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Mayor at their head !—the wise cater- national portraiture, suffer me to preers for public order and decorum ! - sent you with another feature which the men of counsel and council !--the may interest. I have met with more « Daniels—I say the Daniels !” Muse than one profound Munchausen in of Hogarth or of Rabelais! coquet Ireland ; that is, a regular story-teller, with me only for one felicitous instant, who glories in his talent, who has while I try to paint the vacuity of hor- built up to himself much fame and adror, yet redolence of the ridiculous, miration from its repeated exercise, which bespoke the first full suspicion and whose effort is to preserve his of a hoax, that was no doubt-vil- character by a succession of ridiculous lainously good, but also of a blunder fictions. The king of this race of that was execrably palpable! But I queer mortals is now dead; he abode dare only to leave this scene to the in the very metropolis ; was the idol imagination. Let it suffice that the of merry meetings in taverns, and at Mayor appealed to his despatch fro:n respectable private houses too : and, the Secretary-produced itand, to by all I can learn, never had commend the matter, “ lo, 'twas red!” peer.
was SweetmanWhat could be done ? The town it- 56 Jack Sweetman." --Oh! how the self might be managed after a manner bare mention of his name will set poor -the crier might make another sortie Scotch's eyes twinkling, and slichtiy to cause the shops to be shut, and the curve the right line of even Mr. O'Recustomers turned out—the bells might gan's mouth !-As master Slender easily be set again in motion; but the would observe, however, “ He is dead country districts, the villages six, eight, -Jack Sweetman is dead;" and those ten, fifteen miles off! At seven of his unconscious emulators whom I o'clock in the morning the two troops have seen were not your city tags: of horse in garrison had been de- Pure rustic geniuses they; teeming spatched to these several places with with their own original conceptions, orders to suspend the homilies till Fri- and flinging them out and about in day: there was not a trooper left to their own quaint idiom and slippery pursue them with countermanding or. tongue. The picture of the cleverest ders l_and again I inquire, what of them I have encountered, is before could be done ? Nothing but what was me: A comfortable country gentledone. The day, while all the rest of man, about fifty years of age, tall, a the British Empire mourned, the city little fat, a round red shining face, not of and her dependencies waxed at all strongly marked, and no index merry and busy ; and when the cloud to his talent, if you
should except the had passed from the world beside, sparkle of two small blue eres, rebelthey had at last their time of exclusive ling against the affectation of gravity sorrow. Any comment upon the mo- imposed on his well closed lips. At ral propriety of this hoax might be out his own table, or at any other table, he of season,-certainly would be super- was and is the father of tempestuous fluous. If contemplated to the excess laughter. He knows what is expected it ran, there can be no second opinion from him—and that is every thingas to the delinquency; and in any and without apparent effort he yields view it was most indecorous, and no full and eternal satisfaction. I have doubt you and your readers will call heard him always with amazement, it shocking. But I am strongly led to and, I must own, often with real erciquestion the first case; and with the tation of spirits. We have no idea of second can have little to do. I only such a man in England. He has told state, as in duty bound, facts, that in my presence, upon four or five oceven in their excesses present to you, casions that I have sat with him, hall I think, a trait of national character, a hundred stories at least, no one rewhose demerits at least contain some, sembling the other, and, I have been and a peculiar mental activity-in informed by those who knew bin idleness.
long, unlike any that he had ever told And siace we have stumbled on before. In fact, during some thiny
years of professional practice, it would was seen; Dick put them down on appear he scarcely ever finds it neces- the dairy floor to keep them cool; and sary to repeat himself. This you will here we sat as we are now, God bless say is imaginative fecundity with a us all, after dinner, when we beard vengeance. If you proceed to interro- such a screeching an' hubbub as rang gate me on the merit or style of these through the house, an' brought us out extemporaneous effusions, I fear I can to see what was the matter. Into the answer nothing satisfactory. As to dairy we wentman' I'll tell you how matter, they are the most monstrous it happened. The rats came in, you and matchless combinations of narra- see, in the dark, an' were for being tive, out- unchausening Munchausen curious about the oysters ; an' one of -always new, always jangling against the oysters that was as curious an' each other; and, all I can add is, fit just as cute as any of the rats, opened to be laughed at for their very unfit- himself a little to take a peep about the ness to any thing else. But you should dairy; an’ when a rat put in his fore hear this man tell them. There is foot to have a crook at the oyster, the whole charm. You should listen faith it held him as fast as it could; to him as he sits at his ease with his which not being to the rat's mind, whisky-punch before him, and his nathing could make up to the passion friends around him, and his face in its he gat into, an' the noise he made. unclouded meridian, without a muscle We staid some time looking on, an' wincing, as the fluent words quietly then went out for a dog to worry the pour out for ever, and choke every rat; an'as we had to go thro' the one else with convulsions of mirth. yard to the dog, we were for stepping Let your fancy so far assist me as to down stairs quietly, when—what you get him thus present, and I proceed, think ?-By the life of O'Pharaoh, as the best mode of illustration, to re- Sir, we were forced to stand aside, an' late one-though by no means one of give way to a hundred rats at least, the best of his stories. I select it for that were come from borrowing a its brevity. It would begin thus : crow-bar from the forge, an' they had
Arrah, come now-(turning to a it between them, walking up stairs in grave guest)—this will never do, fath- a body to break open the oyster an’ er Cokoran—maister, sir, maister-or deliver their namesake from his hands." maybe you'd be for an oyster? We'll I shall add no comment upon this get them there ; an' I pray God there fanciful narrative, further than to say, may’nt be such a story to tell o' them that it strikes me to be quite as good as the night last week that the gauger
as the three hundred rats of which Mr. was here. I was in town that day, an' Hogg has made memorable use in his bought just as fine a hundred as ever last Novel.
Though bright its glance may be--
That, Ulric, I love thee.
Nor for your raven hair:
And wear my colours there.
Not for your lute's sweet chords ;
Not for your honied words :-
Is given quite to me:
Dear Ulric, than love thee? 36 ATHENEUM Vol. 2. 2d series.
LOUIS XVIII. AND CHARLES X.
as far back as May last, that if gered a few days, and expired. On the weather was hot, the King could the King being told of it, he merely not get over the summer. His legs had said, “ He was a good man and a been a mass of corruption ; but in faithful servant.” June, instead of acute, the pains be The King treated M. de Chateaucame chronic, and he was in a state of briand in the same manner, and on continual lethargy. To give the ap- the same account. At nine o'clock on pearance of bis being much better in Sunday morning, the minister was tohealth than he was, he was prevailed tally unacquainted with bis fate ; at on to take his drives as usual; but eleven, on going to the Chateau, he was though he travelled over the pavement stopped, and told he would, on returnat the rate of twelve or fourteen miles ing home, find the reason why he was an hour, the shaking had no effect on not admitted. his lethargy, and it was very rarely These acts, so totally at variance with that he uttered a syllable from leaving all our ideas of the forms of polished the chateau to returning to it. At in life, and especially of a Court which tervals the sense of pain roused his sacrifices more to exterior forms that dormant faculties, and he was capable any other, are only to be attributed to of transacting business for a few min. the extreme irritation occasioned by a utes ; but so impatient of contradiction state of continual bodily suffering. was he, that he dismissed, without ce About this time caries of the spine remony, even those to whom he had spread itself. The King was now been longest attached, the compan- obliged to be strapped in his chair; ions of his exile and his friends in ad- and it was evident that he could not versity. Of this number were the suffer much longer. As the malcon. Dukes de Blacas and La Chatre,--the tents had long calculated on the royal former, for having presumed to offer demise for an insurrection, it was an opinion differing from that of his thought advisable to take every means Majesty on a very trifling point, was of concealing the state of his Majesty's dismissed from service, and, io gild the health; and for this purpose the cenpill of disgrace, appointed Ambassador sorship of the journals was revived, so to Naples; the latter, presuming on that no intelligence of the kind could the very long intimacy, the affection- reach the Provinces. And as his deate attachment that had always sub. cease was shortly anticipated, the gosisted between them, and the long and nius of M. de Villele suggested the valuable services he had rendered his idea of making the principal changes Majesty, conjured the King to aban- necessarily consequent on a new reigo, don the project of the lowering the during the old one; so that when rate of interest of the public funds, as Charles X. came to the throne, there contrary to public opinion. The King could be no discontents from dismissmade no answer; but on the Duke ing one set of men to take place for going the next morning to attend as others, and those in office would be First Gentleman of the Chamber, the grateful at keeping their places ; while Usher in waiting would not let him all the odium, if any, of the changes pass, and told him that his Majesty had would rest with the old King, who had no farther occasion for his services. made them: hence the very numerous The poor old Duke was thunder- changes in the Cooncil of State, the struck; he retired to Meudon to pour Prefects, &c. &c. &c. This was a out his sorrows in the bosom of his old deep stroke of policy in M. de Villele, friend the Duke de Castries ; but the which, it is believed, bas secured him shock was too great for the consola- the entire confidence of Charles X. tion of friendship to heal the woond: The King's health gradually deckoas he was eating an egg at breakfast ed, yet it was thought good policy to
produce him as usual on State occa- that, on bis deathbed, he refused to see sions, so that neither the regular recep- the children of the Duchess de Berry : tions of his own Court nor of the for- it is known that the King was not fond eign ministers were ever suspended. of them, and this is attributed to cirHe even held bis regular levee on the cumstances almost too ridiculous to be 7th instant for the reception of the di- related. On St. Louis's Day, in 1822, plomatic corps. Although he was when the children were brought to then in a dying state, he was strapped bim, he asked the little Princess to sit in bis wheel chair to prevent bis falling on his lap; she refused : on being askforward, bis head sunk entirely on his ed by the Duchess (her mother) why breast, and bis chin concealed in the she would not sit on the King's lap, she blue riband of the Order of the Holy said she did not like it, because the Ghost; his hat, fringed with white King smelled. The other anecdote is feathers, lying on his lap, and his equally frivolous as a motive of dishand upon it. For a few minutes he like: the King asked the little Duke appeared to be asleep; at length he of Bourdeaux, a few months since, if he gave tokens of existence, and the Ba- would like to be a king? “ No, 'Sir, ron Lalive, conductor of the Ambassa- was the reply.—“Why, my child, dors, named them according to the would you not like to be a king?" order in which they stood in the circle, 6. Because I like to run about." The and each advanced to salute his Majes- boy fancying, from the only specimen ty. At two or three of the first names he saw, that the inability to walk was the King muttered something, but un- one of the attributes of royalty. intelligibly; he then relapsed into the The character of his Majesty, will, lethargic state, and the Ambassadors of course, be variously drawn—it may withdrew. At this leveé the Count be summed up in a few words: He d'Artois appeared in perfect health, was neither cruel nor ambitious; all vigorous and active, as if he were not he wanted was peace and tranquillity ; above forty or fifty years of age. his long and painful state of suffering
It was now evident that the King prevented his paying the attention to could not survive many days; his flo- business that was requisite : equally rid complexion appeared to be owing inconstant in his likes and dislikes, he to art, and the decay of nature seemed evidently possessed few or none of approaching the last crisis; the suppu- those higher affections which identify ration of the wounds became suspend- souls with each other; and it might ed; the animation of the lower extrem- be said of him as Goldsmith said of ities was gone; and the spark of life Garrickwas only prolonged by a surgical ope- He threw off his friends as a huntsman his pack, ration to which he was very unwilling For he knew, when he pleased, he could whistle to submit.
His Majesty's attachments were few; Charles X. on succeeding to the and out of sight out of mind was rather Throne, has promised to observe the a part of his character. M. de Cazes charter and the institutions of the State, was a long time his favourite; he used as his brother bad done. This, certo call him his Son; he could not pass tainly, is not promising much, for many a day without seeing him : but when and frequent were the infractions of the Duke de Berry was murdered, and the charter by Louis XVIII. Indeed, De Cazes's enemies attributed it to his the charter, got up in a hurry, betrays favouring the Liberaux too much, pre- all the haste and incompleteness of its posterous as the charge was, the King, origin : as an organic constitution, it is on finding a loud outcry against his extremely imperfect; the lacune are favourite, abandoned him. M. de numerous, and those attempted to be Villele seemed latterly to possess his filled up have not been filled up in the upbounded confidence; and on the most desirable manner. This is not to marriage of the Minister's daughter, be attributed entirely to the want of the King presented the bride with one liberality in Louis XVIII. but to the hundred thousand francs. It is stated ceaseless efforts of the Buonapartists and
Republicans to sow dissensions, inspire ciples and absolute power. This arose distrust, create disturbances, and fo- from the vecessity which heirs apparment conspiracies. These were atent generally feel of forming a party, length carried to such a height, that a which must necessarily differ in politigeneral conspiracy to overturn the cal principle from that of the Court
, or Government was organized throughout it would cease to be one. Now there the kingdom; almost every regiment were only two extremes to choose was corrupted: the conspiracies were from, the liberals, or what is called the detected on several points, but, not. pure royalists. That the Count d'Arwithstanding they failed at Paris, at tois should not prefer the party of the Befort, at Colmar, at Poictiers, and revolution, can be easily imagined; Rochfort, the spirit of the conspirators therefore he had no alternative but was unbroken when the insurrection in taking the other course, which was Spain broke out. As it had been more consonant with his principles
, his found impossible to collect a consider- habits, and the position in which he able body of rebels on any single point was placed. But this may be said for in France, it was resolved to effect it the Count d'Artois, that he always dis. in Spain, and thither all the discontent- approved of the excesses of his own ed and revolutionary flocked from party, and if he pardoned them, it was France, Belgium, England, and Ame from a noble feeling that of never forrica : General Lefevre Desnouettes getting the services of an old friend, and General Lallemand came from and which induced him to forgive America with this object; the former slight or temporary errors. In this was drowned off the coast of Ireland, point Charles X. differs widely from but Lallemand sailed from England to Louis XVIII. : his affections are Spain, where Colonel Fabrier had or- strong, and constant as they are strong; ganized a body of French resugees; he will make few political changes, Sir Robert Wilson and his Aide-de- save to recompense the zeal, fidelity, Camp went to Spain to join them, and and constant friendship of the comproclaimed himself the precursor of panions of his exile ; and that he is no i ten thousand English, who would friend to absolute power, will be evisoon join them, to put down all tyran- dent from the suppression of the cenny and tyrants." The total failure of sorship, which will be taken off almost all attempts of the refugees to make a immediately. His mind is not so cultilanding in France, or corrupt the in- vated by study as that of the late King; vading French army, gave the death- but whatever superiority Louis XVIII
. blow to the hopes of the conspirators; had over him in that respect, it was and the result of the Spanish war de more than counterbalanced by that hastroyed entirely their sanguine expec- bitual suffering, which paralysed the tations of effecting a revolution in understanding and affected the judgFrance at the moment, or organizing it inent. at the death of the King. But it was The King is healthy; he is in the this well known threat and intention full possession of all his faculties; he which induced M. de Villele and M. can see with his own eyes and judge de Corbiere to take every precaution, for himself; and there is little doubt of when they found the King hastening to France being happy and prosperous his final dissolution; hence the censor- during his reign, for the rising spirit of ship, and the numerous changes of rebellion is put down, and Prefects, Sub-prefects, Mayors, &c. dispersed.* through all the departments. We, who know France, firmly believe the * We give this interesting account as we bave precaution unnecessary : yet it was
received it, knowing the ample means our Corresprobably as well to convince the disaf
pondent possesses of obtaining the best informafected that every thing was foreseen. tion, where he is not a personal observer. Where From the conduct of the Count
we might differ from him in opinion, we bare te d'Artois, it was supposed he was
frained from urging our views, because we de met
feel that we enjoy such good grounds wherete R$ strongly inclined to ultra-royalist prin- form a judgment.