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Book Notices.

Redfield, New-York, has done a valuable service cidents are woven into general discourses of to the "reading public,” by issuing the various unusual beauty and pertinency. The fervid productions of Richard Chenevix Trench. His piety and rich style of the author characterize ** Study of Words," " Lessons in Proverbs,” and the volume throughout. " Synonyms of the New Testament," have given him a determinate and high rank among those

The American Baptist Publication Society has authors who write because they have something little volume, entitled Grace and Rosabel ; or,

added to its juvenile catalogue a very interesting to make known-something that has not been made known-or, at least, not as well made

the Grafted Fruit. This society not only gets known before. His last work, English, Past and

up good books, but gets them up in good stylePresent, has been published by the same house

å sina qua non with books for children. in its usual good style. This volume consists Irison of Phinncy, New-York, have published of five lectures on the “ Composite Nature,” the Alexander Dumas's Life of Napoleon, in French, “Gains," the “Diminutions," the “Changes in for the use of colleges and schools. It is acMeaning," and the “Changes in Spelling" of companied with explanatory notes, converthe English language. · Its verbal criticisms are

sational exercises, and references to the “New remarkable for their sagacity, its general ap- French Method," on the plan of " Fasquelle's preciation of the language is philosophic, and Colloquial French Reader.” The work is edited there are not a few passages unique for their by Dr. Fasquelle, of the Michigan University. originality and suggestiveness. The phonog- There could hardly be a better text-book for raphists will find him a formidable opponent. learners of the language. The narrative of

Dumas is itself exceedingly interesting, and the We are indebted to the tireless press of Car accompaniments, in this volume, for the study ter & Brother, New-York, for the reproduction,

of French, are excellent. in a stout octavo, with liberal type, of an old standard in religious literature, Fleetwood's Carlton & Phillips, Nero - York, have issued A History of the Bible. It traces and illustrates Guide-Book in the Administration of the Dicipline the Biblical narratives from the creation to the of the Methodist Episcopal Church. It is from the incarnation. It is illustrated by maps and other pen of Rev. Bishop Baker. Almost every quesengravings. A very considerable portion of the tion respecting the administration of the Methodvolume is made up of notes; they are mostly ist economy is here answered ; and all the necfrom the old authorities-Poole, Patrick, Stack- essary formulas for trials, proceedings of busihouse, Le Clerc, Calmet, &c. Of course the ness meetings, annual returns, and even wills for new expositions of Moses, required by geology, benevolent purposes, are given. And not only and now generally admitted by theologians, are these, but nearly every established rule of not alluded to. We miss also a good table of parliamentary order, is laid down. The book is contents: Otherwise, this is a capital edition a complete manual, and will, doubtless, at once of a capital old work.

become the standard in conference and other

Methodist proceedings. It is accompanied with Readers who wish a good estimate of the life

a portrait of the bishop. and opinions of Senator Seward, can find the data for such a judgment very conveniently

The same house has published a duodecimo presented in Baker's Life of William H. Seward,

of three hundred and twenty-nine pages, entitled with Selections from his Works, issued in a sub

The Young Man Advised ; or, Illustrations and stantial duodecimo, by Redfield, New-York. Confirmations of some of the Chief Historical Facts Independently of his characteristic opinions, of the Bible, by E. O. Haven, D. D., of Michigan Senator Seward ranks, by his knowledge of University. The title is not a good one, as it public affairs, bis thoroughness on great ques

will tend to limit the book to young men, tions, and his moral dignity, at the head of the

whereas it is appropriate to readers of any age, actual statesmanship of the country. His style and is precisely of the class of books most as a writer is, however, somewhat in contrast

needed in this day of skeptical caviling. It with this reputation. It is florid-almost sopho- | contains cighteen chapters, in which are dis

The abundant and accurate infor- cussed the most important facts of the Biblical mation of his speeches is their chief excellence. record—the Creation, Deluge, Confusion of The present biography is quite interesting as a Tongues, Unity of the Race, Call of Abrahanı, chapter in the late and current political history Sodom and Gomorrah, Prophecies, Miracles, of the country. The selections are from most History of Christ, &c. On these and the like of his speeches, orations, forensic arguments, topics, history and science are consulted, and and executive messages.

their confirmatory testimony given. There are

several able standards of this kind in our Rev. Dr. Tyng delivered, during the past religious literature, but none in which so much winter, a very popular course of lectures to the information is given in so small a compass and young people of his parish, on the “ History of with such point and power. The only fault Ruth, the Moabitess." Carter & Brothers, New- we have to find with it is that its condensation York, have issued them in a neat volume, under is so extreme. This, however, is an admirable the title of the Rich Kinsman. It comprises defect now-a-days. Dr. Haven's volume should nineteen parts, in which are presented the chief be scattered everywhere among our youth. It incidents of that beautiful history; these in- is a book to tell on the times.

morean,

Rev. Dr. Sprague of Albany has given to the the reader a better and a stronger man, and public, through the Boston house of Gould & they are even romantically interesting. Lincoln, a very entertaining volume of "auto

Ashton Cottage is the title of another beautiful graphs" and sketches of European character, under the title of Visits to European Celebrities: juvenile volume, from the press of Carter &

Brothers, Nero-York. It is "a Sunday tale," The doctor's visits were in 1828 and 1836

designed to illustrate true faith, which it does the sketches are therefore somewhat old, but

in a manner at once clear and entertaining. hardly the less interesting for that. 'Their chief fault is their brevity. Most of the liter

A Long Look Ahead, &c., is the title of a new ary, scientific, and religious celebrities of the volume, of no ordinary merit, by James Mountlast quarter of a century, appear rapidly in his joy, from the press of Derby, New - York. It is pages, and the lovers of such sort of personal quite superior to our usual native works of the information will find the volume a pleasant

same class; its characters are skillfully delineatreat. We give a specimen in our Editorial ted, its style good, and its moral tone healthful: Notes.

its domestic scenes are especially fine. Matthero Henry's Miscellaneous Works have Rev. Mr. Mattison has issued another and an been published by Carter 8 Brothers, in two

enlarged edition of his Spiritual Rapping Unsubstantial volumes. They consist of Sermons, veiled. He thrashes us, along with some other Tracts, Catechisms, Communicant's Guide, &c.

worthies ----- but with such flattering courtesy Matthew Henry is an old classic of our religious that we cannot, with a good grace, retaliate. literature; he was rich in thought and in grace,

His humor and sarcasm is quite relevant against and equally so in wit. His sanctified humor the delusions of the new mania; but we still glances on almost every page; the readers think, as heretofore, that his solution of the of his well-known Commentary know how to problem is unsatisfactory. The reader will find, appreciate it. We commend these sterling in the last North American Quarterly Rericu, volumes to all devout thinkers.

an elaborate article, in which the theory we have advocated is fully endorsed.

We had hoped A small but good review of the chief infidel objections to the Bible, has been published matter had about subsided; but they still

that the extravagant popular abuses of this by Higgins & Perkinpine, Philadelphia. It is

seem to prevail, and, it is said, are assuming entitled The Bible Defended, by Rev. W. H.

more extensive and more pernicious importance Brisbane, and examines the scientific, his

than ever. Mr. Mattison erroneously ascribes to torical, chronological, and other difficulties alleged against the Scriptures. It is especially of Diseases in India, which we copied from

our own pen an article on the Mesmeric Cure adapted to meet the wants of Sunday school

Chambers's Edinburgh Journal - one of the and Bible class teachers.

very highest popular authorities in science. The good pastor Oberlin has been re-sent out, We stand simply where the learned Arago stood in a new dress, by Carter & Brothers, Nero - York, | in respect to all these phenomena; he ascribed under the title of Demoirs of him, compiled them, before the French Institute, to some from authentic sources, chiefly French and newly observed agency of the nervous system, German, with a dedication and translations by which, he believed, might lead to scientific Rev. L. Halsey. Oberlin has lived on the earth results of the utmost importance, if learned more effectually since his death than before. men would give it suitable attention. Derby, His Memoirs cannot be read without making | New-York.

Literary Record.

Ix all the extra-Parisian libraries of France The London Athenæun announces the death there are eight millions seven hundred and of the venerable Rev. Julius Hare, Archdeacon thirty-three thousand four hundred and thirty- of Lewis, at the age of fifty-nine. He was the nine printed works, and forty-four thousand joint translator, with Bishop Thirlwall, of Nieand seventy manuscripts. There are three buhr's “History of Rome.” He also wrote a hundred and thirty-eight public libraries. "Life of John Sterling," which brought down James Montgomery, the poet, left an estate

upon him the anger of Mr. Carlyle. His other worth from $40,000 to $50,000. Southey died productions were chiefly ecclesiastical. worth about $35,000, and Wordsworth ditto. The London Gazette accuses the Victoria Regia Rogers is a millionaire.

of Mr. John Fisk Allen as a plagiarism from A new edition of Barrow's works is prepar

Sir William Hooker's book on the subject. ing for publication, revised and enlarged by The Gazette says: “With plagiarism we can hold Rev. A. Napier.

no terms; and when we find a work, as in the Borrow, the Gipsy-lover, is about to publish a

case before us, presented in America as an continuation of Lavengro.

original scientific memoir, when it is in reality

nothing but a mangled reproduction of one Lepsius has just completed an alphabet con- published three years before in England, it taining the sounds and letters of all the lan- is only natural that we should feel, if not guages in the world.

indignant, a little riled.' In 1851, when

the great Victoria water lily of the Central M. de Maubreuil, who has long since changed American rivers had been introduced into this his name, is, says the Paris correspondent of country, and cultivated with success at Chats- the Nlustrated News, about to come to the worth, at Syon, and at Kew, Sir William Hook- United States for the purpose of bringing out er, the director of the royal gardens, resolved the work in this country. to publish a memoir of its history, with illus

Lord Brougham is about to print in the edition trations of the plant in various stages of flowering, and with dissections, all of the natural

of his works, now in course of publication, the size. It required a fasciculus of elephant folio his minister, (Lord North,) on the subject of the

whole of the correspondence of George III. with dimensions, and no expense was spared to make

American war. The original letters were lent the work worthy of its subject. It was not expected to be remunerative either to author, returned. The belief is, that "the first gen

by Lord Glenbervie to George IV., and never artist, or publisher; but all worked for it con

tleman in Europe" destroyed them. Lord amore—and the memoir was in every respect Brougham will print them from copies made one of original research. A work of similar

from the originals by Sir James Mackintosh. colossal dimensions, type, and style of illustration, has just been published in Boston, The last catalogue of Fairfield Seminary, United States, dedicated with great pomp to

N. Y., shows a total of students amounting the president of the Horticultural Society of

to more than four hundred. The faculty-prethat city, by a Mr. John Fisk Allen; and the sided over by Rev. Mr. Van Petten—is unfollowing, from the opening page, is an example usually numerous and effic and the location of the use made of Sir William Hooker's text." and terms of the school unusually favorable. It then proceeds to quote examples.

Cardinal Mezzofanti, the son of a Bolognese Dr. Phillimore, recently deceased, was a ripe carpenter, born in 1774, and who died a carscholar, being Professor of Civil Law in the dinal at Rome in 1849, spoke fluently seventyUniversity of Oxford. He also held various eight languages. He possessed the faculty of other high offices. His last work, on the as- thinking directly in those languages which he sumption of the title of Archbishop of West- learned. When a schoolboy he used to repeat, minster by Cardinal Wiseman, attracted much after a single reading, a folio page of Chrysostom, attention, and was considered the ablest ex

which he had never before seen. position of canon law on that subject.

Autograph collectors are on the increase. Rev. A Parisian correspondent of the New-York Dr. Sprague, of Albany, has the best collection Post says: “There are lots of Americans here this in this country. Rev. Dr. Smyth, of Charleswinter, although report says fewer than usual. ton, S. C., E. H. Leffingwell, of New-Haren, Among them are Donald Mitchell, (lk Marvel,)

Lewis J. Cist, of Cincinnati, Mrs. Z. Allen, of who is working away at his History of Venice, Providence, B. Perley Poore, Mellen Chamberand intends to return home in the spring. I lain, of Chelsea, and Charles H. Moore, of Newsaw Dumas the other day. He is living at

York, have also large and valuable collections. No. 77 Rue d'Amsterdam, on the very confines Thackeray proposes a second visit to this of civilization. He is working, as usual, with country within the twelvemonth. that energy which induced one of his cotem

The oldest living English poet is Rogers, now poraries to call him one of the forces of nature.' He complains that nobody reads

in his ninetieth year. Hallam, now seventy.

four, is their oldest historian. William Croker, books now, and that he only gets six or seven hundred francs for what used to bring him

now in his seventy-fifth year, is their oldest

critic. three or four times as much. Thackeray has

Lady Morgan, age unmentionable, is been here, looking ill and dispirited. He will

their oldest novelist. Westmacott, the sculpreturn to America, I fancy, before very long."

tor, is their oldest artist. Punch, after several condemnations from the literary curiosities

, at Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkin

At a late sale of manuscripts, autographs, and Prussian courts of law, has been prohibited son's, London, many interesting articles were throughout the whole kingdom of Prussia, by presented. A letter of Robert Burns, with the an order from the Minister of the Interior, original of the “Cotter's Saturday Night,” was Count Westphalen.

sold for more than $100; another letter of It turns out that a book published in this Burns to Dr. Moore, containing his own life, country, called Tit for Tat, in which some $65; the autobiography of Robert Burns, in virulent abuse is lavished upon England, is the "Small on Ploughs," $20; Thomas Moore's work of an Englishman.

"Last Rose of Summer" brought $10; FieldA work of great and singular interest, relat- ing's assignment of copyright of “ Tom Jones," ing to the events of the last half century, is $40; the manuscript of Sir Walter Scott's

“Kenilworth " sold for $205. about to appear from the American press, its contents rendering its publication in France, Norton's Gazette reports the death of Dr. or even in any of the adjacent nations, im- Eckermann, the well-known friend and amanuenpossible. This is the Memoirs of M. de Mar- sis of Goethe. The attachment to his great breuil, who played so strange a part at the fall master; the deep and quick intelligence to of the Emperor Napoleon, and who publicly which we owe his celebrated “ Conversations struck M. de Talleyrand for having disowned with Goethe;" the active part he took in the him. These volumes are, it is said, to contain editorship of Goethe's works; the integrity of an undisguised statement of all the events of his character; and the honesty of his literary the time-events in most of which the author endeavors, are certain to secure him an honortook a part, and all of which he witnessed. / able memory. Eckermann was born in 1792, at Winsen, near Hanover; but not before 1821-23, “ Allison's History of Europe” continued; Huc's after a youth of struggles, was he enabled to “ Chinese Empire.” Putnam, “ Irving's Life of pursue his studies at the University of Got- Washington," in three volumes. Scribner, “ Histingen. In 1823 he entered Goethe's house ; | torical Sketches of the most Eminent Orators after the death of the poet, in 1832, he lived and Statesmen of Ancient and Modern times," alternately at Hanover and Weimar. His last by D. A. Harsha. Dunnigan & Brother, the years were saddened by bad health and social History and Institutes of Ignatius Loyola,” isolation.

from the Italian, by Madame Calderon de la A correspondent of the Cambridge Chronicle

Barca. M. W. Dodd, & new two volume work says: “ Complaints prevail about the times, by Dr. Spring. Ivison & Phinney, a new ediamong literary men; and I see it stated by one

tion, in two volumes, of the "Memoir and Ser

Miscel. of my fellow-laborers that a translator of . Bohn's

mons of Rev. Daniel A. Clark;" also Classical Library' works twelve hours a day for lanies and Reviews,” by Rev. Albert Barnes. £80 a year. This must be taken cum grano Mr. J. A. Dix, the enterprising publisher of salis. Nor do I place implicit reliance upon Household Words, and Mr. A. T. Edwards, have precise statements as to what the top sawyers become the proprietors of “Putnam's Monthly," of periodical literature receive for their labors, and have arranged for an entirely new editorial when it is said that Dickens has £1,500 a year / management.

It is said that the price paid by for editing Houschold Words, Douglas Jerrold the new firm for the Monthly is $11,000, and £20 a week for doing similar service for Lloyd, that the principal editor is to be Mr. G. W. and W. J. Fox £10 for each · Publicola' letter Curtis. in the Dispatch. I take leave to doubt the lit

Bell, of Philadelphia, has issued Bishop Pereral exactness of these sums."

cy's “ Reliques of English Poetry," consisting Redfield announces the “Life of Luther," by of old heroic ballads, songs, and other pieces the late Archdeacon fare.

of the earlier poets, to which are added many Among the recent or forthcoming issues of

curious and rare productions not inserted in the American press, are the following: By Phil

any other edition ; together with a copious lips, Sampson, & Co., Boston, “ Thomson” in glossary and notes. their series of the British Poets; “ Japan-as General Jessup is engaged in writing up his it was and is,” by Richard Hildreth; and a sur- personal and political memoirs. It will contain gical volume by Dr. Hayward. Heath & Graves à valuable chapter on the Hartford Convention, have a work called "Scripture Illustration” in and is likely to be one of the most interesting press, from Prof. Hackett, of Newton. Harpers, additions that has been made for many years “Bancroft's Miscellanies;" vols. 2 and 3 of to our historical and political literature.

Irts and

and Sciences.

A SARCOPHAGUS has been found near Ancient | The statue which has recently been erected Sidon. It is covered with inscriptions in the | in St. Paul's cathedral, London, to the memory old Phænician tongue, and promises, if deci- of Bishop Heber, is said to be unsurpassed in phered, to furnish ethnologists with a key to beauty of design and excellence of execution. another branch of the Semitic languages. If He is kneeling, attired in his robes, with one authentic, a more important antiquarian dis- hand resting on the Bible, as his support, and covery, says the London Athenæum, has not been the other upon his breast. On the pedestal, made in the present century.

beautifully done in bas-relief, he is represented The oldest tree in Europe is the cypress of

in the act of confirming two Indian converts. Somma, in Lombardy. It is supposed to have Mr. Smith, an English chemist, is said to been planted in the year of the birth of Christ, have discovered a means of transferring the imand on that account is looked on with reverence pression of natural objects to glass with minute by the inhabitants; but an ancient chronicle accuracy. in Milan is said to prove that it was a tree in the time of Julius Cæsar, B. C. 42. It is one

Discoveries in Language.—At a late meeting hundred and twenty-three feet high, and twenty interest was read from Mr. Hodgson, from his

of the Asiatic Society, London, a paper of much feet in circumference, at one foot from the ground. Napoleon, when laying down the plan residence among the Tartar populations of the for his great road over Simplon, diverged from Himalaya mountains. This letter is intended & straight line to avoid injuring this tree.

as a brief statement of what the learned phiBotanists report several venerable trees still lologer is doing in the Tartar languages, an thriving, whose structure shows an age older investigation in relation to which he has pubthan that of our most ancient chronology.

lished some essays in the “ Bengal Journal" of

January and February, 1853. The writer has The Edinburgh people have already raised obtained thirty new vocabularies from Tibet, £1,100 of the £1,500 required for the colossal Horsok, and Sifan ; and by their aid he has bronze statue of Professor Wilson, which is to completed a comparative analysis of all the be shortly erected.

languages of this class, reaching nearly over the whole globe, in which he finds a perfect uni- ford, which is to be a part of the intended formity of the laws regulating the composition Washington monument, will be cast in a very of words and their arrangement, extending over

short time. the whole class. The following are some of its

Among the most startling wonders in conresults: The old dogma which Horne Tooke

nection with electricity, is the announcement fancied he had discovered, that all the numer

that M. Bonelli, of Turin, las invented a new ous words which we generally call particles, electric telegraph, by which trains in motion on such as prepositions and conjunctions, and the

a railway are enabled to communicate with each syllables and letters which modify root words other at all rates of velocity, and, at the same in the way of derivation, conjugation, and de

time, with the telegraphic stations on the line; clension, were originally vital words, having while the latter are, at the same time, able to definite meanings, is perfectly true of the Tartar

communicate with the trains. It is added, that tongues, and the fact is found in them in every

M. Bonelli is in possession of a system of telestage of development. The distinction between graphic communication by which wires are enmonosyllabic and polysyllabic languages is with tirely dispensed with. out foundation, polysyllables being merely iterations and accretions of monosyllables; and the

The number of miles of railway now in operlanguages do, in fact, graduate into each other. ation in the world is 40,344, of which 21,528 The researches of Mr. Hodgson demonstrate the

miles are in the United States; 7,744 in Great affinity of the Sifan, Horsok, Tibetan, Indo

Britain ; 5,340 in Germany; 2,480 in France; Chinese, Himalayan, and Tamulian tongues, by

532 in Belgium; 422 in Russia; 170 in Italy; identity of roots, identity of compounds, and,

75 in Sweden ; 42 in Norway; 60 in Spain; above all, by the absolute uniformity of the

25 in Africa; 100 in India: 1,327 in British laws regulating them. All the Tartar tongues,

North America ; 359 in Cuba; 60 in Panama; from America eastward, through the Old World

and 60 in South America. to Oceania, constitute one great family. All The French government has dispatched a the Tamulian languages, and those of the abo- ship to convey to France the antiquities disriginal tribes of India, are of one class, and that covered by their consul at Nineveh. Of these class is Tartar. All derive their vocables from the more remarkable are, a monumental gate, the Northern tongues, either directly, or via some extremely ancient statues, and various Indo-China; and the routes, or relative lines of implements in brass and iron. They have alpassage, are plainly traceable. A great many ready, with extreme difficulty, been brought to Arian vocables, even in Sanscrit, are Tartar, as the banks of the Tigris, down which they will well in their composite and ordinary state as in be conveyed on the usual native rafts. their roots. Mr. Hodgson is finally of opinion that the Tartar tongues, taken altogether as a

Pilgrim Monument.— The Boston Post says :

“We have had the pleasure of examining a great unity, throw a brilliant light on the state of language in general, as it existed prior to the

daguerreotype view, taken from a drawing regreat triple division into Semitic, Iranian, and presenting a design for the monument proposed Turanian languages.

to be erected at Plymouth to commemorate the

landing of the Pilgrims, offered by Mr. HamAge of Oysters.-A London oysterman can matt Billings, of this city, and now in the tell the age of his flock to a nicety. The age hands of the committee. The principal figure of an oyster is not to be found by looking into in the design, is a statue of Faith, represented its mouth. It bears its years upon its back in a standing posture with wings. This is Everybody who has handled an oyster-shell supported by a pedestal, at the corners of which must have observed that it seemed as if com- are four sitting figures representing Morality, posed of successive layers or plates overlapping Law, Education, and Freedom. Beneath these each other. These are technically termed are four relievos representing four marked scenes "shoots,” and each of them makes a year's in the Pilgrims' history, viz.: the Departure growth; so that, by counting them, we can de- from Delft Haven; the Signing of the Social termine at a glance the year when the creature Compact; the Landing at Plymouth; and the came into the world. Up to the time of its First Treaty with the Indians. Between the maturity, the shoots are regular and successive; sitting figures are four large panels, designed but after that time they become irregular, and to be occupied with records from the history of are piled one over the other, so that the shell our forefathers, and beneath them four smaller becomes more and more thickened and bulky. panels which may be occupied with other inJudging from the great thickness to which some scriptions. The whole height of the monument oyster-shells have attained, this mollusc is ca- would be one hundred and fifty feet, and the pable, if left to its natural changes unmolested, large statue would be seventy feet, thus being of attaining a patriarchal longevity.

elevated eighty feet from the ground. The sitIn the royal bronze foundry of Munich, &

ting figures would be each thirty-four feet in statue of Beethoven, by the American sculptor, height, and the figures in the panels would be Crawford-representing the great master more

eight feet in height. A chamber sixteen feet in youthful and more jovial than Hahnel's statue

diameter, would be placed inside the monument." on the Münster-platz at Bonn-has been finished, George Callin, the famous Indian portrait and dispatched for the Music-Hall at Boston, painter, traveler, and champion of the red men, to which it has been presented by an American has been heard from on the head-quarters of amateur. At the same establishment a colossal the Amazon, painting the portraits and taking statue of Berzelius, intended for Stockholm, is notes of the manners of the uncouth tribes in in the course of progress; and the great eques- those regions, lately made so interesting by the trian statue of Washington, also by Mr. Craw- | reports of Lieutenants Herndon and Gibbon.

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