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“ Bayard Taylor's Central Africa” amount to Works of Hopkins, in three large octavo volabout 12,000 copies. These sales have, doubt- umes, are put down at $5; those of Bellamy, less, been much augmented since the estimates in two large octavos, at $3 50; those of Robinwere made. The publishers are famous adver- son, three vols. 12mo., at $3 50; and those of tisers—that is the chief secret.

Shepard, three vols. 12mo., $3. Both the list The announcements of the English literary

and prices are such as must attract the atten

tion of the religious public. press are numerous and interesting. Among them are the following :

The Newbury Seminary and Collegiate InstiMr. Cyrus Redding, following the example of tute (Vermont) has an effective faculty, headed Jerdan & Patmore, is about to gratify the lovers by H. S. Noyes, and five hundred and twentyof gossip with some anecdotes of a career in lit- one students. erature, commencing with the days of Peter Pindar, and associated with the best days of

The library of the late Cardinal Mai, valued Glasgow's greatest son, Tom Campbell.

at $80,000, will soon be disposed of at public "Lady Blessington’s Life and Correspond auction. It was offered to the Pontifical govence," in the press, is expected to include Count

ernment for half this sum, according to the d'Orsay's Journal, so much admired by Byron

terms of the late owner's will, but the purchase thirty years ago.

was not made for want of funds. Cardinal Mr. Torrens M'Culloch is said to contemplate Mai was the Librarian of the Vatican, in which a Life of Shiel.

he discovered some palimpsests, containing the Mary Howitt is engaged in writing a popular lost portions of Cicero's famous “Treatise on History of America, intended to make the read

the Commonwealth,” which he deciphered by ing class of English artisans better acquainted his great skill and continued application. with the History of the United States than they The Albion Collegiate Institute and Seminary, have hitherto been.

(Michigan,) under the presidency of Hon, J. Charles Lever announces a new serial.

Mayhem, have a strong faculty, and report five It is said that Dickens's plan in his new hundred and fourteen students for the past colwork is to complete it wholly before publica- legiate year. tion. This will give a unity to this production which is quite foreign to many of his former We learn from the Pittsburgh Christian Advaworks.

cate that a liberal Methodist in Charleston, The " Atheneum" announces that Mr. Cole has

South Carolina, has given $50,000 as the nucleus

of a fund for the liberal education of young become possessed of a number of Cowper MSS. of great interest—including nine unpublished and who are unable to accomplish an education

men called of God to the work of the ministry, letters of the poet—three written by his brother

without assistance. The fund is to be adminJohn, three by Dr. Cotton, thirteen by Lady istered by the Trustees of Woodford College, Hesketh, two by Mary Unwin, several by Joseph under the supervision of the South Carolina Hill, Mrs. Hill, Ashley Cowper, General Cowper,

Conference. The President of this College is Lady Croft, Lady Austen, Dr. John Johnson,

Dr. Wightman. Samuel Rose, Bishop Madan, Jekyll, Charles Chester, and others, together with a MS. cata- The Fort Wayne (Indiana) Collegiate Instilogue of the poet's library, taken after his death. tute, under the presidency of Rev. S. Brenton, The Iowa Conference Seminary (Mount Ver

reports two hundred and fifty-six students. It

has an efficient faculty. non, Iowa) reports one hundred and sixty-one students. It is young, but promising. It is A literary discovery of some interest is anunder the principalship of Rey. S. M. Fellows. nounced from Paris—that of the greater part of

the manuscripts of the celebrated Madame de Our “Boston Letter" for the month refers

Maintenon, widow of the burlesque poet Scarron, to the Congregational Board of Publication. We find in Norton's Literary Gazette some interesting What has been found is entitled “ Letter on the

and wife, by a secret marriage, of Louis XIV. items respecting its publications. On its list

Education of Girls," and "Conversations on Edare the Works of John Robinson, Pastor of the

ucation." The two treatises are said to be rePilgrim Fathers, with a Memoir of that remark

markably well written, and to contain much able man, in three vols.; the Works of Samuel

shrewd observation. All that has heretofore Hopkins, D. D., known as the father of the

been known of the original productions of Mad"Hopkinson System,” in three vols.; the Works

ame de Maintenon's pen is what has been pubof Joseph Bellamy, D. D., in two vols. ; the

lished by La Beaumelle, but that he has taken Works of Dr. Jonathan Edwards, son of Presi

the liberty of altering. It is M. Lavallée, audent Edwards, in two vols. ; the Works of Thomas Shepard, Pastor of the First Church in brought the new papers to light.

thor of the “History of the French," who has Cambridge, in three vols., (another volume is to be added ;) the Works of Leonard Woods, D. D., Professor Zahn, who has passed not fewer late Professor of Theology at Andover, in five than fifteen years in investigating the ruins of vols.; the “ Park-street Lectures," by E. D. Grif- Herculaneum and Pompeii, is preparing for pubfin, D.D., a work famous in its day; several lication, at Berlin, the twenty-seventh and last works by Dr. Gardiner Spring; and the Life and part of his great work on the monuments disTimes of John Penry, an early Pilgrim Martyr. covered in those towns. The work is one of There are several other works on the list of the most expensive ever published in Germany, this Society, and also some forty-five “Doc- each copy costing 300 thalers, (about $230.) trinal Tracts." The low prices at which these The illustrations are colored by a process inpublications are sold is truly remarkable. The vented by M. Zahn himself.

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At a meeting of the Natural History Society ter, Newburgh, Buffalo, and other places. It is at Boston, Prof. Wyman remarked that it had designed to erect the monument in the public probably been frequently noticed by members grounds at Washington, which Mr. D. did so of the Society, that the common house fly may much to adorn. be freqently seen hanging dead from the ceil

A monument has been erected at the grave ing, or attached to any surface on which it may

of Jrs. F. Osgood, in Mount Auburn Cemetery. be lying, by a filamentous white substance; and

It is about fifteen feet in height. Surmounting that a white powder, in greater or less quantity, the white marble pedestal is a lyre in bronze, is frequently seen dotted over the neighboring

with five strings, four of which are broken at surface. On examining this substance, he had

different lengths, to indicate the different ages found the insect to have fallen a victim to a

at which the mother and her three children parasitic plant growing upon its surface. The

died. On the top of the lyre is a wreath of white powder proved to be the spores of the

laurel eighteen inches in diameter. The whole parasite. The whole interior of the fly was

is said to be simple, light, and graceful. found to be filled with a similar plant, and probably, from the different way in which it An old Dutchman, the story goes, on being develops itself, of a different species from that shown a picture of the Washington Monument, on the surface. The internal parasite starts declined subscribing his mite toward building from a spore and grows by elongation from one a house init such a big chimney." Whatever or both sides of a sphere, this latter remaining may be thought of the patriotism of the excuse, in the middle or at one end.

there are some who sympathize with the taste

it exhibits. The number of paper-mills in the United States is 750, with 3,000 engines, and a daily By interesting accounts from Africa, says an product of 900,000 pounds, or 270,000,000 a English Journal, we learn that the possibility year, of the value of $27,000,000. Rags to the of a water-communication all across that great amount of 405,000,000 pounds are consumed ; continent, from the Indian Ocean to the Atlanvalue, at four cents, $16,000,000. The cost of tic, is now thought to be no longer doubtful. labor is $3,375,000. A reward of £1,000 is From the east coast, rivers may be ascended offered by a London newspaper for the discov- to Lake Ngami, from which a portage of some ery of some substitute for rags in the manu- forty miles conducts to the great stream that facture of paper. Who will gain it ?

skirts the Ovampo Land, explored by Mr. GalAntiquity of the Olires of Gethsemane.--In

ton, and finds its outlet in the neighborhood Turkey, every olive-tree which was found stand

of Walvisch Bay. Here, then, are available

channels for exploration. ing by the Moslems when they conquered Asia pays a tax of one medina to the treasury, while During the past year, & Jagnetic Observatory each of those planted since the conquest pays has been erected within the grounds of the half its produce; now, the eight olive-trees of Smithsonian Institution. It principally conGethsemane pay only eight medina. Dr. Wild sists of an underground room, enclosed within describes the largest as at twenty-four feet in two walls, (to insure an equable temperature,) girth above the root, though its topmost branch between which a current of air is allowed to is not above thirty feet from the ground. M. pass, in order to prevent dampness. This obBove, who traveled as a naturalist, asserts that servatory has been supplied with a set of appathe largest are at least six yards in circumfer- ratus for determining the continued variations ence, and nine or ten yards high-so large, in direction and intensity of terrestrial magnetindeed, that he calculates their age at two ism. By an ingenious application of the phothousand years.

tographic process, the invention of Mr. Brooks, The German Kunstblatt speaks highly of a

of England, the instruments are made to record, “ Taking down from the Cross,” by Oscar Begas,

on a sheet of sensitive paper, moved by clockexhibited at the Berlin exhibition. The painter

work, their own motions. It is proposed to is a pensioner of the Academy of that city, and keep these instruments constantly in operation, now at Rome. The chief originality of the pic for the purpose of comparing results with other ture seems to be, that instead of turning the observations of a similar character in different whole into an athletic display, and a study of

parts of the world, and also for the purpose of flesh and muscle, as some of the old masters furnishing a standard to which the observations have done, the artist has kept down these mere made at various points by the Coast Survey, adjuncts, and thrown the psychological interest and the different scientific explorations which where it should be, on the grief and tenderness are now in progress in the western portions of of John and the Virgin-Mother.

the United States, may be referred, and with

which they may be compared. At a late session of the American Pomological Society, the President submitted the report Dr. Little, of Utica, has taken out a patent of a committee appointed at the session of 1852, for a machine to feed paper to printing presses. to consider the subject of erecting a suitable It is said that if it were possible to run the monument to the memory of the late A. J. press at a sufficient rate of speed, it would feed Downing, stating that a fund of $1,600 had 100,000 sheets per hour. Consequently, a press been subscribed for that purpose by gentle having eight cylinders would be able to print men in Philadelphia, New-York, Boston, Roches- 800,000 sheets per hour.

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E are not afraid to say,” observes Macaulay,
" that though there were many clever men
in England during the latter half of the
seventeenth century, there were only two
great creative minds. One of those minds
produced the ‘Paradise Lost;' the other,
• The Pilgrim's Progress.' John Bunyan,
the immortal author of the latter work, was
born at Elstow, near Bedford, in 1628.
His parents, who had several other children,
being poor, the education which he received
was limited to the simple arts of reading
and writing. The native energy of his
character displayed itself in early depravity,
rather than in precocity of intellect. From
a child, he records of himself, he had but
few equals for cursing, swearing, lying, and
blaspheming. Yet these unhappy propen-
sities were checked, though not counteract-
ed, by frightful dreams about devils and lost
spirits; the reflection of religious impres-

sions upon a sensitive mind. Nor, during his waking hours, could boyish sports entirely exclude these spiritual apprehensions from his thoughts. When he was only nine or ten years old, they would so painfully assert themselves in the very midst of his play, yet in a form so crude, that, deeming it in vain to wish there was no hell, there occurred to him no better alternative than to wish himself a devil, a tormentor instead of one of the tormented.

Vol. VI.-8

every bullet

back; and, having stunned
him, I forced open his mouth
with my stick, and plucked
his tongue out with my fin-
gers;" an act of desperate-
ness not less illustrative, in
the innocuous issue, of God's
mercy, than, in the rash
doing, of Bunyan's constitu-
tional hardihood and energy.
The fourth instance of provi-
dential escape forms a singu-
lar comment on the saying
attributed to William of
Orange, that “
hath its billet." " When I
was a soldier," observes Bun-
yan, alluding to the siege of
Leicester, in 1645, and con-
sequently when he was not
more than seventeen years

old, “I, with others, were BUNYAN'S BIRTH-PLACE.

drawn out to go to such a

place to besiege it. But, But these impressions, though vivid, | when I was just ready to go, one of the were evanescent. In the society of his company desired to go in my room; to village companions, they were soon effaced which, when I had consented, he took my and forgotten; and according to his own place; and, coming to the siege, as he confession, until his marriage he was a stood sentinel, he was shot in the head very ringleader in almost all manner of with a musket bullet, and died.” vice and ungodliness ; not only incurring These facts, how much soever they exthe penalties denounced against sin in the cited gratitude in the review, produced world to come, but also, had not a miracle but little impression on their occurrence. of grace prevented, rendering himself ob- The progressive formation of Bunyan's noxious to the laws of his country. religious character may be dated from

While, however, he sinned without re- marriage, which he seems to have conmorse, and even took pleasure in the sins tracted at the early age of nineteen. The of his companions, to observe the incon- young woman who became his wife was sistencies of religious professors gave him portionless; and they began housekeeping the heartache; and in subsequent years without so much as a dish or a spoon. he remembered, as further proofs that God But she was the child of a godly father, had not forsaken him as he had forsaken from whom she inherited “The Plain God, several instances of

Man's Pathway to Heavprovidential interposition on

en” and “ The Practice of his behalf. Four times he

Piety.” In these two books, was rescued from death

(and especially in the fortwice by drowning, the third

mer, which contains very time by a poisonous reptile,

powerful invectives against the fourth time by a mus

prevailing sins, and is writket-shot. The last two

ten in a style at once incidents are sufficiently re

nervous and picturesque,) markable. “ Being in the

the lowly couple used to fields," he narrates, “ with

read together; and when one of my companions, it

daylight failed them, she chanced that an adder pass

would entertain him with ed over the highway; and

reminiscences of her father's I, having a stick in my

house, his piety in word hand, struck him over the

and deed, and his habit of



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reproving vice both in his own family and pear to have once adverted to the incaramong his neighbors. These peaceful nate Saviour. His first clear sense of the exercises, although, in Bunyan's later evil of sin is referred to the impression view, they did not reach his heart, begot made upon him by a sermon against Sabsome desire to reform his life. From this bath-breaking ; a practice in which he time he became a zealous ritualist. To continued to indulge, notwithstanding he adopt his own language, he fell in very had become a diligent frequenter of church. eagerly with the religion of the times ; | These avowals are worthy of notice ; for going to the venerable abbey church of the person and offices of Jesus Christ were his native village twice a-day; adoring, often adverted to in the services, which, and that with great devotion, all persons moreover, included a large reading of the and things belonging to the place, from New Testament Scriptures, and of the priest to clerk, from altar to surplice; and scarcely less evangelical Psalms of David, counting the sacred functionaries most embracing also the solemn recital of the happy, and, without doubt, greatly blessed. Decalogue. Had he but seen a priest, though never so By methods, certain though gradual, sordid and debauched in his life, his spirit however, and in spite of frequent relapses, fell under him; and in short, the whole Bunyan was being led to clearer and more order so bewitched him that he felt as if Scriptural views; for, though the impreshe could lie down at their feet. While in sion of the sermon wore off while he was this frame of mind, it occurred to him, at dinner, and he betook him to his afterthat, if he could but trace his descent from noon sports on Elstow Green with unthe peculiar people of God, his soul would abated delight, his serious thoughts rebe safe and happy; and, on learning from turned as quickly as they had vanished, his father that they were not of the He- and with augmented force.

The same brew race, he experienced a deep feeling day,” he relates, “ as I was in the midst of disappointment. In the multitude of of a game of cat, and, having struck it one his thoughts within him, he does not ap- blow from the hole, just as I was about to



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