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manded thee, that thou shouldest unto the ground; for out of it wast not eat ?

thou taken: for dust thou art, and 12 And the man said, The woman unto dust shalt thou return. whom thou gavest to be with me, she 20 And Adam called his wife's gave me of the tree, and I did eat. name | Eve; because she was the

13 And the Lord God said unto mother of all living. the woman, What is this that thou 21 Uuto Adam also and to his hast done ? and the woman said, wife did the LORD God make coats The serpent beguiled me, and I of skins, and clothed them. did eat.

22 | And the LORD God said, 14 And the LORD God said unto Behold, the man is become as one the serpent, Because thou hast of us, to know good and evil: done this, thou art cursed above and now lest he put forth his hand all cattle, and above every beast and take also of the tree of life, of the field : upon thy belly shalt and eat, and live for ever : thou go, and dust shalt thou eat 23 Therefore the LORD God sent all the days of thy life.

him forth from the garden of Eden, 15 | And I will put enmity to till the ground from whence he between thee and the woman, and

was taken. between thy seed and her seed: it 24 So he drove out the man : shall bruise thy head, and thou and he placed at the east of the shalt bruise his heel.

garden of Eden, Cherubims, and 16 | Unto the woman he said, a flaming sword which turned I will greatly multiply thy sorrow every way, to keep the way of the and thy conception: in sorrow tree of life. thou shalt bring forth children;

CHAP. IV. and thy desire shall be to thy 1 The birth of Cain and Abel. 8 The husband, and he shall rule over

murder of Abel. 11 The curse of thee.

Cain. 19 Lamech & his two wives. And , cause thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast and she conceived, and bare Cain, eaten of the tree of which I com- and said, I have gotten a man from manded thee, saying, Thou shalt the LORD. not eat of it: cursed is the ground 2 And she again bare his brother for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou Abel ; ** and Abel was a keeper 88 eat of it all the days of thy life. of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of

18 Thorns also and thistles shall the ground. it * bring forth to thee : and thou 3 And in process of 11 time it shalt eat the herb of the field. came to pass, that Cain brought

19 In the sweat of thy face shalt of the fruit of the ground an offerthou eat bread, s till thou return ing unto the Lord.

cause Athou hast hearkened

unto AND Adam knew Eve his || wife:

+

we have an admirable lesson for human judges, not to pronounce sentence till they have thoroughly sifted the matter: for although the Supreme Being was fully acquainted with the true state of the case; yet, did he give him room tu say whatever he could in his vindication.

Heb : Shall spring unto thee. The LORD sentenced man to death in this world, that his body might return to dust, fron whence it was taken, and that he should not arrive at immortality till after the soul's separatiom from the body : hence it is evident, that the sentence which God passed on Adam was this, that before he sinned, God placed him in Paradise, in peace and plenty, and intrusted him with a spark of Immortality, which he by obedience, might have kindled into an everlasting flame; but having sinned, he was doomed to death, as the wages of sin : so that now he was not only subject to the troubles of this life, but likewise deprived of immortality till after death.' | Heb. Chavah.

Ill Aben Ezra observes, that when Adam knew he was subject to death, he endeavoured to beget his likeness, for the preservation of his specie, for which reason it is now mentioned. ** Heb. Hebel.

Sý Heb. Feeder. 11 Heb. At the end of days.

15

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16 אלי

אֲכָל־מִמֶּנּוּ אָכָלְתָּ: 12 וַיֹּאמֶר הָאָדָם הָאִשָּׁה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּה עמָלִי הוא נָתְנָה־לִי מִן־הָעֵץ וָאֹכֵל: 13 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים לָאִשָּׁה מַה־זאת עָשִׂית וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה הַנָּחָשׁ הִשִׁיאַנִי וָאֹכֵל : 14 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶל־הַנָּחָשׁ כִּי עָשִׂיתָ זאת אָרְוּר אַתָּה מִכָּל־הַבְּהֵמָה וּמִכָּל חַית הַשָּׂדֶה עַל־נְחְנְךְ תֵלֶךְ וְעפֶר תּאכַל כָּל־יְמֵי חַיַּיךְ : 15 וְאֵיבָה אָשִׁית בֵּינְךָ וּבֵין הָאִשָּׁה וּבֵין זַרְעֲךָ וּבֵין זַרְעֶה הוּא יְשׁוּפְךָ רֹאשׁ וְאַתָּה תִּשׁוּפֶנּוּ עָקֶב : הָאִשֶׁה אָמַר הַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה עַצְבוֹנֵךְ וְהֵרְנֵךְ בֶּעצְב תִּלְדִי בָנִים וְאֶל־אִישֵׁךְ תְּשׁוּקָתֵךְ וְהוּא יִמְשָׁל־־בָּךְ :

17 וּלְאָדָם אָמַר כִּי שָׁמַעְתָּ לְקִוֹל אִשְׁתֶּךָ וַתּאכַל מִן־הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר צִיתִיךְ לֵאמֹר לֹא תְאַכֵל מְמֶנּוּ אֲרוּרָה הָאֲדָמָה בַּעֲבוּרֶךְ בְּעַצְבוּן תּאכְלִנָּה כּל הַיִךְ : 18 וְקִוֹץ וְדַרְדַּר תַּצְמִיחַ לָךְ וְאָכַלְתָּ אֶת־עֶשֶׂב הַשָּׂדֶה

ה: 19 בְּזֵעַת אַפֶּיךָ תּאכַל לֶחֶם עָר שׁוּבְךְ אֶל־ הָאֲדָמָה כִּי מִמֶּנָּה לָקֶחְתָּ כִּי־עָפָר אַתָּה וְאֶל־עָפָר תָּשׁוּב: 20 וַיִּקְרָא הָאָדָם שֵׁם אִשְׁתּוֹ חַנָּה כִּי הִוא הָיְתָה אם כָּל־חָי: 21 ויעשיְהוָה אֱלֹהִים לְאָדָם וּלְאִשְׁתּוֹ כָּתְנוֹת

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עוֹר וַיִּלְבִּשֵׁם :

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רביעי

22 וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמָּנוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח צֶם מֵעֲץ החיים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעלֶס: 23 וַיְשַׁלְחֵהוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מְגַן־ עדֶן לַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר לָקַח מִשָּׁם: 24 וַיְגָרֶשׁ אֶת־ הָאָדָם וַיַּשְׁכֵּן מֵקֶדֶם לְגַן־עֵדֶן אֶת־הַכְּרָבִים וְאֵת לַהַט החרב הַמִּתְהַפְּכֶת לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־דֶּרֶךְ עֵץ הַחַיִּים :

וְהָאָדָם יָדַע אֶת־חַנָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־קִין ותאמֶר קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת־יְהוָה:2 וַתִּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת אָחִיו אֶת־הָבֶל וַיְהִי־הֶבֶל רְעֶה צאן וְקַיִן הָיָה עבֵד אֲדָמָה : 3 וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהוָה:

ס

3.

ye die.

the man.

19 | And out of the ground the every tree of the garden? LORD God formed every beast of 2 And the woman said unto the the field, and every fowl of the air; serpent, We may eat of the fruit and brought them unto Adam to of the trees of the garden: see what he would call them; and 3 But of the fruit of the tree whatsoever Adam called every which is in the midst of the garden, living creature, that was the name God hath said, Ye shall not eat of thereof.

it, neither shall ye touch it, lest 20 And Adam * gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, 4 And the serpent said unto the and to every beast of the field; but woman, Ye shall not surely die. for Adam there was not found an 5 For God doth know, that in help meet for him.

the day ye eat thereof, then your 21 And the LORD God caused eyes shall be opened; and ye shall a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, be as gods, knowing good and evil. and he slept : and he took one of 6 | And when the woman saw his ribs $, and closed up the flesh that the tree was good for food, instead thereof.

and that it was pleasant to the 22 And the rib & which the LORD. eyes, and a tree to be desired to God had taken from man, | made make one wise; she took of the he a woman, and brought her unto fruit thereof, and did eat, and

gave also unto her husband with 23 And Adam said, This is now

her, and he did eat. bone of my bones, and flesh of my 7 And the eyes of them both flesh: she shall be called Woman, were opened, and they knew that because she was taken out of man. they were naked : and they sewed

24 Therefore shall a man leave fig-leaves together, and made his father and his mother, and themselves aprons. Il shall cleave unto his wife: I and 8 And they heard the voice of they shall be one flesh.

the LORD God walking in the gar25 And they were both naked, den in the cool ** of the day: and the man and his wife, and were not Adam and his wife hid themselves ashamed.

from the presence of the LORD God CHAP. III.

amongst the trees of the garden. 1 The serpent deceiveth Eve. 6 Man's 9 And the LORD God called unto fall. 15 The promised seed. 16 Adam, and said unto him,$$ Where The punishment of mankind. 22 art thou ? Their loss of Paradise.

10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden: and I was afraid,

because I was naked, and I hid subtle than any beast of the field myself. which the LORD God had made : 11 And he said, Who told thee and he said unto the woman, Yea, that thou wast naked ? hast thou hath God said, Ye shall not eat of eaten of the tree, whereof I com

• Heb. Called. şyby every where in Scripture means a side, we never find it used for a rib. Various are the opinions concerning the state of man before the formation of Eve; but, as it does not appear to be of any use to enter into such a speculation, we shall only observe, that some of the Rabins say, that he was a double creature, one face before and another behind.

Heb. He built. 1 This is not to be considered as a commandment, but only, as the natural consequence of the marriage state; and shews that the bonds of that honorable state, are stronger than nature; for to whom can we be more firmly bound than to the fathers that begat us, and the mothers that Dare us; yet, does man forsake all and cleave to his wife in love.

|| Heb, Girdles. ** Heb. To the wind. 06 This was in order to enter into a kind of discourse with him, (without disconcerting him, as Aben Ezra observes,) so that he might have full power to exculpate himself if he could. And here

Now the serpent was more

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