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But ever in his heart will bear
Go, white man, go: but with thee bear
While Mungo Park heard this song, he could not sleep, he felt so grateful to these good negroes. He was sorry that he had nothing to give them to show his gratitude. In the morn ing, he cut off four brass buttons from his waistcoat, and when he departed, gave them to the mistress of the family. Though these were not very valuable, the negroes esteem such little things much more than we do, who have so many better things. No doubt the negro woman valued them for the sake of the poor traveller.
Chorus a number of singers. That part of a song which is repeated many times by a whole company, while the rest of the song is sung by one person only, is called the chorus.
Hospitality, is kindness and politeness shown by persons who are in their own houses, to the people who come thither. The negro woman showed hospitality to Mungo Park.
Translate.-To translate is to express what has been written or spoken in one language, in the words of another.
Persevere--to continue to try to do a thing, even if it is difficult.
We say this year is 1829; this means, it is 1829 years since Jesus Christ was born. Christians are the people who believe the religion that Jesus Christ taught men.
The people of Europe, and the United States of America, (where we live,) are Christians. When Christians say any thing happened on a particular year, as- -Dr. Franklin was born in 1706, or General Washington died in 1799 they mean, that one was born 1706 years after Christ was born, and the other died 1799 years after Christ was born.
POPULAR DEFINITION OF COMMON TERMS.
CHILDREN say an orange is round-a pencil is round-a ring is round-a cent is round-all these things are round-in this they are alike : but they are different in other respects.
An orange, or a football, is a sphere, or globe.
A cent, which is flat, solid, and round, is a wheel.
A ring, is a circle.
All these shapes are circular, because a circle can be made round any of them.
The middle of a circle is the centre.
A thing made by the hand of man is a manu, facture.
The place where it is made, is a manufactory.
The person who makes it, is a manufacturer. All things which grow are productions. A tree is a production; the wool which grows upon the sheep's back is a production. When wool is spun, woven, and dyed, it becomes cloth. The cloth is a manufacture.
When a hot liquor is poured upon a substance, in order to extract, or draw something from it, it is called an infusion. Water is clear, and without colour: when poured upon tea leaves, it extracts from them colour and flavour. The tea which is poured out of the tea-pot does not look, or taste, like the water which was poured into the tea-pot. The water, then, has taken colour and flavour from the tea. The tea which we drink is an infusion.
When a substance is put into cold water, and they are boiled together, the liquor becomes a decoction. Meat is put into water after they have been boiled some time together, the water becomes soup. Soup is a decoction of meat.
When a substance is put into cold water, and suffered to remain in it a long time, it is called a maceration. Ink powder is put into cold water the water draws the black colour from the powder, and it becomes ink. The powder is macerated.
When a solid substance is put into a liquor, and the substance melts, leaving the liquor clear, it is a solution. Sugar melts in tea, and
the tea remains clear: that is a solution of su gar. The is said to have dissolved. sugar When a substance is thrown into a liquor, and thickens and colours the liquor, it is called a diffusion. Cream poured into tea is a diffu sion.
What we call steam, is sometimes called vapour. Look at the tea pot, when the top is off: something like smoke rises out of it; this is vapour. Put a little water on the stove; in a short time it will be all gone. Where is it? It has dried up, or gone away in vapour. dry up, is to evaporate. Clothes, that have been washed, are hung up to dry; the water which is in them evaporates: it goes into the air, and rises into the sky.
A great quantity of vapour, from a great many places, and a great many things, collects, or meets together in the sky, and forms clouds; when the clouds become very heavy, they fall in drops of water: this is rain. If the air is cold, the water freezes, and makes snow and hail.
Hold a knife over the tea pot, when the hot steam rises from it: the steam will collect in little drops; it will condense upon the knife. To condense, is to become thick. Dense, thick. Things are not all dense, or hard, alike.
Molasses is more dense than milk; soap is more dense than molasses; wood is more hard than any of these substances; stones are harder than wood. A beautiful white stone, which looks like glass, which is called the diamond, and
which is worn in rings and pins, is the hardest substance that is known.
Some liquids dry, or evaporate, much sooner than others. Water is liquid; oil is liquid. Pour a drop of water upon a piece of paper; pour a drop of oil upon a piece of paper: the drop of water soon evaporates;, the drop of oil does not evaporate-it remains, or stays, in the paper.
A fluid, which dries very quick, is volatile. Water is more volatile than oil or grease.
Fluid. The substances which can be poured from one vessel to another, without separating the parts, are fluids. Water and beer are fluids. Meat and wood are solids.
Sand and meal can be poured from one vessel to another; but they are not fluids. The particles, (that is, the little grains of which they are composed,) are separate from one another.
GUNPOWDER is in little black grains; it is used to kill animals and men. Almost every body has heard the noise made by guns and cannon it is very loud, like thunder. This noise is caused by gunpowder. The gunpowder is put into a gun, or cannon, and as soon as it is touched by fire, it bursts from the gun with a great noise. This is called an explo sion.