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deserted on his approach, and, after being plundered by him, was consigned to the flames." —ROBInson's Researches, vol. iii. pp. 174–176.

SHUNEM. (SÔLAM.)

SCRIPTURE NOTICES.

“And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem : and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa.”1 Samuel xxviii. 4.

“So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag a Shunammite, and brought her to the king.”1 Kings i. 3. (Ver. 15, ii, 17.)

“And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great woman ; and she constrained him to eat bread. And so it was, that as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread. And she said unto her husband, Behold now, I perceive that this is an holy man of God . . . let us make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall : and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a stool, and a candlestick : and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither.”

—2 Kings iv. 8, &c. (See whole passage, and 2 Kings viii. 1-6.)

“ Sôlam lies on the declivity at the western end of the mountains of Důhy, (or the little Hermon,') over against Zer’în, but higher ; having the deep broad valley of Jezreel between, and overlooking the whole western plain to Carmel. Mount Tabor was not yet visible. The village is small and dirty, lying upon a steep slope, with a small fountain, hardly sufficient for the wants of the inhabitants. The people were civil and friendly...

1 This range of mountains must not be confounded with the real Hermon of the Scriptures, though it has often been mistaken for it, and is therefore called here the little Hermon, by way of distinction.

“Although we could now find no remains of antiquity, yet there is little room for doubt that it is the ancient Shunem of the tribe of Issachar, where the Philistines encamped before Saul's last battle. (Josh. xix. 18; 1 Sam. xxviii. 4.) From the same place, apparently, Abishag the Shunammite was brought to the aged David ; and here it was, probably, that Elisha often lodged in the house of the Shunammitish woman, and afterwards raised her son from the dead. It has only been recognised as Shunem within three or four years.”ROBINSON's Researches, vol. iii. pp. 169, 170.

NAIN.

SCRIPTURE NOTICE.

“And it came to pass the day after, that he went into a city called Nain; and many of his disciples went with him, and much people. Now when he came nigh to the gate of the city, behold, there was a dead man carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow ; and much people of the city was with her. And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not. And he came and touched the bier, and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise. And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak, and he delivered him to his mother.”—Luke vii, 11-16.

The place called Nein, seen from Mount Tabor, not far from Endor, “is the Nain of the New Testament, where occurred the affecting scene of our Lord's raising the widow's son ... It has now dwindled to a small hamlet, occupied at most by a few families.”—ROBINSON, vol. iii. p. 226.

ENDOR.

SCRIPTURE NOTICES.

a

“ And Manasseh had in Issachar and in Asher . the inhabitants of Endor and her towns. . . Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities ; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.”—Joshua xvii. 11.

6. Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor. And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment; and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night.”—1 Samuel xxviii. 7, &c. (Read whole passage.)

“ Do unto them as unto the Midianites ; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison ; which perished at Endor : they became as dung for the earth.”—Psalm lxxxiii. 9, 10.

Dr. Robinson mentions seeing from Mount Tabor a place called Endôr, obviously, he says, “ the Endor of the Old Testament assigned to Manasseh, though lying without the borders of that tribe ; mentioned also in connexion with the victory of Deborah and Barak ; but chiefly known as the abode of the sorceress, whom Saul consulted on the eve of the fatal battle of Gilboa. The name does not occur in the New Testament; but in the days of Eusebius and Jerome, Endor was still a large village, four Roman miles south of Mount Tabor, corresponding to the present site."-ROBINSON, vol. iii.

p. 225.

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SCRIPTURE NOTICES. “And she (Deborah) sent and called Barak ... and said unto him, Hath not the Lord God of Israel commanded, saying, Go, and draw toward Mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulon? And I will draw unto thee, to the river Kishon, Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude ; and I will deliver them into thine hand ... So Barak went down from Mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him. And the Lord discomfited Sisera ... before Barak.”Judges iv. 6—15.

“ The north and the south, thou hast created them ; Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.”—Psalm lxxxix. 12.

There appears

“ As I live, saith the King, whose name is the Lord of Hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.”—Jeremiah xlvi. 18. (Hos. v. i.)

“ Mount Tabor is several times mentioned in the Old Testament: first, as on the border of Issachar and Zebulon ; and then as the place where Deborah and Barak assembled the warriors of Israel, before their great battle with Sisera. The beauty of the mountain, and its conspicuous position, rendered it a favourite subject of poetic contemplation ; and when the Psalmist exclaims, “Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name,' he selects these two as the representatives of all the mountains of Palestine ; the former as the most graceful, and the latter as the loftiest.

also to have been, in those days, a city of the same name, doubtless situated upon the mountain, which belonged to the tribe of Zebulon, but was assigned to the Levites.” 1

“ Tabor is a fine round mountain sprinkled with old oaks to its very summit ; and realizing, in its graceful form and beauty, all that I had been led to anticipate respecting it . .. It stands out almost insulated on the plain, being connected with the hills in the north-west only by a low ridge. Across this ridge, on the left of Tabor, we could ... see the lofty peak of the distant Hermon; and could now distinguish the ice upon its summit glittering in the mid-day sun.”

In ascending Mount Tabor, Dr. Robinson observes that he found the path generally good, so that he rode easily quite to the summit. “ The path winds considerably, and is obviously ancient ; in several places steps are hewn out in the rock. The soil is good all the way up, and the grass tall and abundant : : . The sides of the mountain are mostly covered with bushes

11 Chron. vi. 77. Perhaps also the city is meant in Josh. xix. 22.

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