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in vain he implored him to save his charac- self, Bar,” replied the Alderman, you ter and his life by withdrawing his prose- have been twice as much used to it as I cution : this flinty-hearted young nobleman, have.” Mr. Pugh was another of the inthen only just arrived at man's estate, a stances of successful industry with which period of life when all the finest feelings our metropolis abounds. He originally are generally too acutely awake, and pru- came to town in the humble capacity of dence and self-interest scarcely yet roused, drawer and porter at the Hoop and Bunch could, unmoved, behold his old preceptor of Grapes, in Hatton Garden. He then kneeling at his feet, and could coldly turn went to live with Alderman Benn, to take from him, leaving him to all the misery of care of his horse and cart ; and for his despair and anticipated disgrace. Had the good conduct was admitted as under clerk sympathy of the whole assembly been of in the counting-house ; and, being a marany avail against his Lordship's cruelty, ried man, bis master augmented his salary, the unfortunate man would have been in the sum of ten pounds, on the birth of spared to benefit society by the edifying ex. every child. He was afterwards taken into ample of a repentant sinner, instead of be- partnership, &c. ing offered up as a victim to public justice, The day of the King going to St. a shrine at which so many sacrifices are annually made, apparently without produc

Paul's is a great day with the historian, ing either warning or amendment. A very and the following anecdote of the then different spirit possessed Mr. Manby of the Prince of Wales is rather drily related. Temple, when Doctor Dodd was brought before him. Significantly showing the bond the wife of a captain in the royal navy;

My chiefest ornament was Mrs. Aylmer, to the Doctor, he laid it on the table, and whose perfect beauty of features and gracewent and looked out of the window; but sul symmetry of form attracted the notice the Doctor had not the presence of mind to seize the opportunity thus afforded him of time Prince of Wales ; as he looked up to

of our present beloved monarch, at that destroying it. I think in such a case the windows, and gazed on her with all the should have gone one step farther than Mr. Manby : I should have warned the Doctor could ever accuse him of withholding from

admiration which not his bitterest enemies not to put the bond into the fire, when my the fair sex. back was turned, as I should then have no evidence against him.

Brasbridge is a famous anecdotist. The next, a good joke, is heat but

When the Talents came into power, they abstruse.

turned out every body that they could, even

Lord Sandwich, the Master of the Stag Col. Dillon seemed formed by nature for Hounds. The King met his Lordship in the command of an army. He was six feet his ride soon after. “ How do, how do," high, singularly handsome, and combined in cried his Majesty ; " so they have turned bis maoner all the spirit of a soldier with the you off ; it was not my fault, upon my gallantry of a courtier. One day, in help- honour, for it was as much as I could do to ing the beautiful Marie Antoinette on horse. keep my own place.” back, he fixed his eyes intently on her green slippers ; she laughingly asked him why be

The volume now approaches its end. noticed them; “Because," said be," they It is the consolation of growing old to are so appropriate to the wearer, who has talk of what we can remember when we all the world at her feet."

were young. I recollect the first broad.

wheeled waggon that was used in OxfordIn 1780, Mr. Brasbridge took up shire, and a wondering crowd of spectators arms against the rioters. Kennet, the attracted. I believe at that time there Lord Mayor, of course comes in for a was not a post-chaise in England excepting

two-wheeled ones. Lamps to carriages are page or two.

also quite a modern improvement. A shepMr. Kennet had begun life as a waiter, herd, who was keeping sheep, in the vicini. and his manners never rose above his origi- ty of a village in Oxfordshire, came running nal station. When he was summoned to all aghast, to say, that a frightful monster be examined in the House, one of the mem

with saucer eyes, and making a great blowbers wittily observed, "If you ring the bell, ing noise, was coming towards the village, Mr. Kennet will come of course." His at such a rate that he could scarcely keep excuse for his behaviour was, that being before it. attacked both before and behind, he was seized with a fit of temerity, which made

We extract the following for the bim not know what he was about. One benefit of several of our readers ; aye, evening at the Alderman's Club, he was at and writers too, mayhap ! the whist-table; and Mr. Alderman Pugh,

I must now take the privilege of an old a dealer in soap, and an extremely goodDatured man, was at his elbow, smoking his man, to caution my young readers against pipe. “Ring the bell, Soap-suds," said Mr. falling into the practice of smoking, the Kennet, in his coarse way. “Ring it your- of all kinds of intoxication. I have heard

idlest of all amusements, and the stupidest 40 ATHENEUM VOL. I. 2d series.

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BEYOND, beyond that boundless sea

Above that dome of sky,
Further than thought itself can flee,

Thy dwelling is on high :
Yet, dear the awful thought to me,

That thou, my God, art nigh :-
* Art nigh, and yet my labouring mind

Feels after Thee in vain,
Thee in these works of power to find,

Or to Tby seat attain.
Thy messenger, the stormy wind,

Thy path, the trackless main* These speak of Thee with loud acclaim;

They thunder forth thy praise, The glorious honour of thy name,

The wonders of Thy ways :
But Thou art not in tempest-flame,

Nor in day's glorious blaze. "We hear thy voice, when thunders roll

Through the wide fields of air. The waves obey Thy dread control;

Yet still thou art not there. Where shall I find Him, O my soul,

Who yet is every where ? "Oh, not in circling depth, or height,

But in the conscious breast,
Present to faith, though veil'd from sight,

There does His Spirit rest.
O come, thou Presence Infinite,

And make thy creature blest.?

(The same.)

TO THE NIGHTINGALE.

BY J. CONDER.

O wondrous bird ! thy varied measure,

The very soul of pleasure,
Who but an unblest lover could
Have fancied set in minor mood ?
Who but the votary of folly

Have call'd it melancholy?

"To me that song denotes no less
Than mirth and inborn bappiness,
That dreams the peaceful night away
In living o'er the joys of day.
To me it a long tale unravels,
Of airy voyages, Persian travels,
Gay pranks in summer's fairest bowers,
And broken hearts among the flowers ;
And then of England's landscape mild,
Spring's virgin beauties undefiled,
Her violet-banks, her blue bell glades,
Her daisied meads, her greenwood shades,
The hedge-rows where the May is blooming,
With tenderest scent the air perfuming,
The stream through richest pastures wind-

ing,

And tender corn,-of these reminding,
It seems to speak of all to me

In vocal poetry.
And but that mortal men must sleep,
Pleased I my station here could keep
The live-long night, a list'ning to thy tale.
Bat ever wakeful nightingale,

When dost thou suspend thy numbers,

And yield to quiet slumbers ? The lark, beyond his usual bours,

Contending with thee from the sky, Seems exerting all his powers, Singing of corn, and thou of flowers

Thou beneath, and be on high,

A fugue of wondrous melody.
Thou'lt sing him down, and be so quiet

Under the wheat, in lowly nest,
Will marvel at thy tuneful riot,

Breaking his gentle partner's rest. But when his matin-bell he springs

At earliest dawn, untired thy skill, While his loud orisons he sings,

He'll hear thee at thy vespers still

SKETCHES OF THE FIVE AMERICAN PRESIDENTS,

AND OF

THE FIVE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES.

From the Memoranda of a Traveller. IT is a great mistake to suppose that tioned, solely from my knowledge of

the policy of the American govern- the five individuals, who have been ment will not be materially influenced five successive Presidents. by the character of the next President. WASHINGTON, the first President, All nations are more or less determined made the government like himself, cauin their course of dealing, at home and tious, uniform, simple and substantial, abroad, by the moral and intellectual without show or parade. While he character of their chief magistrates, presided, nothing was done for effectwhatever may be their title, rank, or every thing from principle. There was authority. The Americans always have no vapouring and no chivalry about it. been so, and always will be so, what- Whatever was done or said, was done ever they may imagine to the contrary, or said with great deliberation, and

A bird's-eye view of the successive profound seriousness. administrations of Washington, Adams, Mr. ADAMS was the second PresiJefferson, Madison, and Munroe, will dent. He was quite another sort of establish this proposition in part; and, man. He was more dictatorial, more as we are justified in expecting like adventurous; and, perbaps, more of a effects from like causes, and that what statesman. But look to the record of has been will be again, if the first part of his administration, and you find the the proposition be established, the latter natural temper of the man distinctly will seem to be a legitimate inference. visible in all the operations of the gov

I have no disposition to meddle with ernment,up to the very moment when he the domestic economy of nations; nor overthrew himself and his whole party with what is considered the tea-table by his hazardous political movements. politics of any country; but it is pleas The cautious neutrality of Washing, ant to observe the influences of both ton, which obtained for him, in the upon the great human family, and to cabinet, what had already been awardshow ourselves wiser than our neigh- ed to him in the field-the title of the bours, in tracing any effect to a cause American Fabius—was abandoned, by that has been perpetually overlooked Mr. Adams, for a more bold and preby other men.

sumptuous aspect, bearing and attiThis is one of those cases. The tude. The quiet dignity and august character of the American government, plainness of the former, was put aside from the day of its first organization, for something more absolute and regal. has been litile else than the character The continuance of the American gove of the man highest in office for the ernment under Washington, throughtime. And yet the politicians of Eu- out all its foreign negotiations, and dorope would tell us, that it is a matter mestic administration, was erect and of no moment to the world, whether natural, very strong, simple and grave, Mr. A, B, C, or D, is to become the But, under Mr. Adams, although it apnext President of the United States; peared loftier and more imposing, and and the Americaos, themselves, have attracted more attention, it had a sort never suspected, and never will admit, of theatrical look, and was, in reality, that the character of their chief execu- much less formidable. tive officer is, in reality, the character Then came Mr. JEFFERSON. He of the government.

was the third President. He was, unFor my own part, I do not scruple doubtedly, a man of more genius than to say, that I could tell under whose either of his predecessors. His talent administration any important law had was finer, but not so strong. He was a passed, or any important treaty had scholar and a philosopher, full of theory been entered into by the American and hypothesis. And what was the people, on hearing it read for the first character of his administration ? Was time, although the date were not men- it not wholly given up to theory and

hypothesis, experiment and trial? He he had no more idea of being, than he turned the whole of the United States has now of being an Emperor-the into a laboratory—a workshop~a lec- President of the United States, with ture-room ; and kept the whole coun- ample power to fulfil the prophecy. try in alarm with his demonstrations The next, and last of the American in political economy, legislation, me- Presidents, is Mr. MUNROE, a remarkchanics, and government. Hence it is, ably plain, sensible man-very honest, that, to this day, it is difficult to de and, but for this last message of his, termine whether his administration, on which is wholly unlike any thing that the whole, was productive of great be- he has ever written, or said, or done nefit or great evil to the American peo- before, I should be inclined to think ple. The most extraordinary changes, of a very prudent, cold, and phlegmatransmutations, and phenomena, were tic temperament. Yet, what is his adcontinually taking place before their ministration, but a history of the man eyes; but they were, generally, unin- himself-or rather a biography ? telligible, so that he left the country If all this be true, have we no inter pretty much in the situation that his est in understanding the true character fame at Montecello is at this moment of the five men, out of whom the next -altogether transformed from its na- President of the United States will be tural state-altogether different from chosen? My opinion is, that we bave, what it was, when he took it in hand and that we ought to have and therefore -a puzzle and a problem to the world. I shall give a sketch, first, of the Presi

To him succeeded Mr. MADISON— dent now in office, and then, of the the fourth American President. He five candidates, out of whom one will was altogether of a different consti- be chosen to succeed him. tution-loquacious, plausible, adroit, Mr. Munroe, the actual President at and subtile. Out of his administration this time, is an old-fashioned-looking grew the war between his country and man, whose manner is a compound of this. It has been a question much natural, strong simplicity, and artifiagitated among many sensible men, cial courtesy, He is very awkward, and respectable politicians, whom I and very affable; with a countenance have known in different countries and address so distinguished for subwhether Mr. Madison, whose temper stantial good sense, and downright was neither quarrelsome nor warlike, honesty-like that which we oftenreally wished for, and promoted, and times meet with in humble life among expedited the war, or not? I have heard the uneducated, that if you should enthe same question warmly debated counter bim accidentally, in the comamong his countrymen and friends. pany of men of the world, without knowThey had, probably, never seen, or had ing him, you would take him for a senoverlooked the significance of a paper sible man, quite unaccustomed to such in the “ Federalist,” (a work produced society, and altogether above the folly by Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Jay, and Mr. and affectation of imitating them. But, Madison, in defence of the constitution let some one tell you that this sensible, then about to be adopted by the Amer- uneducated man, is no less a personican people)-written by Mr. Madi- age than the President of the United son bimself, when a young man, in States, and you would be likely to diswhich he shows, plainly and convin- cover something almost awful in his cingly, how vast an augmentation of plainness of manner ; something, bepatronage, and, of course, poroer, the fore whose quiet rebuke the grandeur President of the United States would and beauty of courtly bearing would fall derive from a state of war. No man away, like affectation. Yet is it not saw it so clearly at the time—no man so ?-Mr. Munroe is really an awkremembered it, after the debate was ward man; and so are most of the over, so distinctly, and no man could candidates, at this moment, “all, all have profited. by it more resolutely awkward men." than did Mr. Madison, when he came And yet his acquired courtesy, and to be what, when he foretold the evil, a sort of farmer-like, or republican cor

diality, which, being tempered with rather of the Scotch character: talks much gravity and reserve, induces you with singular rapidity and vehemence, to think that more is meant than said, when at all excited, and electioneers operate upon those who see him, very more barefacedly, and with less adlike that insincere, graceful, and flat- dress, than any other of the five canditering manner, which we look for in dates. He is too young a man for the the European courtier ; and bave made office, and has little or no chance of it a common remark throughout the success : he is very ambitious, and United States, and particularly in the fully aware of the consequences if he city of Washington, that an unsuccess- should fail. His adversaries say that ful applicant will come away better he will jump before he comes io the satisfied with Mr. Munroe, than a suc- still; and must clear the passage, or be cessful one will from Mr. Adams, the thrown out for ever. They are probapresent Secretary of State.

bly right. But if he should be electI paid this gentleman, (Mr. Munroe) ed, and it is quite possible, though not a visit once, on the very evening be- probable that he will be, he will seek fore he was to send a message to Con- to distinguish his administration by gress. The front of his house, which very high-handed measures.

Such a is really quite a palace, was entirely course would be natural to most amdark : there were no lamps lighted, no

bitious young men, who find it easier servants in waiting, and I had to find to design than imitate ; pleasanter to my way as I could among the marble open a new path for themselves, than pillars, and over the broad marble to follow any that another has openpavement of the great hall, into the ed ; and a much finer thing to suggest private study of the President. I was a great improvement, for another to quite struck with the appearance of carry into execution, than to assist in every thing I saw there the man consummating the plans of another, himself the furniture-and the con particularly in a government, which, versation were all of a piece, and rather on account of the quick rotation in of out of keeping, I thought, with the fice, will seldom permit any one man marble chimney-piece, and magnificent both to originate and consummate any ceiling and carpeting. There were a great political measure. couple of common candles,-tallow, I Mr. CRAWFORD, the Secretary of dare say, lighted upon his table, and the Treasury, (corresponding with our the furniture, though costly, was very Chancellor of the Exchequer,) is the plain and substantial. In fact there second candidate. He is a tall, stately was an air of rigorous economy about man, more than six feet high, and all the decorations of the room, except large in proportion. He was a schoolthose which were furnished by the master; and, it is said, has killed his Congress : and the economy too, not man, a circumstance not at all against of a chief magistrate, so much as of a him with the Southern Americans, but private gentleman, who had neither very much so among the men of New the power nor the disposition to be England, who reprobate duelling as more prodigal.

absolute murder. Mr. Crawford is fullAnd now for the candidates. Mr. er of political resources than Mr. CalCALHOUN, the present Secretary of War houn, and manages his cards more (or Minister of War,) is one of the adroitly; but then his enemies, and five, and the youngest among them. those who are opposed to bim, are men He has distinguished himself in Con- of a more serious temper, and a more gress, by his intrepid eloquence, and, steady determination, than those of in the cabinet, by some bold and able, Mr. Calhoun. Their opposition to Mr. but hazardous undertakings. He is Crawford is chiefly that of principle; nearly six feet in height, walks very and not political, so much as moral erect, so that his stature appears even principle; while their objection to Mr. greater than that : has very dark ex- Calhoun grows chiedy out of his youth, pressive eyes : high cheek-bones, and temper, and indiscretion. The influa square forehead, with a physiognomy enec of Mr. Crawford's character,

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