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made him so, and he has made all boys misconstrued. We may affirm, however, 50—and “let God be true and every that it is doubtful whether he could have man a liar," on this as on all subjects, gone on through his triumphant career, say we to all grave-faced good men who of merely preparatory success, without it; think that nature mistakes in her very in- and it is certain that the gigantic labors stincts—who seem not to be capable of of his public life would have been utterly understanding how intimate is the connec- impracticable had it not been for the phytion between happiness and virtue, espe- sical stamina with which he began themcially in childhood—how happily playing they did, in fact, destroy him at last by and praying may go together through that apoplexy, but not till he had achieved the stage of our sad enough pilgrimage—and life-work of twenty ordinary public men, who, worse than all, by associating crimi- and conquered all things in his way but nality with amusement, lead the young death itself, the conqueror of all. mind, which cannot forego its instincts, Again. We attribute, in no small deto hold itself suspicious if not guilty, and gree, to his physical vigor and energetic at last to prefer its supposed guilt to un- temperament, that indomitable force of natural and intolerable restraints. A great character which was, perhaps, the princiblunder is this! It has filled childhood, pal trait of the man, and the chief elein many an instance, with wretchedness ment in his success. We are happy to and self-degradation; it has blasted many have so good an authority as Mr. Binney a young noble heart with prejudice against for this opinion :-"Sir Fowell Buxton," piety-prejudice the more fatal for having he says, “inherited from his parents the been so early received.

great and incalculable blessing of a sound, Buxton would not study in his boy- healthy, physical structure-a robust, mushood, as his family wished—they despair- cular frame—and with that, (my philosophed of him-his excellent mother looked ical and religious creed alike teach,) many forward to his manhood with increasing important elements of character—as to solicitude. But when at last he "took temperament, disposition, moral instincts, to study” with a staunch brain, strenuous tastes, tendencies ; aspirations ready to nerves, and the brawny muscles of a young be awakened ; capacities and powers havathlete, how did he succeed ? “He en- ing within them a native impulsive force tered Dublin University,” says Binney. | toward the good and the better rather “ When he first began to study with a than the bad. The truth embodied in private tutor, preparatory to this, he found these remarks is a truth, the doubts and himself behind most of his associates ; dogmas of certain good men, notwithbut by resolute application and determined standing." perseverance he soon overcame that dis The ancients were wiser than we on advantage. At college his course was a this point. We borrow from them the perpetual triumph. He triumphed over phrase, Mens sana in corpore sano, but difficulties, he triumphed over others, he with scarcely any practical appreciation of triumphed over himself. He took every- it. Gymnastics took the lead in their thing every year that it was possible for systems of education. The philosophers him to take. There was not a prize, a discoursed out of doors, and resorted permedal, a certificate, an honor, that he did sonally to the gymnasium to teach and not obtain."

to learn. Socrates taught in the marSuch was his success that when he ket-places and on the banks of the graduated, the university, which had a Ilissus; Plato in the gardens of Acaderepresentation in parliament, asked him mus; Aristotle, walking in the suburban to be its candidate, with the assurance of groves of the Lyceum. Aristotle's sys

But he knew himself, and chose tem derived its name (Peripatetic) from to bide his better time.

these philosophic walks. Plato, with all The physical education (for such we his idealism, knew the importance of takmust call it) which he acquired in spite of ing good care of the body: look at the the common opinions on the subject, was, antique bust of him ; take down from the we insist, one of the most advantageous library shelf the second volume of Bohn's conditions of his subsequent success. We edition of his works, and observe in the hardly dare utter our fullest conviction on frontispiece his Jove-like physique. You the importance of this fact, lest we be will understand from it what his biogra


phy means when it tells us that he was late, let him rear again his walls, even if taught gymnastics by Ariston, an Argive he has to suspend his fire for a time. He wrestler.” The almost saintly old sage will gain in the result. was himself famous as a wrestler. Think Buxton was a fine example of the of such a reputation attaching to any of mens sana in corpore sano. He was full of our modern sages, the venerable presi- buoyancy and resolution. With the clew dents and professors of our colleges! of any business, public or private, once in Turn over this same second volume of his his hand, he could pursue it through all works, and read his views on education. its windings and details, never exhaustIt contains the immortal “ Republic,” in ed, never discomposed, never discouraged. which he classifies the education suited The drawback, on the moral purpose, which to a state under two heads, one of which most men, of even good vigor, suffer from is gymnastics. Women as well as men physical exhaustion, was seldom or never would he have thus physically trained. known to him till late in life.

“His soul,” And how much of the vigor and splendor says Binney," was large and powerful, like of the classic intellect may we not attri- his body. Having made up his mind that bute to these better ideas of the mens sana a thing was possible and ought to be atin corpore sano ?

tempted, he put forth his hand, and never Moral force and also purely intellectual withdrew it, and never flagged. Conenergy may doubtless bear a man success- vinced that he was right, he stood his fully along through the hardest struggles ground with unflinching and manly courof life in spite of physical enervation ; but age, and was willing to suffer in his private how much better is the energy of life friendships or public popularity. The maintained, when the moral or mental basis of all this consisted partly in the lever moves on a firm physical fulcrum ! original conformation of his body and The Reformation would probably have mind, and partly in the impressions made failed at Wittenberg, had it depended upon upon him by his mother-the habits she the enfeebled Melancthon. The mighty encouraged, the principles she implanted temperament of Luther had an essential in him.” connection with it. Beneath his great

In a letter to one of his sons, he reveals brain was a great heart; but beneath that the secret of his own success; he writes :heart was his great Dutch stomach-a

"You are now at that period of life, in which fact which no philosopher can forget in you must make a turn to the right or the left. estimating the man and his mission. Eras- You must now give proofs of principle, demus was his cotemporary, and saw the termination, and strength of mind, -or you errors of Popery with a keener insight and character of a desultory, ineffective young

must sink into idleness, and acquire the habits than Luther himself; he had also more man; and if once you fall to that point, you learning, and a more trenchant sword than will find it no easy matter to rise again. I am Melancthon. He could have shaken the sure that a young man may be very much what he intellectual world in a war with Rome; 1 Where I had learned little or nothing, about

pleases. In my own case it was so. I left school, but he wandered about Europe, nursing the age of fourteen. I spent the next year at his weak stomach, fainting if his dinner home learning to hunt and shoot. Then it was was delayed, and taking to his bed with that the prospect of going to college opened sick headache at the mere smell of the upon me, and such thoughts as I have expressed

in this letter occurred to my mind. I made Friday fish-diet. He saw his duty, but my resolutions, and I acted up to them: I gave acknowledged that he was not in a up all desultory reading-I never looked into mood for inartyrdom. He lacked moral a novel or a newspaper-I gave up shooting. force ; that was doubtless his chief lack; the liberty of going when I pleased to a capital

During the five years I was in Ireland, I had but he lacked nerve also. Moral energy shooting-place. I never went but twice. In may, we repeat, triumph gloriously, even short, I considered every hour as precious, and amid all physical disabilities, but in a I made everything bend to my determination dilapidated body the soul fights like a

not to be behind any of my companions,- and

then I speedily passed from one species of charachero in an overthrown fortress, the ruins

ter to another. I had been a boy fond of pleasure of which expose him to the fire of the and idleness, reading only books of unprofitable foe, while they also obstruct the move- entertainment. I became speedily a youth of ment of his own guns. If too late to re

steady habits of application, and of irresistible pair them, let him fire away as best he and I found those things which were difficult,

resolution. I soon gained the ground I had lost, can, and triumph in dying; but if not too | and almost impossible to my idleness, easy enough to my industry; and much of my hap out neglecting any duties at Spitalfields, he piness and ALL MY PROSPERITY IN LIFE have re- studied hard to fit himself for St. Stephen's. sulted from the change I made at your age. If He read extensively in English literature; he you seriously resolve to be energetic and indus- digested Blackstone, and got some considerable trious, depend upon it you will for your whole inkling of law; he went through Montesquieu, life have reason to rejoice that you were wise and meditated on its general principles as a enough to form and to act upon that determin- science ; he studied political economy and kination."

dred subjects; and thus, by the diligent imHe declined, as we have stated, an op- | labored to acquire so much, and such varied,

provement of the intervals of business,' he portunity of entering Parliament when he though related, knowledge, that if ever called graduated. His earlier financial expecta- to go into Parliament, he might not have to tions had failed through the loss of family refuse from conscious unfitness, -have his qual

ifications to seek at the moment,-or all his life property in Ireland, and Parliament af

have to cram and read for subjects as they rose." forded no salary. He was determined to secure the means of living, and of living

There is a motto, quoted from him, on usefully. He married into the well-known the title-page of his Memoirs, which exGurney family, when only about twenty- presses the whole history of the man :one years of age. In a year after he was “The longer I live, the more I am certain without employment, but had a wife and that the great difference between men, between child to sustain. He would have been glad the feeble and the powerful, the great and the

insignificant, is ENERGY—INVINCIBLE DETERMINof a clerk's place with only five hundred dol

ATION—a purpose once fixed, and then death or lars a year. He met with the Hanburys, his victory. That quality will do anything that can uncles, and entered their noted brewery, be done in this world ;—and no talents, no cirwe wish he had done better—but brewing cumstances, no opportunities

, will make a two

legged creature a man without it." and drinking were both thought well of then by British Christians, and are still

We could go on quoting almost indefsufficiently thought so. His application initely illustrations of the gigantic energy to business was now as energetic as it and heroic bravery of his character; but had been before to study. He enriched sufficient examples will occur when we himself and his uncles. He was active in come to consider him as a philanthropist; charities and public usefulness. He was

meanwhile we cannot omit one instance unwearied in self-improvement by study. which is full of significance—a stronger He had acquired the art of concentrating proof of bravery, we will venture to say, his whole soul upon the task in hand. “I there never was exhibited on a battle-field. could brew,” he says, one hour ;-do

We give it from his own letters to his mathematics the next ;--and shoot the

wife :

"SPITALFIELDS, July 15, 1816. next; - and each with my whole soul.• When in business,” says Binney,

“ As you must hear the story of our dog Prince,

may as well tell it you. On Thursday morn"business, very properly, was in him. For the ing, when I got on my horse at S. Hoare's, Dahour or the day that it required his attention, vid told me that there was something the matter he gave himself wholly to it.' Every bit of with Prince-that he had killed the cat, and him, from the crown of his head to the sole of almost killed the new dog, and had bit at him his foot-brain and hands—skill and strength and Elizabeth. I ordered him to be tied up —when he had to work, did work : and some- and taken care of, and then rode off to town. times he was at it from early morning till late When I got into Hampstead, I saw Prince covat night. But this was not frequent, or the ered with mud, and running furiously, and necessity for it became less and less. At the biting at everything. I saw him bite at least a same time, then, that he was thus often occu- dozen dogs, two boys, and a man. pied during the day, he was finding opportunity, “Of course I was exceedingly alarmed, being morning or evening, for devotion to books. It persuaded he was mad. I tried every effort to was not possible that one who had actually been stop him or kill him, or to drive him into some asked to represent a learned University in Par- outhouse, but in vain. At last he sprang up at liament,--asked, as no empty compliment but a boy, and seized him by the breast; happily in serious earnestness,—by men, as he acknowl- I was near him, and knocked him off with my edged to himself, .of thought and education, whip. He then set off toward London, and I honor and principle,-his companions and com- rode by his side, waiting for some opportunity petitors, who had known him and observed of stopping him. I continually spoke to him, him for years,'-—it was not possible but that he but he paid no regard to coaxing or scolding. should be alive to the thought of the possibility, You may suppose I was seriously alarmed, dreadat least, of the House of Commons being his des- ing the immense mischief he might do, having tination. He was willing, therefore, to avail seen him do so much in the few preceding minhimself of all the advantages he had previously utes. I was terrified at the idea of his getting enjoyed, and to put himself through a designed into Camden Town and London; and at length and elaborate preparation for public life. With- considering that if ever there was an occasion

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that justified a risk of life, this was it, I deter “What a terrible business it was! You must mined to catch him myself. Happily he ran up not scold me for the risk I ran ; what I did I to Prior's gate, and I threw myself from my did from a conviction that it was my duty, and horse upon him, and caught him by the neck: I never can think that an over-cautious care of he bit at me and struggled, but without effect, self in circumstances where your risk may preand I succeeded in securing him, without his serve others, is so great a virtue as you seem to biting me. He died yesterday, raving mad. think it. I do believe that if I had shrunk

"Was there ever & more merciful escape from the danger, and others had suffered in Think of the children being gone! I feel it consequence, I should have felt more pain than most seriously, but I cannot now write more I should have done had I received a bite." fully. I have not been at all nervous about it, though certainly rather low, occasioned partly There, young men of generous hearts, by this, and partly by some other things. "I do not feel much fit for our Bible-meeting

is heroism for you, of the truest style. on Wednesday—but I must exert myself.

The last sentence is fit to be a text for

the pulpit on a week-day, if not on a Sun"P.S. Write me word whether Fowell has any wound on his fingers; and if he has one

day. What was Napoleon on the bridge made by the dog, let it be cut out immediately: of Lodi, or Murat dashing with his columns mind, these are my positive orders.”

on the bayonets of the enemy, compared He afterward mentioned some particu

with this heroic man in the desperate lars which he had omitted in this hurried

chase on the highway to London, and in letter.

the seizure and last struggle with the mad

dened brute ?-a struggle against odds, “When I seized the dog," he said, " his struggles were so desperate that it seemed at first

not merely of death, but death with madalmost impossible to hold him, till I lifted him ness itself, and madness the most frightup in the air, when he was more easily man ful known in the history of human sufferaged, and I contrived to ring the bell. I was ing! Buxton would have declined the afraid that the foam, which was pouring from his mouth in his furious efforts to bite me,

challenge to a duel, and been called a might get into some scratch, and do me injury;

coward by the bravves of the pistol ; but 80 with great difficulty I held him with one what duelist would accept of terms which hand, while I put the other into my pocket and should expose him to such odds? What forced on my glove ; then I did the same with my other hand, and at last the gardener opened chivalry would keep the field, if the enemy the door, saying, “What do you want?' I've were a corps of mad dogs ? brought you a mad dog,' replied I; and telling We must refer to a third trait of this him to get a strong chain, I walked into the truly great man, before we close this part yard, carrying the dog by his neck. I was de- of our sketch—his delicate, we were about termined not to kill him, as I thought if he should prove not to be mad, it would be such a to say his feminine sensibility. Some satisfaction to the three persons whom he had one has said, that there is always somebitten. I made the gardener (who was in a what of fine sensibility, the tenderness terrible fright) secure the collar round his neck of woman, about great natures. Chrisand fix the other end of the chain to a tree, and then walking to its furthest range, with tianity is full of the fact-Christ himself all my force, which was nearly exhausted by his was an impersonation of it. Christianfrantic struggles, I flung him away from me, ity has transformed not only art and soand sprang back. He made a desperate bound cial life, but heroism itself. It would after me; but finding himself foiled, he uttered the most fearful yell I ever heard. All that abolish the heroism of war, and will inday he did nothing but rush to and fro, champ- evitably do so yet; but in postponing its ing the foam which gushed from his jaws; we abolition till the due time, it received it threw him meat, and he snatched at it with a

from old Rome, only on condition that it fury, but instantly dropped it again.

"The next day when I went to see him, I should be ameliorated by the gentleness thought the chain seemed worn, so I pinned of chivalry-a gentleness borrowed from him to the ground between the prongs of a pitch and ever graciously recognizing woman. fork, and then fixed a much larger chain round

“ The age of chivalry has gone,” said his neck; when I pulled off the fork, he sprang Burke ; and he said the truth. Christian up and made a dash at me, which snapped the old chain in two! He died in forty-eight hours warfare has, however, adopted the humanifrom the time he went mad."

ties of the modern“ laws of nations," and Mr. Buxton writes to his wife a day or

seems now by its augmented means of detwo later :

struction, its increased horrors, to be rapid

ly preparing the way for its self-abolition. “I shot all the dogs, and drowned all the

How different is the ideal of the old cats. The man and boys who were bit, are doing pretty well. Their wounds were imme- Greek or Roman heroic character from diately attended to, cut, and burnt out. that of Christianity! Meekness—the very


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temper of all Christian virtues—was but multiplied of late years. Buxton's Memoral impotency, to the ancient mind, till moir owes half of its fascination to the it was seen looking up to heaven serenely views it affords us of “ Earlham Hall,” from the martyr fires. Humility is a the Gurney homestead ; and then there is word unknown to the old classic tongues, the life of John Joseph Gurney, the son in our modern sense. A critic says that of the house, and the noblest son of Saint Paul had to recoin the Greek term. | Quakerism for the last hundred yea s;

and Magnanimity was the word for Roman the life, or rather “lives” of Mrs. Fry, a greatness—but it implied not only justice, daughter of the house, and one of the temperance, courage—but revenge, selfish- noblest of women, not to say of Quakerness, pride-pride was its very essence. ism, but of the earth- -one whose reputaChristianity has its magnanimity—its hero- tion is intrinsically greater and dearer to ism for principle, not for self, and its her country and her race, than that of her heroism unto death-it reverses the old sovereign. The Gurney family has becode of greatness—it pronounces some of

“ennobled" within a few years, in a the old virtues the most malignant vices. higher sense than any titled house of the Penitence, self-sacrifice, meekness, humil- English realm. Buxton found in its sancity, forgiveness, forbearance even unto tuary the influence that saved him. He “ long-suffering,” these are its blessed vir- first went thither to spend his vacation, a tues, and these the proofs of its divinity, young, unpolished, unhopeful boy. He for they are just the virtues needed to quell“ fell in love," one of the best “falls” a the malignant passions of our fallen world. young man can have, who wishes to rise And it is by these very virtues that Chris- well in the world or in worth. Binney tianity produces a genial character in such waxes ardent in thought and beautiful in a heroic man as Buxton, by diffusing a style when he refers to this “grand crisis," gentle temper through the stout energies as he calls it, in the life of the future of his life. Especially in the social and do- statesman. mestic life of such a man does it show the

“Ho had become acquainted with John Garsanctifying beauty, the benignity and pla- ney, the eldest son of John Gurney, Esq., of cidity of its spirit. We feel that we in Earlham Hall, near Norwich. He was invited troduce this point at the wrong place, thither, on a visit, and went. He found him

self in a new world. Mr. Gurney had eleven the paging of our manuscript shows that children, all of them, at this time, at home. we must not prolong much further the There were three elder daughters; John, Buxpresent paper, and yet we need ample ton's friend; then a group of four girls, about space for the picture we should like to boys. The father had for several years been a

Buxton's own age; and lastly, three younger draw of the domestic life of Fowell Bux- widower. He was by profession a Friend, -but ton, as illustrative of the trait of character

not very strict. His worldly position and long now before us. It would be a charming widowhood,-his going into society and his home picture, we assure the reader, even from hospitalities,--his connection with the literary our rude hand. We refer him to Binney

and the fashionable, on the one side, and with

the straitest sect of our religion,' on the otherand to the original memoir for its full out- had, altogether, a striking effect on the family lines, but must gratify ourselves, at least, circle. The members of it were all persons of with a few further allusions to it.

superior minds—especially the women. One of Those of our readers who have read

the elder daughters was already under the influ

ence both of religion and Quakerism; the others that oddest of the lives of odd men—the

were somewhat gay in their habits; all were inLavengro of Barrow, will recall a scene tellectual. Music, dancing, and drawing, were near Norwich, in England, in which the among their accomplishments; but they were adventurer penetrates through beautiful zealously devoted to the higher forms of self

culture, and were strenuous in their endeavors riverside

scenery and gardens into a most to acquire knowledge and to strengthen their comfortable old English mansion, into its understandings. There would be signs, I should library, and its very sanctuary. It was

think, in the doings, and dress, and daily life the house of old Mr. Gurney, the head of this extraordinary family, indicative of the of the now celebrated Gurney family, might be something present, or absent, here and

two spheres to which they belonged. There though not so stated in the book : there there, about their apparel, that just served to is a charm over the whole picture, and it show whence they came, and to give increased is genuine, as every subsequent glimpse little things, in their modes of address and man

interest to what they were. There might be we get into that refined household from

ners toward each other, startlingly beautiful as other books, proves. These books have not of the world,' while yet, at the same time,

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