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ful sandy cove among the rocks. I continued my walk along the whole western and northern shore of the peninsula, musing upon the pomp and glory, the pride and fall, of ancient Tyre. Here was the little isle, once covered by her palaces and surrounded by her fleets; where the builders perfected her beauty, and her traffickers the honourable of the earth; but, alas! *thy riches, and thy fairs, thy merchandise, thy mariners, and thy pilots, thy calkers, and the occupiers of thy merchandise, and all thy men of war, that were in thee, and in all thy company, where are they?
“ Tyre has indeed become like the top of a rock, a place to spread nets upon! The sole remaining tokens of her more ancient splendour, lie strewed beneath the waves, in the midst of the sea ; and the hovels which now nestle upon a portion of her site, present no contradiction of the dread decree, • Thou shalt be built no more!'”—Robinson's Researches, vol. iii. pp. 395, 396.
We will close our account of Tyre with the words of Mr. Hardy. “ The stirring scenes of a sea-port exhibit a picture of more constant excitement than can ever be presented by any other place ... A thousand
scenes of noise, and joyousness, and wealth, have been exhibited upon these shores. They have passed away, like the feverish dream of a disturbed sleep. Ships may be seen, but at a distance; no merchant of the earth ever enters the name of Tyre upon his books, and where thousands once assembled in pomp and pride, ... I could discover only a few children amusing themselves at play, and a party of Turks sitting in gravity, and sipping their favourite coffee ... It was impossible not to think of another people, still more favoured in their privileges, and whose commercial transactions are as extended as the world. Cities of my country! shall it ever be said of you, that ye are no more?— The patriot may sing exultingly over his cups the praises of Britannia, ruler of the waves; but the Christian will fear and tremble, and offer up prayer to God, that what
we deserve in justice, may be withheld from us in mercy!”—HARDY's Notices, pp. 114, 115.
“ Be wise now, therefore, O ye kings; be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.”—Psalm ii. 10-12.
ZAREPHATH OR SAREPTA.
“ And the word of the Lord came unto him, saying, Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there : behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee. So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow was there gathering of sticks : and he called to her, and said, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I
drink. And as she was going to fetch it, he called to her, and said, Bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread in thine hand. And she said, As the Lord thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse : and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die. And Elijah said unto her, Fear not ; go and do as thou hast said : but make me thereof a little cake first, and bring it unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son. For thus saith the Lord God of Israel, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that the Lord sendeth rain upon the earth. And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah : and she, and he, and her house, did eat many days. And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, ac
according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Elijah. And it came pass after these things, that the son of
the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick ; and his sickness was so sore, that there was no breath left in him. And she said unto Elijah, What have I to do with thee, O thou man of God ? art thou come unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and to slay my son ? And he said unto her, Give me thy son. And he took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into a loft, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed. And he cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, hast thou also brought evil upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son ? And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, I pray thee, let this child's soul come into him again. And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah ; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived. And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house, and delivered him unto his mother : and Elijah said, See, thy son liveth. And the woman said to Elijah, Now by this I know that thou art a man of God, and that the word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth.”— 1 Kings xvii. 8-—to end.
Zarephath, or Sarepta, was a city of the Sidonians, between Tyre and Sidon, in Phænicia, on the coast of the Mediterranean sea.
Proceeding on my route to Sidon, along the shore," writes Mr. Wilson “I halted at a khân on the sea-side, calculated to be about half way between the cities (Tyre and Sidon), having a most distinct view of the village of Zarepta, on the summit of a mountain, about a mile distant Although humble in appearance, this village has been eminently distinguished as the residence of Elijah,
“The great Tishbite, who, on fiery wheels,
Rode up to heaven.' “And during a famine in the land of Israel, a widow,
who had presented her little all to the prophet, from her barrel of meal, was rewarded in a manner as bountiful as miraculous ; and this act subsequently received a still higher recompence, by the restoration to life of her only child, in answer to Elijah's prayer.
“ The ruins here, as well as at Tyre, Gaza, and Lebanon, have been celebrated ... it is said that the wine of Sarepta was so very strong, that the strongest drinker could drink but little of it.”-RAE Wilson's Travels, vol. ii. pp. 73, 74.
“ The place shown us for the ancient Sarepta,” says Mr. Maundrell, “ consisted of only a few houses on the tops of the mountains, within about half a mile from
But it is more probable the principal part of the city stood below, in the space between the hills and the sea ; there being ruins still to be seen in that place of a considerable extent.”—Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem, p. 48.
SIDON, OR ZIDON, (SAIDA.)
“And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza ; as thou goest unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.”—Genesis x. 19.
“ Zebulon shall dwell at the haven of the sea ; and he shall be for an haven of ships ; and his border shall be unto Zidon.” - Genesis xlix. 13.
" And the Lord delivered them (the kings of the Canaanites) into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon.”—Joshua xi. 8.
“ And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord, and served ... the gods of Zidon. ” -Judges x. 6.
“ Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon."-1 Kings xvii. 9.
“And Canaan begat Zidon his firstborn.”—1 Chronicles i. 13.
“ And David prepared . . . cedar trees in abundance : for the Zidonians and they of Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.”—1 Chronicles xxü. 3, 4. Ezra ji. 7.
“ Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle ; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished. And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue ; and she is a mart of nations. Be thou ashamed, 0 Zidon : for the sea hath spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, nor bring up virgins.”—Isaiah xxii.
2, 3, 4,
“6 Thus saith the Lord to me, Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck, and send them to the king of . . . Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the messengers which come to Jerusalem unto Zedekiah, king of Judah ; and command them to say unto their masters, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ; Thus shall ye say unto your masters ... Now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, my servant."Jeremiah xxvii. 2–6.
“ The day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth.”—Jeremiuh xlvii. 4.
“ Woe unto thee, Chorazin ! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. But I sav unto you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment than for you.”—Matthew xi. 21, 22; Luke x. 13, &c.
“ Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the çoasts of Tyre and Sidon. And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto