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daughter-in-law hath played the 'an Egyptian, bought him of the harlot; and also behold, she is hands of the Ishmaelites, which with child by whoredom: and had brought him down thither. Judah said, Bring her forth, and 2 And the Lord was with Joseph let her be burnt,
and he was a prosperous man : 25 When she was brought forth, and he was in the house of his she sent to her father-in-law, say- master the Egyptian. § ing, By the man whose these are, ' . 3 And his master saw that the am I with child : and she said, LORD was with him, and that the Discern, I pray thee, whose are LORD made all that he did to these, the signet, and bracelets, , prosper in his hand... and staff.
4 And Joseph found grace in his 26 And Judah acknowledged sight, and he served him: and he them, and said, She hath been made him overseer over his house, more righteous than I: * because and all that he had he put into his that I gave her not to Shelah my hand. son: and he knew her again no5 And it came to pass from the more..
time that he had made him over27 | And it came to pass in seer in his house, and over all that the time of her travail, that behold, he had, that the LORD blessed the twins were in her womb.
Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake, 28 And it came to pass when and the blessing of the LORD was she travailed, that the one put out upon all that he had, in the house, his hand : and the midwife took and in the field. and bound upon his hand a scarlet 6 And he left all that he had in thread, saying, This came out Joseph's hand : and he knew not first.
.. . 29 And it came to pass as he which he did eat: and Joseph was drew back his hand, that behold, agoodly person, and well-favoured. his brother came out; and she 7 And it came to pass after said, How hast thou broken forth? these things, that his master's this breach be upon thee; there wife cast her eyes upon Joseph: fore his name was called Pharez. and she said, Lie with me.
first, and it came to pass as he ought he had, sap
to that behold, og And it came to his master's
asteroster's wife,"; and said unto
30 And afterward came out his 8 But he refused, and said unto brother that had the scarlet thread his master's wife, f Behold, my upon his hand : and his name was master wotteth not what is with called Zarah.
me in the house, and he hath CHAP. XXXIX.
committed. all that he hath to my 1 Joseph advanced in Potiphar's hand...
house. 7 Resisteth his mistress's 9 There is none greater in this temptation. 13 He is falsely house than 1; neither hath he 'accused, 19 and cast into prison. kept back any thing from me, but
thee, because thou art his wife: 1 ND Joseph was brought down how then can I do this great to Egypt: 'and Potiphar an officer wickedness, and sin against God? of Pharaoh's captain of the guard, 10 And it came to pass as she
* For her intention was only to have offspring by me, as I would not give her to my son; but nine was lust. Nachmanides.
He at first was no more than another servant in his master's house, but when his master saw that the Lord was with him, and that whatever he did prospered with him, he then put all he had in his hand.
Scripture mentions the words his master's wife, although it may at first sight appear superfluous, as being mentioned in the preceding verse; but it is done to 'shew the sincerity and integrity of Josepb; for although she was his mistress, and consequently he ought to stand in awe of her; yet, he boldly informed her, that he had more respect to the command of God, than her's,
חמישי זו ,
לֵאמר זָנְתָה תָּמָר כַּלָּתֶךָ וְנָס הִנֵּה הָרָה לִזְנוּנִים וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוּדָה הוֹצִיאוּהָ וְתִשָׂרֵף: 25 הִוא מוּצֵאת וְהִיא שָׁלְחָה אֶל־חָמִיהָ לֵאמֹר לְאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר־־אֵלֶה לֹוֹ אָנֹכִי הָרָה וַיֹּאמֶר הַכֶּר־נָא לְמִי הַחֹתֶמֶת וְהַפְּתִילִיִם וְהַמַטֶה הָאֵלֶה: 26 וַיַּכֵּר יְהוּדָה וַיֹּאמֶר צָדְקָה מִמֶּנִּי כִּי־עַל־כֵּן לֹא־נְתַתִּיהָ לְשֵׁלָה בְנִי וְלֹא־יָסַף עוֹד לְדַעְתָּה: 27; וַיְהִי בְּעֵת לִדְתָּהּ וְהִנֵּה תְאוֹמִים בְּבִטְנָהּ: 28 וַיְהִי בְלִדְתָּהּ וַיִּתֶּן־ךְ וַתְּקַח הַמִילֶדֶת וַתִּקְשר עַל־יָדְוֹ שָׁנִי לֵאמֹר זֶהֶ יָצָא רִאשֹׁנָה: 29 וַיְהִי כְּמֵשִׁיב יָדוֹ וְהִנֵּה יָצָא אָחִיו וַיֹּאמֶר מַה־־פָּרַצְתָּ עָלֶיךָ פָּרֶץ וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ פָּרֶץ :
30 וְאַחַר יָצָא אָחִיו אֲשֶׁר עַל־יָדוֹ הַשְׁנֵי וַיִּקְרָא שְׁמֵו ט זְרַח : ס וְיוֹסֵף הוּרַד מִצְרָיִמָה וַיִּקְנֵהוּ פּוֹטִיפַר
סְרִיס פַּרְעֹה שַׂר הַטַבָּחִים אִישׁ מִצְרִי מִיַּד הַיִשְׁמְעֵאלִים
אֲשֶׁר הוֹרַדְהוּ שָׁמָּה: 2 וַיְהִי יְהוָה אֶת־יוֹסֵף וַיְהִי אִישׁ , מַצְלִיחַ וַיְהִי בְּבֵית אֲדֹנָיו הַמִּצְרִי : 3 וַיִּרְא אֲדנָיו כִּי
יְהוָה אִתּוֹ וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר־הוּא עשֶׁה יְהוָה מַצְלִיחַ בְּיָדְוֹ :
4 וַיִּמְצָא יוֹסֵף חֵן בְּעֵינָיו וַיְשָׁרֶת אֹתוֹ וַיִּפְקְדֵהוּ עַל . בֵּיתוֹ וְכָל־יֶשׁ־לוֹ נָתַן בְּיָדְוֹ : 5 וַיְהִי מֵאָז הִפְקִיד אתו
בְּבֵיתוֹ וְעַל כָּל־אֲשֶׁר יֶשׁ־לוֹ וַיְבָרֶךְ יְהוָה אֶת־בֵּית הַמִּצְרִי בִּגְלַל ייִסֶף וַיְהִי בִּרְכַּת יְהוָה בְּכָל־אֲשֶׁר יֶשׁ־לו בַּבַּיִת וּבַשָׂדֶה: 6 וַיַּעֲזֹב כָּל־אֲשֶׁר־־לוֹ בְּיַד יוֹסֵף וְלֹא־
יָדַע אִתּוֹ מְאוּמָה כִּי אָס־הַלֶחֶם אֲשֶׁר־הוּא אוֹכֵל וַיְהִי ו' ששי יוֹסֵף יְפַךְ־תאַר וִיפֵה מַרְאֶה : 7 וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים
הָאֵלֶה וַתִּשָׂא אֵשֶׁת־אֲדֹנָיו אֶת-עֵינֶיהָ אֶל־יוֹסֵף וַתֹּאמֶר שִׁכְבָה עַמִּי : 8 וַיְמָאֵן וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־־אֵשֶׁת אֲדֹנָיו הֵן אֲדֹנִי לֹא־יָדַע אִתִּי מַה־בַּבַּיִת, וְכָל אֲשֶׁר יֶשׁ־לוֹ נָתַן בְּיָדִי: 9 אֵינֶנּוּ גָדוֹל בַּבַּיִת הַזֶּה מִמֶּנִי וְלֹא־חָשַׂךְ מִמֶּנִּי מְאוּמָה כִּי אָס־אוֹתָךְ בַּאֲשֶׁר אַתְּ־אִשְׁתּוֹ וְאֵיךְ אֶעֶשֶׂר הָרָעָה הַגְּדֹלָה הַזֹּאת וְחָטָאתִי לֵאלֹהִים: 10 וַיְה
8 And Judah said unto Onan, the way, and said, Go to, I pray Go in unto thy brother's wife, thee, let me come in unto thee; and marry her, and raise up seed (for he knew not that she was his to thy brother.
daughter-in-law :) and she said, 9 And Onan knew that the seed What wilt thou give me, that thou should not be his : and it came mayest come in unto me? to pass, when he went in unto his 17 And he said, I will send thee brother's wife, that he spilled it a kid from the flock: And she on the ground, Jest that he should said, Wilt thou give me a pledge give seed to his brother.
till thou send it ? 10 And the thing which he did 18 And he said, What pledge displeased the LORD : * wherefore shall I give thee? And she said, he slew him also.
Thy signet, and thy bracelets, ** 11 Then said Judah to Tamar and thy staff that is in thy hand: his daughter-in-law, Remain a and he gave it her, and came in widow at thy father's house, till unto her, and she conceived by Shelah my son be grown; (for he him. said, Lest peradventure he die 19 And she arose and went also as his brethren did :) and away, and laid by her veil from Tamar went and dwelt in her her, and put on the garments of father's house,
her widowhood. 12. And in process of time, s 20 And Judah sent the kid by the daughter of Shuah Judah's the hand of his friend the Adullawife died; and Judah was com- mite, to receive his pledge from forted, and went up unto his sheep the woman's hand: but he found shearers to Timnath, he and his her not. friend Hirah the Adullamite.
21 Then he asked the men of 13 Apd it was told Tamar, say- that place, saying, Where is the ing, Behold, thy father-in-law harlot that was openly by the waygoeth up to Timnath, to shear his side? And they said, There was sheep.
no harlot in this place. . 14 And she put her widow's 22 And he returned to Judah, garments off from her, I and and said, I cannot find her: and covered her with a veil, and wrap- also the men of the place said, ped herself, and sat in an open that there was no barlot in this place, which is by the way to place. Timnath: for she saw that Shelah 23 And Judah said, Let her was grown, and she was not given take it to her, lest we be ashamed: unto him to wife.
behold, I sent this kid, and thou 15 When Judah saw her, he hast not found her. thought her to be an harlot; be- 24 | And it came to pass about cause she had covered her face. three months after, that it was
16 And he turned unto her by told Judah, saying, Tamar thy
* Heb. Was evil in the eyes of the Lord,
Heb. And the days were multiplied. # That Judak might not have any knowledge of her person, which he undoubtedly would have had, had she appeared in her usual mourning gapments, and which were certainly known to him,
i As he did not know her, he took her to be an harlot; and when Tamar found that to be his opinion, she suffered him to remain in the error, as she perceived, that what she had first planned had not taken effect : for her original intention in this enterprise, was, that as he was going to his sheep-shearing, he seeing her sitting in the way might invite her to go with him: and as that was a day of great festivity in those times, she judged, that during the mirth, Judah might perbaps be captivated with her, and take her to wife ; for her intention was by no means to commit an act of criminality : but finding it frustrated, by Judah's address to her, she proceeded in the best manner that she was able, as may be perceived in the sequel.
Heb. A kid of the goats. ** Nachmanides observes, that they were a kind of lined ornament, or fringe, wora by persons of quaility round their turbans, and which custom is still retained in the east,