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Literary Becord.

savans.

It is reported from Guatemala that a manu- of Church Authority,” second edition; "Light script, by Francisco Ximenes, a celebrated Do- and Heat Simplified,” by Thomas Tate ; " Mag minican, entitled “Historia de la Provincia de netism, Voltaic Electricity," &c., by the same San Vicente de Chiappas y Goathmala,” just author; and “Life of Nicholas I.,” by F. Mayne ; been discovered in a convent of that city, and “Philosophy at the foot of the Cross," by J. A. that it contains most valuable materials for the St. John. Messrs. Blackwood announce an Inancient history of Mexico and Central America. dex to the first half-century of volumes of their Father Ximenes was a great traveler, and was Magazine, and a collection of the Miscellaneous remarkably well versed in the Indian languages. Writings of Samuel Warren. A. Hall Virtue & His writings are highly esteemed, and the man- Co. have in preparatiop" Lyrics of the Heart uscript just found, and which was known to and Mind," by F. Tupper; also, “A Peep into exist, has long been sought after by Mexican the Canadian Forest,” by Mrs. Traill, with il

lustrations; “ The Old Chelsea Bunhouse," by The circular of the Wyoming Conference Se

the author of "Mary Powell.” Mr. Murray has minary (late the University of Northern Penn

a long list of new works, among which are the sylvania) shows an excellent programme for following, viz.: “The Russians at Home," by the future career of the institution. Rev. Dr.

an English woman; “ Letters on Turkey," by N. Nelson Rounds is principal; he has a strong

A. Ubicini, 2 vols.; "Polynesian Mythology and corps of teachers under him. The seminary

Ancient Traditional History of the New-Zealand includes a Biblical department for the gratui- Race,” by Sir George Gray;, “ Hand-Book for tous instruction of such as may wish systematic Young Painters,” by C. R. Leslie, R. A. : “A aid in the critical study of the Scriptures.

Biographical Dictionary of Italian Painters;"

“Kugler's Hand-Book to the Italian Schools of The “ Memoirs and Letters of Sydney Smith” Painting," third edition ; Dr. Smith's “ Latinare at last out in England. They are edited by English Dictionary,” two sizes ; Stanley's “ Notes his daughter and Mrs. Austin. The book is to

on Corinthians ;"

;" “ The Works of Dr. Thomas be printed for private circulation only. A vol Young,” 4 vols.; "The Origin and Progress of ume likely to take a high place among the sci- the Inventions of James Watt,” by J. P. Muirentific books of England is a translation of the head. Mr. Murray is also preparing to publish “Works of Arago," the French mathematician in his “British Classics,” a carefully annotated and politician. Lieutenant Sabine, translator of

edition of Hume's History of England. M. “Kossuth,” and Rear-Admiral W. H. Smyth, Newby announces "The Literary Life and Cor. author of the large astronomical book bearing respondence of the Countess of Blessington,” his name, and published by Parker & Son, are edited by Madden. Mr. Bentley will publish the chief translators. Mr. David Laing, of the "A History of Christian Churches and Sects Signet Library, Edinburgh, is collecting and from the Earliest Ages of Christianity,” by Rev. editing the works of Knox, which are soon to be J. B. Marsden, to be issued in monthly parte. reprinted. A new Quarterly Journal of Theo Chapman & Hall announce “Siudies from Nalogical Literature is about to be issued in Glas

ture,” by Dr. Hermann Masius. The subscripgow, designed to expound and defend the dis

tion list for the assistance of Dr. Kitto, editor tinctive view maintained by the Churches in

of the “Biblical Cyclopædia," two volumes, and connection with the Evangelical Union. It is other books, author of the “Lost Senses," &c., to be under the editorial supervision of Rev, is enlarging very satisfactorily. The author of James Morrison, assisted by able theological | “Pelham” gave ten pounds; Longman & Co. writers. Southey's son-in-law, the Rev. J. W. and Simpkin & Co. gave ten pounds each. Dr. Warter, is preparing for the press a collection Kitto's books sold at auction. Lord John Rusof the poet's correspondence. A translation of

sell, at a literary soiree in Bristol, asserted that Kugler's work on “ The History of Art," will

there is an important branch in English literashortly appear from the pen of Mr. W. Ross, the

ture yet to be filled up,—that void being the translator of Lessing's “Laocoon.” New edi- want of a good history of their own country. tions of “ Caleb Stukely,” and “We are all Low He spoke depreciatingly of Hume, for his notices People There,” which originally appeared in of the character of Shakspeare and others; and " Blackwood,” are now advertised. The author, denounced him, in a religious aspect, as the Mr. Samuel Phillips, literary critic of the Times, skeptic of skeptics. A Prospectus for the fordied recently. Professor Creasy announces a mation of a “ Society for the Compilation of a

History of the Ottoman Turks," chiefly based | General Literary Index," has been issued. It upon Von Hammer. Mr. John Timbs, who has is to be hoped that the plan may be put in sucbeen collecting materials illustrative of the An- cessful operation. tiquities of London, for the last twenty-five years, is about to issue his long-expected and From an official return, recently published in important volume under the title of “Curiosi- Paris, it appears that the number of public ties of London." The Melbourne (Australia) libraries in France, excluding those of Paris, Booksellers’ Intelligencer” mentions that the and those of certain semi-public institutions, is newspaper press at that place is progressing so 338, and that they possess 3,689,369 volumes successfully that " a few literary men of busi- and 44,070 manuscripts. It appears, moreover, ness habits” might obtain lucrative engage that they are frequented on an average by 3,649 ments there. Messrs. Longmans announce Rev. readers daily, (a very small number for so large R. J. Wilberforce's “ Inquiry into the Principles a population as that of France,) and that they

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cost annually, for employés and new purchases, not more than £16,000. Forty-one of these are, it is added, open to the public every evening.

The Cooperstown New-York) Seminary and Female Collegiate Institute has a faculty of fifteen members under the principalship of Rev. J. L. G. M'Kowen. It includes a normal department, with free tuition. The whole plan and terms of the institution are of the most effective and liberal character.

M. Guizot is busily engaged in preparing for publication a new and important work on the English Revolution. M. Victor Cousin is progressing with a most important work on the Encyclopedists; he is also writing a book to be called " The Philosophy of the People.” The Compte Alfred de Vigny is writing an historical novel. M. Villemain is engaged on the second volume of his “ Souvenirs." M. Thiers has sent to press his long-promised pamphlet. M. St. Mark Girardin has also a work in hand, and M. Jules Janin contemplates re-editing “ Diderot.” The Catalogue of the Books, MSS., Autobiographies, &c., left by the great bookseller, Renouard, comprises thirty-seven hundred numbers, including some rare and valued articles. The public sale of these continued thirty days. The “ Academia della Crusca" in Italy is now engaged in printing a fifth edition

of its celebrated Dictionary of the Italian Language, which, as the product of eleven years, has reached the word "affitto." At this rate of procedure it will require five hundred and thirteen years and eleven months to complete the work. An interesting discovery of MSS. has been made at Tryes, viz.: the archives of the Abbey of Villeneuve, better known as the Abbey of Neslo, which goes back to the ninth century, and numbers over seven thousand pieces. The Rev. Dr. Th. Kliefoth, whose previous works have gained him a wide celebrity as a theological writer, has commenced an ex. tensive work on Church matters. He calls it Acht Bücher von der Kirche. The same author has issued the first volume of Lithurgische Abhandlungen, in which the rituals of the wedding, ordination, and burial services are treated. The German edition of Francis Arago's works, edited by the most celebrated natural

ilosophers, Ranke, echner, d'Arrest, Schreibe, Dippe, and with the assistance of Baron Alexander von Humboldt, will be completed in 12 vols., viz., I-III, Biographical Sketches and Speeches; IV-VII, Scientific papers; VIIILX, Scientific Treatises; X, Reports and Miscellanea; XI-XII, Popular Astronomy. To be finished by next spring, and each volume to be sold separately: vols. I, II, IV, are, we learn now ready.

Arts and Sciences.

It is said that a German sculptor, residing in ambush as the lion within the gloomy jungles Athens, has discovered the quarries of those of Hindostan. In a drop of liquid crystal the celebrated marbles, the red and green antique, water-wolf chases his wounded victim till it is which have been sought after in vain from time changed to crimson with its blood. Ehrenberg immemorial. He found the red antique on the has seen monads in fluid the twenty-four thousouthern part of the chain of the Taygetus, and sandth part of an inch in size, and in one drop the green on the northern side of the Island of of water five hundred million creatures. Tenos.

A portrait of S. T. Coleridge, painted by WashMr. Finney, a dentist, late of Alexandria, ington Allston, in 1814, has been engraved by Egypt, is reported to have found a stuffed tooth S. Cousins. The artist, in a letter to Professor in a mummy, and several teeth in other mum- Reed of Philadelphia, thus described his promies which bore marks of filling. If true, this duction :—“It is Coleridge in repose ; and, is certainly one of the most remarkable facts though not unstirred by the perpetual groundwhich modern perseverance has yet brought to swell of his ever-working intellect, and shadowlight concerning the arts of the ancients. ing forth something of the deep philosopher, The paper used by the Japanese is of a remark

it is not Coleridge in his highest mood—the able kind. It is described as being very fine

poetic state. When in that state, no face I and light, something between the finest bank

ever saw was like his; it seemed almost spirit note paper and gossamer. It appears to be

made visible, without a shadow of the earthly made from a pulp of the rice plant, and is very

about it. Could I then have fixed it on canvass ! cohesive. The paper is watered in a very cu

but it was beyond the reach of my art.” This

is said to be an admirable likeness and an exrious, complicated manner, with tracery and flowers, so that some of it looks like lace-work.

cellent engraving. These Japanese know how to make nice paper, The Palestine Archeological Association has and a knowledge of their materials and mode held its first annual general meeting. It commight be of some service to paper-manufac- prises one hundred and thirty members, posturers at this time.

sesses nucleus of a museum, and is sanguine of A late scientific writer says:

“ Science has important results. thrown even a poetry around the blue mold of Two or three communications made to the a cheese-crust; and in the bloom of the peach Academy of Sciences of Puris, in recent sittings, the microscope has shown forth a treasury of are worthy of notice. M. Geoffroy St. Hilaire flowers and gigantic forests, in the depths of gave an account of some portions of an egg of which the roving animalcule finds as secure an the Epyornis, the gigantic and very rare bird

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of Madagascar, which have recently been con- is of our own day, and see what it has become veyed to France. These portions show, he in the hands of its discoverers and their sucstated, the egg to have been of such a size as cessors, how wonderful are the results! The to be capable of containing about ten English light is made to yield impressions upon the quarts. This egg was considerably larger than dead silver or coarse paper, beautiful as those it that which now exists in the Museum of the produced upon the living and sentient retina ; Jardin des Plantes, and which can only contain its most transient impression is rendered duraabout eight and three quarters quarts. The ble for years; it is made to leave a visible learned naturalist also gave an account of his an invisible trace; to give a result to be seen examination of some bones of the bird, which now or a year hence; made to paint all natural had been presented to him ; but some of them forms and even colors; it serves the offices of he was obliged to reject as doubtful, and the war, of peace, of art, of science, and economy. others were not sufficiently numerous to enable him to state precisely the conformation of the

The Electric Telegraph in Italy.The conbird : they, howerer, showed that it differs

struction of telegraphic lines is making great considerably from that of the ostrich. M. de progress in Italy at present. A direct line be Saint Hilaire's paper gave rise to some interest

tween Piedmont and Switzerland, by Brissago, ing speculations about the Epyornis, which is

was opened on the 1st. Another line was opened, but little known; and M. Valenciennes, in the

some time ago, between the two countries by

St. Julien, course of them, expressed the opinion that it is

Caserta, and the towns of Cana sea bird, that it ranks between the penguins cello, Santa Maria, Capua, Mola, Terracina, and the aptenodytes, and that it lays its eggs Nola, Salerno, and Avellino, are now connected in clefts of rocks and in sand. He, however,

with Naples by telegraphic lines, which are stated that the large size of its egg affords no

open to the public. certain indication of its own size. M. Schlegel The inventive faculty of the age promises to reported that he has ascertained, beyond all familiarize us with another projectile of terrific doubt, that the famous fossil saurian of the

power, which will cast into the shade all the quarries of Maestricht, described as a wonder

shells now in use. There is before the Ordful curiosity by Cuvier, is nothing more than an nance Committee, England, a shell charged with impudent fraud!

Some bold impostor, it seems, a liquid, which, after its release by the conin order to make money, placed a quantity of cussion of the ball, will instantaneously become bones in the quarries, in such a way as to give a sheet of fire, burning to a cinder anything it them the appearance of having been recently may touch, and suffocating by its smoke any dug up, and then passed them off as specimens one brought within its radius. A column of of antediluvian creation. Being successful in infantry, a row of tents, a ship, storehouses this, he went the length of arranging a number and barracks, a forest, anything which acknowlof bones so as to represent an entire skeleton, edges the terrible influence of fire, could be and had thus deceived the learned Cuvier. In

consumed in a few minutes by the visitation of extenuation of Cuvier's credulity, it was stated

a shell charged with this noxious fluid. It will that the bones were so skillfully colored as to require very careful handling by the artillery, make them look of immense antiquity, and he for it is of so subtile a nature that the escape was not allowed to touch them lest they should

of any slight quantity would carry with it direcrumble to pieces. But when M. Schlegel sub

ful consequences. Like the boulet asphyxia, it jected them to rude handling, he found that

is calculated to be formidable alike to friends they were comparatively modern, and that they and foes if it be not watched with vigilance. were placed one by the other without that profound knowledge of anatomy which was to have Tlerr Kaulbach, the famous German artist, is been expected from the man bold enough to to paint two of the hundred High-Art pictures execute such an audacious fraud.

that King Maximilian has ordered for Munich. In 1851, Professor Pettenkofer and Ruland, the Battle of Salamis.”

He has chosen "Alexander and Roxana" and of Bavaria, invented and patented a process for

Herr Kreling, of Nuthe manufacture of illuminative gas from wood.

remberg, is painting the “Coronation of King Ludwig, of Bavaria,"

"-Herr Brauer, of Breslau, Since that time the new gas has been introduced and brought into general use in the cities picture of " Savonarola brought before the Sig.

is painting for the Count de Reichenbach a great of Basle, Ulm, Dramstadt, Cobourg, Bairenth, Altenburg, and Heilbronn. Mr. Emil Breisach,

nory at Florence." chemist, of Bavaria, has recently introduced the M. Le Verrier announced at a late sitting of process into the United States, and has demon- the French Institute, that two more new planets strated its utility and practicability by exten- had been discovered, making thirty-three now sive and successful experiments at the gas-works known. One was observed on the night of (cin Philadelphia, and also at the Manhattan gas- tober 26th, by M. Goldschmidt, and the other works in New-York city,

on the night of the 28th of October by M. ChaIf we look to clectricity, says Faraday, it has, Pomona and Polyhymnia.

reniac. They have been named respectively in the hands of the careful investigator, advanced to the most extraordinary results: it In reference to the moon, Professor Phillips approaches at the motion of his hand; bursts remarked, at a meeting of the British Associafrom the metal ; descends from the atmosphere ; tion, at Liverpool : " At one time he believed surrounds the globe: it talks, it writes, it re- that there was no trace of water to be seen; but cords, it appears to him (cautious as he has he confessed that more recent observations, parlearned to become) as a universal spirit in na- ticularly those made with Lord Rosse's teleture. If we look to photography, whose origin | scope, shook his belief in that opinion."

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THE CITY OF THE SULTAN. The BosPuORUS — I78 MaggiFICENT SCENERY – The myth of Jupiter and Io, and the promon

GOLDEN Hoen - Sultan's Wuite Palace – Sul- tory of Scutari is imagined to have been TANS YACHT – A Sail ON THE WATERS — THE

the landing-place of these famous personSWEET WATERS — WOMEN-COFFEE-HOUSES - THE

ages. It is also said, by some writers, GRAND BAZAAR-A STREET—THE SULTAN.

to have been the burial-place of the wife Y last communication closed with of Chares, the Athenian general, who

scenery of the Bosphorus. The etymol- Philip of Macedon, and some relationship ogy of this word has been traced by those has been attempted between these celewho are fond of searching into such mat- brated waters and the figure of a heifer ters to a couple of Greek words signi- which surmounted the monument erected fying bull and passage, and it is supposed to her memory. I have somewhere seen to have been called the “passage of the what purports to be the inscription which bull " because the strait is here so narrow was carved upon the column of her tomb. that a brute could easily swim across it. If it is authentic, it is a disclaimer of this Others attribute the name to the classical | immortality, for the epitaph ran thus :

VOL. VI.-15

"I am not the image of the cow, daughter Sea of Marmora, the Mountains of Olymof Inachus, and I have not given my name to pus, the point of the Seraglio, and all the Bosphorus which extends before me. Her

the city of Stamboul, with its swelling the cruel resentment of Juno drove beyond the sea; but I who occupy this tomb, I am one of domes and the elegant minarets-of its the dead—a daughter of Cecrops. I was the wife mosques. A little in advance are Galata, of Chares, and I sailed with that hero when he Pera, Top-Khana and the European shore, came to combat the ships of Philip. Until then I had been called Boidion, the

with its ports, villages and kiosques. young

heifer ; now, the wife of Chares, I enjoy two continents." Stamboul, Galata, and Scutari, the three

cities which are comprised in ConstantiThe belles of the present day would not nople, are thus visible at a single glance. be flattered with the appellation“ the young The right view from the same point, heifer," but it was a complimentary ex- though facing the Black Sea, presents all pression among the Greeks, and Homer the windings of these beautiful waters, sings of “ox-eyed Juno."

their basins and defiles. In the fore. The Golden Horn undoubtedly receives ground is the castle of Europe ; beyond its name from its resemblance to the cor- it are Therapia and Busuk Déré, the resinucopia, and from the wealth which the dence of most of the foreign ambassadors city derived from the advantages of its to the Ottoman government; while upon position upon its shores.

The narrow

the opposite shore are seen the Castle and passage which separates Europe and Asia Sweet Waters of Asia, the valley of Sulis called the Thracian Bosphorus, to dis- tanich and Unkiar-Iskilicy, and finally the tinguish it from the strait which connects giant mountain behind which the Black the Black Sea with the Sea of Azof, for: Sea is concealed. merly called the Cimmerian Bosphorus, Lamartine said the Bay of Naples faded and now known as the Straits of Caffa. from his imagination when he gazed upon Mount Hermes, a peak of the Balkan the enchanted picture of the Golden Horn. chain, borders the European sho while He adds that the glowing sky and transthe Asiatic boundary is terminated by the parent waters can alone mirror the marmountains of Bithynia, which descend to velous beauty of this scenery, which the Black Sea. The best views of these changes and increases with every glance. winding waters, which narrow and widen I recollect laughing heartily over the in various places, are from some of the hills story of one of my countrymen who was which overlook their course. The most thrown into such ecstasies by this gorcentral and picturesque view is in Asia, geous panorama that it produced a violent from the summit of Kandili, at the foot of fever. The poor fellow recovered, as he the Sultan's kiosque. Your readers can deserved; but true to his enthusiasm, nothardly gain an idea of the beautiful port withstanding the penalty which it had cost of Constantinople as it spread out before him, he persisted in declaring that if but me, from the imperfect and contracted one look upon earth was vouchsafed to accompanying sketch. How then can I his eyes, that look should be spent upon give even a glimpse of the magnificent the Golden Horn. The story recurred view which was spread before me from to my memory many times as I wandered the heights of Kandili! No artist's pen- amid this unrivaled scenery, and though it cil, though dipped in the colors of morn- failed not to call up a smile, it no longer ing, could give it. Notwithstanding all seemed as laughably incredible as before. the glowing descriptions I had read, I The sentiments awakened by these was ready to confess that language had charming scenes are all glad, joyful-ecbeen unable to exaggerate the marvelous static, I was about to add in the spirit, beauty of this oriental panorama. I shall perhaps, of my spasmodic countryman. therefore attempt no pen-and-ink picture You may have experienced similar emoof what is perfectly indescribable, but en- tions on some beautiful spring morning deavor to present some of the more prom- while wandering in flowery vales, which inent points of the tableau, which you can glittered with dewy perfume and echoed to amuse yourself by grouping in imagina- rural melodies. Nature smiles and laughs tion, with the perfect certainty that all upon the shores of the Bosphorus ; she your efforts will never surpass the reality. does not awe and silence you with granTo the left, as you face Constantinople, deur or solemnity. Some of the elevaare the Dardanelles in the distance, the I tions which form a verdurous amphitheater

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