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is even in my sack; and their Benjamin away: all these things heart failed them, and they were are against me. i afraid, saying one to another, 37 And Reuben spake unto his What is this that God hath done father, saying, Slay my two sons, $ unto us? ..

if I bring him not to thee : deliver 29 q And they came unto Jacob him into my hand, and I will their father, unto the land of bring him to thee again.. Canaan, and told him all that 38 And he said, My son shall befel unto them, saying, . . . not go down with you; for his

30 The man who is the lord of brother is dead, and he is left the land, spake roughly to us, and alone; if mischief befal him by took us for spies of the country. the way in the which ye go, then

31 And we said unto him, We shall ye bring down my grey hairs are true men; we are no spies. with sorrow to the grave. 32 We be twelve brethren, sons

CHAP. XLIII. of our father : one is not, and the l Jacob is hardly persuaded to send youngest is this day with our Benjamin. 16 Joseph entertainfather in the land of Canaan.

eth his brethren. 31 He maketh 33 And the man the lord of the

them a feast. country said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; AND the famine was sore in the leave one of your brethren here land. with me, and take food for the 2 And it came to pass when famine of your households, and they had eaten up the corn which be gone.

they had brought out of Egypt, 34 And bring your youngest their father said unto them, Go brother unto me: then shall 1 again, buy us a little food.. know that you are no spies, but 3 And Judah spake unto him, that you are true men : so will I saying, The man did solemnly deliver you your brother, and ye protest I unto us, saying, Ye shall shall traffick in the land. - not see my face, except your

35 | And it came to pass as brother be with you. they emptied their sacks, that 4 If thou wilt send our brother behold, every man's bundle of with us, we will go down and buy money was in his sack: and when thee food. || both they and their father saw the 5 But if thou wilt not send him, bundles of money, they were we will not go down : for the man afraid. *

said unto us, Ye shall not see my 36 And Jacob their father said face, except your brother be with unto them, Me have ye bereaved you. of my children : Joseph is not, and 6 And Israel said, Wherefore Simeon is not, and ye will take dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell

* Their fear returned upon them with redoubled violence; for when the one found it they thought it might be an accident, but when they found it in all, they judged it to be a premeditated thing to involve them in trouble.

$ In chap. xlvi. ver. 9. we read that Reuben had four sons, and these are said to have come with Jacob into Egypt. They must then have been born in the interval between this colloquy and Jacob's migration : or we must understand the words “ went down with Jacob,” in chap. xlvi. ver. 9, 26, to be spoken proleptically.

1 Heb. Protesting he protested. # It may perhaps appear strange, that after Reuben's offer for the security of Benjamin and Jacob's refusal, Judah should again renew the requisition for the sending of their brother : but this may be easily reconciled, when it is considered, that when Reuben made the offer, they had yet nlenty of food; but when Judah proposed it, they were destitute of corn: (see verse 2.) and efore Judah urges the necessity of sending him, rather than that they should all perish.

בְאַמְתַּחְתִּי וַיצא לִבָּם וַיְחֶרְדוּ אִישׁ אֶל-אָחִיו לֵאמֹר : מַה־־זאת עָשָׂה אֱלֹהִים לָנוּ : 29 וַיָּבִאוּ אֶל־יַעַקְב

אֲבִיהֶם אַרְצָה כְּנָעַן וַאֲגִידוּ לוֹ אֵת כָּל־הַקלת אֹתָם לאמר : 30 דִּבֶּר הָאִישׁ אֲדֹנֵי הָאָרֶץ אִתָּנוּ קָשְׁוֹת וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָנוּ כִּמְרַגְלִים אֶת הָאָרֶץ : 31 וַנְאמֶר אֵלָיו בָּנִים אֲנָחְנוּ לֹא הָיִינוּ מְרַגְלִים: 32 שְׁנֵים-עָשָׂר אֲנַחְנוּ אַחִים בְּנֵי אָבִינוּ הָאֶחָד אֵינֶנּוּ וְהַקָטָן הַיוֹם אֶתי אָבִינוּ בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן : 33 וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֵינוּ הָאִישׁ אֲדֹנִי הָאָרֶץ בְּזֹאת אֵדַע כִּי כֵנִים אַתֶּם אֲחִיכֶם הָאֶחָד הַנִיחוּ אִתִּי וְאֶת־רֵעֵבוֹן בְּפִיכֶם קְחוּ וָלֵכוּ: 34 וְהָבִיאוּ אֶת אֲחִיכֶם הַקָטן אֵלַי וְאֵדְעָה כִּי לֹא מְרַגְלִים אַתֶּם כִּי כנִים אַתֶּם אֶת־אֲחִיכֶם אֶתֵּן לָכֶם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ תִּסְחָרוּ: 35 וַיְהִי הֵם מְרִיקִים שֹׁקֵיהֶם וְהִנֵּה־אִישׁ צְרְוֹר־כַּסְפּוֹ בְּשַׁקְוֹ וַיִּרְאוּ אֶת־צְלִרְוֹת כַּסְפִּיהֶם הֵמָּה וַאֲבִיהֶם וַיִּירָאוּ: 36 וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם עֵקֶב אֲבִיהֶם אֹתִי שִׁכַּלְתֶּם יוֹסֵף אֵינֶנּוּ וְשִׁמְעוֹן אֵינֶנּוּ וְאֶת־־בִּנְיָמִן תִּקְחוּ עָלַי הָיוּ כְלֶנָה : 37 וַיֹּאמֶר רְאוּבֵן אֶל־אָבִיוּ לֵאמֹר אֶת־שְׁנֵי בָנַי תָּמִית אִם־לֹא אֲבִיאֵנוּ אֵלֶיךָ תְּנָה אֹתוֹ עַל־יָדִי וַאֲנִי אֲשִׁיבֶנּוּ אֵלֶיךְ ; 38 וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא־יֵרֶד בְּנֵי עַמָּכֶם כִּי־אָחִיו מֵת

וְהָוּא לְבַדּוֹ נִשְׁאָר וּקְרָאֶהוּ אָסוֹן בַּדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר תֵּלְכוּ־ מג בָהּ וְהוֹרַדְתֶּם אֶת־שֵׁיבָתִי בְּיָגוֹן שְׁאוֹלָה : וְהָרָעָב

כָּבֵד בָּאָרֶץ : 2 וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר כִּלּוּ לַאֲכֵל אֶת־הַשְׁבֵו אֲשֶׁר הֵבִיאוּ מִמִּצְרָיִם וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם אֲבִיהֶם שֶׁב שִׁבְרוּ־לָנוּ מְעַט־אֹכֶל : 3 וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו יְהוּדָה לֵאמו הָעֶר הֶעֶר בָּנוּ הָאִישׁ לֵאמר לֹא־תִרְאוּ פָנַי בִּלְתּ אֲחִיכֶם אִתְּכֶם : 4 אִם-יֶשְׁךְ מְשַׁלֵּחַ אֶת־אָחִינוּ אִתָּן בַּרְדָה וְנִשְׁבְּרָה לִךְ אֲבָל : 5 וְאִם־־אֵינְךְ מְשַׁלֵּחַ ל נֶרֶד כִּי־הָאִישׁ אָמַר אֵלֵינוּ לֹא־תִרְאוּ פָנַי בִּלְתִּי אֲחִיכֶ אִתְּכֶם: 6 וַיֹּאמֶר יִשְׂרָאֵל לָמָה הֲרֵעתֶּם לִי לְהַגִּי

Nay, my lord, but to buy food not die. And they did so. are thy servants come.

21 [ And they said one to 11 We are all one man's sons: another, We are verily guilty we are true men, thy servants are concerning our brother, in that no spies.

we saw the anguish of his soul, 12 And he said unto them, Nay, when he besought us; ** and we but to see the nakedness of the would not hear : therefore is this land you are come.

distress come upon us. 13 And they said, Thy servants 22 And Reuben answered them, are twelve brethren, the sons of saying, Spake I not unto you, one man in the land of Canaan; saying, Do not sin against the and behold, the youngest is this child; and ye would not hear? day with our father, and one is therefore behold also, his blood not.

is required. $$ .. 14 And Joseph said unto them, 23 And they knew not that That is it that I spake unto you, Joseph understood them; for he saying, Ye are spies.

spake unto them by an inter15 Hereby ye shall be proved : * preter. If by the life of Pharaoh ye shall 24 And he turned himself about not go forth hence, except your from them, and wept; and returned youngest brother come hither. to them again, and communed

16 Send one of you, and let with them, and took from them him fetch your brother, and ye Simeon, I and bound him before shall be kept § in prison, that their eyes. your words may be proved whether 25 | Then Joseph commanded there be any truth in you: or else to fill their sacks with corn, and by the life of Pharaoh surely ye to restore every man's money into are spies.

his sack, and to give them pro17 And he put I them altogether vision for the way: and thus did into ward three days.

he unto them. 18 And Joseph said unto them 26 And they laded their asses the third day, This do, and live: with the corn, and departed for I fear God. |

in primo and ye

your words spt

thence. 19 If ye be true men, let one of 27 And as one of them opened your brethren be bound in the his sack to give his ass provender house of yourprison: goye, carry in the inn, he espied his money: corn for the famine of your houses. for behold, it was in his sack's

20 But bring your youngest mouth. brother unto me : so shall your 2 8 And he said unto his brethren, words be verified, and ye shall My money is restored : and lo, it

* By this one thing the whole of what ye have advanced shall be proved; that is, if ye bring your brother hither,' I then will give credit to what ye have said in your defence, Heb. Bound.

Heb, Gathered. | For says he, I would not be so unjust as to detain you alt if ye he innocent, by which meens your families might perish for want of food; therefore let one bc bound, and the rest carry the corn, and bring your brother.

& There is an omission here of the words, but as for you, and which seems to me to be an oversight in the English Bible.

** This was an aggravation of their guilt by acting so inhuman to their own brother in his distress.

$$ For it was Reuben's opinion that Joseph was dead, as he apprehended that on account of hi years, and the tender manner he was brought up, he never would be able to undergo the hardships o servitude; and therefore, says he, his bloud is now required.

1 Heb. For an interpreter was between them. || The reason assigned by Jarchi for his taking of Simeon is, that it was he that thtew him into the pit; though others think it to be in order to separate him from Levi, for fear of their plotting som mischief against him as they did at Shechem.

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