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ate encouragement, and all the delicate ed and fostered in a cold, ungenial and grateful emotions of her heart are shade, where “flowers that love the drawn out to bud and blossom in that light” could never blossom? congenial clime;- every individual of But “vanity! vanity !” saith the her family and friends, fondly or cour- Preacher. What sevenfold shield can teously contributing to her happiness or fence the heart of woman, against vanpleasure. Will not the desire to repay ity and its satanic legion? The only kindness with kindness, love with love, shield, I reply, capable of fencing any blessing with blessing, be the responsive human beart against the perpetual, inimpulse of her young heart? She finds sidious, and ever-varying assaults of by every day's experience, that the ten- the tempter-sound moral principles, derest approbation, the warmest encomi- founded on religious knowledge, and a ums, the fondest caresses, reward her firm and humble faith in the truths of endeavours after the attainment of use- revelation. When these have not been ful information, and elegant accomplish- early and sedulously inculcated, the ment, and that blessings more expres- Beauty is exposed, indeed, to great and sively silent, the eloquent blessings of peculiar dangers. But, is the ugly wothe eye,) beam unutterable things on man, on her part, more secure from her performance of higher duties; that those temptations, to which also she is a powerful stimulus to persevere in the peculiarly liable? Is vanity solely conpaths of well-doing, to strive to be all fined to the consciousness of personal she is thought capable of being ! attractions ? Is there no such thing as

Her natural failings and youthful conceit of sense, of talent, of taste, of errors are most mildly and tenderly re- goodness--nay, even of humility ? buked; her motives most charitably There is conceit active, and conceit interpreted-what incentives to conquer passive. That which plume; itself on those failings! to avoid those errors! being superior in such and such points, to realize hopes so fondly sanguine! is, to my taste, less odious than the Happiness is far less selfish than sor- pharisaical cant, “ Well! thank God, I row. Its natural tendency is to com- am not so and so." municate, to infuse itself, as it were, in Now, verily, I am inclined to beto every surrounding object; and cer- lieve, that of all modifications of this tainly nothing inspires us with such infirmity—this vice, if you will have it good will and charity towards our fel- so--that is most harmless which low-creatures, as the sweet conscious plumes itself on outward advantages, (I Dess that they are benevolently dispos- speak with exclusive reference to fced towards us. If all the discourteous, male beauties,) and in point of fact, ill-natured, uncharitable things that are have we not often occasion to remark, said and done, were traced back to that a pretty, yain, giddy girl, one of their real source, it would be found that the most apparently inconsiderate charevery other one at least resulted, not acter, will settle down for life with a from resentment for the infliction of se- companion who deserves and possesses rious injury, but from some wounded her respect and affection, into a domesfeeling, some smarting sense of neglect, tic, prudent wife, a careful and tender unkindness, or, it may be, of conscious mother, an exemplary mistress of a insignificance, a consciousness, (by the family, while some grave, demure-lookway) widely differing from Christian ing maiden, guarded at all points in the humility, and operating far otherwise armour of ugliness, bristling all over on the beart and temper.

with decorum, and pinched into the Allowing these to be fancied, or at very pattern of primness and propriety, least fancifully exaggerated injuries, will (if occasion offer) launch out inio their influence on the character is not such extravagances and indiscretions, therefore less pernicious, and the ques. as defy all calculations on probability tion is, Would these corroding, crush- and liability, and utterly confound the ing thoughts, have sprung up in the wise theories of all declaimers against cheering sunshine of favour and indul- the dangerous endowment of beauty. zence? Have they not been generat But, to sum up all-are there, in the

class of beauties, fewer good wives, are really sincere in deprecating for good mothers, good women, and good their offspring, what they term so fatal Christians, than amongst those of the an endowment~I would compassionsex, to whom nature has been more ately suggest one simple expedient, calniggardly of outward endowments? An culated to strike at the very root of the impartial observer will acknowledge, evil. Let the pride of civilization, for that such characters are found, in pret- once, condescend to adopt the practice ty equal proportions, amongst the love of those who (for very opposite purpoly and unlovely; but, reverting to mi- ses, it is true) flatten the noses, depress nor considerations, from that higher the skulls, and slit the lips and ears of ground of observation, I will venture to their new-born females. The most assert, that there is less vanity;-or, obstinate charms,-the most inveterate perhaps, more properly speaking, less beauty,--must infallibly yield to this solicitude about personal appearance, early discipline; to which, for further in pretty than in plain women. The security, may be added, a general tatcause is obvious—the one is perpetual- tooing of the whole person, so that no ly striving to make herself, what nature separate part or portion may become a has made the other. Its frequent re- strong hold for that subtle demon, who sult is more perplexing. The exuber- can entrench himself in the hem of an ant self-complacency with which an ug- ear, or the tip of a little finger. But ly woman, in the full pomp and pano- whither, in its compassionate zeal for ply of dress and decoration, seems, as it the relief of parental anxiety,- whither were, to inflate and expand her whole tends this speculative genius ? What person ; and if some solitary charm of might be the probable result of the meaform or feature, has been grudgingly sures I suggest? If adopted by a few bestowed opon her, what sedulous anx- leaders of rank and fashion, the univeriety to exhibit it to the best advantage! sal rage for novelty and imitation would How the malady concentrates itself, in soon make the practice general, and a manner, in that peculiar part! Be- then, indeed, a great and decisive contrays itself, by an unnatural and perpe- quest over beauty, might be confidenttual distention of the mouth, if a set of ly anticipated. But, with its utter exwhite and even teeth is the seat of the tinction in the land, might not our predisorder ;-is characterized by a deli- sent conception of its component parts, cate curve of the fingers, or graceful ac- and general combinations, fade away tion of the hand, if that happens to be to dim recollections? Those also, in the part affected; or by a frequent pro- progress of time, could hardly fail to trusion of the foot, should the disease be wholly obliterated; and in their have possessed itself of the lower ex- stead, would arise a new standard of tremities.

perfection, not less the object of a danGood Heavens! in what thing, in gerous worship, for being the very rewhat place, under what circumstances, verse of a former idol. With the cuswill not vanity take root, and thrive tom of a savage nation, we may adopt Stick it, like house-leek, on a bare wall, its tastes also; and thenceforward, a its fibres will insert themselves into the celebrated beauty of the British Court, crevices, and the plant will prosper may be constituted such, by perfections somehow. Strew it like mustard and similar to those that qualify a Hottentot cress over a few woollen threads in an Venus,-an Esquimaux petite Maitresse, earthen platter, and you may pick sal- or a reigning toast of the Sandwich sad to-morrow. Hang it up like the Islands ; and the first view of a squat air plant, it will bud and blossom with- nose, and flattened pericranium, in his out other than ethereal nutriment. They new-born babe, may strike into the are inexperienced naturalists, who af heart of an anxious parent, the same firm, that it flourishes only, or peculiar- pious horror, with which he now conly, in soil or climate of such and such templates the Grecian outline and delinature and temperature.

cate proportion of the infant beauty, But to all who persist in the belief who smiles in his face, with such innothat beauty is the forcing bed of this cent unconsciousness of the fatal charms idle flaunting weed—to all parents who with which nature has endowed her.

(Lon. Mag.)



THE passion of love, in Spain, was always associated with dangers and mys

teries—and the spirit of chivalry deemed that a lover could hardly be aceep'able until he bad made his title good by deeds of heroism—by long and weary watching—or by acts of extravagant devotion. The prize seemed worthless that was won without toil and difficulty. In the southern provinces, even to the time of Charles III. a youth was not admitted to the common priviJeges of his standing, until he had watched over his arms, and had been solemnly invested with the right to bear them. He was compelled to pass the night in the vigil of prayer—in a solitary chapel—his unconsecrated weapons hanging near. When the day dawned, they received the sacerdotal blessing, and, from that moment, he was allowed to take his nightly rounds (rondar), and to watch over and protect the dwelling of his beloved.


Shepherdess of early spring-tide,
With thy look of innocence ;
God be with thee, gentle maiden !
For I wend me far from hence.
With my flocks I quit for ever
These sweet vales, fair maid! Alas
Thou wilt see me slumbering never
'Midst the flow'rs, and on the grass.
Time from all these joys shall sever
Which made time so gayly pass.
Music's charm and song's endeavour
Cease-sighs break where gladness was.
On the snow-o'ermantled mountain
Shall my bed of silence be ;

By the beach-tree, near the fountain,
I will dwell and think of thee.
'Neath the cypress, dark and shady,
Long my mournful vigils keep,
Never through the night-tides, Lady!
Shall these eyelids cease to weep.
When the crippling frost is stalking
O'er the palsied earth—I'll go
With the moon unsocial walking :
Sending thoughts to thee, and woe.
Waking dreams of vanish'd sweetness,
Watching in thy solitude ;
Nought but heaven to be my witness,
And the birdlets of the wood.

Of the species of Romances with which the fair were serenaded, a thousand specimens exist, and they are as varied as they are original. Among a people overflowing with poetic genius, and harassed by an oppressive and tormenting government, which allowed only a bounded flight to the Muse, it may well be fancied how the imagination would revel among the subjects which were not interdicted, such as chivalry and love. These are treated with an infinite variety of form and language, and though often degenerating into excess, their general character is lively and poetical, and they are seldom tainted with any thing like grossness or indelicacy.


Poor heart of mine ! tormenting heart ! How oft beneath its folds lay hid
Loog hast thou teaz'd me--thou and I The gnawing viper's tooth of woe-
May just as well agree to part.

Will no one buy? will no one bid ?
Who'll buy a heart? who'll buy? who'll buy? "Tis going now. Yes ! it must go !

So little offer'd-it were well They offer three testoons—but, no !

To keep it yet—but, no ! not I. A faithful beart is cheap at more :

I have a heart-a heart to sell : Tis not of those that wandering go, Who'll buy a heart? who'll buy? who'll buy? Lke mendicants from door to door. Here's prompt possession--I might tell I would 'twere gone! for I confess A tbousand merits ; come and try.

I'm tired-and longing to be freed ; I have a heart-a heart to sell :

Come, bid, fair maiden ! more or lessbo'll buy a heart? who'll buy? who'll buy? So good--and very cheap indeed.

Once more-but once-I cannot dwell Fair lady! make it all your own,
So long—'tis going--going—fie !

And may it ever bless you too !
No offer-I've a heart to sell :

Its broken and its wounded part Who'll buy a heart? who'll buy? who'll buy? Your touch can heal. Go, lady ! try,

And I will give you all a heart, Once-twice—and thrice--the money down,

You would not buy—you would not buy. The heart is now transferr'd to you;


O thou gay spring time,
Cover'd with flowers,
Crown with thy garlands
Passion like ours.

Crown with white lilies,
Jasmines, and roses
Every gay floweret
That odour discloses
Violets, vervains,
Pinks and all flowers,
Crown with your garlands
Passion like ours.

The tresses of gold
That imprison the soul,

The bright suns of heaven
In glory that roll-
While I weep o'er my sorrows,
And gather sweet flowers-
O crown with thy garlands
Passion like ours.

That forehead serene,
Where love sits confest,
Adorn with the zephyrs
And balm of the east
Adorn that bright temple
With incense of flowers
And crown with thy garland
A passion like ours.


How calm, how sweet the plain
When spring walks forth- and gloomy days are gone

-Birds pour their mournful strain,
The winds expire, the streamlets linger on,

And from the flowery bed
Gay smiles awake, and odorous breaths are shed.

The elm tree and the pine
Shade from the dazzling of the noon-tide beam ;

A golden amber line
Plays ever sparkling on the gentle stream

Which rolls across the mead-
Food for the mouth,-a pillow for the head.

But thou being absent, all,
Fair maiden ! loses every beauty now ;

For thy sweet footsteps fall
As fall the morn-rays from the mountain brow,

And gladness and soft joy
Without thee are but sorrow and annoy.

It has been before mentioned, that festal songs always accompany the religious holidays of Spain ; here is one on the Carnival (Antruejo.) These festivals have always been more joyous than devout; and so, the old proverb sagely says, A las romerias de cerca mucha vino y poca cera.


Come, let us eat and drink to-day, And sing and laugh and banish sorrow, For we must part to-morrow.

In Antruejo's honour-fill
The laughing cup with wine and glee,
And feast and dance with eager will,
And crowd the hours with revelry,
For that is wisdom's counsel still

To-day be gay,-and banish sorrow,
For we must part to-morrow.

Honour the saint--the morning ray
Will introduce the monster death
There's breathing space for joy to-day,
To-morrow ye sball gasp for breath ;
So now be frolicksome and gay,
And tread joy's round, and banish sorrow,
For we must part to-morrow.

(Lon. Mag.)
* Remore not the old landmarks ; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless."

Proverbs xxii. 10. THERE is a part

of Suffolk known It is of the division over which Mamby the name of the “dairy dis- mon was then waving his banner that trict," which, to the curious in the pas- our story must speak; and as it must toral branch of domestic economy, speak with a tongue some sixty years presents all that is interesting in the old, we may suppose ourselves wafted care and pasturage of cows, and the back to that period, and that we are production of the richest cheese and looking for the first time over the imbutter. When you pass from the land mense patriarchal establishment of of the reap-book and plough-share into herds, and binds, and bondwomen. In the region of natural grass and perpet- other lands the cows roamed at large, ual pasturage, you cannot be insensible feeding in groupes by the brook-banks; that a corresponding change has taken but here they stood' fastened to rough place in the manners and bearing of wooden mangers, in rank succeeding the people. It is true you will find no rank, with cut grass before them, and vacant shepherds piping in the dale, a moveable fence of rods or reeds to nor meet with flocks which seem fond protect them from the wind. Many of any other melody save that of the men and maidens attended to the filling running brooks, where the grass is a- or clearing of the mangers—or moved bundant and the wild yellow clovergreen the fences, as the wind shifted, or and savoury. The herds of cows—the knelt-or, to borrow a northern word, ring-straked, the speckled, and the spot “ hunkered” and filled their innumerted, seem a most laborious grass-devour- ble pails with milk. Others at home, ing race,bearing no resemblance to those on the cool tiled floors of the dairies, more favoured animals which browze transformed in many a reeking pan, the with such delicacy of taste, and low so new milked-milk into curds, pressed melodiously, over the bloomy fields of out the whey with their hands, and fillsome of our pastoral bards. If they ed the cheese-moulds, and placed them are not of a strict pastoral kind, and under the cheese-presses. Another decannot claim descent from those flocks partment presented some dozens of to which Apollo piped and Daphnis busy hands extracting, with many a sang, they are nevertheless a fair and a plunge and pull, the butter from the stately breed—of the colour of the rich- cream-washing it in cold spring waest creat—with an appetite which ter, and dressing it out in all its attracseems uncloyed with the balmiest mor. tions for market. Over the whole, one sels of the fields, and with udders ample or two old, considerate, calculating feand distended, nearly touching the male spirits presided, and seemed, by ground, and seeming ready to shed at their smooth shining looks, and round every step the fragrant treasures they plump forms, something like suitable contain.

personifications of those savoury comWhen you advance into the country, modities—butter and cheese. and the sharp edge of curiosity is some The house, or rather hall, to which what blunted, you will find leisure to all those herds and hinds belonged, observe that each subdivision of the merits some notice. It had been in district has a system of management other times a dwelling of note. It was peculiar to itself. In one place a scru- built chiefly with beams of framed oak, paulous observance of old pastoral rules richly carved in a deep sharp old Saxon prevails ; in another, the indiscreet style, with high peak ends and latticed goddess, Chance, seems to have ac- windows, and with many marks of quired the mastery; while the thirst of original grandeur and antique beauty gain predominates on a third division. about it. Those who are anxious after

9 ATHEXEUM VOL. 1. 2d series.

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