffiall occasions, has given the Institution cult to comprehend. This evil called his warmest support, and judiciously, loudly for a remedy, which the meagre strenuously, and successfully exerted explanations, introduced along with bimself, with all his great abilities, in the other practices of the Madras the cause of Education all over Scot- systein, (however useful to a certain land, were requested to consult with limited extent,) did not supply. We Dr. Bell, who gave them many highly therefore felt an extremely strong useful suggestions, afterwards carried anxiety to give the school more of an into execution by the Secretary and intellectual tone, not only in order to Dr. Thompson, both of whom, in order enable the pupils better to understand to assist the teacher in accomplishing what they read there, but also to that ohject, gave for some time their give them a taste for profitable readdaily attendance in the school-room. ing, and make them understand whatIn 1818 some farther improvements ever they should afterwards have ocwere made in consequence of an insti- casion to read. The task did not aptution of a Madras School at St. An- pear to us to be without difficulty, nor drews.

were we unconscious of the presumpIn the course of the winter of 1819- tuous nature of any such attempt upon 20, Mr. Wood, during the discharge our part. Still, however, if we left it of some duties of charity--became ac- untried, the opportunity which we quainted with this school, while under now possessed, of doing something, the very able management of Mr. however little, in this way, might be Bathgate, now one of the burgh teach- entirely lost. Were we to content ers in Peebles.

ourselves with proposing the scheine

to others, it might, and in all probabi- works was prepared for the same purlity would, be treated as visionary. pose, and with the like approbation. We, therefore, resolved silently to do The result is well known to all who are our best. And so silently indeed, and acquainted with the school. We with so little stir did the thing pro- shall only now remark, that those who ceed, that neither the Directors, nor imagine, that it was from the first aneven the masters, knew what was go- ticipated by us in its full extent, pay ing on, till they heard the children of a compliment to our discernment, to the highest class, to whom we first which we feel that we have no just confined our attempt, answering ques- claim. A far more moderate degree tions of an unusual nature. In the of success was all we then ventured commencement of the attempt, we re to expect, and an insurance to that ceived even far stronger proofs, than extent would have amply satisfied us. we had at all previously anticipated, “Along with the improvements in the of its extreme necessity. We found, reading department, we were at the that we had by no means formed an utmost pains also to give additional adequate conception of the gross mis- life to that of arithmetic. Perhaps apprehensions into which even the we should rather say, that our labors ablest of our children fall, regarding in the latter department took the prethe meaning of what they read. We cedency, for it was in this that there saw of course still more strongly the originally appeared to us most necesnecessity of perseverance; and, in sity for some additional incentive, and order the better to accomplish our it was through this medium that enerobject, we, with the cordial approba- gy was first infused into the pupils, tion of the Directors, compiled a new which afterwards pervaded every deschool-book, better adapted to our partment. Soon afterwards, also, purpose, than the highest one at that grammar and geography were introtime in use. As soon as it was suffi- duced, in a manner that will hereciently proved, that the plan was both after be explained." practicable and beneficial, a series of

(To be continued.)

SONG.

On ! leave me to my sorrow,

For my heart is oppress'd to-day ; Oh ! leave me,-and to-morrow

Dark shadows may pass away :
There's a time when all that grieves us

Is felt with a deeper gloom ;
There's a time when Hope deceives us,

And we dream of bright days to come.
In winter, from the mountain

The stream in a torrent flows; In summer, the same fountain

Is calm as a child's repose :

Thus, in grief, the first pangs wound us,

And tears of despair gush on;
Time brings forth new flowers around us,

And the tide of our grief is gone !
Then heed not my pensive hours,

Nor bid me be cheerful now;
Can sunshine raise the flowers

That droop on a blighted bough?
The lake in the tempest wears not

The brightness its slumber wore;
The heart of the mourner cares not

For joys that were dear before.

LETTER FROM PARIS.

January 27th, 1829. weather !” one hears a detailed acThe ball given by son altesse la count of the costume worn by her Duchesse de Berri has, in some de- royal highness, the number of quagree, given a variety to conversation; drilles she danced, who appeared her and instead of being asked, “Is it favorite cavaliers (for princesses are

cold ?"- What horrid allowed a plurality), the name of the

not very

gentleman who leaned over her chair means, is incalculable. It happens at supper, the color of his hair, the also that men well-dressed often stop form of his moustache, how his cravat the passer-by to ask assistance. was tied, the exact measure of his Now it is the fashion to write and waist, the words he addressed to the speak of the misery of bumanity ; yet, duchess, her reply, and a thousand I believe few, if any, care to be of anecdotes suited to fashionable gossip. service to others, though all wish to The fête was most brilliant. The get credit for benevolence—there is walls of the palace were decorated no poet or prose writer of the age with the richest tapestry, and the cor- who does not pretend to sympathy : ridors lined with orange trees laden but one would wish to see actions with their fruit, ever-greens, roses, instead of words, as proofs of the sinand even lilies, in blossom ; so that cerity of the speaker. January and May were united. Last night an officer of the Guards L'homme le plus aimable was his Ma- was given a cold bath by some robjesty Charles X.; he, however, only bers, who had previously taken his remained until balf-past eleven. watch from him ; fortunately, the French ladies pretend that no one is part of the Seine into which they si charmant, si galant; for that he al- threw him was close to hot baths, and ways forgets the king, and only re- he was in consequence saved. members the courtier, when he is in A restaurateur has offered to feed society. A supper of eighteen hun- five hundred people for two sous dred covers was served at one, and a-head, by means of the vapor arising lasted until five o'clock in the morn from his stews, soups, and pasties : ing. The entertainment, I under- he pretends that he can by this means stand, cost eighty thousand francs. live eight days without eating ; and The duchess sent ten thousand francs that such unsubstantial diet may equalto the poor on the following day. ly support the poorer classes.

There are at present few decided The theatres are tolerably well atmendicants to be seen in the streets of tended; few, however, go for the Paris; distress, nevertheless, is greater performances, but rather as a rendezthan ever, but it reigns amidst the vous to see and be seen ; and, to kill better classes, who “to beg are time, I hear that private theatricals ashamed.” The number of soi-disant are to be established, that tickets are gentlemen who are out of employment, to be paid for, and the money collectand who can only live by ways and ed to be applied to charitable purposes !

THE MUSIC OF DREAMS. ATthe midnight hour, when the spellof sleep But oft on the dreamer's ear there steals

Hath tranquilly hushed even sorrow's sigh, The song of a purer world than this--When the bounding spirit awhile shakes off Soft breathings of peace, that the spirit The chain of its earthly slavery

deems To a fairy land—10 a land of dreams

A greeting of love from the home of bliss.Unshackled Fancy then wings her flight; Strains of joy, from hearts that have reachAnd again with raptured eye beholds

ed a shore The long-faded Eden of past delight.

Where the tides of bitterness never flowLo! the same bright faces are smiling there,

Ay, holy greetings of quenchless love That smiled in the sunny morn of youth;

To the plighted ones they have left be

low: And hearts that were our's, to the pang of death,

Oh, would from such dream we might neAre pledging anew their vows of truth !

ver awake,

Till the night of this dark life were And voices, sweet voices ! are warbling still o'er

The song that we heard in childhood's day, Till the day, to which no night will sucWhen over the mountains we roamed with ceed, those

Summon death's dull sleepers to sleep no Whom the flood of years hath swept away.

more!

THE COLOSSEUM.

On Wednesday, January 14th, that the bottom there are nearly four extraordinary and magnificent build- thousand more square feet of canvass, ing, the Colosseum, was opened to the curving inwards; and at the top there public. To the painful circumstances are fifteen thousand square feet of which induced its enterprising projec. plaster, on which the sky is representtor to take this sudden, and indeed ed-forming, in all, a painted superfisomewhat premature, step, we will cies of above forty thousand square no further advert, than by expressing feet ! Great, however, as is the size our earnest hope, or rather our con of this leviathan of art, its size is its viction, that those circumstances will least recommendation. The effect not be permitted to prevent, or even which it produces upon the spectator, to delay, the completion of an under- when, after he has ascended the first taking which it must have required a fight of the spiral staircase which is most powerful imagination to conceive, constructed in the middle of the buildand rare talents and ingenuity, as well ing, and entered the principal gallery, as irrepressible energy and indefatiga- —it bursts upon his astonished eye, it ble perseverance, to bring into its is impossible adequately to describe. present advanced state. It would be His first impression is that it is nature disgraceful to a country like England, -that it is the stupendous scene itshould any difficulty be found in pro- self—at which he is looking; and curing the few thousands of pounds some moments of recollection and rewhich may be necessary for the pur- flection are necessary to convince him pose.

that he is only “mocked with art.” It happens very fortunately that the In one respect, the imitation actually part of Mr. Hornor's plan which is transcends the reality. Even on the beyond all doubt the most valuable finest day, there is almost always and important, is the part in which some portion of the immense horizon the greatest progress has been made. that ought to be visible from the top We allude to the panoramic view of of St. Paul's—an horizon of above a London. Tasteful as all the accesso- hundred and twenty miles in circumries will, we are persuaded, be, and ference-obscured by mist. Now, in inanifold and curious as are the re the picture, although there is quite sources and expedients by which their enough of atmosphere and of vapor, great and beautiful variety will be ul- not anything is permitted to be entiretimately accomplished, we cannot but ly hidden by them; and it would be consider them to be as subordinate, necessary to roake a number of visits when put in competition with this, the to the top of St. Paul's to obtain as principal object, as the attendants of a clear and coinplete a notion of the court are to the monarch whom they surrounding objects and country, as serve, or the satellites of Jupiter to the that which is here to be acquired at orb round which they are revolving. once. There is scarcely a field, or a To the panorama, therefore, our at- tree, or a hovel, from which St. tention shall in the present instance be Paul's can be seen, which is not inchiefly devoted.

troduced; and not merely introduced, In the first place, it is by far the but introduced with a scrupulous atlargest picture that ever was painted. tention to accuracy; and yet, so adThe diameter of the circle of canvass mirably has the general effect been is a hundred and thirty-four feet, and consulted, that these minute features, it is sixty feet from the floor to the instead of injuring, appear to be esspringing of the dome-making about sentially beneficial to it. twenty-four thousand square feet : at Amidst so much excellence it is

difficult to make any selection; or we pose. To do this, it is evident that
should say that one of the passages of the simple processes of the scene-
this great work with which we were painter or the architectural draftsman
most fascinated was the view of the would be quite inadequate. The
majestic Thames, winding its graceful closest objects are the lofty campanile
course through the various bridges towers of St. Paul's. On the can-
which it is spanned, from Putney to vass they are actually forty feet high ;
London. It is impossible to conceive and they are painted with a force, and
anything more beautiful than that a truth, and an attention to details,
portion of the river, and of the adja- which render them perfectly decep-
cent buildings, including Lambeth tire. All that surprises us while we
Palace, Westminster Abbey and Hall, are looking at them is, that so long a
the Adelphi, Somerset House, the time elapses without the sonorous
Temple, &c., which extends from striking of the great clock.
Vauxhall to a little below Blackfriars. We must not omit to mention the
Sunny gleams and reflections on the sky. Without being monotonous, the
water, painted with great care and gradations in it are managed with so
happiness, constitute this the princi- much art and delicacy, that they do
pal focus of the light of the picture.

not force themselves upon the eye, or
“England's mighty heart," with its attract it injuriously from the grand
numerous veins and arteries—her vast scene below. A friend of ours, who
and magnificent metropolis, with all accompanied us in our visit to the
its venerable churches, noble palaces, Colosseum, exclaimed, after we bad
ancient halls, public hospitals, spacious quitted the building, “God bless me!
squares, populous streets, splendid I forgot to look at the sky.” It was
theatres, extensive docks, commodi- the greatest compliment which he
ous markets, pleasant parks, and flow- could pay the painter. It proved
ery gardens, occupies the lower por- that, like a skilful back-ground to a
tion of the canvass, and may be ex- portrait, the sky did its duty, without
amined for hour after hour, and day becoming obtrusive.
after day, with a delight and wonder More than half the picture is com-
perpetually increasing. For our own pleted; the remainder is so consider-
parts, we have dwelt upon it until we ably advanced, that all the difficulties
forgot that what we were gazing at are surmounted; and a few weeks of
was only “a plane, variously colored ;” vigorous application would suffice to
and ardently longed to have our old finish the whole.
and sagacious friend Asmodeus at our We must now say a few words with
elbow, that we might know a little of respect to the manner in which, and
what was going on under some of the the individuals by whom, this great
countless roofs which were spread out work, as far as it has hitherto gone,
beneath us. What an inexhaustible has been accomplished. To Mr.
subject of contemplation! Dull, in- Hornor belongs exclusively the honor
deed, must be that imagination which of the original conception. The sin-
it would not excite.

gular ability and fearlessness which he The nearer buildings are remarka- manifested in making his drawings bly fine. Of these the new Post- from his little fragile hut, raised upon Office is one of the principal ; and is slight and tottering poles above the a most elaborate and masterly repre- elevation of the cross of St. Paul's ; sentation of that beautiful edifice. his determined

perseverance, bis And this leads us to express our ad “ hair-breadth 'scapes," and the ultimiration of the knowledge and skill mate completion of his task, are fresh with which, on a concave surface, the in the recollection of almost every various lines intended to represent one. Having rendered these drawings straight forms, have been drawn, so as as correct as repeated efforts and the completely to fulfil the desired pur- best instruments could render them,

5 ATHENEUM, VOL. 2, 3d series.

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