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land of the Chaldaans, Jer. XXV. II, 12. For thus faith the Lord, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon , / will visit yon, and perform my good word towards you, in causing you to return to this place, jer. xxix. 10. And this Prophecy of Jeremiah the Jews depended upon, under the Captivity, D*».ix. 2. Zech. i. 12. and- it was exactly fulfilled-to them. He foretold , that the Vessels of the Temple should be brought back again at the coining of the Jews out of their Captivity in Babylon, chap, xxvii. 22. And it was the particular caue of Cyrus,Darius aw&Artaxerxes, that they should be return'd, Ezra i. 7. vi. 5. vii. 19. He bought a Field of Hanameel his Uncle's Son, and the Evidences of the Purchace, which were subscribed in the sight of many Witnesses, were delivered to Baruck, to be prescrv'd in an Earthen Vessel, as a Token of the Peoples return out of Captivity, and to be produc'd at their Return in confirmation of his Prophecies, Jer. xxxii. 9. The Generations of Nebuchad* nezzAs's Posterity, that should succeed him, till the Destruction of that Monarchy, are foretold, Jer. xxvii. 7. The Destruction of Babylon, with the manner of Taking the City , as it was foretold aud described by the Prophet, agrees punctually with the Account of it by p Herodotus. One post pall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to pew the king of Babylon that his City is taken at one end, and that the passages are flopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted. And this was declared in a memorable and solemn manner, by writing it down, and by casting the Book into Euphrates, Jer. li. 31, 32, 62, 63. The Historian informs us, that the City of Babylon being provided with all Necessaries to endure a Siege for many Years, Cyrus order'd the Banks of the River to be cut, and the Waters to be drained , till it became fordable ,
- ». Wcrcdot. Clio, c. 191. ■•' .
and and then surprised the City by the Channel, both at. the entrance of the River into the City, and at its Passage out again. And this Stratagem he contrived to execute on a Festival, when the People, without any apprehension of Danger, were entertaining themselves with Dancings and other Diversions. And his Soldiers at the fame time entring the most distant Places of so great a City; both Ends were taken, before they, that dwelt in the midst of the City, knew of it. So that Messengers were sent from both Parts of the City, in great haste and confusion, to inform the King, that his City was taken at the end, that,is, by a common Hebraism, at each end: for one is not in the Hebrew, but is added by our Translators in a different Chara-« cter: or, which is the fame thing, each Messenger should tell the King, that his City was taken at one end. That they should run from each end, the Prophet plainly foretels, in saying, that they should meet one another.
Jeremiah also prophesied, That the Seed of Israel should never cease from being a Nation to the end of the World i which we see fulfilled in their continuing a distinct Nation, tho' dispersed in all Parts of the World, Jer. xxxi. 36.
The Destruction of Tyre and.Zidon, and of zAigypt, was foretold by the Prophet Ezekiel; and the Restoration of the zÆgyptians, after Forty Years, Ezek. xxviii. 19. and xxix. 12,13. As Isaiah had foretold the Destruction of the latter Tyre by Alexander, long before it had any Being •, so Ezekiel prophesied, that Nebuchadnezzar should destroy PaUtyrus, or Tyre on the'Continent, but situate at the entry of the sa, Ezek. xxvii. 3. which was never to be rebuilt, chap. xxvi. 14, Xt. xxvii. 35. But Tyrm in the Isle had its Rife from the Ruins of this. The Prophet fays, that this Tyre was strong in the sea, chap. xxvi. 17. that its borders were in the midst of the seas, chap, xxvii. 4. which
aq Learned Author understands of its Maritime Power. And whereas the Prophet afterwards adds, that this Tyre was made very glorious in the midft ofthe seas, ver. 25. that she east-wind had broken her in the midst of the seas, ver.26.and that this Lamentation- should be made over her, What city is tike Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea, ver. 32". The same Author understands these and other Expressions of the like Nature, to be spoken allegorically. But they seem rather to imply, that the City tho'standing on the Continent, was in great measure encompassed by the Sea, being situate on a Rock, (as the Name Tz.or signifies) or a large Promontory* reaching into the Sea. • The Prophanation of the Temple, and of the Sanctuary, by Amiochus Epiphanes, with the Death of AntUchM, and a Description of his Temper, and of his very Countenance, was clearly delivered by Ba-niel, Four hundred and eight Years' before the accomplishment, Dan. viii. Daniel likewise described the Fate of the Four Monarchies, the Restoration of the Jews, and the Rebuilding of their City 5; and the Birth and Death of the Mess as, with the precise Time of both, and of the Destruction of the City and the Sanctuary. And Alexander the Great is said ! to have beenencourag'd by Danielh Prophecy, in his Expedition. Indeed, his Prophecy, and the History of the Four Monarchies, are so exactly parallel, that 'Porphyry could find no other evasion, but to say,That the Book of Daniel was written after the Events r which,as GVot/Vw observes,is as absurd,asifa Man should maintain, that the Works of Virgil were not written under Augustus, but after his time.: For the Book of Daniel was as publick, and as much dispersed, and as universally received, as ever any Book could be.
Lastly, HaggaiandMalachiprophesied, ThatChrist should come, before the Destruction of the SecondTem
"Marfham. Can. Chron. §. 18- 'Joseph. Antiq. 1.12. c. 1 r. * Ibid. 1. Ii. c. 8. > • Hieron. in Dan. Procem.
pk,H*r.iu'7,9.MaI.m.i .kndHosea foretold the present State of the People of Israel? in those remarkable words, TheyJhall be wanderers among the nations? Hof ix. 17.
Not to insist therefore upon other Miracles and Prophecies, which were concerning things of lesser moment, or less remarkable in the Eyes of the World •, these may suffice, which were of that Publick nature, that there could be no Deceit or Mistake in them: Multitudes of Men, whom Prejudice or Malice had prepared to make the utmost Discoveries, were Witnesses to the Miracles; and both the Prophecies themselves, and the Fulfilling of them, were notorious to other Nations, as well as to the Jews, to whom they were deliver'd, and in whose hands they have ever since been, being read in the Synagogues every Sabhathrday. The Jews had as good Evidence, for Instance , that Elijah wrought his Miracles, as they could have, that there was such a Man in the World. And when the Publick Transactions and Councils of Princes, the Fate and Revolution of Empires, with the prefix'd Time and Place, and the very Names of the Persons, were so particularly foretold, Two or Three hundred Years before the Things came to pass; we may as well question the Truth of all History, as the Certainty of these Revelations. For, indeed, they are the History of Things that were to come, set down in the very Circumstances hi which they afterwards were brought to pass. Arid yet if a Man should dispute whether there ever were, such a Man as Elijah, or such a Prince as Jofiah, or Cyrus, he would bat make himself ridiculous; but if he deny that Elijah wrought such Miracles, or that Isaiah spoke of Cyrm, and another Prophet of Jos ah, by Inspiration, perhaps he may be thought to have made some great Discovery, and to know something above the rest of Mankind, and shall be likely to meet with Applause, instead of that Contempt which such Pretences deserve: so strangely partial are Men for any thing
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which is but against the Authority of the Scriptures. For I think it will be hard for Men to bring better Proof, that there were such Men as Elijah, and Jofiah, an&Cyrns, than may be brought to shew, that the latter were by Name prophelied of long before their Birth, and that the first wrought all the Miracles related of him j or to produce clearer Evidence, that there was such a City as Jerusalem before the Reign of Cyrui , than we have, that the Destruction of the City and Temple , and the Captivity of the People , with their Restoration after Seventy Years, was foretold by Jeremiah.
The Prophets did their Miracles in.the most publick manner; and their Prophecies were deliver'd not in Corners, but openly, before all the People; not in obscure and ambiguous Words, but in plain Terms, with a particular Account of Persons, and Time, and Place: they were kept, they were reajd and studied by that very People who at first as little regarded them , as any Man now amongst us can do, but flew the Prophets themselves, and rejected their Prophecies with Rage and Indignation,; but were afterwards, by the Event of Things, so fully convinced (-which was likewise foretold, Ezek. xxxiii. 33.) of their Divine Inspiration and Authority, that they wholly depended and rely'd upon them, and liv'd in an uncomfortable Exile , upon the sole Hopes and Expectations of seeing the rest of their Prophecies fulfill'd. And therefore the Posterity of those who had slain the Prophets, had the highest Veneration for the Memory of these Prophets whom their Forefathers had kill'dj they built and adorn'd their Sepulchres , when it was so reproachful to them to erect Monuments of perpetual Acknowledgment, That they were the Children of them which killed the Prophets, Matth. xxiii. 31 • and those to die any Death , rather than renounce the Authority of their Books , or part with them, even when they had forsaken their Doctrine, and ehang'd