« AnteriorContinuar »
tionships subsisting between man To the Editor of the Baptist Magacire. and man may be expressed by
SIR, those terms which, in their unqualified acceptation, it would be
Your correspondent Elihu,seems profane to apply to any Being that harmless appellation, a “ Di
to have been dreaming, and under less than the Eternal. It is in reference to this latter sense that vine,” as applied to a man, to Jesus Christ has expressly said,
have seen a vision almost as ter“Call no man master," and "Call rific as that of Eliphaz the Terna
nite. man father ;" whilst in the former sense Paul enjoins the duty
A “ Divine" evidently means of obedience to man under both nothing more than “a man who these characters. So likewise the
has made divinity his study." infinite Jehovah is to be had in Hence, we say, a learned Direverence by all them that are
vine," a pious divine," "an able round about him, in a sense that Divine,' “a judicious Divine," it would be idolatry to exercise
"a profound Divine," "a shallow towards any other being in the Divine,” &c. I do not mean to universe. And
iusinuate that the last of these notwithstanding
yet this, children are taught to rever- epithets is applicable to our modern enee their parents : and an apos
Elihu, of whom I know no more tle speaking of conjugal duties, than he knows of me. hesitates not to command.
IGNOTUS. the wife see that she reverence her husband.” The terms good and holy, it is conceived, might be objected to on the same principle. In their absolute sense they are On The Style Of The EvANGELISTS applicable only to the Deity. He is immaculately pure, and “there is
That eminent critic, Dr. Campnone good but one, that is God ;"
bell remarks, “ The style of the but there is a sense in which the Evangelists is chaste and simple ; same terms are applied in Scrip
no effort in them to say extraorture, both to men and things; where dinary things in an extraordinary the former have been sanctified by
manner. The diction, if not, when the divine spirit, and the latter judged by the rhetorician's rules, consecrated to his sacred ser- pure and elegant, is, however, navice.
tural, easy, and modest. Though The same
or similar remarks they did not seek out fine words, might be made in reply to your
the plainest, and, to that class of correspondent at Bath, who in the people with whom they were connumber for October, objects to the versant, the most obvious, came application of the term “ Divine" unsought. They aimed at no lato ministers. No man of common
boured antithesis, no rounded pesense ever imagines that ministers riods, no ambitious epithets, no claim or wish for " divine ado
accumulated superlatives: there is t'ation." Far be that from them. a naked beauty in their manner His paper must be intended as a
which is entirely their own."burlesque, and as such it may be Note on Matt. ix. 26. dismissed.
See Job, iv, 13-16.
Account of the Edinburgh Sessional School in view, and to bring into active operation,
and the other Parochial Institutions for those simple and obvions principles wbicb Education, established in that City in they conceive nature herself mast have dicthe Year 1812. With Strictures on tated to every parent and teacher previously Education in General. By John to more artificial contrivances. To open up Woon, Esq. 1829. 45. 6d. a royal road to learning, by which all the
advantages of superior education might be In a country which has nobly distin- attained, without any trouble on the part
either of the teacher or scholar, andoabt. guished itself as the first to produce edly never for a single moment entered into one of the fairest fruits of civil and re- their contemplation. But they were by no ligions liberty, the general education of means, on that account, less anxious to do the people, we should naturally antici- every thing in their power to render the pate just and enlightened sentiments on duties of both as easy, as pleasing, and pro
fitable as possible ; and particularly to stody the important subject of education; an the capacity and the inclinations of the expectation which the very interesting learner. In all their arrangements they have work before us will not disappoint. We regarded their youngest pupil, potas especially recommend a careful perusal machine, or an irrational animal that inest of it to those who are actually engaged in be driven, bat as an intellectual being who establishing or superintending schools; sation and memory, bat with perception,
may be led, endowed not merely with senfor we are persuaded they will find, in judgment, conscience, affections, and pasthe Edinburgh Sessional School, an ad- sions ; capable to a certain degree, of remirable model for such institutions. Its ceiving favourable or unfavourable impresdirectors have selected and combined sions, of imbibing right or wrong sentiments, the best elements of the new modes of
of acquiring good or bad habits ; strongly teaching, so as to render their system unperceived or remote ; but, on the other
averse to application where its object is most efficient in securing the mental band ardently curious, and infinitely deand moral progress of the pupils. The lighting in the display of every new attainbenevolent author appears to have been meut which he makes. It has, accordingly, the chief agent in perfecting this sys-than to task, to make the pupil understand
been their auxious aim to interest, no less tem, of which he is the warm, yet tem- (as much as possible) what he is doing, no perate advocate, happily avoiding the less than to exact from bim its performance ; egotistic dogmatism which so often dis- familiarly to illustrate, and copiously to exfigures works of this class. The views emplify the principle, no less than to hear upon which it is founded are of univer- him repeat the words of a rule, to speak to sal application, based upon the immu- speak in a natural language which he under
bim, and by all means to encourage bim to table and eternal principles of nature stands, rather than in irksome technicali. and common sense : and supported by ties which the pedant might approve; to the best of all evidence, the results of keep him while in school, not only conactual experiment. What these views stantly, but actively, energetically employed, are will appear in the following quota- whatever is his present occupation, (whe
to inspire him with a zeal for excelling in tion.
ther it be study or amusement,) and even
where-be is incapable of excelling others, “ The truth is, that the conductors of this still by noticing with approbation every step establishment never had the slightest de- bowerer little, wbichlie makes towards sire to bold themselves out as the inventors improvement, to delight him with the conof a new system, but have, on the contrary, sciousness of excelling his former self. anisorunly attributed any success which may “ These obvious principles may be grafted have attended their humble labours, not so on a variety of systems of external arrangemuch to any povelty or peculiarity of exter- ment, adapted to the particular circumstances nal arrangement, as to their having made it and object of each individual seminary; bat their anxious endeavour, to keep steadily for any defect of the principles themselves,
or of a due sense of their paramount in- | must of course be very few and limited, portance, we conceive that no system of and the direct information communicated external arrangement, however beautiful ; tbrough them extremely scanty. The skill no selection of books, however jadicious, of the instructor must therefore be exhibited vo talents or accomplishments on the part not merely in enabling the pupil to underof the instructor, however brilliant and stand these few passages, but in making transcevdaut, can ever in any degree com- every lesson bear opon the proper object pensate.”
of his labours, the giving a general know
ledge and fall command of the language, The explanatory method of teaching which it is his province to teach, together to read, which we believe infant schools with as much other useful information, as have been the means of rendering de- the passage may suggest and circumstances
will admit. As in parsing, accordingly, no servedly popular, is carried to a high good teacher would be satisfied with exdegree of persection in the Sessional amining his papil upon the syntactic conSchool.
struction of tbe passage before bim as it
stands, and making bim repeat the roles of “ How many fine passages lave been read that construction, but would also at the in the most pompous manner, without rous same time, call upon him to notice the vå. ing a single sentiment in the mind of the riations, which must necessarily be made in performer! How many in which they have certain hypothetical circumstances ; so also left behind them ouly the most erroneous in the department of which we are now and absurd impressions and associations ! treating, he will not consider it enough, that Of such associations, if we remember right, the child may have, from the context or Miss Hamilton in one of her works on edu- othorwise, formed a general notion of the cation, affords some striking examples from meaning of a whole passage, hut will also, her personal experience. To these we may with a view to future exigencies, direct his add another, furnished by a gentleman of attention to the full force and signification our acquaintance, which, strong as it is, will of the particolar terms employed, and likewe believe, be recognized by most of our wise, in some cases at least, to their roots, readers, as too true a picture of what, from derivatives, and compounds. Thus for exa similar cause bas not anfrequently occurred ample, if in any lesson the scholar read of to themselves. He had been accustomed, one having done an unprecedented act,' it like most schoolboys to read, and probably might be quite sufficient for understanding to repeat, witliout the slightest attention to the meaning of that single passage, to tell the sense, Gray's Elegy, not uncommonly him that no other person had ever done known in school by the name of “The cur- the like ;' but this would by no means fully few tulls. What either 'curfew' or ' lolls' accomplish the object we have in view. meant, be according to custom, knew no- The child would thus receive no clear nothing. He always thought, however, of tion of the word unprecedented, and would toll-bars, and wondered wbat sort of tolls therefore, in all probability, on the very were cursew tolls; but he durst not, of course, next occasion of its recurrence, or of the put any idle question on such a subject to recurrence of other words from the same the master. The original impression, as root, be as much at a loss as before. But might be expected, remained, and to the direct his attention to the three-sold compresent hour continues to haunt him, when position of this word, the un, the pre, and ever this well known poem comes in his the cede. Ask bim the meaning of the syl.. mind,
Jable un in composition, and tell him to “ But in the last place they little know point out to you, (or if necessary, point ont the fall value of the explanatory method, to bim) any other words, in wbich it has wbo think it unnecessary in any case, to this signification of nol (such as uncommon, carry it beyond what is absolutely essential uncivil,) and if there be leisure, any other to enable the pupil to understand the mean- syllables which have in composition a simiing of the individual passage before him at lar effect, such as in, with all its modificathe tine. As well, indeed, might it be tions of ig, il, im, ir, also dis and non, with maintained, that in parsing, the only object examples. Next investigate the meaning of in view should be the elucidation of the par- the syllable pre in cosaposition, and illas. ticular sentence parsed; or that, in reading trate it with examples, such as previous Cæsar's Commentaries in a grammar school, premature. Then examine in like manner the pupil's sole attention should be directed the meaning of the syllable cede, and having to the manner in which the Gallic war was shown that in composition it generally sigconducted. A very little reflection, bow. nifies to go, demand the signification of its ever, should be sufficient to show how erro- various compounds, precede, proceed, sucneous such a practice woald be in either ceed, accede, recede, exceed, intercede. Tho caso. The passages gone over in scbool pupil will in this manner, acquire not only
a mach more distinct and lasting impres- | the way of education, and that his principal sion of the signification of the word in object in bringing bim to us was to have question, but a key also to a vast variety bim kept from the streets. When we first of other words in the language. This too cast our eyes upon him, we must acknowhe will do far more pleasingly and satisfac- ledge that onr emotions were nearly akin lorily in the manner which is here recom to those of the kiog of Israel, when Naaman mended, than by being enjoined to commit the leper presented to bim the letter of the them to memory from a vocabulary at home king of Syria. His countenance was vacant, as a task. The latter practice, wherever it louring, and dejected; and his general is introduced, is, we know, regarded by the aspect (if we may judge from our own first children as an irksome drudgery ; tbe for impressions) rather repulsive, than of a mer, on the coutrary, is an amusement. Phe nature calculated to excite unmingled symformer makes a strong and lasting impres- pathy. He seemed quite indifferent aboat sion upon the suind ; under the latter the every thing, and unwilliog to be taken noinformation wished to be communicated, is tice of, and continued in this state for some too often learned merely as the task of the time after his introduction to the school. day, and obliterated by that of the’ next. He could give no account of bis age, but It is very true that it would not be possible was, in point of height, as tall as any of the to go over every word of a lesson with the biggest boys in the school, who are from same minuteness, as that we have now in- 12 to 15 years. It was found necessary to stanced. A certain portion of time should place him in the lowest class, among chiltherefore be set apart for this examination ; dren of five or six. These, as might Dataand, after these explanations have been rally be expected, wheu they found their given, which are so vecessary to the right an- gigantic class-fellow hardly able to keep derstanding of the passage, such minute in- pace with the dullest of ihemselves, and vestigations only may be gone into as time not venturing to resent any indignities offer will admit. Ii is no more essential that ed him even by the youngest, began to enevery word should be gone over in this way, tertain towards bim feelings of no very high than that every word shonld always be syn- respect, and to annoy him with every kind tactically parsed. A single sentence well of little childish tricks; very different were done may prove of the greatest service to the feelings and behaviour of the elder the scholar in his future studies.”
scholars. They not only were at pains to
protect Jamie from every insult, bat also, It is only matter of surprise to us, latterly, took the deepest interest in his that so obvious and easy a mode of in- progress, which they anxiously watched teresting and instructing the youthful with an eye at once of eager curiosity and papil, should have been so long over- of tender affection, while they also made him looked, especially as the spirit and al- the subject of their own frequent conversamost the details of this and other modern tion. At first be entered upon bis lessons
obviously as an unwilling task ; not long improvements in cducation were long afterwards, however, we were led to think since so ably enforced and illustrated that the explanations given him by bis in Dr. Watts' invaluable work on “ The monitor, of the little words which he was Improvement of the Mind :" but so slow now able to read, and the account of the is the dull and inert mass of society, cated, though they could present little
things themselves wbich these words indipressed down as it is by habit and pre novelty to any other of the same age, were judice, in receiving the leaven infused listened to by him with considerable inteinto it by some master-mind, that before rest. Standing by accordingly one day, the lump is thoroughly imbued with its when the monitor was explaining to bis influence, the means which first impreg.
class, that an ox was the animal they saw nated it are forgotten, and the whole apo gave them beef, the writer of the present
so often passing to the market, and which pears like a novel discovery. We cannot account turned round to Jamie, and asked withhold from our readers the follow him if he knew what an ox was? ing striking example of the advantages ay," was his answer, “it sticks folk." of this method of teaching :
This answer, simple as it was, had so much
more in it of the nature of a gratuitous re" We regret that we have it not in our mark, than any thing else that had yet dropt power to give any particulars of poor from the same quarter, and seemed to give * Jamie's' history, beyond those wbich fell such pleasure to himself, that he did not under our own observation. His father, on lose the opportutrity of bestowing upon it introdacing him to the scbool, candidly in high commendation, which was immediately formed the master, in our absence, that he received with a smile of self-complacency had no expectation of his sou profiting in that afforded us infinite satisfaction. That