« AnteriorContinuar »
a letter addressed to Mr. Grimshawe in a
at bis dissenting brethren. 1809, Mr. R. says
Speaking of Mr. R. he says,
conscientiously and firmly attached to “ Many of our hearers have been accus the discipline as well as doctrine of the tomed to attend at various descriptions of meeting houses. The general character of Establishment, and never shrunk from meeting-bouse piety is simple, earnest, scrip- its defence when he thought himself tural, plain, and interesting. The awful called upon to advocate its cause.” condition of a sinner in his natural state, and
We consider these and a few other the consolations and promises of a Saviour; things as defects, but they weigh little are dwelt apon throughout tbeir prayers and discourses. Thus far all is good; and we
against the general merits of the volume. must do the same, if we would retain or re- It is a very admirable performance, in gain our congregations. Thus the Fathers which the powerful mind of the writer of the English Church preached to our elders had fine opportunities to display itself and predecessors—thus preached Romaine, to high advantage. The numerous letWalker, Venn, Berridge, Milner, Newton, ters of Mr. Richmond to his wife and &c. and thus souls were saved, and the church of England flourished, and was bailt children, as well as the letters of Mrs. up ander their miuistry. May you and I do R. and one of her daughters, giving an so likewise, and daily see the fruit of our account of the domestic character, and labours in the growth of our people in di- of the last days of the deceased minisvine knowledge.” pp. 181, 182.
ter, husband, and father, are highly, The following is not quite so respect. pathetic. That reader must be indeed ful towards Dissenters.
“mixed up with laudanum,” who can "What is the mode of proceeding,' I read either of these letters without said to bin, which is most likely to pro- feeling his heart excited by the strongest mote the best interests of our own church?' sympathies, and the most painful sen• That,' he replied, ' which is least calcu- sibilities. lated to make dissenters.' And what will best answer that description ?' • Preaching the Gospel.'
Outlines of Practical Education. By To which it might have been replied,
JAMES BUTLER. One vol. post 8vo. “But does not the preaching of the Gos
48. Longman and Co. pel prove in some cases prejudicial to the Ar a period when Education engages Church of England, and tend- to make the attention of the public as well as Dissenters? Did it not have this effect that of the learned world, we naturally at Reading, after the death of Mr. 'anticipated no small number of publicaCadogan; and at Kettering, after the tions on the subject, and certainly we removal of Mr. Maddock ? May not this have not been disappointed. We are be the case, after your death, at Tur. literally overwhelmed with works of vey; and may it not, we ask, be so even this description, some of which furnish at Burton-Latimer, or at Biddenham, us with plans professedly calculated to after the death or removal of Mr. Grim- remove every difficulty attendant on the shawe?”
pursuit of learning, and by an unacFor our parts, “if Christ be preach-countable process, to open a way to the ed,” though it be with envy and strife, attainment of that knowledge in a few
“ will rejoice,” whether it tend to months, for which our honest forefathers the increase of churchmen or dissen. were destined to loil with intense apters; knowing that all genuine Chris- plication for as many years. Such works tians, to whatever section they belong, it is true, have met with much attention are equally members of the mystical and excited considerable interest, but body of Christ.
like the toys of infancy, they please for It is due to the author of this Memoir a short time, are thrown by, and are to say, that it is remarkably free from forgotten. There are writers of a more the marks of a sectarian spirit. The philosophical cast, though by no means churchman appears certainly in many so numerous as the former. These have of its pages, but it is without a scowl or done mueh to improve antiquated sys.
tems and divested them of a consider- 1 only secured, by taking the successive steps able portion of the rubbish with which in the order in which trath itself proceeds they were connected. Such authors
—from simple defiuitions and principles, to have conferred lasting benefit on man- from them.
their combinations, and the deductions made
A clear conception of each kind, and we doubt not but that the separate trath, aids us in the comprehension nanies of Edgeworth, of Jardine, of of those higher truths, derived from the Stewart, and of Carpenter will live in combination of the former ; the relations of after ages, and glitter on the rolls of propositions become more extensive as we fame, when the ephemeral production proceed, and the power of the mind to com
prehend them results solely from having of their contemporaries shall be lost in comprehended all the intermediate relations. oblivion.
In the several departments of humau knowWe have been surprised at the intro- ledge a gradation is observable, to which duction of the systems already depre- the mind in its several acquisitions must cated into several of our respectable correspond. Any attempt to advauce with seminaries, the conductors of which are separate acquisition sure, can only ultimately
greater rapidity than that which makes each probably not aware, that in gratifying deceive, and subject us to the inconvenience their thirst for novelty and applause, of either beginning again, or remaining for they materially injure the youth en ever imperfectly informed. Since the con. trusted to their care, by giving them dition of the human mind renders it neceserroneous ideas on the subject of edu. sary to have objects and truths continually
present, before we can form clear ideas concation, and by undermining those habits cerving them, it would seem but natural to of industry which it is their duty to en- expect that the progress of a young mind courage. Most persons will allow that will be bat comparatively slow. And this youth is the most favourable period for conclusion, justly derived from a view of attaining the elementary parts of learn
the nature of the human mind, is verified ing, while the maturer powers may be education, to follow a course prescribed to
by fact. It hence appears our wisdom in successfully employed in progressive us by reason and nature; to forin our me. improvement in those sciences of which thods of instruction ou principles, from they are the foundation. To expect a which we may justly expect a final success, youth, therefore, to arrive at proficiency and not by any erroneous estimate of our in any science, prior to his acquaintance objects for wbich we bave no qualifica
powers, to aim at the accomplishment of with its rudiments, is to us utterly ab. tion." surd. The system powerfully reminds of those stimulants which are resorted
From these observations it will be to for the purpose of forcing the pro- perceived that Mr. B. justly supposes ductions of the vegetable kingdom. In that the time which a boy spends at their results, at least, they are exactly school should be employed in laying a similar, inasmuch as superficial acqui
foundation for that subsequent improvesitions are derived from the one, while ment which must necessarily be con. weak and sickly qualities are attendant ducted by the pupil himself, by which on the other.
method, says our author "he will not As an instructor of youth, the author only be relieved from the drudgery of of the work before us is entitled to our acquiring the elements of the different congratulation on the acumen with which sciences, more peculiarly felt in maturer he has discriminated between the merits years, but he will be in possession of of these opposite systems, and on the principles and of knowledge, which he firm but unassuming manner in which can practically use with a facility the he bas avowed his sentiments. Mr. greater in proportion to the clearness
of his Butler introduces his work by showing
comprehension of them." that " in the education of youth, especial
Having satisfactorily established bio regard is due to their instruction in the first proposition, Mr. B. assumes, seelements of knowledge,” and in the course
condly, tbat “ Intellectual education conof his remarks, observes
templates the improvement of the separate
faculties or powers of the human mind " A progress in scientific knowledge is attention, abstraction, memory, reason,
judgment, and imagination." Upon each to be attributed solely to a debilitated state of these subjects the author expatiates of the intellectual functions. A uniform in a very forcible and ingenious manner. activity of mind—the habit of thinking and Our limits forbid a lengthened quota- oär personal energies "ió continued action,
reasoning—are absolately essential to keep tion; we shall therefore content oar- and to direct them to proper objects. A selves with the following general re- neglect of the early culture of mental habits, marks
is followed in subsequent life by the most
fatal consequences : it incapacitates for any "To qualify an individual to conduct at arduous or difficult undertaking. The rapid large the various intellectual operations re-exhaustion of the power of attention impairs quisite in business and in science, it is nè. the memory and the judgment : the mind cessary to aim at the improvement of each loses its susceptibility of the most urgent power; for each has a share in those com- motives, from its inability to embrace the binations of ideas, by which we advance in ideas which give them foree : every attempt the acquirement of knowledge, and derive to repair the deficiencies of mind, is counfor ourselves the principles of action. So teracted by the force of babits which form intimately conneoted is the improvement of of themselves a character ;—there must be one faculty with the enlargement of ano.
à revulsion of the whole mind to do away ther, that we cannot fairly expect the ma with its predominant principles, which noturity or vigoar of one, apart from a general thing, we imagine, can effect, but a severe culture of the whole. We cannot, for exam state of circumstances, the iron band of ple improve the powers of reason and jady- unrelenting necessity." ment without strengthening the memory ; and we cannot cultivate the memory without The " Adaptation of every mode of treatenlarging the power of attention. Particu- ment to the pupils as individuals" forms lar operations of the mind are thus facili- the next subject of discassion. This is tated by general coltore ; it is by this that an individual is enabled to concentrate these
an interesting and important branch of powers on any given object; and to main | school duties, and is attended with contain a balance of power or influence in their siderable difficulty. Mr. B. appears to combined operations.”
be decidedly opposed to the indiscri
minate exercise of severe measures, The third proposition to which our and strongly contends for the introducattention is directed is, “ That the cul- tion of plans which are calculated to ture of habit is another important object of enlighten and impress the conscience of early education.” After stating the pow. the individual, rather than to rest on erful influences to which the mind is treatment in which the heart and mind snbjected by habit, and the beneficial of the pupil are not interested. His results attendant on its culture, Mr. remarks on this head we consider parB. remarks :
ticularly excellent; and though we must
not follow him through the whole of his '“ It must not be forgotten, however, that arguments, we cannot refrain from tranwhile the force of habit may be allied to dur capacity of making distinguished at- scribing the following, which do equal taivments, the understanding is impaired honour toʻthe feelings and talents of the and reduced sometimes, even below a sos-authorsceptibility of recovery, by the neglect of habitual exercise. The faculties of the mind “ The tendency of harsh treatment to must degrade daily, unless supported by maintain continual irritation of the feelings, babit ;-and it is a melancholy fact, pre- to interrupt the exercise of esteem, and to sented to us every day-that in the minds keep in play the disposition of revolt against of many men, who should now, as to years, arbitrary authority, so natural to every be vigorous, the faculties of reason and buman mind, may ultimately produce the judgment seem almost extinct. They can most anhappy effects on the temper and disrecollect what they bave always said on position of the papil. As far as we certain subjects, and they say what they tutors are concerned, our pupils bave a right have always thought, and will never think to be happy ; upon wbich we are not jusotherwise; the acquisition of new ideas tified to infringe by any arbitrary or useless seems impossible ; the capacity to receive severity of behaviour towards ibem. But them seems impaired beyond the practica- this consideration is of trifling weight in bility of the reception. The indolence, in comparison of the certain and beneficial activity, and want of dexterity in youth are consequences resulting from a mild govern
ment. From the culture of good feeling in of the adorable Redeemer are beld up their minds, we shall save them from the to the view of young minds in a manner vices that originate in a deluded imagina- which we hope will not fail to strike their tion, conjoined with insensibility of beart';
attention. we shall prepare them to derive their happiness from the resources of virtuous life; Without any invidious comparison of and give them the disposition to transfer to this book with those of higher pretenothers the good they have accumulated upon sions, we cordially recommend it to the themselves. The natural virtues of courage, attention of our young friends, not intrepedity, and honour, even in their most enobled exercises, may form an alliance with merely because it is cheaper than others, the milder graces of character, and derive but on account of its piety, morality, an additional lustre from the union. Mere and good taste ; and, more especially, bardihood is not a quality of worth, apart because the Editor has given to filial from its direction to a proper object, and piety, a marked attention throughout. under the influence of right motives. The
The first tale is an admirable one, culture of the assections impairs not one of the impulses or tendencies of mind by which entitled “ Juvenile indiscretion; or the men are fitted for great actions, or the busi- adventures of two Runaways,” but it is dess of exalted stations in society. It is too long for insertion. We must, howrather the source from which we are to ex: ever, make room for two of the charmpect a full tide of public feeling towards all ing poems with which this “ New Year's the objects and enterprizes which interest oar common humanity, or which solicit our
Gift" abounds. Perhaps the best way attention in the great commerce of the of recommending these delicious fruits world."
to our young readers will be to give
them a taste in a specimen or two. The remainder of the work treats on the different branches of English in QUACCO, THE FREED NEGRO. struction, the Mathematics,'the Lan
By Miss Edgeworth. guages, Natural Philosophy, &c. and closes with a few pages of concluding Freedom ! freedom ! happy sound I observations.
Magic land, this British ground :
Touch it, slave, and slave be free ; In dismissing this highly interesting 'Tis the land of liberty. volume, we cannot too strongly express our approbation of its contents, and the Indian Obee's wicked art great pleasure we have derived from Sicken so poor negro's heart : its perusal. We therefore cordially re- English Ubee makes the slave commend it to the attention of our
Twioe be young, and twice be brave. readers, and to those especially who
Quick the magic, strange the powerare interested in the important subject See man changiog in an hour; of education.
For the day that makes him free,
Double worth that man shall be. Affection's Offering ; a boo for all Seasons : but especially designed as a Christ- Twice the work of slave for you :
Massa! grateful Quacco do
By W. Holloway.
Repeating still —" Peep, peep ?" (we shonld be glad to say so of all the
O'tis that little sooty boy, others,) the providence of God is recog
From bis dark cellar driven, nized-the solemn realities of the future To cry his trade from street to street, state are appealed to—and the merits And face the storms of Heaven.”
THE LITTLE CHIMNEY SWEEPER.
For, O! 'tis cold 'tis bitter cold!
succinctly, on all subjects of general utility And fast the snow comes down,
and importance, that they may not, on The panes with frost-work are inwrought, leaving school, be ignorant of the common And icicles abound.
affairs of life, the customs of society, and
the practice of trade ; that they may not, Poor little thing ! his feet are bare ; amidst their showy accomplishments and Methinks I see him weep,
refined education, have, on entering the But still he must pursue bis course,
world, to learn the alphabet of common Aud faintly ory_Peep, peep."
sense. The proprietors, therefore, feel graat
pleasure in inviting the attention of the Aoross his shivering shoulders bangs youth of the British empire to the following A damp and sooty bag;
prize subjects. And from his loins, with every breeze, Class I. English Composition. The best Is flattering many a rag.
Essay, to entitle the Writer to Books of
of the value of four guineas : the next best , He knows no father's tender care,
to Books of the value of one guinea : and No mother's kind caress :
the eight next best, to Books of the valae of Perhaps he bas a master stern
five shillings each, And rude, and merciless !
Class II. Translation from the Latin.
The best translation, to be entitled to Books Perbaps & pauper from his birth,
of the value of two guineas ; the seven next And in a poor-house bred,
best, to Books of the value of five sbillings A child of sorrow he has been,
eaob." By strangers cloth'd and fed.
We refer our readers to the volume Now he must wait at great folks' doors, itself, for particulars as to subjects and Till they shall please to rise ;
conditions. And then, perhaps, a mouldy crust,
The price of this little appeal places His burger must suffice.
it within the reach of those who have Husb, obildren bush! so spog and warm not the means of compassing more ex. Io peace and comfort sleep,
pensive publications. "Affection's OfferAnd think it meroy you're not call's
ing" may be made at little cost, and we To toil, and ory_Peep, peep
sincerely hope that its circulation will Ob! ye that o'er the distant wrongs
prove equal to its merit.
An Examination of Scripture Difficulties;
elucidating nearly seven hundred pasApart from its general interest, this sages in the Old and New Testament, elegant volume presents a peculiar fea.
designed for the use of general readers.
By WILLIAM CARPENTER, Author ture of attraction. The proprietors lave
of “A Popular Introduction to the advertised Prize Essays to rouse the
Study of the Scriptures," “ A Scripemulation and call forth the energies ture Natural History," &c. &c. of the juvenile mind. We remember MR. Carpenter is already known to the the effect of a similar excitement on the Christian world, and this work, we apmind of the lamented Henry Kirk prehend, will not lessen his well earned White, and heartily wish that the pre- reputation.
By a very neat and modest sent may be rewarded by results as preface, he introduces his work to gesuccessful and happy.
neral readers ; and in a motto borrowed The following is the proposal
from Montaigne he says,
“ I have pick
ed a nosegay of culled flowers, and “ The proprietors of • Affection's Offering,' having an especial regard for the brought nothing of my own but the moral and intellectual improvement of the thread that ties them.” Those who are rising generation, propose to the youth of officially and practically conversant with both sexes the following Prize Essays, Scripture difficulties will be best prewith a view to create a laudable emulation, pared to appreciate his merits; and by exercising and improving their mental faculties. It is of the atmost importance many, we trust, will derive important that young persons should be taught to assistance in their daily reading of the think jastly, and write clearly, neatly and sacred volume.