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הַיּוֹנָה וְלֹא־יָסְפָה שׁוּב אֵלֶיו עוד:13 וַיְהִי בְּאַחַת וְשֵׁשׁ־ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה בָּרָאשׁוֹן בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ חָרָבוּ הַמַּיִם מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ וַיָּסַר כֹּחַ אֶת־מִכְסָר הַתֵּבָה וַיַּרְא וְהִנֵּה חָרָבוּ
הָאֲדָמָה: 14 וּבַחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בְּשִׁבְעָה וְעֶשְׂרִים יוֹם רביעי לחדֶשׁ יָבְשָׁה הָאָרֶץ:
15 וַיְדַבֵּר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־ נְחַ לֵאמָר: 16 צא מִן־הַתֵּבָה אַתָּה וְאִשְׁתִּךְוּבָנֶיךָ וּנְשֵׁי־
בָנֶיךְ אִתָּךְ: 17 כָּל־הַחַיָּה אֲשֶׁר־אִתָּךְ מִכָּל־בָּשָׂר בָּעֲוֹף הילאק'וּבבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־הָרֶמֶשׂ הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶץ הַוצא אִתָּךְ
וְשָׁרְצוּ בָאָרֶץ וּפָרוּ וְרָבוּ עַל־הָאָרֶץ: 18 מצא נֹחַ וּבָנָיו וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וּנְשֵׁי־בָנָיו אִתּוֹ: 19 כָּל־הַחַיָּה כָּל־הָרֶמֶשׂ וְכָל־ הָעוֹף כָּל רוֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶץ לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתֵיהֶם יִצְאוּ מִן־ הַתֵּבָה: 20 וַיִּבֶן נְחַ מִזְבַּח לַיהוָה וַיִּקַח מִכָּל הַבְּהֵמָה הַטְהוֹרָה וּמִכּל הָעוֹף הַטְהוֹר וַעל עלֹת בַּמִּזְבֵּחַ: 21 וירח יְהוָה אֶת־רֵיחַ הַנִיחוֹחַ וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־לִבּוֹ לֹא אֹסִף לְקַלֵּל עָד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה בַּעֲבוּר הָאָדָם כִּי יֵצֶר לֵב הָאָדָם רָע מִגֶערָיו וְלֹא־אֹסִף עוֹד לְהַכּוֹת אֶת־כָּל־חַי כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתִי: פער כָּל־יְמֵי הָאָרֶץ זָרַע וְקָצִיר וְקר וָדָם קיץ וָחֶרֶף וְיוֹם וָלַיְלָה לֹא יִשְׁכָּתוּ : אֶת־־נֹחַ וְאֶת־בָּנָיו וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ וּמִלְאוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ : 2 ומוֹרַאֲכֶם וְחִתְּכֶם יהיה עַל כָּל־חית הָאָרֶץ וְעַל כָּל־עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם בְּכל אֲשֶׁר תִּרְמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה וּבְכָל־בְּנֵי הַיָּם בְּיֶדְכֶם נִתָּנוּ: 3 כָּל־רֶמֶשׂ אֲשֶׁר הוּא־חַי לכם יהיה לְאָכְלָה כְּיֶרֶק עֵשֶׂב נָתתִּי לָכֶם אֶת־כָּל :
אַךְ־בָּשָׂר בְּנַפְשְׁוֹ דָמִוֹ לֹא תאכֵלוּ: 5 וְאַךְ אֶת־דִּמְכֶם לְנַפְשְׁתֵיכֶם אֶדְרש מִיר כָּל־חַיָּה אֶדְרְשֶׁר וּמִיד הָאָדָם מִיד אִישׁ אָחִיו אֶדְרְשׁ אֶת־נֶפֶשׁ הָאָדָם: 6 שׁפַךְ דָּם הָאָדָם בָּאָרֶם דָמוֹ יִשְׁפַךְ כִּי בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים עָשָׂה אֶת־ הָאָדָם : 7 וְאַתֶּם פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ שִׁרְצוּ בָאָרֶץ וּרְבוּ־בָה : ס 8 וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים אֶל־נֹחַוְאֶל־בָּנָיו אִתּוֹלֵאמר
the earth: and the ark went upon stopped, and the rain from heaven the face of the waters.
was restrained. 19 And the waters prevailed 3 And the waters returned from exceedingly upon the earth; and off the earth continually: and all the high hills, that were under after the end of the hundred and the whole heaven, were covered. fifty days & the waters were abated.
20 Fifteen cubits upward did 4 And the ark rested in the the waters prevail; and the mount- seventh month, on the seventeenth ains were covered.
day of the month, upon the 21 And all flesh died that moved mountains of Ararat. upon the earth, both of fowl, and 5 And the waters decreased of cattle, and of beast, and of continually until the tenth month: every creeping thing that creepeth in the tenth month, on the first day upon
the earth, and every man. of the month were the tops of the 22 Al in whose nostrils was the mountains seen. breath of life, of all that was in 6 And it came to pass at the the dry land, died. *
end of forty days, that Noah 23. And every living substance opened the window of the ark was destroyed which was upon the which he had made. face of the ground, both man, and 7 And he sent forth a raven, cattle, and the creeping things, which went forth to and fro, until and the fowl of the heaven; and the waters were dried
from off they were destroyed from the the earth. earth: and Noah only remained 8 Also he sent forth a dove from alive, and they that were with him him, to see ifthe waters were abated in the ark.
from off the face of the ground. 24 And the waters prevailed 9 But the dove found no rest upon the earth an hundred and for the sole of her foot, and she fifty days.
returned unto him into the ark: CHAP. VIII.
for the waters were on the face of 1 The waters assuage. 18. Noah the whole earth. Then he put
goeth forth of the ark. 20 Build forth his hand, and took her, and eth an altar, and offereth sacrifice, pulled her in unto him into the ark. 21 God's promise to curse the 10 And he stayed yet other earth no more.
seven days, and again he sent
forth the dove out of the ark. AND
ND God remembered Noah, Jl And the dove came in to him and every living thing, and all the in the evening; and lo, in her cattle that was with him in the ark: mouth was an olive-leaf I pluckt and God made a wind to pass over off : so Noah knew that the waters the earth, and the waters assuaged. were abated from off the earth :
2 The fountains also of the deep, 12 And he stayed yet other seven and the windows of heaven were days, and sent forth the dove;
• Whether men or beasts, all that breathed the same air with man, all that lived in the same element; but not the fish. As it was not the intention of the Supreme Being that the world should return to chaos again; he had provided that there should be some of every specie preserved in the ark; and as it was not natural for the fish to live in the ark, being out of their element, it is said, “ all that was in the dry land died."
The inspired Historian acquaints us that, after the hundred and fifty days, God remembered Noah and all that were with him in the ark, i, e, remembered his uprightness and piety; and therefore succoured him, and all that were with him, by preserving them in the ark, and afterwards appointing them to replenish the earth.
| This shews that trees and vegetables were not destroyed by the deluge. Perhaps the olive-leaf was preferred to any other, (it being the eniblem of peace,) to indicate to Noah ihat the Lord was entirely reconciled with mankind after the sin of Adam.
עַל־הָאָרֶץ וַתֵּלֶךְ הַתֵּבָה עַל־פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם: 19 וְהַמַיִם גַּבְרָוּ מְאֹד מְאד עַל־הָאָרֶץ וַיִכְסוּ כָּל־הֶהָרִים הַגְּבהִים אֲשֶׁר־ תַּחַת כָּל־הַשָּׁמָיִם: 20 חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה אַמָּה מִלְמַעְלָה גָּבְרוּ הַמָּיִם וַיִכְסִוּהֶהָרִים: 21 וַיִּגְעכָּל־בָּשָׂר הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶץ בָּעוֹף וּבַבְּהֵמָה וּבְחַיָּה וּבָכָל־הַשֶׁרֶץ הַשׁרָץ עַל־הָאָרֶץ וְכָל הָאָרֶם: 22 כֹּל אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁמַת־רוּחַ חַיִּים בְּאַפָּיו מִכָּל אֲשֶׁר בְּחָרָבָה מֵתוּ: 23 וַיִמַח אֶת־כָּל־הַיְקָוּם אֲשֶׁר עַל־ פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה מֵאָדָם עַד־־בְּהֵמָה עַד רֶמֶשׂ וְעַד־עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וַיִּמָּחוּ מִן־הָאָרֶץ וַיִּשָּׁאֵר אַךְ־נָחַ וַאֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ
בַּתֵּבָה : 24 וַיִּגְבְּרוּ הַמַּיִם עַל־הָאָרֶץ חֲמִשִּׁים וּמְאַת ח יְוֹם : וַיִּזְכֹּר אֱלֹהִים אֶת־נֹחַ וְאֵת כָּל־הַחַיָּה וְאֶת־
כָּל־הַבְּהֵמָה אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ בַּתֵּבָה וַיַּעֲבֵר אֱלֹהִים רוּחַ על־הָאָרֶץ וַיָּשְׁכּוּ הַמָּיִם:
2 וַיִּסֶכְרוּ מַעְיְנֹת תְּהוֹם וְאַרְבַּת הַשָּׁמָיִם וַוּכָּלֵא הַגֶשֶׁם מִן־הַשָּׁמָיִם: 3 וַיָּשָׁבוּ הַמַּיִם מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ הָלִיךְ וָשׁוֹב וַיַּחְסְרָוּ הַמַיִם מִקְצֵה חֲמִשִׁים וּמְאַת יְוֹם: 4 וַתָּנַח הַתֵּבָה בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְׁבִיעי בְּשִׁבְעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם לַחֹדֶשׁ עַל הָרֵי אֲרָרָט: 5 וְהַמַּיִם הָיוּ הָלְוֹךְ וְחָסוֹר עַד הַחֹדֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂירִי בָּעַשִׂירִי בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ נִרְאוּ רָאשֵׁי הֶהָרִים: 6 וַיְהִי מַקֵץ אַרְבָּעִים יוֹם וַיִּפְתַּח נֹחַ אֶת־חַלּוֹן הַתֵּבָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה: 7 וַיִּשְׁלַח אֶת־הָערֶב ויצא יָצוֹא וָשׁוֹב עַד־־יִבְשֶׁת הַמַּיִם מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ : 8 וַיְשַׁלַּח אֶת־הַיּוֹנָה מֵאִתּוֹ לִרְאוֹת הֲקַלוּ הַמַּיִם מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה : 9 וְלֹא־־מָצְאָה הַיּוֹנָה מָנוֹחַ לְכַף־רַגְלָהּ וַתָּשָׁב אֵלָיו אֶל־הַתֵּבָה כִּי מַיִם עַל־פְּנֵי כָל־־הָאָרֶץ וַיִּשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וַיִּקָּחֶהָ וַיָּבֵא אֹתָהּ אֵלָיו אֶל־ הַתֵּבָה:10 וַיָּחֶל עוֹד שִׁבְעַת יָמִים אֲחֵרִים וַיֹּסֶף שָׁלַח אֶת־ הַיּוֹנָהמִן־הַתֵּבָה: 11 וַתָּבֹא אֵלָיו הַיּוֹנָהלְעֵת עֶרֶב וְהִנֵּה עֲלֵה-זַיִת טָרֶף בְּפִיהָ וַיִּדַע נֹחַ כִּי־קָלוּ הַמַּיִם מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ: 12 וַיוֹחֵל שׂוֹד שִׁבְעַת יָמִים אֲחֵרִים וַיְשַׁלַּח אֶת־
22 Thus did Noah, according 9 There went in two and two to all that God commanded him, unto I Noah into the ark, the so did he.
male and the female, as God had CHAP. VII.
commanded Noah. I Nogh with his family entereth the 10 And it came to pass after
ark. 17 The beginning, increase, seven days, that the waters of the and continuance of the flood. flood were upon the earth,
11 In the sixth hundredth AND the LORD said unto Noah, year of Noah's life, in the second Come thou, and all thy house, month, the seventeenth day of the into the ark : for thee have I seen month, the same day were all the righteous before me in this gene- fountains of the great deep broken ration.
up, and the windows of heaven 2 Of every clean beast thou shalt were opened. take to thee by sevens, the male
12 And the rain was apon the and his female : And of beasts that earth forty days and forty nights. are not clean by two, the male 13 In the self-same day entered and his female.
Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and 3 Of fowls also of the air by Japheth, the sons of Noah, and seven's, the male and the female; Noah's wife, and the three wives to keep seed alive upon the face of his sons with them, into the ark. of all the earth.
14 They and every beast after 4 For yet seven days, and I will his kind, and all the cattle after cause it to rain apon the earth their kind, and every creeping forty days and forty nights: and thing that creepeth upon the earth every living substance that I have after his kind, and every fowl made, s will I destroy from off after his kind, every bird l of the face of the earth.
every sort. 5 And Noah did cocording unto 15 And they went in unto Noah all that the LORD commanded him. into the ark, two and two of all
6 And Noah was 'six hundred flesh, wherein is the breath of life. years old when the flood of waters 16 And they that went in, went the earth.
in male and female of all flesh, as 7 And Noah went in, and his God had commanded him: and sons, and his wife, and his 'sons' the LORD shut him in. wives with him, into the ark, 17 And the flood was forty days because of the waters of the flood. upon the earth: and the waters
8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts increased and bare up the ark, that are not clean, and of fowls, and it was lift up above the earth. and of every thing that creepeth 18 And the waters prevailed upon the earth,
and were increased greatly upon
Heb. Seven, seven.
6 Heb. I will blot 1 This.ceana.contrany du Saud's command in verse 7, “ Of exery clean beast thou shalt cake to thee by sevens ", "This Nachmanides explains on this wise: “'That of every specie of beast there came to Noah pairs of their owo accurd, as nientioned, " there went unto Noah;" but that of the clean sort, he was commanded, that besides the pairs which came of their pwa aqcord for the preservation of their specie, he should take as many more, till the whole amounted co seven; for which reason in verse dhe second, it is said, “Thou shalt take to thee;" but here it is said, “There went,” ise, without compulsion.
The generality of the men of generation observed, that if they were to have seen him go into the ark, they would have broke it, and have murdered him: therefore Møses informs us, that according to God's commandment, he went in at noon-day; and they had no power to hurt him. Jarcbi.
# Heb. Wing.