Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

its cultivation. The most trivial circum- undertake to say for nature, that she has a stances often occasion the widest disparity. way of performing her own functions, and The man of genius is only a modification will, no doubt, completely execute her of the man of extraordinary common sense. own designs. It is true, she has comThe same qualities inhering in the one mitted some curious freaks in her various exist in the other—but in a higher degree, manipulations-she has now and then proand with this difference, that genius is duced a fool, a genuine idiot—but she usually directed to a particular class of never created a human donkey. This objects, while common sense is more ludicrous monstrosity is a man's own work nearly universal in its application. Cole- performed on himself! He executes this ridge has called genius “the power of bungling piece of folly by separating scicarrying the feelings of childhood into the ence from nature, and words from things. power of manhood,"- -a definition rather | He becomes an encyclopedia of rules and unhappily worded, but in a certain sense technicalities - an inflation of pompous true. The child possesses very many terms — whom the world can never aptruths at which he would never have ar- preciate, because he fails to appreciate rived by the dry and difficult process of himself. formal reason.

The truth is brought Education does not imply the addition directly to his mind, and he only obeys the of any new faculty ; nor yet is it the mere impulse of feeling in receiving it as truth. accumulation of facts. It is rather the If we would all carry this spirit of child-training, strengthening, systematizing, and hood with us into the strength of maturer harmonizing the susceptibilities, which we years, we should be all geniuses. This have originally. We have already said spirit in the man of genius causes him to that common sense embraces all the inoverleap the tardy, and sometimes painfully tellectual elements of a man; and moreintricate processes of deduction, and the over, that it has to do with the practical truth flashes on his soul a bright ideal ; truths of life. If we are right in these but which he no more doubts than he views, the whole process of education doubts his own existence. We need only should consist in expanding this faculty refer to the poet and the painter; who and bringing it to bear on principles and place before us nature with unmistakable facts of a wider range. Perhaps it will exactness, though they have never taken better express our notion to say, that the her dimensions or calculated her propor- | mind must assimilate to itself whatever tions. This is true of the real artist of truth it has to deal with. Such a cultivaevery vocation : he leaps over the ordinary tion of scholarship takes philosophy down steps to what seems to be the desired from the heavens, makes it walk on the result, and he finds that he is right. earth, renders it conversant with men and The same thing may be affirmed of things, and shows its connection and correcommon sense, which, as its name implies, spondence with the other members of the is of more general application to the great family of truth. There is no more ordinary affairs of life. There is a voice egregious error committed by men than within us answering to that of nature when they abandon the obvious and without us, and if we attend to the corre- direct method of solving questions as in spondence of these two voices, our mental the ordinary affairs of life, and seek for cultivation will be much easier and more some more abstract way, valuable only as successful.

it is mysterious. This brings us to a prevalent defect in the formation of the scholar. Instead of

“Thus men go wrong with an ingenious skill,

Bend the strict rule to their own crooked will, planting the tree of knowledge on the good, And, with a clear and shining lamp supplied, nourishing, and substantial soil furnished First put it out, then take it for a guide!” by nature, we too often try to rear it on the summit of some conspicuous sandcliff, This general fault we find throughout where the elements will dance around it the whole course of education-beginning in derision of its owner's folly. Moreover, with its first rudiments in the child, and when men, who have set out to make adhering tenaciously, in too many instances, scholars, have resulted in fools, then na- till the final hours of his Alma Mater ture is soundly berated, because she has whether that be a log school-house or a withheld the gift of genius. Now we richly-endowed university. The passage

an as

as in

from practical to theoretical life is abrupt grossest kind : the same powers of mind and absurd ; and no wonder the poor sub- are called into exercise in one case as in ject gets bewildered as to his whereabouts. the other. He is taught that he must ascend into There are in all these cases some higher region to find truth ; and he similation and familiarization of the substruggles to ascend without any steps to jects on which the mind is called to act; aid him, when in reality all he needs to do and there is implied, too, equally in all, a is to pluck the fruit of the tree of knowl- close, consecutive, and continued thought edge, whose branches, heavy laden, bend fulness. down close to him. Let him diligently Why is it that so often a boy is sent to compare things as they are and things as school and found to be dull and worthy the they seem; he will be surprised at their name of blockhead, who, when put to a similarity, and the instruction received trade, or on the farm, becomes a proficient will be greatly valuable.

in his vocation ? Is not education reThe great truths of Nature were all quired just as much in one case designed for use, and she never requires the other? Obviously the methods are us to approach them with such awful different, and the same kind of mental reverence as to obscure them by unmeaning training which made the farmer or the terms. When we have computed the artisan would have made the scholar. number of fingers on both hands, we have We by no means mean to intimate that “ solved a problem.” Two particles of the tendency of our times and our commatter being mutually inclined to each munities is not practical enough. The other, enter into matrimony according to contrary complaint is, no doubt, well the authorities vested in chemical attrac-founded in some sense. But why is this? tion. Philosophers tell us the reason why Men intending a life of business rarely monkeys do n't talk is, because they are procure a thorough course of education, destitute of such powers of reflection as because it neglects to cultivate the same are necessary to furnish them with ideas : faculties of mind, and in the same manner in plain English, “ they have nothing to for scholars as is required for business. say.But this is a species of scientific This is wrong. We do not advocate an blasphemy very shocking to some minds, increase of utilitarianism, but that educaand scarcely excelled by that which affects tion become more practical—not in its the nerves of sentimental young ladies results and application — but in itself. after their second term at a boarding Let scholars become more practical-as school, when they hear of “ eating supper” scholars — then will the practical men instead of “taking tea,” of “putting out become more scholarly. Verily we need a light” instead of “ extinguishing a a new instauration—a new Socrateslamp," or applying the name of “ new dispensation of common sense! to an animal with powder-horns growing out of its head !

There are two glorious sights in the It is this neglecting to lead up the world : the one is a young man walking in

sense to grasp the great prin- his uprightness; and the other is an old ciples which are the objects of the scholar's man walking in the ways of righteousness. pursuit—this straining after the intangible It was Abraham's honor that he went to —their excision of the inan from the the grave in a good old age, or rather, as man's mind—that more effectually bar the Hebrew hath it, with a good gray head. up the student's progress than any other Many there be that go to their graves with obstruction. To suppose it more difficult a gray head, but this was Abraham's crown to learn the names, classes, and relations —that he went to the grave with a good of words, than the names, families, and gray head. Had Abraham's head been circumstances of our townsmen—that the never so gray, if it had not been good, it intricacies of a theory are more bewilder- would have been no honor to him ; a hoary ing and inexplicable than the roads by head, when coupled with an unsanctified which we quickly learn to travel about heart, is rather a curse than a blessing. the adjacent country-or that the solution When the head is white as snow, and the of a problem requires greater ingenuity soul black as hell, God usually gives up than many agricultural and mechanical such to the greatest scorn and contempt. operations, is simply an absurdity of the I -Brooks.

COW

common

The National Magazine.

cence.

hope of self-support and competence to dependant women in our age, and especially in our

country. Let the beneficent then be reminded MARCH, 1855.

of the fact. We advise ladies of wealth to sym

pathize more with their less fortunate sisters EDITORIAL NOTES AND GLEANINGS.

in this respect. We would respectfully inti

mate to them, too, that they should not fear to Rich WOMEN, REMEMBER YOUR SISTERS.—A lady be somewhat exclusive in this sort of beneficomments, in one of our daily papers, with some

There is not much danger that our severity and as much pertinency, on the fre- numerous institutions for male education will quent legacies left by wealthy women to insti- suffer by a better direction of female liberality. tutions for the education of young men, while They multiply so fast as to be almost in each so little is done for their own sex. Whatever other's way. There is a large waste of promay be our individual opinions about the ques-perty on male colleges in the United States tion of Woman's Rights, there certainly can be through mere local rivalries, while only here and no generous man among us who does not per- there a female college is seen, struggling through ceive the special disabilities of women, parti- the discouragements of want and public indifcularly in the arts which secure a comfortable ference. Wealthy and large-hearted women of subsistence. There is an unreasonable and a the United States, the time has come in which most cruel disproportion between the wages of you should rectify this public wrong done to male and female labor. In the department of

your sex. teaching, there is particularly a shameless depreciation of women's services, as witness the LOVE IN THE BUONAPARTE FAMILY.-It seems salaries of our female teachers. They have the that there was at least one example of "true hardest drudgery and the lowest salaries of love" in the history of the Buonaparte family. our public schools. And besides this heartless A newspaper correspondent, writing from Italy, and ungallant fact, there are scores of remune- gives some agreeable local reminiscences of rative places, entirely suitable to their more their residence in the neighborhood of Florence. delicate organization, which are now usurped | He describes the daughter of Joseph as a most by the other sex-places that hardy and high-interesting and beautiful person. During her minded men should blush to appropriate to residence with her father in the United States, themselves. We need reform in these respects; she loved and was beloved by her cousin Achille who that knows the heart-breaking sufferings Murat ; but the course of true love never runs of poor but virtuous women, in New-York city, smooth. Intended by her family for the eldest the past winter, can question it? We who laugh son of Louis, ex-king of Holland, she married at the outeries of the advocates of “Woman's him against her will, and soon became his Rights," should do something else besides laugh- widow. His name also was Napoleon; and had ing; our sarcasm will be vain—as ridiculous he lived, he, instead of his brother, might have as their ultraism, and unspeakably more heart- been Napoleon III. When Charlotte was a widless—till we take from them the provocations ow, her former lover met her in London, where which our treatment of the sex affords them. his disappointed passion poured out to her its

But these legacies-what have we to say bitterness in some French verses, the tenor of about them? The year before last, at least one which may be inferred from the first stanza, hundred and fifty thousand dollars were pro- which we here translate :vided (to our personal knowledge) in the wills of wealthy ladies, for the education of young

“I
see thee again, after eight long years,

Thou, whose aspect makes flutter my heart! men, in the United States ; this sum, we doubt I see thee again, but alas, 't is with tears not, was not a tithe of the aggregate of such

Now to me but a sister thou art !" appropriations. During the past year Miss Caro

His poetic plaint seems, however, to have line Plumer, of Salem, Mass., died, leaving in

been of no avail, the lamented husband of her will fifteen thousand dollars to Harvard

Charlotte having, after marriage, won her affecCollege, thirty thousand to the Salem Athe

tions completely from her first love. He was a næum, and thirty thousand to found a Farm School at Salem. This was a noble liberality, poet also.; so was she! They were both artists

“What she designed, he lithographed; and an infinitely better indication of the good what she wrote, he illustrated.” In fact, their sense of the lady than the usual bequests of

brief married life was, from all accounts, far property to already independent family connections. But why did she not think of her happier than that which usually falls to the lot own sex? The munificent sum would have

of princes; but, “death did lay siege to it !" laid the foundations, in Massachusetts, of a

nor could the princess long survive her loss. provision for some special form of female edu

PRESCOTT, THE HISTORIAN.-A Boston correcation, which might, in time, be worth more than all the alms of the state for the poor of

spondent of one of our city papers says: “Mr. her own sex. The lady correspondent to whom

Prescott appears daily in our streets, and may

be often seen taking long walks for the preswe have referred, says :

ervation of his health. He is now at his win“There aro in the United States about one hundred ter residence on Beacon-street, where he spends and twenty literary colleges, forty-two theological Beminaries, forty-seven law schools, and forty medical

about nine months of the year. The other colleges. Of these two hundred and fifty institutions

three months he has generally spent at Nahant of learning, not half a dozen admit woinen to their and Pepperell, at both of which places he has privileges !"

country seats, most congenial to the pursuits Education, not merely in its usual limited of an author. Mr. Prescott is as systematic in form, but in special forms, must be the chief his daily studies as any Boston merchant, and in his life. For one, I frankly confess that this is the During the year six hundred and eighty-two first hour I ever spent under a roof devoted to such a murders were committed, and eighty-four per

And yet

as great a miser of the minutes. As many have COLERIDGE ON PREACHING.—Coleridge never learned, he was so unfortunate as to lose one made a more philosophical, not to say more of his eyes while in Harvard College. By this evangelical suggestion than the following :loss, the other eye became weakened through “Since the revolution of 1688 our Church has been over-work, so that, practically, he has written Jalled and starved too generally by preachers and his immortal histories as the blind write, or reasoners, Stoic or Epicurean: first, a sort of Pagan

morality was substituted for the righteousness by faith; with an apparatus such as they use.

and lately, prudence or Paleyanism has been substihe has scarcely the appearance of any difficulty tuted even for morality. A Christian preacher ought of sight, and recognizes his friends in the street to preach Christ alone, and all things in hinn and by

him. If be find a dearth in this, if it seem to him with that single faithful eye. Indeed, the ob

a circumnspection, he does not know Christ as the server might regard his eyes as fine as one could pleroma, the fullness. It is not possible that there desire. Mr. Prescott, while engaged in writing, should be aught trne, or seemly, or beautiful, in writes rapidly, averaging about seven of the

thought, will, or deed, speculative or practical, which

may not and which ought not to be evolved out of printed pages of his volumes daily.

His secre

Christ, and the faith in Christ ;-Do folly, no error, no tary copies his manuscript in a good plain hand evil to be exposed or warred against, wbich is not at for the printer. He is now diligently composing contrariancy and enmity to Christ. To the Christian

preacher Christ should be in all tbings, and all things a history of Philip II. His private library is a

in Christ: be should abjure every argument that is not very valuable one, particularly in the departinent a link in the chain, of which Christ is the staple and of that history that can throw any light upon the ring." subjects of his past and present investigations. Put that

gem,

Brother Homilist, on the bald His library contains near six thousand volumes. brow of your next "skeleton.” It is a picture of a room that the proprietor had constructed for his special use, as he did his METHODIST MINISTERIAL EDUCATION. A study, some distance above it toward the heav-strong movement in favor of theological educaen, where his beautiful compositions are pro- tion has been in process among the Methodists duced. That Mr. Prescott, with his physical for a few years past, much to the gratification embarrassments, has accomplished so much to- or the affliction of the good men who respecward forming an American standard literature, tively sustain or oppose it. The Institution is quite & marvel. Another wonder is, that at Concord, New-Hampshire, is unexpectedly though he has been confined to his books and flourishing, and promises soon to be numerically his study for forty years, as close as the monk the first Theological Seminary of the country. to his cloister, he has nothing of the scholastic Another school of the kind was opened lately, at manner, but the ease and polish of a gentleman Evansville, near Chicago, under unusually favorwholly in society."

able auspices, a hundred thousand dollars hay

ing been pledged, it is intimated, by a single inTHE CRIMES AND CASUALTIES OF 1854.-Fromdividual—a lady-toward its endowment. The tabular statements of the past year, in some of opening exercises are described, in our Chicago the newspapers, we gather :

exchanges, as exceedingly spirited. PresiThe total amount of property destroyed by dent Dempster delivered an eloquent inaugural fire in the United States during the year is es- address; a collation was given on the premises ; timated, in round numbers, at twenty-five mil- and addresses were delivered by Dr. Evans, lions of dollars. How economical then would Rev. Messrs. Judson, Crew, Burroughs, (of the almost any sum be, which should be expended Baptist Church, Chicago,) and Watson of the on improvements for the better extinguishment North Western Christian Advocate. On the reof fires !

turn of the company to Chicago, in the cars, the The number of persons whose lives have been reunion was organized, and the "speechifying " sacrificed by burning buildings is put down at resumed (everything

goes by steam

in that one hundred and seventy-one.

magnificent region) by Rev. Messrs. Watson, E. There have been one hundred and ninety- | Williams, and T. Hurd, Esq. Mr. Watson's three railroad accidents, killing one hundred address at Evansville has been published, by and eighty-six persons, and wounding five hund request; it is remarkable for its brilliant originred and eighty-nine.

ality. We give an extract on the "good old There have also been forty-eight steamboat times” of Methodist pioneering in the West :accidents, killing five hundred and eighty-seven

“There is scarcely a preacher here to-day," said Mr. persons, and wounding two hundred and twenty- Watson, who was ever inside of a theological school five.

purpose. For three years, in the domestic comforts of

a 'rough and ready' itinerancy, we never saw a yard sons were executed. In the state of New York of carpet, not even rag carpet, or trod

sawed plankalone there were seventy-four murders and

nothing but 'puncheons or porcelain, that is, the seven executions, and, in California sixty-four library was the saddle-bags; our closet and 'study,

clean swept dirt, without the 'puncheons.'. Our murders and fifteen executions. New-York, it the wildwood; our parlor a prairie; our reading-desk' must be remembered, in abatement of her dis- the snake-head-like pommel of a huge Spanish saddle; honor, is the receptacle, the cess-pool of the

and our .easy chair the back of our favorite pacing

'Bucephalus. Our circuit swept a circumference of European pauperism and vice that pours into over four hundred miles, with distances between apthe Union.

pointments of from thirty to sixty. Nor did we, for the next seven years of twenty-three of our itinerant

life, as it regarded opportunity for study, fare much By the English Life Tables it is shown that better. But in all this rough and tumble' portion of the half of a generation of men of all ages passes our itinerant life, we suffered nothing - absolutely away in thirty years, and that more than three nothing. True, we have often slept in prairies, with in every four of their number die in half a

somo danger of having a rattlesnake for a pillow; or

in the woods, with some danger of presenting to the century.

wolf or panther a tempting banquet; and still oftener

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

bave we rode thirty miles to preach to a congregation kingdom from counterfeit Christianity, and to uphold of a dozen, and then, before dining, assisted with pestle and teach, according to natural law and the gospel of and mortar, (the former consisting of an iron wedge our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, the sacred and inserted in the end of a split stick; and the latter, of a ever-to-be-held inviolable truths of each separato naconical burnt mortise in the top of a stump,) to tion's independence, and each individual man's right of

pound the hominy,' which formed a staple in our ex private judgment and free access to the word of God; cellent repast, of wild honey, bear meat, or «racoon and whereas it is by your petitioners undoubtingly bebacon,' taken either with or without the trenchers and lieved that there doth exist, and is daily incrousing, wooden forks and fixings (we were often most orthodox within the pale of the said Established Church, a party in our primitiveness, and used those 'fingers made be organized for the purpose of gradually bringing this fore forks') of our sturdy pioneer fathers. Yes, we free Christian nation under the influence and dominion say, we suffered none physically, (or none that we of a foreign pontiff, of principles by law declared to be could mention without a blush,) but intellectually we arbitrary, tyrannical, idolatrons, and damnable, and of did suffer much. Piety is not knowledge. The for defrauding Englishmen of their aforesaid natural right mer is essential to the preacher; but the latter none of private judgment and free access to the word of God; the less essential to a preacher who would teach. and whereas there doth exist a general distrust of I commenced the work of the ministry with just certain colleges or seminaries instituted for the training knowledge enough to keep me unhappy. I know how of clergy for the said Established Church; and whereas little I did know, (a most wholesome lesson,) and was the care, oversight, and necessary reformation of overy constantly unhappy, that circumstances should war body corporato doth manifestly belong unto that so successfully with my attempts to acquire what sovereignty by which it hath been created and set up: seemed to me and I now know I was not mistaken) therefore, your petitioners protesting with all their essential acquisitions. After seven years of study in souls against any reconciliation or fellowship with the the itinerant school, and an honorable graduation, I said foreign pontitf, his usurping claims, arbitrary still felt the necessity of a help unavailable-unfurnished principles or false doctrines, do pray your bonorable then by Methodism in this country. My experience house as a constitutional part of the Legislature and was like that of Brother Judson, which has betrayed sovereignty of the realm, to take under your solemn me into this egotistic digression. I have seen nothing consideration the dangerous state and condition of yet to convince me that its teachings were erroneous. the Established Church of the United Kingdom of My opinion has remained unchanged on the subject." England and Ireland; and to appoint out of your

honorable house, commissioners to inquire into the STATISTICS OF OLD AGE.—The census of 1850

teaching, discipline, and ceremonial of all seminaries

or colleges set up or countenanced by any archbishop shows that the oldest person then living in or bishop of the said Established Church of England the United States was 140. This person was and Ireland." an Indian woman, residing in North Carolina. In the same state was an Indian aged 125, a A New REVOLUTION.—The Archbishop Innegro woman 111, two black slaves 110 each, nokenti, in an Address to the Russian troops one mulatto male 120, and several white males before the battle of Inkerman, said among other and females from 106 to 114. In the parish of things :-"In heaven it has been decreed that Lafayette, La., was a female, black, aged 120. the scepter which shall rule over the whole In several of the states there were found per

world shall remain alone in the right hand of sons, white and black, aged from 110 to 115. the Lord's anointed autocrat of all the RusThere were in the United States, in 1850, 2,555 sias !" persons over 100 years. This shows that about one person in 9,000 will be likely to live to that COMPLIMENT TO AMERICAN SCHOLARS.-In & age. There are now about 20,000 persons in

notice of the Bibliotheca Sacra, the Christian the United States who were living when the Spectator (an English Journal) says:—" As a Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776. rule, we believe American theological writers They must necessarily be nearly 80 years old to be better versed in modern languages, and now, in order to have lived at that time. The more deeply read in ancient literature in other French census of 1851 shows only 102 persons words, better and abler scholars—than the maover 100 years old; though the total popula- jority of theological writers in this country." tion was near 36,000,000. Old age is therefore attained among us much more frequently

EXPLORATIONS AT BABYLON.—We have repeatthan in France.

edly alluded to the explorations now in progress

on the site of Babylon. From our English paPOPERY IN THE ANGLICAN CHURCH.-We said pers we learn that the celebrated orientalist, in a late article, entitled the Religious Scare

Colonel Rawlinson, has spent a portion of the crow of the Age,” that the Puseyite movement

winter there; a letter from him was lately read in England had turned out a failure, so far as before the Asiatic Society of London. At its its purpose to Papalize the Establishment was date he was encamped under the ruins of anconcerned. English Churchmen seem deter cient Babylon, where he had been engaged in mined to uproot even its secret remnants in the tracing the course of the old river through the learned institutions of the country. A memorial | ruins; and had succeeded, by the aid of bricks to Parliament is now in circulation, prepared by and slabs with inscriptions, all found where "influential parties,” and purporting to be the they were originally deposited, in identifying “Petition of the Clergy and of the Laity of the

most of the buildings of the city, and in tracing Established Church of the United Kingdom of

the ancient wall, which gave a circumference England and Ireland.” It says :

pretty nearly agreeing with what we have re

ceived from Greek information. The excessive "That whereas the greatness of this nation, doth, heat (110° in the tent) had, however, stopped under God, rest on its complete and absolute independence of all foreign influence or control whatsoever;

out-door work; and the colonel had passed the and whereas the noblest characteristics of Englishmen time in his tent in making a literal translation and English women do grow, by God's blessing, out of

of the great slab found on the Euphrates, sent the unshackled use of the sacred right of private judgment secured to each and every subject, together with

to England by Sir H. Jones in 1807, and de free access to the enlightenment of God's revealed posited in the East India House. He promised will; and whereas the Legislature of this empire, in to send this translation as soon as completed; the exercise of its undoubted, sole, and righteous sovereignty, he

and in the mean time he transmits an abstract set up an established such a National Church as was deemed adequate to protect this of it, recording, in succession, the repairs to

« AnteriorContinuar »