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which he sware to Abraham, to carry up my bones from hence. Isaac, and to Jacob. .. hoy : 26 Só Joseph died, being an - 25 And Joseph took an oath of hundred and ten years old and the children of Israel, saying, God they embalmed him, and he was will surely visit you, and ye shall put in a coffin in Egypt. i
“ The servants of the God of thy father," to which the commentators answer, that they observed thus : It is verily true, that, as our brother, we trespassed against thee; first, in casting thee into the pit, and afterwards selling thee for a slave. But, on the other hand, if it is considered that it was decreed by God that we were to be strangers, “and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years." It was consequently necessary that you should come to Egypt, and that we should come and bow ourselves to thee, as you dreamt; and that we and all our families should come to Egypt; and therefore we are only to be considered as the instruments in the hand of Providence ; and this was the reason for the expression of the servants of the God of thy father we were only his servants in doing what he had ordained. And this you also observed, when you said, “ So now I was not you that sent me hither, but God',
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JACOB, in the first verse of this chapter, orders his sons to assemble together, and that he would reveal what would happen to them in the latter days; then stops short, and, without telling them any thing, bids them again to assemble themselves, and then telleth them only their situation in the land, without foretelling any future event, except to Judah and Dan; and, even in regard to them, he goes no farther than the reign of David. The Rabins say to this, that Jacob intended, at first, to reveal to them the time of the future redemption, but that God would not permit it.
Ver. 4.-To understand tbis verse properly, I must observe, that the verb by has several meanings. The first, and most common acceptation of this verb is, to go up, the second is, to rise up; as in Genesis, chap. ii. ver. 6. the third is, to be cut, off, or cease to be : and in this sense the last words of this verse should be taken, meaning, that, since the time that Reuben lay with Bilhah, Jacob ceased to cohabit with her.
Ver: 7.--This alludes to Levi's possessing the several cities allotted them, scattered all over the country; and Simeon's share being intermixed with the portion of Judah..
Ver. 8.-This announces, that Judah should have the command over the rest of the tribes, which we see was fulfilled by the narrative in Judges, chap. i. and ii. when they (enquiring of the Lord, after the death of Joshua, who should go up first to fight against the Canaanites) were answered, JUDAH. And so, in Judges, chap. xx. ver. 18, the same question being asked as to going against the Benjaminites, the answer was again, JUDAH.
Ver. 9.-Here the verb orby must be taken in the second sense, to rise up, and alludes to the prey David had taken from the Amalekites when he dwelt in Ziklag. Vide first Samuel, chap. XXX. ver. 26.
Ver. 11, 12.-These two'verses describe only the fruitfulness of the land of their possession. · Ver. 13. This is only a description of the situation of the inheritance of Zebulun.
אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּע לְאַבְרָהָם לְיִצְחָק וּלְיַעֲקְב : 25 וַיִּשְׁבַּע
יוֹסֵף אֶת־־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר פָּקַד יִפְקֶד אֱלֹהִים . אֶתְכֶם וְהַעֲלִתֶּם אֶת־עַצְמֹתַי מִזֶּה: 6שׂ וַיָּמָת יוֹסֵף בֶּן־־מֵאָה עֶשֶׂר שָׁנִים וַיִּחַנְטוּ אֹתוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם בָּאָרון
סכום פסוקי דספר בראשית אלף וחמש מאות ושלשים וארבעה איך לך סימן : וחציו ועל חרבך תחיה ופרשיותיו ייב : זה שמי לעלם סימן : וסדריו מ"ג • גם ברוך יהיה סימן : ופרקיו נ• יו חננו לך קוינו
סימן : מניין הפתוחות שלשה וארבעים * והסתומות שמנה וארבעים הכל תשעים ואחת פרשיות • צא אתה וכל
העם אשר ברגליך סימן :*
the elders of the land of Egypt. certainly requite us all the evil
8 And all the house of Joseph, which we did unto him, and his brethren, and his father's 16 And they sent messengers unto house : * only their little ones, and Joseph, saying, Thy father did their flocks, and their herds, they command before he died, saying, left in the land of Goshen.
17 So shall ye say unto Joseph, · 9 And there went up with him Forgive, I pray thee now, the both chariots and horsemen: and trespass of thy brethren, and their it was a very great company. sin; for they did unto thee evil:
10 And they came to the thresh. And now, we pray thee, forgive ing-floor of Atad, which is beyond the trespass of the servants of the Jordan, ş and there they mourned God of thy father. And Joseph with a great and very sore lamenta wept when they spake unto him. tion: and he made a mourning 18 And his brethren also went for his father seven days.
and fell down before his face : and 11 And when the inhabitants of they said, Behold, we be thy the land, the Canaanites, saw the servants. mourning in the floor of Atad, 19 And Joseph said unto them, they said, This is a grievous mourn- Fear not: for am I in the place of ing to the Egyptians: wherefore God?. the name of it was called Abel- 20 But as for you, ye thought evil mizraim, † which is beyond Jor- against me; but God meant it unto dan.
good, to bring to pass, as it is this 12 And his sons did unto him day, to save much people alive. according as he commanded them... 21 Now therefore fear ye not;
13 For his sons carried him into I will nourish you, and your little the land of Canaan, and buried ones. And he comforted them, him in the cave of the field of and spake kindly unto them. Machpelah,which Abraham bought 22 | And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, with the field for a possession of he and his father's house : and a burying-place, of Ephron the Joseph lived an hundred and ten Hittite, before Mamre.
years. 14 | And Joseph returned into 23 And Joseph saw Ephraim's Egypt, he and his brethren, and children, of the third generation : all that went up with him to bury the children also of Machir, the his father, after he had buried his son of Manasseh, were brougnt father.
up upon Joseph's knees. 15 | And when Joseph's breth- 24 And Joseph said unto his ren saw that their father was brethren, I die: and God will dead, || they said, Joseph will surely visit you, and bring you peradventure hate us, and will out of this land, unto the land
It is to be observed, that when they went, the servants of Pharaoh and the elders of Egypt are mentioned first, and the house of Joseph and his brethren after ; but at their return, in verse 14, Joseph and his brethren are first mentioned, and those that went up with him afterwards. To this the Rabbins in the Gemara of Soetah answer, that before they saw the honour of Israel they did not reverence them, but when they perceived their honour they also honoured them; this is what is meant by the expression “ He and his brethren” first, and they that went up with him afterwards.
$ The Hebrew expression is indeterminate, whether it means this side or the other side of the river Jordan, the same word being used to express either. Now it is a doubt whether Moses speaks as from the scene of action, wbich is in Egypt; and, in such case, it should be rendered “ on this “ side the Jordan :” or, if he speaks as from the place where he was when he wrote it : for, then, “ beyond Jordan ” is right. .
That is, The mourning of Egypt. That is, they perceived the difference in the treatment that they met with from Joseph, during the life time of their father and the present: for while Jacob was alive, they were continually entertained at Joseph's table, but after his death, his behaviour to them was otherwise, Jarchi.
I Concerning which it may be proper to enquire why they afterwards made use of this expression,