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For my belov'd Alberto. Soft, he lives
Gently, ye gales.-Husb, thou untuneful bird,
That idly carolist in thy leafy home,
Tby dismal song sounds like a requiem.
Up, up to heaven, and tell high Providence
His creatures perish, 'reft of his kind care.
How fares it with thee pow, my gracious lord ?
Ob! there is some dumb message in his eye.
The eye's Love's telegraph ; alas ! alas !
I cannot read, the characters are dim.
Oh! it was but the last convulsive throe,
A faint explosion of the elements,
The earth and air that go to make up man.
Nox-now-and now 'eis gone! where is it gone,

Where? Which way did it pass ? Stay, shadow, stay,
And take me with you !
Ob! cumb'rous flesh, that weighs me down to earth.
My heart is swell’d; so sore distent with grief,
With this sharp pointed sword I'll pierce this breast,
Using it as a leech doth use his lancet,
To let the noxious humour forth and heal it.
Oh! dead, dead, dead ; oh! sweet, unconscious clay,
The precious jewel's taken from the casket.
Death, like a dextrous thief, hath picked it out,
Whilst I sat watching by. What rout comes here?
What torches' glare, and busy footsteps tread ?
Too late-past help-past cure-oh, my Alberto !

(Falls on the body.)


(Lond. Lit. Gaz.)



A Sailor generally

uses his pen in sailor's life—it bursts forth, and perwriting as he does his cutlass in haps is rendered more valuable by boarding-that is, dashes on in a the peculiar and characteristic touches straight-forward course, without mak, which it displays. Biography is at all ing choice of any particular object for times a very delicate undertaking, but dissection, or using many flourishes more particularly so when the parties by the way. There is however this are yet in existence, and may have difference, –a sailor seldom wounds their passions aroused by the unqualiby the employment of his pen, though fied language of truth, or their modeshe is never so scrupulously delicate in ty wounded by unwished for praise. the operations of his sword. Many Some of the biographies, indeed, are persons have regretted the unpolished very brief, merely stating the date of roughness of our navy, without con- commission and the day of death, sidering it is to that very circum- &c.; and strongly remind us of a well stance we are mainly indebted for our known old guardship’s lognaval pre-eminence. Ignorance, how “ The wind is west, or thereabout, ever, is out of the question, for we are Nothing come in, and nothing gone out." convinced few men have possessed But on the whole, we feel pleasure greater capabilities than the generality in recommending Mr. Marshall's book of our naval officers; but the duties on to all his brother Tars, and to every which they have been incessantly en one who loves his country. Having gaged have precluded every possibili- said thus much, it only remains for us. ty of indulging in a connected and con- to give (without selection) a few spetinuous chain of thought, so necessary cimens of the performance. to the attainment of literary perfection. In a note annexed to the Memoirs The early education of the “young- of Capt. Fanshawe, we have the folster” when he first entered the lowing anecdote of the deceased Adservice of his country, and during his miral Pocock :career as a Midshipman, has certainly « On the death of Vice-Admiral been well calculated to make him a Watson, his friend Pocock succeeded sea-philosopher ; but who ever heard to the command of the squadron in of a classical cock-pit? We might just India, and three times defeated a suas well expect to find our Boatswains perior force under M. d'Ache. When studying Lord Chesterfield, and his General Lally was brought prisoner Mates calculating algebraic equations. to England, after the reduction of Still, genius cannot be wholly subdued, Pondicherry, immediately on his arrioven amidst the noise and bustle of a val he begged to be introduced to

60 ATHEYEUM VOL. 1. nero series,

I ever

Admiral (then Sir George) Pocock; a few others, slipt off from her stern whom he no sooner saw, than he flew into one of the boats, and escaped to embrace him, and thus addressed the fate of the rest. The Ville de lim: Dear Sir George, as the first Paris appeared unhurt, and was comman in your profession, I cannot but manded by Captain George Wilkinesteem and respect you, though you son, an experienced seaman, who had have been the greatest enemy

made twenty-four voyages to and had. But for you I had triumphed in from the West Indies, and had thereIndia instead of being made a captive. fore been pitched upon to lead the When we first saited out to give you fleet through the gulf. She was,

howbattle, I had provided a number of ever, never heard of afterwards, and musicians on board the Zodiac, in- foundered somewhere in the ocean tending to give the ladies a ball upon with all on board her, consisting of our victory ; but you left me only more than eight hundred crew and three of my fiddlers alive, and treated passengers, many of them of rank and us all so roughly, that you quite spoil- fortune. Of the convoy, eight more ed us for dancing."

were discovered without mast or bow

sprit, eighteen had lost masts, and On the 25th of July, 1782, Admiral some had foundered. The Ramilies Graves hoisted his fag in Port Royal, had six feet water in the hold, and Jamaica, on board the Ramilies, of the pumps would not free her, the seventy-four guns, having under or water having worked out the oakum. ders the Canada and Centaur, with The admiral therefore gave orders the Pallas frigate, and the following for all the buckets to be re-manned, French prizes taken by Rodney on the and every oficer to help towards preceding twelfth of April, the Villefreeing the ship; this enabled her to de Paris, 120 guns, the Glorieux, Hec- sail on, and keep pace with some of tor, Ardent, Caton, and Jason, of 74 the merchantmen; but in the evening grins each.

The fleet sailed' from it was found necessary to anship the Bluefields for England, but on the forecastle and aftermost quarter-deck 17th of September a violent storm guns, together with some of the shot arosc off the banks of Newfoundland, and other articles of great weight; which, in a few minutes, reduced the and the frame of the ship having Admiral's ship to a very shattered opened during the night, the admiral condition. At dawn of day the Rami- was next morning prevailed upon, to lies beheld the Dutton, store-ship, go allow ten guns more to be thrown down head foremost. A lieutenant of overboard. The ship still continuing the navy, who commanded her, leap- to open very much, the admiral ored from the deck into the sea, and dered tarred canvas and hides to be was soon overwhelmed ; but twelve nailed fore and aft, from under the or thirteen of the crew contrived to fills of the ports on the main deck, push off one of the boats, and run- and on the fower deck. The admiral ning with the wind, succeeded in then directed all the guns on the reachiug a ship.

upper deck, the shot, both on that Out of the convoy of ninety-four or and the lower deck, with various ninety-five sail, seen the day before, heavy stores, to be thrown overboard. scarcely twenty could now be dis On the evening of the 20th, the cerned. Of the ships of war, there water continued to increase, although were the Canada, down upon the lee the anchors were cut away, and all quarter, hier main-top-mast and the the lower deck guns thrown overmizenmast gone, and otherwise much board ; the people, who had hitherto damaged. The Centaur without masts, borne their calamities without a murbowsprit, or rudder; and the Glorieux mur, began to despair, and earnestly without fore-mast, bowsprit, or main- expressed a desire to quit the ship, top-mast. Of these, the two latter lest they should founder in ber. The perished with all their crew, except admiral advanced, and addressing the the Captain of the Centaur, who, with crew, said, “ My brave fellows, al

though I and my officers have the nor did the crew think of quitting her same regard for our own lives that until the evening of the seventh day, you have, yet I assure you we have when she seemed little more than susno intention of deserting either you pended in the water, and there was or the ship, and that we will stand or no certainty that she would swim fall together, as becomes men and from one minute to another. The Englishmen. As to myself, I am de- love of life, which has seldom waited termined to try one night more on so near an approach of death to exboard the Ramilies; I hope you will laibit itself, now began to level all all remain with me, for one good day, distinctions. As it was impossible for with a moderate sea and our exer- any man to deceive himself with the tions, may enable us to clear and se- hopes of being saved on a raft in such cure the well from the encroaching a sea, several men had forced the ballast; and then hands enough may pinnaco, and more were attempting to be spared to raise jury masts, that get into it, when Captain Inglefield may carry the ship to Ireland. The came on deck, about five o'clock in sight of the Ramilies alone, and the the afternoon. There was not a moknowledge that she is manned so gal- ment for consideration, and he felt lantly, will be sufficient to protect the that he must either perish with the remaining part of the convoy. But ship's company in the vessel, or seize above all

, as every thing has now the only opportunity which offered been done for her relief that can be for escaping. The love of life prethought of, let us wait the event: and vailed, and accompanied by eleven be assured, I will make the signal di- persons, Captain Inglefield descended rectly for the trade to lie by during into the boat, which could only be the night.”

got clear of the ship with much diffiHis speech had the desired effect; culty, as twice the number she could the firmness and confidence with carry were pushing in. The boat which he spoke, and their reliance was very leaky, and they were all on his seamanship and judgment, as thinly clothed, in the middle of the well as kis constant presence and at Western Ocean, without compass, tention to every accident, inspired quadrant, or sail. A blanket was them with new courage ; they return- discovered in the boat, which was ed to their labours with cheerfulness, used as a sail. A bag of bread, a although they had had no rest from small ham, one piece of pork, two the first fatal stroke. At three the quart bottles of water, and a few admiral resolved not to lose a mo- French cordials, constituted their ment in removing the people, when- whole stock of provisions. ever day-light should appear. At

On the fifth day after quitting the dawn the signal was made for the ship, the condition of those in the boats of the merchantmen, and about boat began to be truly miserable from six o'clock the people were permitted hunger and cold ; their bread was to go off, and between nine and ten, nearly all spoiled by salt water, and there being nothing further to direct it became indispensably necessary or regulate, the admiral himself, after that their allowance should be restrictshaking hands with every officer, and ed. One biscuit was divided into leaving his barge for their better ac- twelve morsels for breakfast, and the commodation and transport, quitted same for dinner; the neck of a bottle the Ramilies which had then nine feet broken off, with a cork in it, served water in her hold. By half-past four for a glass ; and this filled with water all the crew had been taken out. was the allowance for twenty-four

Among the vessels which suffered hours to each man. A little rain most in the dreadful storin, was the water that was caught was a seasonaCentaur, of 74 guns, Captain Ingle- ble help ; but on the fifteenth day held. During seven days in which only one bottle of water, and one she was the sport of the elements, day's allowance of bread remained. every exertion was made to save her, Despair and gloom could be resisted


no longer, and the song and joke, vegetables, and many other articles, which had kept them in good spirits, for the use of le Bourdelois' crew. were now invoked in vain. Their Previous to his quitting the blocklast breakfast was served, and the ade of Helvoetsluys, Captain Manby,

were resigning themselves to who had never molested the Dutch that fate which appeared inevitable, fishing vessels, was much mortified on when land was descried at twenty observing several shot fired by order leagues distance. They immediately of the French General at Scheveling shaped their course for it; the wind at the Africaine's jolly boat, in which freshened, the boat glided through four boys had been sent to take the water at a rapid pace ; and by shrimps from a sand bank near the midnight she entered the road of Maas. By way of retaliation, he that Fayal, where the regulations of the night seized sixty, large vessels emport did not permit them to land un- ployed in the fishery, most of which til examined by the health officers. were sent to Yarmouth, and then adPilots brought them refreshments of dressed the following brief letter to bread, wine, and water, and the night the French myrmidon was passed in the boat. Next morn “ Monsieur le General. As you ing the English Consul visited them, have prevented my having shrimps to and showed them every kindness and my Turbot, I will deprive you of humanity; but the crew were many Turbot to your Shrimps, by taking of them so weak as to be unable to every fishing vessel you have. walk. One of the persons, a quarter

“I am, &c.

T. MANBY. master, died in the boat, and others “ The Hague was thus deprived of were at the point of death.

the usual supply of fish for many

weeks,” The following is from the Life of the celebrated Capt. Manby:

Of Captain Rotheram, the follow“Le Bourdelois having landed her ing is related : prisoners at Barbadoes, proceeded to “ A heavy shower of musquetry Martinique, and convoyed the trade had nearly swept the quarter-deck of from thence to Jamaica, where the Royal Sovereign, when some of Captain Manby joined his noble his officers requested him not to exfriend Lord Hugh Seymour, by whom pose himself so much to the enemy's he was sent to cruise in the Mona small-arm men, by wearing his epau, passage, on which serviee he contin- lets and a gold laced lrat, Let me ued for several months. During the alone,' he replied, I have always time he was thus employed, a Span- fought in a cocked hat, and always iard came on board from Porto Rico, will.' and begged protection, as he had just “ Captain Rotheram bore the banmurdered his officer. Captain Manby ner of Nelson as a K. B. at the funeheard his story with indignation, and ral of that great chieftain ; and was immediately put the wretch in irons. himself nominated a C. B. in 1815." He then proceeded to the bay of Aquadilla, and sent his first Lieuten

In the biography of Captain Wolfe ant on shore to the Governor, with is a remarkable instance of the powthe assassin, and a laconic epistle, of ers of fright. which the following is a copy :

“In 1790, an explosion accident“ Sir, the British colours disdain to ally took place on board the Orion protect a murderer. I send you one, 74, Captain Chamberlayne, then at and hope he will meet the fate he anchor in Carlisle Bay, Barbadoes. merits. I am, &c. T. MANBY." Mr. Wolfe was at that time confined

“The Governor, much pleased with to his bed by a fever which had althis act of British generosity, sent ready carried off 23 men, and to which back a most complimentary letter, the Surgeon, who was an atheist, preand forwarded a large supply of fruit, dicted he would also fall a victim in

less than twenty-four hours. So great obtain a firm footing on the Orion's was the alarm among the crew, that deck, and observe the recovery of his many of the people jumped through patient ; the preservation of whose the ports and were drowned. During life may reasonably be attributed to the confusion, Mr. Wolfe's cot was his dormant pulse being suddenly broken down ; and as he lay on the roused into action by the terror exdeck, his ears were assailed by the cited in his breast, on hearing the apdreadful cries of some who were palling cry of fire,' and witnessing drowning, and others in distress. Not the despair of his ship-mates." relishing the idea of being burnt alive, he contrived to pull on his trowsers At the redaction of Martinique the and crawl to the gun-room ports, sailors served on shore transporting where he saw the Surgeon hanging the artillery ; and during a period of by the rudder chains, kicking and five weeks performed actions that alscreaming most furiously, and holding most exceeded probability. Their laout his purse as an inducement for a borious exertions were very great.boat that had been sent to the Orion's One day, when the commander-inassistance, to come and save him chief of the army met Capt. Harvey's from being devoured by the sharks : detachment of seamen on the road, they só much for the carelessness about being ignorant that a battery was apfuturity, of a person who denied the pointed for them to serve in, surroundexistence of a God, and attributed ed the General, offered him their ser

surrounding nature and all its aston- vices, swearing they thought it do ishing phænomena to chance,

or a for- hard to have all work and no fighting ; tuitous concourse of atoms. Strength and hoped his Honour would let them ened in an extraordinary manner by have some share in it. Upon the Genthe fright to which he had been sub- eral replying, "Well, my lads, you jected, Mr. Wolfe managed to hand shall have a battery to yourselves," the poor wretch a rope's end, by they saluted him with three cheers, and which he was enabled once more to went readily to work again.


(Mon. Mag.)


of the first to Bucharest

, and resided there till insurrection which led the way to 1789 and 1790, devoting his time bethe revolutionary war of independence, tween commercial speculations and thereby to raise the nation from its his studies. present most abject and mortifying That town then abounded with state of oppression, was born, about men of different nations, whose purthe year 1753, at Velestini, a little suits, like his own, were copious and town of Thessaly. He became a interesting, according to the object student in the best colleges of his and arts of which their studies were country, and was early distinguished made. Here Rhigas acquired an infor a ready apprehension, with vigo- timate acquaintance with the ancient rous and mighty pretensions to tal. literature of Greece; the Latin, ents, acute observation, and activity. French, German, and Italian, lan

As neither his fortune, nor his guages, were also familiar to him ; prospects in literature, were exten- he could write with equal fluency, in sive, be attached himself to com- Greek and French, and he had the merce, endeavouring, by every studi- intellectual vigour of a poet, and the ed, devoted attention, to fill up the susceptible disposition of a musician. chasm which formed a bar to his in- He loved his country with the most dependence.

ardent, the most indulgent affection, While yet young, Rhigas repaired and a sepse of the injuries with which

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