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ORIGINAL ANECDOTE OF DR. JOHNSON. though brave to conquer, Scanderbeg
A man of fashion wished to be in- was braver still, in restraining those troduced to the late Dr. Johnson : this sons of violence oftener by stratagem was accordingly effected by means of than by force. A history of the camMrs. Otway, a lady for whom the doc- paigns of this great and noble-minded tor entertained the greatest respect. captain would justly demand the reAt the hour appointed, he came to the spect, admiration, and esteem, of all door in an elegant chariot, and, after who regard war as a necessary evil, a loud rat-tat-tat, demonstrative of employed by God to punish itself. his consequence, entered the draw
REVENGE. ing-room, in a dress-suit, with a bag,
The following was communicated to sword, &c. Having been educated at me, by a friend of John Philip Kemble, the university of Dublin, and reckoned as a circumstance which occurred in a good scholar in his youth, he hoped Worcestershire. Two lads were ento recommend bimself to the colossus gaged in robbing an orchard, and afterof literature by a display of his early wards one of them impeached the othacquirements. After a speech of about er; for which his companion swore half an hour, interlarded with plentiful bitterly that, one day or other, he quotations of Greek and Latin, he turn- would be revenged. They arrived at ed round towards his new acquaintance, the age of manhood, when the injured in the full expectation of being compli- retired from business to a county far mented on his parts. How great, then, from his native one. The impeacher was his disappointment, when the doc- bad adopted a sea-faring life ; and, at tor, addressing bimself to the lady of length being shipwrecked, was taken, the house, with his usual solemuity, apparently lifeless, to the house of an said, “ I will be much obliged to you, aged man, who was bedridden; he did madam, if you will send one of your not see bis guest, who lay in the next servants to the toy-shop, for a rattle to room to hins. While the sailor was entertain this gentleman you wish me recovering, he recounted to the maidto be acquainted with.”
servant several incidents of his life, SCANDERBEG.
which were heard by the bedridden The public has never yet been in man in the next apartment, and, conpossession of a life of Scanderbeg, a vinced he was the object of his ancient work that would doubtless be very in- pique, in the dead of night he roused teresting to all such as enquire into the himself sufficiently to crawl on his manners, military constitutions, and hands and knees to the sailor's apartcircumstances, of governments and peo. ment, and struck him
to the heart with ple in past ages. Scanderbeg was bred a deadly weapon.
deadly weapon. The maid-servant à Turk, and at the age of forty became was tried for this murder, convicted, a Christian. Soon after, he asserted and had nearly suffered, when the feels his hereditary right to the principality ing of gratified revenge became too of Albania, and recovered it. In vari- powerful for the hoary sinner, and he ous fields of battle, in numberless en- confessed, with delight, that he alone counters with the enemies of his coun- was the murderer. try, he performed prodigies of valour,
MALHERBE's son, and evinced such a knowledge of the a young man, who promised to be as military art, in a defensive war, as it is celebrated as his father,having fallen in difficult to find a parallel for in history. a duel,nothing could assuage the despair With a feeble garrison, he defended his of his afflicted parent,who actually challittle city Croja against all the Turkish lenged the inurderer of his son, and was bost, onder Amurath II. and dared to with great difficulty prevented froin contend with a greater foe, Mahomet fighting him. On being reminded that II. In the conspicuous achievements bis adversary was not half his age, “so of this bero, valour might seem a prin- much the better, (replied the old man,) cipal subject, as the military power of I am but half as valuable now as I was the Turks was then at its height; but, at his time of life : the risk is therefore
20 ATHESEUN VOL. I. 2d series. less, and the glory will be greater.”
THE GREEKS AND TURKS RELATIVELY CONSIDERED.
BY AN ENGLISH RESİDENT AT SMYRNA.
SINGLE statement, made some able to arrest, who twice laid siege to
time ago by a late minister at the Vienna, and even advanced into Hunhead of foreign affairs, has induced me gary, have within the last two years to lay before you those plain facts proved themselves unable to hold the which have come within my own provinces on the Danube. They have knowledge and observation. It was been compelled to evacuate Moldavia stated, with the most unaccountable ig- and Wallachia; Servia and Bosnia norance, in the House of commons, that have proved that they can repel all the the Turkish population of Europe ex- armies which Mahometan enthusiasm ceeds ten millions ; but every man, at could send against them; and, a few all conversant with the history of Tur- years ago, a Russian army, insignificant key, must be aware, that when the Tur- in numbers, after a successful campaign, kish empire was in the zenith of its made an advantageous peace, and acgreatness and power, in the reign of So quired an extent of country on her lyman the Magnificent and his immedi- frontier. ate successors, never was the Mahome The Morea no longer bends her tan population in Europe tantamount to neck to the barbarian Bassas ; no soonhalf of his lordship’s estimate. The ag- er did the Greeks begin their glorious gregate of souls may be nine millions, struggles for freedom, than the strong of which number the Greek constitute holds of this peninsula fell into their more than three-fifths. Commerce, in- hands; while Ali Pacha alone set dedustry, and more temperate habits, fiance to all the puissance of the Subhave tended to aggrandize the numeri- lime Porte. Though the Greeks have cal strength of the Greeks, though been galled by the yoke of slavery, and groaning beneath the rod of oppression; cramped in their mental energies, for while, in the same ratio, civil wars, four centuries, they have evinced lately plague, and the bow-string, have un- a high sense of patriotism, and a desire ceasingly carried on the work of depo- of honour and independence ; and may pulation among the slaves of this ab- not every man hope, when we consider horred despotism.
their superior skill by sea, and the marThe formidable invaders of Europe, tial spirit and magnanimity by which who, under the conduct of Mahomet they are animated, that the islands may the Second, in 1453, poured like a tor- be redeemed from the grasp of tyranny; rent over the finest regions of Europe, and Greece may once more claim her and took the fairest city in the world, just rank among the nations of civilized have been enervated by luxury and Europe ! Nor is this notion chimeriidleness, and have degenerated from cal; it becomes a moral certainty, when the warlike spirit and hardihood of we consider that the Turkish fleets their ancestors. The Ottoman empire have been almost wholly manned by is the shadow of its former greatness, Greek sailors ; in consequence of destitute of all real strength; its name which, ever since the battle of Lepanalone inspires terror by the cruelties to, when the Turkish navy was deexercised on its ill-fated victims; and stroyed by the combined forces of the mighty fabric of its power would be Christendom, the naval power of the shaken by the first conflict with a for. Mussulmans (had it not been for Greek eign invader.
sailors,) would have been absolutely These remarks are not speculative, annihilated : for the former, almost to but are undeniably certain, and may be a man, are averse to the sea-service. confirmed by indisputable facts. The Nor can their available force by land victorious Ottomans, whose course the be formidable, if we exclude the Janarms of the German emperors were un- nissaries, who will fight for any master
who can pay them; and, like the Præ- as an easy conquest to her neighbours torian guards of imperial Rome, they she must live under the shadow and dispose of the empire as their interest protection of a greater power : and or inclination may lead them. Added Russia,* by her situation, her interests, to this, the continual revolts of the Pa- and her religion, is better suited than chas, by whose extortion the wretched any other nation to guarantee to this people are crushed to the dust, renders enslaved people the blessings common this unhappy country the theatre of ra- to the rest of Europe. The intolerable pine, tumult, and injustice.
rigour and extortion, systematic among This despotism which has shaken its these barbarians, has driven out many dreadful scourge of tyranny over the cultivators into the south-eastern promost delightful regions of Europe, is not vinces of Russia, to the manifest detrisupported, like other governments, by ment of the Ottoman empire ; and the discipline of its armies, the abun- where they have found a safe asylum dance of its revenues, and the number from the arm of pillage, under the sway of its subjects devoted to their country. of a more enlightened and more politic The Jannissaries are the most ferocious prince. Hence it is evident, that the and turbulent militia in the world; the operations of the Porte are paralyzed, its revenues are compulsory tributes; and resources dried up, its trade in a state the people gradually diminish and emi- of stagnation, and the whole country a grate to those provinces where they can scene of misery and barrenness. live under a more tolerant government.
In the future dismemberment of Thus this empire preys upon its vitals; these delectable regions, Austria, for and, without any foreign enemy, must her acquiescence in the designs of Rusfall by its own destroying hand. Sir sia, may demand some of the provinW. Jones, a sagacious politician as ces on the Danube ; while England well as eminent scholar, declared the must be satisfied with her present downfall of this unwieldy despotism possessions, the Ionian Isles, ceded by above thirty years ago, when the poli- Russia ; and assent, however unwilling, tical hernisphere of Europe had a far to that which she cannot prevent. different aspect from the present ;
With regard to the commerce of " the Turkish sultans (says he), whose England with the Levant, it will be in crescent is fast approaching to its a few years an absolute nullity; and, Wane."
indeed, it is now insignificant, when The gigantic plans of Catharine of compared with that of the last century. Russia would have founded an eastern Russia seems to engross almost all the kingdom, of which Constantinople was advantages : she derives more gain destined to be the capital: the brother from the trade with the Turks than all of the reigning emperor, Constantine, Europe together. The mode of policy was designated to this exaltation, and of the English ministers seems most unwas so named for that purpose. How accountable, by the covert favour tofar this bold project was practicable, is wards the Sublime Porte in the present left to the consideration of more acute contest now at issue between the Greeks politicians; but the conduct of Alexander has already shown, that he has not * The city of Odessa, constituted into lost sight of the prospects of this ambi- a free port by the Emperor Alexander, at tious and enterprising woman; and, master-stroke of political economy. From
the instance of the Duc de Richelieu, is a whatever may be the results of negocia- its geographical position, and its easy comtions now on foot, it does not want munication with Constantinople, it has 'a much political sagacity to declare, that considerable trade, chiefly in corn, with the the colossal arms of Russian domination capital, and other parts of the empire. will stretch from the north-west to the brated by the ancient Greek poets for its
Thus, it appears that this country, so celesoutheastern extremity of Europe. For productive soil and genial climate, is deGreece cannot remain long (if she ever pendent on foreigners for the necessaries regain her freedom,) an independent of life. Vast tracts of land, in consequence state : her local position, between two uncultivated, not only in Europe, but along most powerful empires, will expose her the extensive coast of Asia Minor.
and their inhuman persecutors the Ma- rightful dwellers on European soil ; hometans. From Turkey this country they are interlopers upon the conquercan derive but little advantage, either ed, whom their barbarities have never commercial or political; with Greece been able to destroy; and ought thereshe may be able to carry on a consider- fore to be swept from the face of Euable trade,-for England would there rope, and driven back to the mountains find a good market for her colonial and deserts of Asia, whence their anproduce, as well as for her home manu- cestors spread like a torrent over the factures. A commercial people are finest parts of the world, and fixed the more prone to calculate the chances of seat of their government in the noblest profit and loss, than to consider the and most delightful city at that time in claims of humanity and Christian fel- the universe. The Greek nation belowship; yet let us dwell for a while came a non-entity; the good, the on the claim which Greece has upon learned, and the wise, fled from the the whole European family.
Goths of the east, and sought a refuge The Turks, being heterogeneous in in Italy, whither they carried the fine their laws and politics, as well as in re- arts, and rekindled the flame of learnligion, from the rest of Europe, who do ing and genius, which had so long laid not even acknowledge the law of na- smothered in the embers of barbarism tions, can never be looked upon as and Gothic darkness.
(Lond. Lit. Gaz.)
THE SMUGGLER'S CHAUNT.
And many a proudly swelling breast-
Aye, many an Outlaw brave,
Shall find a couch of lasting rest
Beneath the briny wave.
Yet would we not our birthright yield
For landsmen's life of ease-
Let them securely range the field,
We boldly sweep the seas. 'Tis not for us the Queen of night
A restless, lawless course is ours,
A desperate part to play; 'Tis not for us the silver light
Nor reck we bow the morrow lowers,
If fortune smile to-day.
And Woman (lamp of loveliness!
Where kindlier passions burn)
The Outlaw's fortunes deigns to bless,
And o'er bis fate to mourn. Our disport lies in coming storms,
No prayer, no tomb, perchance have we No sears our souls appal ;
No flow'ret decks our bier ;
But Love our fading memory
Wil hallow with a tear. Rd. Sparkle.
REFLECTIONS ON A MOONLIGHT NIGHT. "Tis night-the beams of parting day
So may I smile on others' joy
Nor let their bappiness alloy
My share of earthly bliss ;
But may sweet friendship's smile serene Defrauds the lovely queen of night
Shed its mild sunshine o'er each scene of half her rightful heaven.
Of earthly happiness. Yet, as unconscious of the sight,
And, when clouds fit o'er life's rough main, Sbe sheds a mild unchanging light
May I as soon emerge again
To calm serenity :
The passing storms we meet below
Will lend that breast a brighter glow,
Whose rest is in the sky!
(Lond. Lit. Gaz.)
Here I am again.
of mine got married some years ago, -FOL-de-rol de-rol-lol, fol-de-rol- and what
then ?---why, he'd a whole de-ray. Ha! how are you, troop of children before he could look Mr. Editor :-here I am again, as round him, and that's poor work upon staunch an old blade as ever knock'd a three farthings a year, and receive it cock-maggot out of a king's biscuit, or quarterly-it made him calculate his shook a mosquito by the ears. Aye, vulgar fractions. Howsomever he aye, you may talk of your Penny-ram- struggled with his difficulties, kiss'd mers and your Mar-maids in Chance his wife, nursed the bairns, and turned ry, your Mix-i-can scenes and Cracker- a penny when he could get it. Well, acts of the Ganges; but what are they d'ye see, about six weeks ago he was to the sights I've seed in my life? This sitting on the bench a-top of One-treeis a comical out-o'-the-way world 1 bill in the Park, in a lack-a-day-sighmust needs ovo, for a man no sooner cal manner, swinging one leg for pasdowses his coat than somebody else is time, and beating a tattoo upon the othready to put it on, and swear point- er, occasionally picking his teeth to blank they have had it ever since it clear them of the remains of a chesnut was a jacket. Howsomever that says dinner. His last shilling was connothing ;-here I'am again, and if you founded restless, and had been driven wants a few more tough yarns from the from pocket to pocket undergoing fifty same winch, I'm your boy. What! examinations to ascertain whether it did you think I was going to desert? was a good-un. He was giving it Lord love you, old Jack never was the another twirl in the air, when a poor lad to flinch from his gun or forsake ragged Tar ran up alongside, and his colours. Let but Humanity beat dowsing his truck, supplicated charity. to quarters and Benevolence take com- He had not been accustomed to beg, mand, I'm on deck in a minute, and for his head hung down with shame, clear for action. So you see here I am without raising his eyes to the person again—none of your Tom-Coxes-tra- he implored ; and he was actually verse gentry, up one hatchway, down wearing round to sheer off without have tother—in every body's mess and no- ing his petition answered, when my body's watch. No, no, all fair and messmate sprung up, grasp’d his hand square by the lifts and braces, that's _"What, Johnson, my worthy old poor Jack's plan. None of your tea- soul, come to this !"_“ Aye, aye, Mr. for-two and toast-for-six without a T,(said the veteran,) needs must friend to share it. Give me the feels when the old-un drives ; and I'm sure, ing heart and the helping hand adorn- of all the foul fiends hunger's the worst. ed with the richest of all earthly gems, But what's the use of distressing you the sparkling tear of gratitude ; and with my complaints? I know you've this puts me in mind of a circumstance a generous heart, and 'twill only make that happened the other day — you more unhappy, 'cause you can't There, don't be in a hurry; you gem- relieve them. Heaven knows halfmen of the press are so impatient. pay's little enough for a wife and fami" Let me gang my ain gait,” as old ly, for I hears you're married.' Hameish says; that is, hobble along « Why, aye, Johnson, I have a family,
You forget I've got and they are so dear to my heart that I one leg in the grave, and the other is wouldn't part with one of them to be longing to be with his mate ; but wait a made Lord High Admiral, though I wee, wait a wee, Mr. Editor, and you confess I'm often obliged to sail closeshall have it as clear as ink can make haul'd to get 'em a meal. However, it. Why, d'ye see, an old messmate they will dine hearty to-day, God ble:s