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Custom, attended the Punishment of Cruci- s E R M, iixion) but that in the Death of the Meffiah, who was to be that Anti-type, the Providence of God mould so particularly interpose, that not a Bone of Him should be broken. And therefore when the Soldiers came and brake the Legs of the first, and of the other which ivas crucified with him; when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, it is particularly remarked, that they brake not his Legs, John xix. 32,33.—And let me add further, that the very Manner of roasting the Paflbver, which was by fixing the Lamb whole and entire on the Spit, and the Spit not turning long-ways, but upright before the Fire, so as that the Head mould be upwards, the hind Feet downwards, and it's fore Legs stretched out from the Body, like Arms extended, most exactly represented a Man upon a Cross.
But the Sufferings of Christ were not only thus prefigured by typical Resemblances, but were also expressly foretold by the Predictions of the Prophets. Those Words of the Pfalmist.—They pierced my Hands, and my Feet; Pfa. xxii. 17. and that Text of Zachariah.-— *They shall look upon me whom they have
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SERMpt'erceJ. ^Zech. xii. 10.—could never have been fulfilled in him' so exactly and punctually, had he not suffered on a Cross, to which his Hands and his Feet were nailed. I ;, >i But to proceed on j the profligate Companions of his Sufferings, viz. the two Thieves that were crucified with him, St. Mark observes exactly to answer that Prophecy ot Isaiah, that when he poured out his Soul unto Death, he was numbered among the Transgressors: Ifai. liii. 12. And in thai whole Chapter, the 53d of Isaiah j the Sufferings of the Christ and his Patience under them, the Ends for which he suffered, and the Benefits that arise to us thereby, are so lively described, that to any that reads it, it seems more like a History of Things already past, than a Prophecy of Things, which were afterwards to happen. Mind how some of it (which I have not yet recited) runs, v. 5—.8. —Surely he hath born our Griefs, and carried our Sorrows: Tet we did esteem him stricken, smitten os God and asfliSied. But he was wounded for our Transgressions, he was bruised for our Iniquities, the Chastisements of our Peace was upon him, and with his Stripes we are healed. All we like Sheep have gone astray, we have turned every one to his own Way, and the Lord
hath bath laid on him the Iniquity of Us all. Æse S E R M.
was oppressed, and he was ajfliSled, yet be opened \ not his Mouth, he is brought as a Lamb to the Slaughter, and as a Sheep before his Shearers is dumb, Jo he opened not his Mouth. . He was taken from Prison and from Judgment, and who shall declare his Generation? For be was cut off out of the Land of the Living, for the Trans grefjion of my People was he stricken.
As to the Particulars that passed upon nailing him to the Cross, the xxii. Psalm, ver. 7, &c. describes these also to the Life, foretelling the very Taunts that his reviling Enemies should throw at him. All they that
fee me laugh me to scorn, they shoot out their Lips, and stake their Heads, faying, He trusted in the Lord, that he would deliver him, let him deliver him, if he would have him. I am poured out like Water, and all my Bones are out of Joint; my Heart also in the Midst of my Body is like melting Wax. My Strength is dried up like a Potsherd, and my Tongue cleaveth to my Gums, and thoustalt\ bring me into the Dust of Death: For many Dogs are come about me, and the Council of the Wicked layeth Siege against me. They pierced my Hands and my Feet, I may tell all my Bones; they stand flaring and looking upon me: They part my Garments
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S E R M. amongst them, and cast Lots upon my Vesture, Of the last of which Words it is very re* maskable, that the very Form of yefufs Clothes concurred to fgive them an exact Completion. For his Coat being without Seam, woven from the Top throughout, was the Occasion of the Soldiers casting Lots for ift whose it Jhould be, John xix. 23, 24. In a Word, this whole Psalm was so applicable tQ the Passion of our Saviour, and so exact a Description of that tragical Scene, that it was thought our Blessed Lord repeated the whole of jt; and that the Words mentioned in the Evangelists, as then spoken by him, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? was mentioned only as the Title of the Pjalm recited by him, as we now call the 95th Psalm, theVenite,Exultemus3 the 100th the Jubilate, and every one, by the Words with which they begin, as you may fee at she Head of every Pjalm in your Common Prayer Books.
But to keep to the Subject of my Discourse j we read again in Psalm lxix. 22. that the Pfalmist in the Person of Christ complains-—They gave me Gall to eat, and when I was thirsty they gave me Vinegar to drink: Words that could never be true literally of
"David, David, and therefore must respect that fur- S R R M. ther Completion of them at the Crucifixion 1 of ye/us; for which, when he had cried out in an Agony, I thirst—they ran, and filled a Spunge, and gave him Vinegar to drink mingled with Gall, John xix. 28.
And as thus in his Passion, so after his Death, we find all Things fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth, which the Prophets foretold should come to pass of the Messiah. He made his Grave with the Wicked, and with the Rich in his Death, Ifai. liii. 9. faith Isaiah of the Christ: And as the Thieves were buried with whom he was crucified, so was He: Only Jesus was laid in the Tomb of Joseph, a rich and a good, and a just Man of Arimathaa, and an honourable Counsellor. As to his speedy Resurrection from the Dead, the Royal Prophet is carried out into such Raptures of Divine Trust and Holy Hope, as cannot with any Propriety of Speech belong to any but the Christ; and therefore of Him prophetically must David fay, Thou wilt not leave my Soul in Hell, neither /halt thou suffer thine Holy One to see Corruption: Pfa. xvi. 10. For as St. Peter observes, The Patriarch Davt'd himself, is both dead and buried, and bis Sepulchre remains unto this Day: Therefore G 4 being